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Bump version to 3.24.0

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commit b92d1daab1c55f39644e4bbf403470a6502d1a96 1 parent fdc01c9
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  1. +1 −1  CHANGELOG
  2. +420 −0 doc/release_notes/3.24.0.txt
  3. +1 −1  lib/sequel/version.rb
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-=== HEAD
+=== 3.24.0 (2011-06-01)
* Add prepared_statements_association plugin, for using prepared statements by default for regular association loading (jeremyevans)
420 doc/release_notes/3.24.0.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,420 @@
+= Prepared Statement Plugins
+* The prepared_statements plugin makes Sequel::Model classes use
+ prepared statements for creating, updating, and destroying model
+ instances, as well as looking up model objects by primary key.
+ With this plugin, all of the following will use prepared
+ statements:
+ Artist.plugin :prepared_statements
+ Artist.create(:name=>'Foo')
+ a = Artist[1]
+ a.update(:name=>'Bar')
+ a.destroy
+* The prepared_statements_safe plugin reduces the number of
+ prepared statements that can be created by doing two things. First,
+ it makes the INSERT statements used when creating instances to use
+ as many columns as possible, setting specific values for all
+ columns with parseable default values. Second, it changes
+ save_changes to just use save, saving all columns instead of just
+ the changed ones.
+ The reason for this plugin is that Sequel's default behavior of
+ using only the values specifically set when creating instances
+ and having update only set changed columns by default can lead
+ to a large number of prepared statements being created.
+ For prepared statements to be used, each set of columns in the
+ insert and update statements needs to have its own prepared
+ statement. If you have a table with 1 primary key column and
+ 4 other columns, you can have up to 2^4 = 16 prepared statements
+ created, one for each subset of the 4 columns. If you have 1
+ primary key column and 20 other columns, there are over a million
+ subsets, and you could hit your database limit for prepared
+ statements (a denial of service attack).
+ Using the prepared_statements_safe plugin mitigates this
+ issue by reducing the number of columns that may or may not be
+ present in the query, in many cases making sure that each model
+ will only have a single INSERT and a single UPDATE prepared
+ statement.
+* The prepared_statements_associations plugin allows normal
+ association method calls to use prepared statements if possible.
+ For example:
+ Artist.plugin :prepared_statements_associations
+ Artist.many_to_one :albums
+ Artist[1].albums
+ Will use a prepared statement to return the albums for that artist.
+ This plugin works for all supported association types. There are
+ some associations (filtered and custom associations) that Sequel
+ cannot currently use a prepared statement reliably, for those
+ Sequel will use a regular query.
+* The prepared_statements_with_pk plugin allows the new
+ Dataset#with_pk method (explained below) to use prepared statements.
+ For example:
+ Artist.plugin :prepared_statements_with_pk
+ Artist.filter(...).with_pk(1)
+ Will use a prepared statement for this query. The most benefit
+ from prepared statements come from queries that are expensive to
+ parse and plan but quick to execute, so using this plugin with
+ a complex filter can in certain cases yield significant performance
+ improvements.
+ However, this plugin should be considered unsafe as it is possible
+ that it will create an unbounded number of prepared statements. It
+ extracts parameters from the dataset using Dataset#unbind
+ (explained below), so if your code has conditions that vary per
+ query but that Dataset#unbind does not handle, an unbounded number
+ of prepared statements can be created. For example:
+ Artist.filter(:a=>params[:b].to_i).with_pk[1]
+ Artist.exclude{a > params[:b].to_i}.with_pk[1]
+ are safe, but:
+ Artist.filter(:a=>[1, params[:b].to_i]).with_pk[1]
+ Artist.exclude{a > params[:b].to_i + 2}.with_pk[1]
+ are not. For queries that are not safe, Dataset#with_pk should
+ not be used with this plugin, you should switch to looking up by
+ primary key manually (for a regular query):
+ Artist.filter(:a=>[1, params[:b].to_i])[:id=>1]
+ or using the prepared statement API to create a custom prepared
+ statement:
+ # PS = {}
+ PS[:name] ||= Artist.filter(:a=>[1, :$b], :id=>:$id).
+ prepare(:select, :name)
+ PS[:name].call(:b=>params[:b].to_i, :id=>1)
+= Other New Features
+* Filtering by associations got a lot more powerful. Sequel 3.23.0
+ introduced filtering by associations:
+ Album.filter(:artist=>artist)
+ This capability is much expanded in 3.24.0, allowing you to
+ exclude by associations:
+ Album.exclude(:artist=>artist)
+ This will match all albums not by that artist.
+ You can also filter or exclude by multiple associated objects:
+ Album.filter(:artist=>[artist1, artist2])
+ Album.exclude(:artist=>[artist1, artist2])
+ The filtered dataset will match all albums by either of those
+ two artists, and the excluded dataset will match all albums not
+ by either of those two artists.
+ You can also filter or exclude by using a model dataset:
+ Album.filter(:artist=>Artist.filter('A%'))).all
+ Album.exclude(:artist=>Artist.filter('A%'))).all
+ Here the filtered dataset will match all albums where the
+ associated artist has a name that begins with A, and the excluded
+ dataset will match all albums where the associated artist does not
+ have a name that begins with A.
+ All of these types of filtering and excluding work with all of
+ association types that ship with Sequel, even the many_through_many
+ plugin.
+* Sequel now supports around hooks, which wrap the related before
+ hook, behavior, and after hook. Like other Sequel hooks, these
+ are implemented as instance methods. For example, if you wanted
+ to log DatabaseErrors raised during save:
+ class Artist < Sequel::Model
+ def around_save
+ super
+ rescue Sequel::DatabaseError => e
+ # log the error
+ raise
+ end
+ end
+ All around hooks should call super, not yield. If an around hook
+ doesn't call super or yield, it is treated as a hook failure,
+ similar to before hooks returning false.
+ For around_validation, the return value of super should be whether
+ the object is valid. For other around hooks, the return value of
+ super is currently true, but it's possible that will change in the
+ future.
+* Dataset#with_pk has been added to model datasets that allows you
+ to find the object with the matching primary key:
+ Artist.filter('A%')).with_pk(1)
+ This should make easier the common case where you want to find
+ a particular object that is associated to another object:
+ Artist[1].albums_dataset.with_pk(2)
+ Before, there was no way to do that without manually specifying
+ the primary key:
+ Artist[1].albums_dataset[:id=>2]
+ To use a composite primary key with with_pk, you have to provide
+ an array:
+ Artist[1].albums_dataset.with_pk([1, 2])
+* Dataset#[] for model datasets will now call with_pk if given a
+ single Integer argument. This makes the above case even easier:
+ Artist[1].albums_dataset[2]
+ Note that for backwards compatibility, this only works for
+ single integer primary keys. If you have a composite primary key
+ or a string/varchar primary key, you have to use with_pk.
+* Dataset#unbind has been added, which allows you to take a dataset
+ that uses static bound values and convert them to placeholders.
+ Currently, the only cases handled are SQL::ComplexExpression
+ objects that use a =, !=, <, >, <=, or >= operator where the first
+ argument is a Symbol, SQL::Indentifier, or
+ SQL::QualifiedIdentifier, and the second argument is a Numeric,
+ String, Date, or Time. Dataset#unbind returns a two element array,
+ where the first element is a modified copy of the receiver, and the
+ second element is a bound variable hash:
+ ds, bv = DB[:table].filter(:a=>1).unbind
+ ds # DB[:table].filter(:a=>:$a)
+ bv # {:a=>1}
+ The purpose of doing this is that you can then use prepare or call
+ on the returned dataset with the returned bound variables:
+, bv)
+ # SELECT * FROM table WHERE (a = ?); [1]
+ ps = ds.prepare(:select, :ps_name)
+ # PREPARE ps_name AS SELECT * FROM table WHERE (a = ?)
+ # EXECUTE ps_name(1)
+ Basically, Dataset#unbind takes a specific statement and attempts
+ to turn it into a generic statement, along with the placeholder
+ values it extracted.
+ Unfortunately, Dataset#unbind cannot handle all cases. For
+ example:
+ DB[:table].filter{a + 1 > 10}.unbind
+ will not unbind any values. Also, if you have a query with
+ multiple different values for a variable, it will raise an
+ UnbindDuplicate exception:
+ DB[:table].filter(:a=>1).or(:a=>2).unbind
+* A defaults_setter plugin has been added that makes it easy to
+ automatically set default values when creating new objects. This
+ plugin makes Sequel::Model behave more like ActiveRecord in that
+ new model instances (before saving) will have default values
+ parsed from the database. Unlike ActiveRecord, only values with
+ non-NULL defaults are set. Also, Sequel allows you to easily
+ modify the default values used:
+ Album.plugin :default_values
+ # {:copies_sold => 0}
+ Album.default_values[:copies_sold] = 42
+ # {:copies_sold => 42}
+ Before, this was commonly done in an after_initialize hook, but
+ that's slower as it is also called for model instances loaded from
+ the database.
+* A Database#views method has been added that returns an array
+ of symbols representing view names in the database. This works
+ just like Database#tables except it returns views.
+* A Sequel::ASTTransformer class was added that makes it easy to
+ write custom transformers of Sequel's internal abstract syntax
+ trees. Dataset#qualify now uses a subclass of ASTTransformer to do
+ its transformations, as does the new Dataset#unbind.
+= Other Improvements
+* Database#create_table? now uses a single query with IF NOT EXISTS
+ if the database supports such syntax. Previously, it issued a
+ SELECT query to determine table existence. Sequel currently
+ supports this syntax on MySQL, H2, and SQLite 3.3.0+.
+ The Database#supports_create_table_if_not_exists? method was added
+ to allow users to determine whether this syntax is supported.
+* Multiple column IN/NOT IN emulation now works correctly with
+ model datasets (or other datasets that use a row_proc).
+* You can now correctly invert SQL::Constant instances:
+ Sequel::NULL # NULL
+ ~Sequel::NULL # NOT NULL
+ Sequel::TRUE # TRUE
+ ~Sequel::TRUE # FALSE
+* A bug in the association_pks plugin has been fixed in the case
+ where the associated table had a different primary key column name
+ than the current table.
+* The emulated prepared statement support now supports nil and false
+ as bound values.
+* The to_dot extension was refactored for greater readability. The
+ only change was a small fix in the display for SQL::Subscript
+ instances.
+* The Dataset#supports_insert_select? method is now available to let
+ you know if the dataset supports insert_select. You should use
+ this method instead of respond_to? for checking for insert_select
+ support.
+* Prepared statements/bound variable can now use a new :insert_select
+ type for preparing a statement that will insert a row and return
+ the row inserted, if the dataset supports insert_select.
+* The Model#initialize_set private method now exists for easier plugin
+ writing. It is only called for new model objects, with the hash
+ given to initialize. By default, it just calls set.
+* A small bug when creating anonymous subclasses of Sequel::Model on
+ ruby 1.9 has been fixed.
+* If Thread#kill is used inside a transaction on ruby 1.8 or
+ rubinius, the transaction is rolled back. This situation is not
+ handled correctly on JRuby or ruby 1.9, and I'm not sure it's
+ possible to handle correctly on those implementations.
+* The postgres adapter now supports the
+ Sequel::Postgres::PG_NAMED_TYPES hash for associating conversion
+ procs for custom types that don't necessarily have the same type
+ oid on different databases. This hash uses symbol keys and
+ proc values:
+ Sequel::Postgres::PG_NAMED_TYPES[:interval] = proc{|v| ...}
+ The conversion procs now use a separate hash per Database object
+ instead of a hash shared across all Database objects. You
+ can now modify the types for a particular Database object, but
+ you have to use the type oid:
+ DB.conversion_procs[42] = proc{|v| ...}
+* On SQLite and MSSQL, literalization of true and false values given
+ directly to Dataset#filter has been fixed. So the following now
+ works correctly on those databases:
+ DB[:table].filter(true)
+ DB[:table].filter(false)
+ Unfortunately, because SQLite and MSSQL don't have a real boolean
+ type, these will not work:
+ DB[:table].filter{a & true}
+ DB[:table].filter{a & false}
+ You currently have to work around the issue by doing:
+ DB[:table].filter{a & Sequel::TRUE}
+ DB[:table].filter{a & Sequel::FALSE}
+ It is possible that a future version of Sequel will remove the need
+ for this workaround, but that requires having a separate
+ literalization method specific to filters.
+* The MySQL bit type is no longer treated as a boolean. On MySQL, the
+ bit type is a bitfield, which is very different than the MSSQL bit
+ type, which is the closest thing to a boolean on MSSQL.
+* The bool database type is now recognized as a boolean. Some SQLite
+ databases use bool, such as the ones used in Firefox.
+* SQL_AUTO_IS_NULL=0 is now set by default when connecting to MySQL
+ using the swift or jdbc adapters. Previously, it was only set by
+ default when using the mysql or mysql2 adapters.
+* Dataset#limit now works correctly on Access, using the TOP syntax.
+* Dataset#limit now works correctly on DB2, using the FETCH FIRST
+ syntax.
+* The jdbc mssql subadapter was split into separate subadapters for
+ sqlserver (using Microsoft's driver) and jtds (using the open
+ source JTDS driver).
+* The jdbc jtds subadapter now supports converting Java CLOB
+ objects to ruby strings.
+* Tables from the INFORMATION_SCHEMA are now ignored when parsing
+ schema on JDBC.
+* The informix adapter has been split into shared/specific parts, and
+ a jdbc informix subadapter has been added.
+* Dataset#insert_select now works correctly on MSSQL when the core
+ extensions are disabled.
+* The sqlite adapter now logs when preparing a statement.
+* You no longer need to be a PostgreSQL superuser to run the postgres
+ adapter specs.
+* The connection pool specs are now about 10 times faster and not
+ subject to race conditions due to using Queues instead of
+ sleeping.
+= Backwards Compatibility
+* Model#save no longer calls Model#valid?. It now calls the
+ Model#_valid? private method that Model#valid? also calls. To mark
+ a model instance invalid, you should override the Model#validate
+ method and add validation errors to the object.
+* The BeforeHookFailure exception class has been renamed to
+ HookFailure since hook failures can now be raised by around hooks
+ that don't call super. BeforeHookFailure is now an alias to
+ HookFailure, so no code should break, but you should update your
+ code to reflect the new name.
+* Any custom argument mappers used for prepared statements now need
+ to implement the prepared_arg? private instance method and have it
+ return true.
+* If your databases uses bit as a boolean type and isn't MSSQL, it's
+ possible that those columns will no longer be treated as booleans.
+ Please report such an issue on the bugtracker.
+* It is possible that the filtering and excluding by association
+ datasets will break backwards compatibility in some apps. This can
+ only occur if you are using a symbol with the same name as an
+ association with a model dataset whose model is the same as the
+ associated class. As associations almost never have the same names
+ as columns, this would require either aliasing or joining to
+ another table. If for some reason this does break your app, you
+ can work around it by changing the symbol to an SQL::Identifier or
+ a literal string.
+* The Sequel::Postgres.use_iso_date_format= method now only affects
+ future Database objects.
+* On MySQL, Database#tables no longer returns view names, it only
+ returns table names. You have to use Database#views to get view
+ names now.
2  lib/sequel/version.rb
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ module Sequel
# The minor version of Sequel. Bumped for every non-patch level
# release, generally around once a month.
- MINOR = 23
+ MINOR = 24
# The tiny version of Sequel. Usually 0, only bumped for bugfix
# releases that fix regressions from previous versions.
TINY = 0
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