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README.md

SysCmd

Gem Version Build Status

SysCmd is a DSL to define commands to be executed by the system.

The command arguments will we escaped properly for bash or Windows cmd.exe.

The commands can be executed capturing its exit status and output.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'sys_cmd'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install sys_cmd

Usage

A command can be defined with a simple DSL (passing a block that defines the command arguments to the SysCmd.command method):

cmd = SysCmd.command 'ffmpeg' do
  option '-i', file: 'input video file.mkv'
  option '-vcodec', 'mjpeg'
  file 'output.mkv'
end

The block is executed with +instance_eval+ inside the command definition (an instance of SysCmd::Definicion), so +self+ and instance variables refer to the definition. If this is not desirable an argument can be passed to the block with the +Definition+ object:

cmd = SysCmd.command 'ffmpeg' do |cmd|
  cmd.option '-i', file: 'input video file.mkv'
  cmd.option '-vcodec', 'mjpeg'
  cmd.file 'output.mkv'
end

The command can be converted to a String which represents it with arguments quoted for the target OS/shell (here we assume a UN*X system)

puts cmd.to_s # ffmpeg -i input\ video\ file.mkv -vcodec mjpeg output.mkv

A command can be generated for a system different from the current host by passing the +:os+ option:

wcmd = SysCmd.command 'ffmpeg', os: :windows do |cmd|
  cmd.option '-i', file: 'input video file.mkv'
  cmd.option '-vcodec', 'mjpeg'
  cmd.file 'output.mkv'
end
puts cmd.to_s # ffmpeg -i "input video file.mkv" -vcodec mjpeg "output.mkv"

Currently only +:windows+ (for CMD.EXE syntax) and +:unix+ (for bash syntax) are accepted for the +:os+ parameter. +:unix+ represent any UN*X-like system (including linux, OSX, etc.)

A Command can also be executed:

cmd.run
if cmd.success?
  puts cmd.output
end

By default execution is done by launching a shell to interpret the command. Unquoted arguments will be interpreted by the shell in that case:

cmd = SysCmd.command 'echo' do
  argument '$BASH'
end
cmd.run
puts cmd.output # /bin/bash

Shell execution can be avoided by passing the +:direct+ option with value +true+ to the +run+ method. In that case the command is executed directly, and no shell interpretation takes place, so:

cmd.run direct: true
puts cmd.output # $BASH

If the command options include an option with the name of the command being defined it is used to replace the command name. This can be handy to pass user configuration to define the location/name of commands in a particular system:

options = {
  curl: "/usr/local/bin/curl"
}
cmd = SysCmd.command 'curl', options do
  file 'http://jsonip.com'
end
puts cmd.to_s # /usr/local/bin/curl http://jsonip.com

A string can be provided as the standard input for a command by passing the :stdin_data option to the run method:

cmd = SysCmd.command 'curl' do
  option '--config -'
  file 'http://jsonip.com'
end
cmd.run stdin_data: %{
  --head
}
puts cmd.output # "HTTP/1.1 200 OK ...

Development

After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release to create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the .gem file to rubygems.org.

Contributing

  1. Fork it ( https://github.com/[my-github-username]/sys_cmd/fork )
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request
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