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package flags
import (
"bufio"
"fmt"
"io"
"os"
"reflect"
"sort"
"strconv"
"strings"
)
// IniError contains location information on where an error occured.
type IniError struct {
// The error message.
Message string
// The filename of the file in which the error occurred.
File string
// The line number at which the error occurred.
LineNumber uint
}
// Error provides a "file:line: message" formatted message of the ini error.
func (x *IniError) Error() string {
return fmt.Sprintf(
"%s:%d: %s",
x.File,
x.LineNumber,
x.Message,
)
}
// IniOptions for writing
type IniOptions uint
const (
// IniNone indicates no options.
IniNone IniOptions = 0
// IniIncludeDefaults indicates that default values should be written.
IniIncludeDefaults = 1 << iota
// IniCommentDefaults indicates that if IniIncludeDefaults is used
// options with default values are written but commented out.
IniCommentDefaults
// IniIncludeComments indicates that comments containing the description
// of an option should be written.
IniIncludeComments
// IniDefault provides a default set of options.
IniDefault = IniIncludeComments
)
// IniParser is a utility to read and write flags options from and to ini
// formatted strings.
type IniParser struct {
ParseAsDefaults bool // override default flags
parser *Parser
}
type iniValue struct {
Name string
Value string
Quoted bool
LineNumber uint
}
type iniSection []iniValue
type ini struct {
File string
Sections map[string]iniSection
}
// NewIniParser creates a new ini parser for a given Parser.
func NewIniParser(p *Parser) *IniParser {
return &IniParser{
parser: p,
}
}
// IniParse is a convenience function to parse command line options with default
// settings from an ini formatted file. The provided data is a pointer to a struct
// representing the default option group (named "Application Options"). For
// more control, use flags.NewParser.
func IniParse(filename string, data interface{}) error {
p := NewParser(data, Default)
return NewIniParser(p).ParseFile(filename)
}
// ParseFile parses flags from an ini formatted file. See Parse for more
// information on the ini file format. The returned errors can be of the type
// flags.Error or flags.IniError.
func (i *IniParser) ParseFile(filename string) error {
i.parser.clearIsSet()
ini, err := readIniFromFile(filename)
if err != nil {
return err
}
return i.parse(ini)
}
// Parse parses flags from an ini format. You can use ParseFile as a
// convenience function to parse from a filename instead of a general
// io.Reader.
//
// The format of the ini file is as follows:
//
// [Option group name]
// option = value
//
// Each section in the ini file represents an option group or command in the
// flags parser. The default flags parser option group (i.e. when using
// flags.Parse) is named 'Application Options'. The ini option name is matched
// in the following order:
//
// 1. Compared to the ini-name tag on the option struct field (if present)
// 2. Compared to the struct field name
// 3. Compared to the option long name (if present)
// 4. Compared to the option short name (if present)
//
// Sections for nested groups and commands can be addressed using a dot `.'
// namespacing notation (i.e [subcommand.Options]). Group section names are
// matched case insensitive.
//
// The returned errors can be of the type flags.Error or flags.IniError.
func (i *IniParser) Parse(reader io.Reader) error {
i.parser.clearIsSet()
ini, err := readIni(reader, "")
if err != nil {
return err
}
return i.parse(ini)
}
// WriteFile writes the flags as ini format into a file. See Write
// for more information. The returned error occurs when the specified file
// could not be opened for writing.
func (i *IniParser) WriteFile(filename string, options IniOptions) error {
return writeIniToFile(i, filename, options)
}
// Write writes the current values of all the flags to an ini format.
// See Parse for more information on the ini file format. You typically
// call this only after settings have been parsed since the default values of each
// option are stored just before parsing the flags (this is only relevant when
// IniIncludeDefaults is _not_ set in options).
func (i *IniParser) Write(writer io.Writer, options IniOptions) {
writeIni(i, writer, options)
}
func readFullLine(reader *bufio.Reader) (string, error) {
var line []byte
for {
l, more, err := reader.ReadLine()
if err != nil {
return "", err
}
if line == nil && !more {
return string(l), nil
}
line = append(line, l...)
if !more {
break
}
}
return string(line), nil
}
func optionIniName(option *Option) string {
name := option.tag.Get("_read-ini-name")
if len(name) != 0 {
return name
}
name = option.tag.Get("ini-name")
if len(name) != 0 {
return name
}
return option.field.Name
}
func writeGroupIni(cmd *Command, group *Group, namespace string, writer io.Writer, options IniOptions) {
var sname string
if len(namespace) != 0 {
sname = namespace
}
if cmd.Group != group && len(group.ShortDescription) != 0 {
if len(sname) != 0 {
sname += "."
}
sname += group.ShortDescription
}
sectionwritten := false
comments := (options & IniIncludeComments) != IniNone
for _, option := range group.options {
if option.isFunc() || option.Hidden {
continue
}
if len(option.tag.Get("no-ini")) != 0 {
continue
}
val := option.value
if (options&IniIncludeDefaults) == IniNone && option.valueIsDefault() {
continue
}
if !sectionwritten {
fmt.Fprintf(writer, "[%s]\n", sname)
sectionwritten = true
}
if comments && len(option.Description) != 0 {
fmt.Fprintf(writer, "; %s\n", option.Description)
}
oname := optionIniName(option)
commentOption := (options&(IniIncludeDefaults|IniCommentDefaults)) == IniIncludeDefaults|IniCommentDefaults && option.valueIsDefault()
kind := val.Type().Kind()
switch kind {
case reflect.Slice:
kind = val.Type().Elem().Kind()
if val.Len() == 0 {
writeOption(writer, oname, kind, "", "", true, option.iniQuote)
} else {
for idx := 0; idx < val.Len(); idx++ {
v, _ := convertToString(val.Index(idx), option.tag)
writeOption(writer, oname, kind, "", v, commentOption, option.iniQuote)
}
}
case reflect.Map:
kind = val.Type().Elem().Kind()
if val.Len() == 0 {
writeOption(writer, oname, kind, "", "", true, option.iniQuote)
} else {
mkeys := val.MapKeys()
keys := make([]string, len(val.MapKeys()))
kkmap := make(map[string]reflect.Value)
for i, k := range mkeys {
keys[i], _ = convertToString(k, option.tag)
kkmap[keys[i]] = k
}
sort.Strings(keys)
for _, k := range keys {
v, _ := convertToString(val.MapIndex(kkmap[k]), option.tag)
writeOption(writer, oname, kind, k, v, commentOption, option.iniQuote)
}
}
default:
v, _ := convertToString(val, option.tag)
writeOption(writer, oname, kind, "", v, commentOption, option.iniQuote)
}
if comments {
fmt.Fprintln(writer)
}
}
if sectionwritten && !comments {
fmt.Fprintln(writer)
}
}
func writeOption(writer io.Writer, optionName string, optionType reflect.Kind, optionKey string, optionValue string, commentOption bool, forceQuote bool) {
if forceQuote || (optionType == reflect.String && !isPrint(optionValue)) {
optionValue = strconv.Quote(optionValue)
}
comment := ""
if commentOption {
comment = "; "
}
fmt.Fprintf(writer, "%s%s =", comment, optionName)
if optionKey != "" {
fmt.Fprintf(writer, " %s:%s", optionKey, optionValue)
} else if optionValue != "" {
fmt.Fprintf(writer, " %s", optionValue)
}
fmt.Fprintln(writer)
}
func writeCommandIni(command *Command, namespace string, writer io.Writer, options IniOptions) {
command.eachGroup(func(group *Group) {
if !group.Hidden {
writeGroupIni(command, group, namespace, writer, options)
}
})
for _, c := range command.commands {
var nns string
if c.Hidden {
continue
}
if len(namespace) != 0 {
nns = c.Name + "." + nns
} else {
nns = c.Name
}
writeCommandIni(c, nns, writer, options)
}
}
func writeIni(parser *IniParser, writer io.Writer, options IniOptions) {
writeCommandIni(parser.parser.Command, "", writer, options)
}
func writeIniToFile(parser *IniParser, filename string, options IniOptions) error {
file, err := os.Create(filename)
if err != nil {
return err
}
defer file.Close()
writeIni(parser, file, options)
return nil
}
func readIniFromFile(filename string) (*ini, error) {
file, err := os.Open(filename)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
defer file.Close()
return readIni(file, filename)
}
func readIni(contents io.Reader, filename string) (*ini, error) {
ret := &ini{
File: filename,
Sections: make(map[string]iniSection),
}
reader := bufio.NewReader(contents)
// Empty global section
section := make(iniSection, 0, 10)
sectionname := ""
ret.Sections[sectionname] = section
var lineno uint
for {
line, err := readFullLine(reader)
if err == io.EOF {
break
} else if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
lineno++
line = strings.TrimSpace(line)
// Skip empty lines and lines starting with ; (comments)
if len(line) == 0 || line[0] == ';' || line[0] == '#' {
continue
}
if line[0] == '[' {
if line[0] != '[' || line[len(line)-1] != ']' {
return nil, &IniError{
Message: "malformed section header",
File: filename,
LineNumber: lineno,
}
}
name := strings.TrimSpace(line[1 : len(line)-1])
if len(name) == 0 {
return nil, &IniError{
Message: "empty section name",
File: filename,
LineNumber: lineno,
}
}
sectionname = name
section = ret.Sections[name]
if section == nil {
section = make(iniSection, 0, 10)
ret.Sections[name] = section
}
continue
}
// Parse option here
keyval := strings.SplitN(line, "=", 2)
if len(keyval) != 2 {
return nil, &IniError{
Message: fmt.Sprintf("malformed key=value (%s)", line),
File: filename,
LineNumber: lineno,
}
}
name := strings.TrimSpace(keyval[0])
value := strings.TrimSpace(keyval[1])
quoted := false
if len(value) != 0 && value[0] == '"' {
if v, err := strconv.Unquote(value); err == nil {
value = v
quoted = true
} else {
return nil, &IniError{
Message: err.Error(),
File: filename,
LineNumber: lineno,
}
}
}
section = append(section, iniValue{
Name: name,
Value: value,
Quoted: quoted,
LineNumber: lineno,
})
ret.Sections[sectionname] = section
}
return ret, nil
}
func (i *IniParser) matchingGroups(name string) []*Group {
if len(name) == 0 {
var ret []*Group
i.parser.eachGroup(func(g *Group) {
ret = append(ret, g)
})
return ret
}
g := i.parser.groupByName(name)
if g != nil {
return []*Group{g}
}
return nil
}
func (i *IniParser) parse(ini *ini) error {
p := i.parser
var quotesLookup = make(map[*Option]bool)
for name, section := range ini.Sections {
groups := i.matchingGroups(name)
if len(groups) == 0 {
return newErrorf(ErrUnknownGroup, "could not find option group `%s'", name)
}
for _, inival := range section {
var opt *Option
for _, group := range groups {
opt = group.optionByName(inival.Name, func(o *Option, n string) bool {
return strings.ToLower(o.tag.Get("ini-name")) == strings.ToLower(n)
})
if opt != nil && len(opt.tag.Get("no-ini")) != 0 {
opt = nil
}
if opt != nil {
break
}
}
if opt == nil {
if (p.Options & IgnoreUnknown) == None {
return &IniError{
Message: fmt.Sprintf("unknown option: %s", inival.Name),
File: ini.File,
LineNumber: inival.LineNumber,
}
}
continue
}
// ini value is ignored if override is set and
// value was previously set from non default
if i.ParseAsDefaults && !opt.isSetDefault {
continue
}
pval := &inival.Value
if !opt.canArgument() && len(inival.Value) == 0 {
pval = nil
} else {
if opt.value.Type().Kind() == reflect.Map {
parts := strings.SplitN(inival.Value, ":", 2)
// only handle unquoting
if len(parts) == 2 && parts[1][0] == '"' {
if v, err := strconv.Unquote(parts[1]); err == nil {
parts[1] = v
inival.Quoted = true
} else {
return &IniError{
Message: err.Error(),
File: ini.File,
LineNumber: inival.LineNumber,
}
}
s := parts[0] + ":" + parts[1]
pval = &s
}
}
}
if err := opt.set(pval); err != nil {
return &IniError{
Message: err.Error(),
File: ini.File,
LineNumber: inival.LineNumber,
}
}
// either all INI values are quoted or only values who need quoting
if _, ok := quotesLookup[opt]; !inival.Quoted || !ok {
quotesLookup[opt] = inival.Quoted
}
opt.tag.Set("_read-ini-name", inival.Name)
}
}
for opt, quoted := range quotesLookup {
opt.iniQuote = quoted
}
return nil
}