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package flags
import (
// IniError contains location information on where an error occured.
type IniError struct {
// The error message.
Message string
// The filename of the file in which the error occurred.
File string
// The line number at which the error occurred.
LineNumber uint
// Error provides a "file:line: message" formatted message of the ini error.
func (x *IniError) Error() string {
return fmt.Sprintf(
"%s:%d: %s",
// IniOptions for writing
type IniOptions uint
const (
// IniNone indicates no options.
IniNone IniOptions = 0
// IniIncludeDefaults indicates that default values should be written.
IniIncludeDefaults = 1 << iota
// IniCommentDefaults indicates that if IniIncludeDefaults is used
// options with default values are written but commented out.
// IniIncludeComments indicates that comments containing the description
// of an option should be written.
// IniDefault provides a default set of options.
IniDefault = IniIncludeComments
// IniParser is a utility to read and write flags options from and to ini
// formatted strings.
type IniParser struct {
parser *Parser
// NewIniParser creates a new ini parser for a given Parser.
func NewIniParser(p *Parser) *IniParser {
return &IniParser{
parser: p,
// IniParse is a convenience function to parse command line options with default
// settings from an ini formatted file. The provided data is a pointer to a struct
// representing the default option group (named "Application Options"). For
// more control, use flags.NewParser.
func IniParse(filename string, data interface{}) error {
p := NewParser(data, Default)
return NewIniParser(p).ParseFile(filename)
// ParseFile parses flags from an ini formatted file. See Parse for more
// information on the ini file format. The returned errors can be of the type
// flags.Error or flags.IniError.
func (i *IniParser) ParseFile(filename string) error {
ini, err := readIniFromFile(filename)
if err != nil {
return err
return i.parse(ini)
// Parse parses flags from an ini format. You can use ParseFile as a
// convenience function to parse from a filename instead of a general
// io.Reader.
// The format of the ini file is as follows:
// [Option group name]
// option = value
// Each section in the ini file represents an option group or command in the
// flags parser. The default flags parser option group (i.e. when using
// flags.Parse) is named 'Application Options'. The ini option name is matched
// in the following order:
// 1. Compared to the ini-name tag on the option struct field (if present)
// 2. Compared to the struct field name
// 3. Compared to the option long name (if present)
// 4. Compared to the option short name (if present)
// Sections for nested groups and commands can be addressed using a dot `.'
// namespacing notation (i.e [subcommand.Options]). Group section names are
// matched case insensitive.
// The returned errors can be of the type flags.Error or flags.IniError.
func (i *IniParser) Parse(reader io.Reader) error {
ini, err := readIni(reader, "")
if err != nil {
return err
return i.parse(ini)
// WriteFile writes the flags as ini format into a file. See WriteIni
// for more information. The returned error occurs when the specified file
// could not be opened for writing.
func (i *IniParser) WriteFile(filename string, options IniOptions) error {
return writeIniToFile(i, filename, options)
// Write writes the current values of all the flags to an ini format.
// See Parse for more information on the ini file format. You typically
// call this only after settings have been parsed since the default values of each
// option are stored just before parsing the flags (this is only relevant when
// IniIncludeDefaults is _not_ set in options).
func (i *IniParser) Write(writer io.Writer, options IniOptions) {
writeIni(i, writer, options)
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