This code implements the single-image illumination estimation technique introduced in
J.-F. Lalonde, A. A. Efros, and S. G. Narasimhan, "Estimating the Natural Illumination Conditions from a Single Outdoor Image," International Journal of Computer Vision, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 123--145, Jun. 2012.
Please cite this paper if you use this code in your work.
NEW: Now much easier to run on your own images! See below.
- First, make sure you download the required software packages described below.
From the MATLAB command prompt in the
$ setPath $ demoEstimateIllumination
Results should display automagically!
- MATLAB's optimization toolbox
Requires some of my software packages (available on github):
Requires the following 3rd-party libs (included):
- LibSVM, included in
- Felzenszwalb et al. object detector , included in
- Piotr Dollar's image processing toolbox, included in
- Video Compass code from Derek Hoiem, included in
For the paths to work "out of the box", create yourself a base directory
code), and download all of the packages in that directory. For
setPath function should be able to find them.
Running the code on your own images
It is now much easier to run the code on your own images! All you have to
do is to set the
demoMode flag to
false and it will automatically compute
the geometric context and the ground shadow boundaries.
You will need to make sure the following packages are installed and running (refer to their respective websites for installation instructions):
- geometric context, code available from Derek Hoiem's website;
- detected ground shadow boundaries, code available from my website.
Finally, you also need to make sure that they, as well as all their dependencies,
are added to the path. See the
setPath.m function for a starting point.
Compile the object detector:
- go to
3rd_party/voc-release3.1from inside matlab, and run 'compile'
Compile the lib-svm
- go to
3rd_party/libsvm-mat-3.0-1from inside matlab, and run 'make'
Follow the compilation instructions of the
By default, this code uses the ICCV'09 version to estimate the probability of the sun given the sky cue, my previous implementation seems to give better results.
If you experience problems with libsvm version 3.0.1, replace the
svm_model_matlab.cfile with the following: https://github.com/tomz/libsvm-ruby-swig/blob/master/libsvm-3.1/matlab/svm_model_matlab.c. Make sure that the
NUM_OF_RETURN_FIELDmacro is set to 10. Recompile libsvm after making this change. Thanks heaps to Swaminathan Sankaranrayanan for pointing this out!
Alternatively, the software apparently works with libsvm version 3.1. Thanks to Lin Gu for pointing this out.
If matlab complains that it can't find the function
xrepmat, you can either install the lightspeed package by Tom Minka, or safely replace all the
xrepmatby the built-in
The world coordinates
(x,y,z) have the following reference frame:
^ y | | .----> x / z v
The camera is looking in the negative
z direction. For convenience (or just to
make things more complicated), we define
azimuth=0 to be the camera viewing
azimuth>0 points towards the right of the camera.
Therefore, to convert from spherical to cartesian coordinates, you should use:
x = sin(zenith).*sin(azimuth); y = cos(zenith); z = -sin(zenith).*cos(azimuth);
 P. Felzenszwalb, D. McAllester, and D. Ramanan, "A discriminatively trained, multiscale, deformable part model," presented at the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2008.