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What RBAC Permissions to apply #99

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InAnimaTe opened this Issue Mar 3, 2017 · 10 comments

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@InAnimaTe
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InAnimaTe commented Mar 3, 2017

rules:
  - apiGroups: ["*"]
    resources: ["*"]
    verbs: ["*"]
    nonResourceURLs: []

^That doesn't seem to work ;( Also tried the kube-cert-manager rbac to no avail; still receiving :(

time="2017-03-02T03:11:41Z" level=info msg="kube-lego 0.1.3-d425b293 starting" context=kubelego 
time="2017-03-02T03:11:41Z" level=info msg="connected to kubernetes api v1.5.2+coreos.1" context=kubelego 
time="2017-03-02T03:11:41Z" level=info msg="server listening on http://:8080/" context=acme 
E0302 03:11:41.976226       1 reflector.go:214] github.com/jetstack/kube-lego/pkg/kubelego/watch.go:104: Failed to list *extensions.Ingress: the server does not allow access to the requested resource (get ingresses.extensions)
E0302 03:11:41.976226       1 reflector.go:214] github.com/jetstack/kube-lego/pkg/kubelego/watch.go:104: Failed to list *extensions.Ingress: the server does not allow access to the requested resource (get ingresses.extensions)
log: exiting because of error: log: cannot create log: open /tmp/kube-lego.legotest-kube-lego-963911544-1zz8f.unknownuser.log.ERROR.20170302-031141.1: no such file or directory

Could use some help here on what I'm missing...I will also give back by writing an rbac template and submitting a PR.

EDIT: Here's the full helm yaml I'm using to create auth resources for it:

kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
rules:
  - apiGroups: ["*"]
    resources: ["*"]
    verbs: ["*"]
    nonResourceURLs: []
---
kind: RoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
subjects:
  # The subject is the target service account
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
roleRef:
  # The roleRef specifies the role to give to the
  # service account.
  kind: Role
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }} # Tectonic also provides "readonly", "user", and "admin" cluster roles.
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
---
kind: ServiceAccount
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}

Additionally, it's worth noting I'm just using the official chart.

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InAnimaTe Mar 3, 2017

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Ok with the help of the tectonic guys, looks like I was able to get this working using an already existing user cluster role and binding that to the ServiceAccount I'm making explicitly for kube-lego.

Here's the yaml:

kind: ServiceAccount
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
# subjects holds references to the objects the role applies to.
subjects:
  # May be "User", "Group" or "ServiceAccount".
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    # Preexisting user's email
    name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
    namespace: {{.Release.Namespace}}
# roleRef contains information about the role being used.
# It can only reference a ClusterRole in the global namespace.
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  # name of an existing ClusterRole, either "readonly", "user", "admin",
  # or a custom defined role.
  name: user
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

I guess this bug should then exist to help us nail down the proper least-privilege permissions kube-lego should get and possibly get an rbac yaml in the repo (both here as an example and in the chart) to help others.

Contributor

InAnimaTe commented Mar 3, 2017

Ok with the help of the tectonic guys, looks like I was able to get this working using an already existing user cluster role and binding that to the ServiceAccount I'm making explicitly for kube-lego.

Here's the yaml:

kind: ServiceAccount
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1alpha1
metadata:
  name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
# subjects holds references to the objects the role applies to.
subjects:
  # May be "User", "Group" or "ServiceAccount".
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    # Preexisting user's email
    name: {{ template "fullname" . }}
    namespace: {{.Release.Namespace}}
# roleRef contains information about the role being used.
# It can only reference a ClusterRole in the global namespace.
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  # name of an existing ClusterRole, either "readonly", "user", "admin",
  # or a custom defined role.
  name: user
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

I guess this bug should then exist to help us nail down the proper least-privilege permissions kube-lego should get and possibly get an rbac yaml in the repo (both here as an example and in the chart) to help others.

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simonswine Mar 4, 2017

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Thanks for reporting this, this is on my list as well. kube-lego needs quite extensive permissions. Which are different in the multiple environments:

  • RW global secrets
  • Read/Watches global ingresses for nginx
  • RW global ingresses/service/endpoints for GCE

I think for a really locked down setup it should run in namespace only mode then the needed authz could be a bit slimer. But this is gonna get important quite soon.

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simonswine commented Mar 4, 2017

Thanks for reporting this, this is on my list as well. kube-lego needs quite extensive permissions. Which are different in the multiple environments:

  • RW global secrets
  • Read/Watches global ingresses for nginx
  • RW global ingresses/service/endpoints for GCE

I think for a really locked down setup it should run in namespace only mode then the needed authz could be a bit slimer. But this is gonna get important quite soon.

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munnerz Apr 24, 2017

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@lachlan-b has made some initial work on creating an RBAC policy here: kubernetes/ingress-nginx#575 (comment)

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munnerz commented Apr 24, 2017

@lachlan-b has made some initial work on creating an RBAC policy here: kubernetes/ingress-nginx#575 (comment)

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weitzj Apr 26, 2017

Depending on the work of the previous comment:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
  namespace: kube-lego
data:
  # modify this to specify your address
  lego.email: "user@example.com"
  # configure letencrypt's production api
  # lego.url: "https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org/directory"
  # configure letencrypt's staging api
  lego.url: "https://acme-staging.api.letsencrypt.org/directory"
kind: ConfigMap
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
    name: lego
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  - "extensions"
  resources:
  - configmaps
  - secrets
  - services
  - endpoints
  - ingresses
  - nodes
  - pods
  verbs:
  - list
  - get
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - "extensions"
  - ""
  resources:
  - ingresses
  - ingresses/status
  verbs:
  - get
  - update
  - create
  - list
  - patch
  - delete
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - "*"
  - ""
  resources:
  - events
  - certificates
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - create
  - list
  - update
  - get
  - patch
  - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: lego
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: lego
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: lego
    namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: lego
  namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
  namespace: kube-lego
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: kube-lego
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: lego
      containers:
      - name: kube-lego
        image: jetstack/kube-lego:0.1.3
        imagePullPolicy: Always
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8080
        env:
        - name: LEGO_EMAIL
          valueFrom:
            configMapKeyRef:
              name: kube-lego
              key: lego.email
        - name: LEGO_URL
          valueFrom:
            configMapKeyRef:
              name: kube-lego
              key: lego.url
        - name: LEGO_NAMESPACE
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: metadata.namespace
        - name: LEGO_POD_IP
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: status.podIP
        readinessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /healthz
            port: 8080
          initialDelaySeconds: 5
          timeoutSeconds: 1

weitzj commented Apr 26, 2017

Depending on the work of the previous comment:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
  namespace: kube-lego
data:
  # modify this to specify your address
  lego.email: "user@example.com"
  # configure letencrypt's production api
  # lego.url: "https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org/directory"
  # configure letencrypt's staging api
  lego.url: "https://acme-staging.api.letsencrypt.org/directory"
kind: ConfigMap
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
    name: lego
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  - "extensions"
  resources:
  - configmaps
  - secrets
  - services
  - endpoints
  - ingresses
  - nodes
  - pods
  verbs:
  - list
  - get
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - "extensions"
  - ""
  resources:
  - ingresses
  - ingresses/status
  verbs:
  - get
  - update
  - create
  - list
  - patch
  - delete
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - "*"
  - ""
  resources:
  - events
  - certificates
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - create
  - list
  - update
  - get
  - patch
  - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: lego
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: lego
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: lego
    namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: lego
  namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
  namespace: kube-lego
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: kube-lego
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: lego
      containers:
      - name: kube-lego
        image: jetstack/kube-lego:0.1.3
        imagePullPolicy: Always
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8080
        env:
        - name: LEGO_EMAIL
          valueFrom:
            configMapKeyRef:
              name: kube-lego
              key: lego.email
        - name: LEGO_URL
          valueFrom:
            configMapKeyRef:
              name: kube-lego
              key: lego.url
        - name: LEGO_NAMESPACE
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: metadata.namespace
        - name: LEGO_POD_IP
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: status.podIP
        readinessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /healthz
            port: 8080
          initialDelaySeconds: 5
          timeoutSeconds: 1
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webwurst Jun 3, 2017

I needed to allow create service, i guess because of: "Please be aware that kube-lego creates it's related service on its own"

So building up on the previous post my rbac.yaml looks like this:

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
    name: lego
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  - "extensions"
  resources:
  - configmaps
  - secrets
  - services
  - endpoints
  - ingresses
  - nodes
  - pods
  verbs:
  - list
  - get
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - services
  verbs:
  - create
- apiGroups:
  - "extensions"
  - ""
  resources:
  - ingresses
  - ingresses/status
  verbs:
  - get
  - update
  - create
  - list
  - patch
  - delete
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - "*"
  - ""
  resources:
  - events
  - certificates
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - create
  - list
  - update
  - get
  - patch
  - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: lego
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: lego
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: lego
    namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: lego
  namespace: kube-lego

webwurst commented Jun 3, 2017

I needed to allow create service, i guess because of: "Please be aware that kube-lego creates it's related service on its own"

So building up on the previous post my rbac.yaml looks like this:

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
    name: lego
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  - "extensions"
  resources:
  - configmaps
  - secrets
  - services
  - endpoints
  - ingresses
  - nodes
  - pods
  verbs:
  - list
  - get
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - services
  verbs:
  - create
- apiGroups:
  - "extensions"
  - ""
  resources:
  - ingresses
  - ingresses/status
  verbs:
  - get
  - update
  - create
  - list
  - patch
  - delete
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - "*"
  - ""
  resources:
  - events
  - certificates
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - create
  - list
  - update
  - get
  - patch
  - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: lego
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: lego
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: lego
    namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: lego
  namespace: kube-lego
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farcaller Jul 21, 2017

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I narrowed down the permissions from @webwurst's config above, because the original scope looked slightly insane. This only covers the nginx ingress.

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
rules:
# must be able to get / create / delete services to manage the kube-lego-nginx service
# TODO: this should actually be a namespaced Role, with a distinct name
# More TODO: why does kube-lego even need to manage this? Why can't it be created
# at instantiation time?
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - services
  verbs:
  - create
  - get
  - delete
# Allow to do *everything* with ingresses. I can't find any use of ingress/status in the kube-lego
# source code
# TODO: this should be trimmed further, I don't see any use of PATCH and UPDATE insofar
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs:
  - get
  - update
  - create
  - list
  - patch
  - delete
  - watch
# allow global access to manage secrets (to write the keys)
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - get
  - create
  - update

What I removed:

  • overly-wide apiGroups (both '' and 'extensions')
  • configmaps, endpoints, nodes, pods: I couldn't find any use of those in the source code (and why would kube-lego need to watch nodes?)
  • access to ingress statuses
  • certificates management. Where is this resource even coming from? It's not k8s native
  • events management. Couldn't find any proof kube-lego uses events bus
  • trimmed down verbs of secrets

This ClusterRole allows kube-lego to successfully get a certificate. I'm not sure if it can renew successfully yet, though.

This issue needs more attention, more and more k8s clusters are spinned up with RBAC.

Contributor

farcaller commented Jul 21, 2017

I narrowed down the permissions from @webwurst's config above, because the original scope looked slightly insane. This only covers the nginx ingress.

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
rules:
# must be able to get / create / delete services to manage the kube-lego-nginx service
# TODO: this should actually be a namespaced Role, with a distinct name
# More TODO: why does kube-lego even need to manage this? Why can't it be created
# at instantiation time?
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - services
  verbs:
  - create
  - get
  - delete
# Allow to do *everything* with ingresses. I can't find any use of ingress/status in the kube-lego
# source code
# TODO: this should be trimmed further, I don't see any use of PATCH and UPDATE insofar
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs:
  - get
  - update
  - create
  - list
  - patch
  - delete
  - watch
# allow global access to manage secrets (to write the keys)
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - get
  - create
  - update

What I removed:

  • overly-wide apiGroups (both '' and 'extensions')
  • configmaps, endpoints, nodes, pods: I couldn't find any use of those in the source code (and why would kube-lego need to watch nodes?)
  • access to ingress statuses
  • certificates management. Where is this resource even coming from? It's not k8s native
  • events management. Couldn't find any proof kube-lego uses events bus
  • trimmed down verbs of secrets

This ClusterRole allows kube-lego to successfully get a certificate. I'm not sure if it can renew successfully yet, though.

This issue needs more attention, more and more k8s clusters are spinned up with RBAC.

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rubbish Aug 4, 2017

I was able to trim out the service parts of the ClusterRole to just a Role. The following was able to work for me:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-serviceaccount
  namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-clusterrole
rules:
  # Allow to do *everything* with ingresses. I can't find any use of ingress/status in the kube-lego
  # source code
  # TODO: this should be trimmed further, I don't see any use of PATCH and UPDATE insofar
  - apiGroups:
    - extensions
    resources:
    - ingresses
    verbs:
    - get
    - update
    - create
    - list
    - patch
    - delete
    - watch
  # allow global access to manage secrets (to write the keys)
  - apiGroups:
    - ""
    resources:
    - secrets
    verbs:
    - get
    - create
    - update
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-role
  namespace: kube-lego
rules:
  - apiGroups:
    - ""
    resources:
    - services
    verbs:
    - create
    - get
    - delete
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-role-binding
  namespace: kube-lego
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: kube-lego-role
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: kube-lego-serviceaccount
    namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-clusterrole-binding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: kube-lego-clusterrole
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: kube-lego-serviceaccount
    namespace: kube-lego

rubbish commented Aug 4, 2017

I was able to trim out the service parts of the ClusterRole to just a Role. The following was able to work for me:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-serviceaccount
  namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-clusterrole
rules:
  # Allow to do *everything* with ingresses. I can't find any use of ingress/status in the kube-lego
  # source code
  # TODO: this should be trimmed further, I don't see any use of PATCH and UPDATE insofar
  - apiGroups:
    - extensions
    resources:
    - ingresses
    verbs:
    - get
    - update
    - create
    - list
    - patch
    - delete
    - watch
  # allow global access to manage secrets (to write the keys)
  - apiGroups:
    - ""
    resources:
    - secrets
    verbs:
    - get
    - create
    - update
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-role
  namespace: kube-lego
rules:
  - apiGroups:
    - ""
    resources:
    - services
    verbs:
    - create
    - get
    - delete
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-role-binding
  namespace: kube-lego
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: kube-lego-role
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: kube-lego-serviceaccount
    namespace: kube-lego
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kube-lego-clusterrole-binding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: kube-lego-clusterrole
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: kube-lego-serviceaccount
    namespace: kube-lego
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carlossg Aug 18, 2017

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The services part can't be in a Role and must be in the ClusterRole, or kube-lego won't be able to create the kube-lego-* services in each of the namespaces with ingresses.
No authz error is displayed in the logs due to #243

Contributor

carlossg commented Aug 18, 2017

The services part can't be in a Role and must be in the ClusterRole, or kube-lego won't be able to create the kube-lego-* services in each of the namespaces with ingresses.
No authz error is displayed in the logs due to #243

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morgan-pipa Sep 19, 2017

I've just run into this with GCE using one of the options they give for Kubernetes (1.7.5) while testing out my dev stack. Has there been any consensus on which permissions are needed? It would be great to see examples for both nginx and GCE.

morgan-pipa commented Sep 19, 2017

I've just run into this with GCE using one of the options they give for Kubernetes (1.7.5) while testing out my dev stack. Has there been any consensus on which permissions are needed? It would be great to see examples for both nginx and GCE.

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activeshadow Sep 27, 2017

This ClusterRole definition worked for me in a GKE cluster using the GCE load balancer. May even be able to tighten it up a bit more.

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs:
  - list
  - get
  - create
  - update
  - delete
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - endpoints
  - services
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - get
  - create
  - update

activeshadow commented Sep 27, 2017

This ClusterRole definition worked for me in a GKE cluster using the GCE load balancer. May even be able to tighten it up a bit more.

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kube-lego
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs:
  - list
  - get
  - create
  - update
  - delete
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - endpoints
  - services
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - get
  - create
  - update

@simonswine simonswine removed the enhancement label Jan 16, 2018

simonswine added a commit that referenced this issue Jan 22, 2018

Adds official RBAC rules
* Update nginx ingress to 0.9 and enable RBAC for it as well
* fixes #288 #99

simonswine added a commit that referenced this issue Jan 22, 2018

Adds official RBAC rules
* Update nginx ingress to 0.9 and enable RBAC for it as well
* fixes #288 #99
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