Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

A Groovy DSL for Jenkins Jobs - Sweeeeet!

README.md

Build Status

Jenkins Job DSL / Plugin

The Jenkins "Job DSL / Plugin" is made up of two parts: The Domain Specific Language (DSL) itself that allows users to describe Jobs using in a groovy-based language, and a Jenkins Plugin which manages the scripts and the updating of the Jenkins jobs which are created and maintained as a result.

Background

Jenkins is a wonderful system for managing builds, and people love using its UI to configure jobs. Unfortunately, as the number of jobs grows, maintaining them becomes tedious, and the paradigm of using a UI falls apart. Additionally, the common pattern in this situation is to copy jobs to create new ones, these "children" have a habit of diverging from their original "template" and consequently it becomes difficult to maintain consistency between these jobs.

The Jenkins job-dsl-plugin attempts to solve this problem by allowing jobs to be defined with the absolute minimum effort in a programmatic form, with help from templates that are then synced with the resulting generated jobs. The goal is for your team to be able to define all the jobs they wish to be related to their project, declaring their intent for the jobs programatically, and leaving the common elements in each of then up to a template that was defined earlier (or hidden behind the DSL).

For example, your project might require a unit test job, a nightly sonar build, a integration test job, and a promotion job. In this situation, we have a job named TMPL-test that has a majority of the (common) setup already defined (e.g. the Chuck Norris plugin, email plugin, etc). We then reuse that template job for the test-based jobs, via the "using" DSL command. Note that the template doesn't have our specific SCM settings, and we want to re-use the same one, so we'll define it in a variable called "gitUrl". We'll also limit whom can run the release job. Here's the example DSL script:

def gitUrl = 'git://github.com/jenkinsci/job-dsl-plugin.git'

job {
    using 'TMPL-test'
    name 'PROJ-unit-tests'
    scm {
        git(gitUrl)
    }
    triggers {
        scm('*/15 * * * *')
    }
    steps { // build step
        maven('-e clean test')
    }
}

job {
    using 'TMPL-test'
    name 'PROJ-sonar'
    scm {
        git(gitUrl)
    }
    triggers {
        cron('15 13 * * *')
    }
    steps {
        maven('sonar:sonar')
    }
}

job {
    using 'TMPL-test'
    name 'PROJ-integ-tests'
    scm {
        git(gitUrl)
    }
    triggers {
        cron('15 1,13 * * *')
    }
    steps {
        maven('-e clean integTest')
    }
}

job {
    // No template, not needed
    name 'PROJ-release'
    scm {
        git(gitUrl)
    }
    // No Trigger
    authorization { 
        // Limit builds to just jack and jill
        permission(Permissions.ItemBuild, 'jill')
        permission(Permissions.ItemBuild, 'jack')
    }
    steps { 
        maven('release')
        shell('cleanup.sh')
    }
}

NOTE: This example does depend on existing jobs which are used at templates, and hence won't run "out of the box". Read the wiki for isolated examples and step-by-step guides to get this example working.

Manually creating these jobs wouldn't be too hard, but doing the same thing all over again for every new branch or for a hundred other projects is where it gets interesting (and by "interesting" we mean "difficult"). An anti-pattern that people use in Jenkins to minimize the amount of job configuration, they make a single parameterized job to do all these things in one job, but then the history of the job is skewed and they were limited in some settings like triggers. This provides a much more powerful way of defining them. Likewise, if using the jenkins plugin of the DSL then when the template is changed, the test jobs will be re-created!

Please refer to the wiki, https://github.com/jenkinsci/job-dsl-plugin/wiki, for further documentation and examples.

Features

  • DSL - Scriptable via Groovy
  • DSL - Direct control of XML, so that anything possible in a config.xml is possible via the DSL
  • DSL - Helper methods for common job configurations, e.g. scm, triggers, build steps
  • Plugin - DSL can be put directly in a job
  • Plugin - DSL can be put into SCM and polled using standard SCM triggering
  • Plugin - Multiple DSLs can be referenced as a time
  • Plugin - Tracks Templates used, will update derivative jobs when template is changed

Basic Usage

See the wiki for specific steps and other examples.

  1. Create your set of Jenkins jobs which will serve as the templates (It is a good idea to use a naming convention for these jobs which clearly indicates that these are templates)
  2. Create a Jenkins Job using the Free-style project style to run your DSL Scripts. This is called a "Seed" job
  3. Configure the seed job, by adding a "Build Step" of type "Process Job DSLs" and paste in the body of the DSL
  4. Run the seed to generate your new jobs from your script. When successful, the "build result" page will list the jobs which have been successfully created
  5. Finally, it is good practice to organise your Jenkins UI with some new tabs so that the management and template jobs are not the first thing a user sees when they login

Building

To build the plugin from source:

./gradlew build

To run Jenkins and test JPI:

./gradlew server

Build job-dsl.hpi to be installed in Jenkins:

./gradlew jpi

Authors

Justin Ryan jryan@netflix.com

Andrew Harmel-Law andrew@harmel-law.com

Emil Sit sit@hadapt.com

Mailing List

To track progress and ask questions head over the mailing list, https://groups.google.com/d/forum/job-dsl-plugin

Artifacts

The library is built using Jenkins-on-Jenkins and is released via its update center.

License

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.