Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
Config library for Nodejs
JavaScript
tag: 0.8.3

Fetching latest commit…

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Failed to load latest commit information.
examples/basic_example
.gitignore
README.md
conf.js
package.json

README.md

Conf

Conf is a general purpose configuration platform for Nodejs. It can be used to create simple config files or even more advance user scripts.

The config scripts are plain old javascript with a definition layer on top of it.

Here is an example:

server
    hostname  = "127.0.0.1"
    port      = 80

    location = "/articles"
        root = "/var/www/sites/my_site/articles"
        expires = "30d"
    end

    location = "/home"
        redirect = "/"
    end
end

The above example would result in the following JavaScript graph when parsed:

{ 
  server: { hostname: "127.0.0.1"
          , port: 80
          , location: [
              { url: "/articles"
              , root: "/var/www/sites/my_site/articles"
              , exipres: "30d"
              },
              { url: "/home"
              , redirect: "/"
              }
            ]
          }
}

As mention above, the config scripts is Javascript, so it is possible to mix your DSL with Javascript. This is a powerful feature, which let you do stuff like this:

LOCATIONS = ["/articles", "/comments", "/users"]

server
    hostname  = "127.0.0.1"
    port      = 80

    LOCATIONS.forEach(function(path) {
      location = path
          root = "/var/www/sites/my_site" + path
          expires = "30d"
      end
    });

    location = "/home"
        redirect = "/"
    end
end

API

The API is defined by two functions: createContext and createScript. The createContext creates a markup that can be used with createScript.

createContext(markup)

Construct a new config context object. The config context is then used to run a config script.

The markup is a data graph, that is used to describe the config script layout. A simple example:

var conf = require("conf");
conf.createContext({
  host: { type: "string", value: "localhost" },
  port: { type: "number", value: 8080}
});

The first key, host, represents a String property with default value "localhost". The second key, port, represents a Number property with default value 8080.

A valid config script for example context above would look look like:

host = "10.0.0.1"
port = 80

See the "Defining context markup" -section for complete documentation.

createScript(path, [filename])

Construct a new config script object, from specified path. An optional filename can be set

This function is synchronous and throws an exception on read errors.

Script

Represents a Script.

Script.runInContext(context, [env])

RuntimeError

All errors produced by "conf" is derived from the class RuntimeError. The RunTimeError class inherits the native Error class.

RuntimeError.getSimpleMessage

Returns a simplified message, without stack trace information, but with error message and line number.

The getSimpleMessage method is useful when you want to show user what's wrong, without showing what happen "behind-the-scene".

Defining context markup

There is 15 different types of fields, each with it's own set of properties.

Many of the types share's a set of properties. For example, required can be used with any type. The common properties are:

  • required set to true to indicate that the field is required.
  • list indicates that there can be multiply definitions of the field.
  • strict indicates that the field value should be validated strictly.
  • value sets a default value for the field.
  • idxignore indicates that the field should be ignored in an index.
  • param has different meaning in different types. See type documentation for implementation.
  • index use field in a index.
  • onenter callback when entering a section (see section documentation for more details).
  • onexit callback when exiting a section (see section documentation for more details).

Some of the types can be used with a "shortcut". Shortcuts is used to quickly define a property, without adding additionally markup. Here is an example of a shortcut in action:

conf.createContext({
  host: String
});

The above example is mapped to:

conf.createContext({
  host: { type: "string" }
}); 

It is also possible to map the type with it's name:

conf.createContext({
  host: "string"
});

A required field can be defined by typing the type name with capitals:

conf.createContext({
  host: "STRING"
});

Which maps to:

conf.createContext({
  host: { type: "string", required: true }
});

It is also possible to define a list with shortcut. Just encapsulate with brackets as follows:

conf.createContext({
  host: ["string"]
});

The different types of fields are: boolean, string, number, array, object, regexp, expression, path, static, wildcard section, struct, custom, bytesize and timeunit.

boolean

Represents a boolean value. Valid values in strict mode are true or false. Undefined values is converted to true in non-strict mode.

The native class Boolean works as a shortcut for the boolean field type.

string

Represents a String value. Values, which is not of native type string, are converted to a string object via the toString method in non-strict mode.

The native class String works as a shortcut for the string field type.

number

Represents a Number value. Values, which is not of native type number, are converted to numbers via the parseInt function in non-strict mode.

The native class Number works as a shortcut for the string field type.

array

Represents an Array value. Values, which is not of native type array, are encapsulated with bracets in non-strict mode.

The native class Array works as a shortcut for the string field type.

object

Represents an Object value. All values, except undefined and null, are accepted.

The native class Object works as a shortcut for the string field type.

regexp

Represents a RegExp value. String values is converted into RegExp instances via it's constructor in non-strict mode.

The native class RegExp works as a shortcut for the string field type.

expression

Represents a string value, that is validated against a RegExp expression.

The field property ´param` MUST contain an RegExp instance.

An expression example:

createContext({
  method: { type: "expression", param: /^(get|set)$/ }
});

A more convenience may be to use expression types shortcut:

createContext({
  method: { type: /^(get|set)$/ }
});

Or, the even more convenience shortcut:

createContext({
  method: /^(get|set)$/
});

path

Represents a file-system path value, with relative-path support. Values, which is not of native type String, are converted to a string object via the toString method in non-strict mode.

Relative path's is mapped against scripts workdir variable.

Example (markup):

createContext({
  data_file: { type: "path" }
});

Example (config):

data_file = "./data/data.json"

Result for example above:

{ data_file: "/parent_directory_of_config_file/data/data.json" }

This field is currently not supported on Windows.

static

Represents a static value. Static values cannot be set, they behave more like traditional constants, except that they cannot be accessed in the config file, just the result.

The field property value must be set for static fields.

Example:

createContext({
  debug: { type: "static", value: true }
});

Which results in:

{ debug: true }

wildcard

Wildcards can contain any kind of value.

section

Represents a section. Sections is used to divide fields into groups.

Section's has a set of special properties that can be set:

  • property sets a default field for the section.
  • index creates an index for the section, with specified name. This is useful when the order of section fields is needed.
  • section is the shortcut for sections.

See use-cases in examples below.

The section scope MUST be closed with the built-in keyword end (see section "Built-in keywords" for more details) when defining it in a config file.

The field property param MUST be set for static fields.

A quick example:

createContext({
  database: { type: "section", param: {
    port: Number,
    host: String
  }}
});

---

database
  port = 8080
  host = "127.0.0.1"
end

Which results in:

{ database: { 
  port: 8080, 
  host: "127.0.0.1"
}}

One more convenient way would be to use the section shortcut. Here is an example that represents the markup above:

createContext({
  database: { section: {
    port: Number,
    host: String
  }}
});

There is no need for the param property when defining sections with the shortcut.

struct

Represents a struct. Struct is similar to section's but cannot only contain one child field. The struct is also laking some of the special properties that section supports.

The special property property is supported though.

Note: The end keyword is NOT supported in struct fields.

createContext({
  static_server: { type: "struct", param: {
    port: { type: "static", value: 8080},
    host: { type: "static", value: "127.0.0.1"}
  }}
});

custom

Represents a custom value. Custom values are validated with provided function.

Example:

function customValue(field, value, runtime) {

  if (value !== "value") {
    throw new Error("Expected value");
  }

  return value;
}

createContext({
  my_custom: { type: "custom", param: customValue };
});

Custom values also have a shortcut. Just put the validator as type:

createContext({
  my_custom: { type: customValue };
});

bytesize

Represents a byte size value. Byte size values is defined by a number or a string expression.

The string expression is defined with a number and a suffix. Supported suffixes are:

  • b represents a byte.
  • kb represents a kilobyte (1024 bytes)
  • mb represents a megabyte (1024 * 1024 bytes)
  • gb represents a gigabyte (1024 * 1024 * 1024 bytes)

Here is an example with a string expression.

createContext({
  max_file_size: { type: "bytesize" };
});

---

max_file_size = "12mb"

timeunit

Represents a time unit value. Time unit values is defined by a number or a string expression.

The string expression is defined with a number and a suffix. Supported suffixes are:

  • ms represents a millisecond.
  • s represents a second (1000 milliseconds)
  • m represents a minute (60 * 1000 milliseconds)
  • h represents an hour (60 * 60 * 1000 milliseconds)
  • d represents a day (24 * 60 * 60 * 1000 milliseconds)

Here is an example with a string expression.

createContext({
  backup_interval: { type: "timeunit" };
});

---

backup_interval = "1h"

The return value is always in milliseconds.

Built-in keywords

There is two built-in config file keywords, end and include. The keyword end is called as a property while the include is called as a function.

end

The keyword end is used to close a scope (section). The script-engine is automatically closing scopes on end of execution, but it's good to always call end anyway.

section
    field = "field value" 
end

include(path)

The keyword include imports another config script and executes it in current runtime. The path argument must be set and should point to the script to include. Relative-paths are accepted.

include("./mime_types.conf")

It is also possible to use wildcard patterns to include one ore more files. Supported special characters are "*" and "?".

include("./sites/*.conf");

Note: The include keyword does not check if config is already included. This could result in a never-ending loop if a config includes it self.

License

BSD-License.

Copyright (c) Johan Dahlberg 2011

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.