Erlang WAR packager: packages Erlang applications into Java WAR files using Erjang
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ewarp: Erlang WAR packager

Package Erlang apps as Java WAR file with an embedded Erjang runtime. The WAR file can be run on any standard Java servlet container, such as Tomcat or Jetty. Deployment in the cloud (PaaS) is easy using a WAR file. Popular options are Amazon Elastic Beanstalk and CloudFoundry. The Erlang app does not necessarily need to be Web-aware, the servlet container simply acts as a convenient and standardized runtime container, which is provided by many (cloud) hosting providers.

This project is currently work in progress.

Planned feature set:

  • Single script call to create a WAR file from a simple Erlang app. Possibly integration with rebar
  • Many customization options
  • Automatic cluster management in cloud environments via customizable NodeFinders. Example: all nodes in a Elastic Beanstalk environment can be found via the Amazon EC2 and Beanstalk APIs and are automatically made known
  • Full access to the Java world and additional libraries/frameworks
  • Java-Erlang web bridge, possibly using SimpleBridge or EWGI
  • Triggering of Erlang functions on startup/shutdown/specified web calls
  • running Erlang apps in an OSGi container

code structure

  • ewarp-core Core module containing the runtime handling, node discovery, ...

  • ewarp-web

    Web runtime adapter to start Erjang in a Java Servlet container, e.g. Tomcat

  • ewarp-web-bridge

    Bridges HTTP requests into the Erlang code. Uses simple_bridge on the inside

  • ewarp-example-web

    Sample application

  • ewarp-aws (planned)

    Node discovery and advertising in a Amazon EC2/Elastic Beanstalk environment

  • ewarp-osgi (planned)

    Runtime adapter to start Erjang in an OSGi environment, e.g. Eclipse Equinox or Apache Felix

How to build

Note: as this is work in progress, there are not yet full instructions...

Get and build Erjang from GitHub:

# get source code
git clone
cd erjang
# modify to point to your Erlang installation,
# then build Erjang and a jar containing the Erlang runtime
ant jar otpjar

This creates erjang-0.1.jar as well as otp-<OTPVERSION>.jar

Get and build ewarp and the sample application from GitHub: Build using Gradle, which is downloaded automatically, when called as ./gradlew

# get source code
git clone
cd ewarp
# modify to specify Erjang and OTP versions
# build ewarp and the sample project

This produces both the ewarp jar files as well as

Upload the created .WAR-file (ewarp-example-web/build/libs/ewarp-example-web-0.1.war) to your Servlet container (e.g. Tomcat or Jetty) The Gradle-based build allows to run the WAR file inline using the following command:

./gradlew jettyRun

How to use

See project ewarp-example-web for an example application. It can be build from the ewarp-example-web directory using ./gradlew war.

Basically, create a web application, with erjang-0.1.jar, ewarp-core-0.1.jar, ewarp-web-0.1.jar, and a jar file with your prefered OTP version, e.g. otp-R13B04.jar contained in WEB-INF/lib.

In order to create and start the Erjang runtime, erjangx.ewarp.web.ErjangContextListener should be registered as ServletContextListener. Additionally, the servlet erjangx.ewarp.web.stats.ErjangStatusServlet may be registered to provide some runtime information.

Example of a WEB-INF/web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns=""
    <display-name>Erlang Web Application</display-name>


How to include your Erlang app

Create a release, e.g. using rebar. Then package this release into a Jar file with a ant build script similar to the one from Erjang:

<project name="erjang" default="all">
    <property file="" />
    <target name="otpjar">
        <jar jarfile="otp-${erjang.otp.version}.jar" basedir="${erjang.otp.root}">
            <exclude name="**/*.so" />
            <exclude name="**/*.dll" />
            <exclude name="**/*.a" />
            <exclude name="**/*.erl" />
            <exclude name="**/bin/beam" />
            <exclude name="**/bin/beam.smp" />
            <exclude name="lib/megaco-*/**" />
            <exclude name="lib/wx-*/**" />
            <exclude name="lib/hipe-*/**" />
            <exclude name="lib/jinterface-*/**" />
            <exclude name="lib/erl_interface-*/**" />
            <exclude name="lib/ic-*/java_src/**" />
            <exclude name="usr/include/**" />
            <exclude name="**/examples/**" />

Create a file to specify OTP version and root dir, which is the one containing your release:


Create the application jar file using ant otpjar and place the created jar file in your app's WEB-INF/lib directory.

How to use in Eclipse

When developing using Eclipse and WTP, the best way is to let Gradle generate Eclipse projects for the projects:

cd ewarp
gradle eclipse

These can now be imported into Eclipse using File -> Import....

Create a Web Project using File -> New..., choose Dynamic Web Project. Add the ewarp projects as (web) dependencies to your project. Now you can create a Server (e.g. with Tomcat 6.0) and run and debug your project.