Navigation Menu

Skip to content


Repository files navigation

Password Validator Build Status Coverage Status

Password Validator validates password_hash generated passwords, rehashes passwords as necessary, and will upgrade legacy passwords.

Read the introductory blog post: PHP Password Hashing: A Dead Simple Implementation

Password Validator is available for all versions of PHP >= 5.3.7.


Why? Because one must always encrypt passwords for highest level of security, and the new PHP password hashing functions provide that level of security.

The Password Validator library makes it (more) trivial to use the new password hash functions in your application. Just add the validator to your authentication script and you're up and running.

The really big deal here is the ease of upgrading from your current legacy hashes to the new, more secure PHP password hash hashes. Simply wrap the PasswordValidator in the UpgradeDecorator, provide a callback to validate your existing password hashing scheme, and BOOM, you're using new password hashes in a manner completely transparent to your application's users. Nifty, huh?


Password Validation

If you're already using password_hash generated passwords in your application, you need do nothing more than add the validator in your authentication script. The validator uses password_verify to test the validity of the provided password hash.

use JeremyKendall\Password\PasswordValidator;

$validator = new PasswordValidator();
$result = $validator->isValid($_POST['password'], $hashedPassword);

if ($result->isValid()) {
    // password is valid

If your application requires options other than the password_hash defaults, you can set the cost option with PasswordValidator::setOptions().

$options = array(
    'cost' => 11

IMPORTANT: PasswordValidator uses a default cost of 10. If your existing hash implementation requires a different cost, make sure to specify it using PasswordValidator::setOptions(). If you do not do so, all of your passwords will be rehashed using a cost of 10.


Each valid password is tested using password_needs_rehash. If a rehash is necessary, the valid password is hashed using password_hash with the provided options. The result code Result::SUCCESS_PASSWORD_REHASHED will be returned from Result::getCode() and the new password hash is available via Result::getPassword().

if ($result->getCode() === Result::SUCCESS_PASSWORD_REHASHED) {
    $rehashedPassword = $result->getPassword();
    // Persist rehashed password

IMPORTANT: If the password has been rehashed, it's critical that you persist the updated password hash. Otherwise, what's the point, right?

Upgrading Legacy Passwords

You can use the PasswordValidator whether or not you're currently using password_hash generated passwords. The validator will transparently upgrade your current legacy hashes to the new password_hash generated hashes as each user logs in. All you need to do is provide a validator callback for your password hash and then decorate the validator with the UpgradeDecorator.

use JeremyKendall\Password\Decorator\UpgradeDecorator;

// Example callback to validate a sha512 hashed password
$callback = function ($password, $passwordHash, $salt) {
    if (hash('sha512', $password . $salt) === $passwordHash) {
        return true;

    return false;

$validator = new UpgradeDecorator(new PasswordValidator(), $callback);
$result = $validator->isValid('password', 'password-hash', 'legacy-salt');

The UpgradeDecorator will validate a user's current password using the provided callback. If the user's password is valid, it will be hashed with password_hash and returned in the Result object, as above.

All password validation attempts will eventually pass through the PasswordValidator. This allows a password that has already been upgraded to be properly validated, even when using the UpgradeDecorator.

Alternate Upgrade Technique

Rather than upgrading each user's password as they log in, it's possible to preemptively rehash persisted legacy hashes all at once. PasswordValidator and the UpgradeDecorator can then be used to validate passwords against the rehashed legacy hashes, at which point the user's plain text password will be hashed with password_hash, completing the upgrade process.

For more information on this technique, please see Daniel Karp's Rehashing Password Hashes blog post, and review JeremyKendall\Password\Tests\Decorator\KarptoniteRehashUpgradeDecoratorTest to see a sample implementation.

Persisting Rehashed Passwords

Whenever a validation attempt returns Result::SUCCESS_PASSWORD_REHASHED, it's important to persist the updated password hash.

if ($result->getCode() === Result::SUCCESS_PASSWORD_REHASHED) {
    $rehashedPassword = $result->getPassword();
    // Persist rehashed password

While you can always perform the test and then update your user database manually, if you choose to use the Storage Decorator all rehashed passwords will be automatically persisted.

The Storage Decorator takes two constructor arguments: An instance of PasswordValidatorInterface and an instance of the JeremyKendall\Password\Storage\StorageInterface.


The StorageInterface includes a single method, updatePassword(). A class honoring the interface might look like this:


namespace Example;

use JeremyKendall\Password\Storage\StorageInterface;

class UserDao implements StorageInterface
    public function __construct(\PDO $db)
        $this->db = $db;

    public function updatePassword($identity, $password)
        $sql = 'UPDATE users SET password = :password WHERE username = :identity';
        $stmt = $this->db->prepare($sql);
        $stmt->execute(array('password' => $password, 'identity' => $identity));

Storage Decorator

With your UserDao in hand, you're ready to decorate a PasswordValidatorInterface.

use Example\UserDao;
use JeremyKendall\Password\Decorator\StorageDecorator;

$storage = new UserDao($db);
$validator = new StorageDecorator(new PasswordValidator(), $storage);

// If validation results in a rehash, the new password hash will be persisted
$result = $validator->isValid('password', 'passwordHash', null, 'username');

IMPORTANT: You must pass the optional fourth argument ($identity) to isValid() when calling StorageDecorator::isValid(). If you do not do so, the StorageDecorator will throw an IdentityMissingException.

Combining Storage Decorator with Upgrade Decorator

It is possible to chain decorators together thanks to the Decorator Pattern. A great way to use this is to combine the StorageDecorator and UpgradeDecorator together to first update a legacy hash and then save it. Doing so is very simple - you just need to pass an instance of the StorageDecorator as a constructor argument to UpgradeDecorator:

use Example\UserDao;
use JeremyKendall\Password\Decorator\StorageDecorator;
use JeremyKendall\Password\Decorator\UpgradeDecorator;

// Example callback to validate a sha512 hashed password
$callback = function ($password, $passwordHash, $salt) {
    if (hash('sha512', $password . $salt) === $passwordHash) {
        return true;

    return false;

$storage = new UserDao($db);
$storageDecorator = new StorageDecorator(new PasswordValidator(), $storage);
$validator = new UpgradeDecorator($storageDecorator, $callback);

// If validation results in a rehash, the new password hash will be persisted
$result = $validator->isValid('password', 'passwordHash', null, 'username');

Validation Results

Each validation attempt returns a JeremyKendall\Password\Result object. The object provides some introspection into the status of the validation process.

  • Result::isValid() will return true if the attempt was successful
  • Result::getCode() will return one of three possible int codes:
    • Result::SUCCESS if the validation attempt was successful
    • Result::SUCCESS_PASSWORD_REHASHED if the attempt was successful and the password was rehashed
    • Result::FAILURE_PASSWORD_INVALID if the attempt was unsuccessful
  • Result::getPassword() will return the rehashed password, but only if the password was rehashed

Database Schema Changes

As mentioned above, because this library uses the PASSWORD_DEFAULT algorithm, it's important your password field be VARCHAR(255) to account for future updates to the default password hashing algorithm.

Helper Scripts

After running composer install, there are two helper scripts available, both related to the password hash functions.


If you're not already running PHP 5.5+, you should run version-check to ensure your version of PHP is capable of using password-compat, the userland implementation of the PHP password hash functions. Run ./vendor/bin/version-check from the root of your project. The result of the script is pass/fail.


The default cost used by password_hash is 10. This may or may not be appropriate for your production hardware, and it's entirely likely you can use a higher cost than the default. cost-check is based on the finding a good cost example in the PHP documentation. Simply run ./vendor/bin/cost-check from the command line and an appropriate cost will be returned.

NOTE: The default time target is 0.2 seconds. You may choose a higher or lower target by passing a float argument to cost-check, like so:

$ ./vendor/bin/cost-check 0.4
Appropriate 'PASSWORD_DEFAULT' Cost Found:  13


The only officially supported method of installation is via Composer.

Running the following command will add the latest version of the library to your project:

$ composer require jeremykendall/password-validator

You can update to the latest version with this command:

$ composer update jeremykendall/password-validator

If you're not already using Composer in your project, add the autoloader to your project:


require_once '../vendor/autoload.php'

You're now ready to begin using the Password Validator.


Pull requests are always welcome. Please review the document before submitting pull requests.


Validates passwords against PHP's password_hash function using PASSWORD_DEFAULT. Will rehash when needed, and will upgrade legacy passwords with the Upgrade decorator.







No packages published