To display fields in forms that are not stored into the database but, are calculated at run time, two main options exist. Either those fields are calculated within python or they are calculated by Python. Normal Python properties can be used to do the calculation in Python, whereas ColumnProperties can be used to do the logic in the database.
Python properties as fields
Normal python properties can be used as fields on forms as well. In that case, there will be no introspection to find out how to display the property. Therefore the delegate (:ref:`specifying-delegates`) attribute should be specified explicitly.
By default, python properties are read-only. They have to be set to editable through the field attributes to make them writeable by the user.
Properties are also used to summarize information from multiple attributes and put them in a single field.
Attach actions to field changes
Whenever the value of a field is changed, an action on the model can be triggered by using properties to manipulate the field instead of manipulating it directly. The example below demonstrates how the value of y should be chopped when x is changed.
Fields calculated by the database
Having certain summary fields of your models filled by the database has the advantage that the heavy processing is moved from the client to the server. Moreover if the summary builds on information in related records, having the database build the summary reduces the need to transfer additional data from the database to the server.
To display fields in the table and the form view that are the result of a calculation done by the database, a column_property needs to be defined in the Declarative model. In this column_property, the sql query can be defined using SQLAlchemy statements. In this example, the Movie class gains the total_visitors attribute which contains the sum of all visitors that went to a movie.
It's important to notice that the value of this field is calculated when the object is fetched from the database. When the user presses F9, all data in the application is refreshed from the database, and thus all column properties are recalculated.