Koala is a new Facebook library for Ruby, supporting the Graph API (including the batch requests and photo uploads), the REST API, realtime updates, test users, and OAuth validation. We wrote Koala with four goals:
- Lightweight: Koala should be as light and simple as Facebook’s own new libraries, providing API accessors and returning simple JSON. (We clock in, with comments, at just over 750 lines of code.)
- Fast: Koala should, out of the box, be quick. In addition to supporting the vanilla Ruby networking libraries, it natively supports Typhoeus, our preferred gem for making fast HTTP requests. Of course, that brings us to our next topic:
- Flexible: Koala should be useful to everyone, regardless of their current configuration. (We have no dependencies beyond the JSON gem. Koala also has a built-in mechanism for using whichever HTTP library you prefer to make requests against the graph.)
- Tested: Koala should have complete test coverage, so you can rely on it. (Our complete test coverage can be run against either mocked responses or the live Facebook servers.)
[sudo|rvm] gem install koala # for 1.1rc add --pre
Or in Bundler:
gem "koala" # add ', "~> 1.1rc"' for the release candidate
The Graph API is the simple, slick new interface to Facebook's data. Using it with Koala is quite straightforward:
graph = Koala::Facebook::GraphAPI.new(oauth_access_token) profile = graph.get_object("me") friends = graph.get_connections("me", "friends") graph.put_object("me", "feed", :message => "I am writing on my wall!")
The response of most requests is the JSON data returned from the Facebook servers as a Hash.
When retrieving data that returns an array of results (for example, when calling GraphAPI#get_connections or GraphAPI#search) a GraphCollection object (a sub-class of Array) will be returned, which contains added methods for getting the next and previous page of results:
# Returns the feed items for the currently logged-in user as a GraphCollection feed = graph.get_connections("me", "feed") # GraphCollection is a sub-class of Array, so you can use it as a usual Array first_entry = feed last_entry = feed.last # Returns the next page of results (also as a GraphCollection) next_feed = feed.next_page # Returns an array describing the URL for the next page: [path, arguments] # This is useful for paging across multiple requests next_path, next_args = feed.next_page_params # You can use those params to easily get the next (or previous) page page = graph.get_page(feed.next_page_params)
You can make multiple calls at once using Facebook's batch API:
# Returns an array of results as if they were called non-batch graph.batch do graph.get_connections('me', 'friends') graph.get_object('me') graph.get_picture('me') end
Check out the wiki for more examples.
Where the Graph API and the old REST API overlap, you should choose the Graph API. Unfortunately, that overlap is far from complete, and there are many important API calls that can't yet be done via the Graph.
Koala now supports the old-school REST API using OAuth access tokens; to use this, instantiate your class using the RestAPI class:
@rest = Koala::Facebook::RestAPI.new(oauth_access_token) @rest.fql_query(my_fql_query) # convenience method @rest.rest_call("stream.publish", arguments_hash) # generic version
We reserve the right to expand the built-in REST API coverage to additional convenience methods in the future, depending on how fast Facebook moves to fill in the gaps.
(If you want the power of both APIs in the palm of your hand, try out the GraphAndRestAPI class.)
You can use the Graph and REST APIs without an OAuth access token, but the real magic happens when you provide Facebook an OAuth token to prove you're authenticated. Koala provides an OAuth class to make that process easy: @oauth = Koala::Facebook::OAuth.new(app_id, app_secret, callback_url)
And if you have to use the more complicated redirect-based OAuth process, Koala helps out there, too: # generate authenticating URL @oauth.url_for_oauth_code # fetch the access token once you have the code @oauth.get_access_token(code)
You can also get your application's own access token, which can be used without a user session for subscriptions and certain other requests: @oauth.get_app_access_token
That's it! It's pretty simple once you get the hang of it. If you're new to OAuth, though, check out the wiki and the OAuth Playground example site (see below).
Signed Requests: Excited to try out the new signed request authentication scheme? Good news! Koala now supports parsing those parameters: @oauth.parse_signed_request(request)
Exchanging session keys: Stuck building tab applications on Facebook? Wishing you had an OAuth token so you could use the Graph API? You're in luck! Koala now allows you to exchange session keys for OAuth access tokens: @oauth.get_token_from_session_key(session_key) @oauth.get_tokens_from_session_keys(array_of_session_keys)
The Graph API now allows your application to subscribe to real-time updates for certain objects in the graph.
Currently, Facebook only supports subscribing to users, permissions and errors. On top of that, there are limitations on what attributes and connections for each of these objects you can subscribe to updates for. Check the official Facebook documentation for more details.
Koala makes it easy to interact with your applications using the RealtimeUpdates class:
@updates = Koala::Facebook::RealtimeUpdates.new(:app_id => app_id, :secret => secret)
You can do just about anything with your real-time update subscriptions using the RealtimeUpdates class:
# Add/modify a subscription to updates for when the first_name or last_name fields of any of your users is changed @updates.subscribe("user", "first_name, last_name", callback_token, verify_token) # Get an array of your current subscriptions (one hash for each object you've subscribed to) @updates.list_subscriptions # Unsubscribe from updates for an object @updates.unsubscribe("user")
And to top it all off, RealtimeUpdates provides a static method to respond to Facebook servers' verification of your callback URLs:
# Returns the hub.challenge parameter in params if the verify token in params matches verify_token Koala::Facebook::RealtimeUpdates.meet_challenge(params, your_verify_token)
For more information about meet_challenge and the RealtimeUpdates class, check out the Real-Time Updates page on the wiki.
Some resources to help you as you play with Koala and the Graph API:
- Complete Koala documentation on the wiki
- The Koala users group on Google Groups, the place for your Koala and API questions
- The Koala-powered OAuth Playground, where you can easily generate OAuth access tokens and any other data needed to test out the APIs or OAuth
Unit tests are provided for all of Koala's methods. By default, these tests run against mock responses and hence are ready out of the box:
# From anywhere in the project directory: bundle exec rake spec
You can also run live tests against Facebook's servers:
# Again from anywhere in the project directory: LIVE=true bundle exec rake spec
Important Note: to run the live tests, you have to provide some of your own data in spec/fixtures/facebook_data.yml: a valid OAuth access token with publish_stream, read_stream, and user_photos permissions and an OAuth code that can be used to generate an access token. You can get this data at the OAuth Playground; if you want to use your own app, remember to swap out the app ID, secret, and other values. (The file also provides valid values for other tests, which you're welcome to swap out for data specific to your own application.)