Gatsby source plugin for building websites using prismic.io as a data source
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README.md

gatsby-source-prismic

Source plugin for pulling data into Gatsby from prismic.io repositories.

Features

  • Supports Rich Text fields, slices, and content relation fields
  • Supports gatsby-transformer-sharp and gatsby-image for image fields
  • Utilizes prismic-dom to provide HTML and link values so you don't have to use prismic-dom directly

Install

npm install --save gatsby-source-prismic

How to use

// In your gatsby-config.js
plugins: [
  /*
   * Gatsby's data processing layer begins with “source”
   * plugins. Here the site sources its data from prismic.io.
   */
  {
    resolve: "gatsby-source-prismic",
    options: {
      // The name of your prismic.io repository. This is required.
      // Example: 'gatsby-source-prismic-test-site' if your prismic.io address
      // is 'gatsby-source-prismic-test-site.prismic.io'.
      repositoryName: "gatsby-source-prismic-test-site",

      // An API access token to your prismic.io repository. This is required.
      // You can generate an access token in the "API & Security" section of
      // your repository settings. Setting a "Callback URL" is not necessary.
      // The token will be listed under "Permanent access tokens".
      accessToken: "example-wou7evoh0eexuf6chooz2jai2qui9pae4tieph1sei4deiboj",

      // Set a link resolver function used to process links in your content.
      // Fields with rich text formatting or links to internal content use this
      // function to generate the correct link URL.
      // The document node, field key (i.e. API ID), and field value are
      // provided to the function, as seen below. This allows you to use
      // different link resolver logic for each field if necessary.
      // See: https://prismic.io/docs/javascript/query-the-api/link-resolving
      linkResolver: ({ node, key, value }) => doc => {
        // Your link resolver
      },

      // Set a list of links to fetch and be made available in your link
      // resolver function.
      // See: https://prismic.io/docs/javascript/query-the-api/fetch-linked-document-fields
      fetchLinks: [
        // Your list of links
      ],

      // Set an HTML serializer function used to process formatted content.
      // Fields with rich text formatting use this function to generate the
      // correct HTML.
      // The document node, field key (i.e. API ID), and field value are
      // provided to the function, as seen below. This allows you to use
      // different HTML serializer logic for each field if necessary.
      // See: https://prismic.io/docs/nodejs/beyond-the-api/html-serializer
      htmlSerializer: ({ node, key, value }) => (
        (type, element, content, children) => {
          // Your HTML serializer
        }
      ),

      // Set a default language when fetching documents. The default value is
      // '*' which will fetch all languages.
      // See: https://prismic.io/docs/javascript/query-the-api/query-by-language
      lang: '*',
    }
  }
]

How to query

You can query nodes created from Prismic using GraphQL like the following:

Note: Learn to use the GraphQL tool and Ctrl+Spacebar at http://localhost:8000/___graphql to discover the types and properties of your GraphQL model.

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        uid
        first_publication_date
        last_publication_date
        data {
          title {
            text
          }
          content {
            html
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

All documents are pulled from your repository and created as prismic${contentTypeName} and allPrismic${contentTypeName}, where ${contentTypeName} is the API ID of your document's content type.

For example, if you have Product as one of your content types, you will be able to query it like the following:

{
  allPrismicProduct {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          name
          price
          description {
            html
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Query Rich Text fields

Data from fields with rich text formatting (e.g. headings, bold, italic) is transformed to provide HTML and text versions. This uses the official prismic-dom library and the linkResolver and htmlSerializer functions from your site's gatsby-node.js to create the HTML and text fields.

Note: If you need to access the raw data, the original data is accessible using the raw field, though use of this field is discouraged.

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          title {
            text
          }
          content {
            html
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Query Link fields

Link fields are processed using the official prismic-dom library and the linkResolver function from your site's gatsby-node.js. The resolved URL is provided at the url field.

If the link type is a web link (i.e. a URL external from your site), the URL is provided without additional processing.

All other URL fields, such as target, lang, and isBroken, are provided on the field, as well.

The target field defaults to an empty string. This allows you to always query the target field even if it is not set in Prismic.

Note: If you need to access the raw data, the original data is accessible using the raw field, though use of this field is discouraged.

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          featured_post {
            url
            target
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Query Content Relation fields

Content Relation fields relate a field to another document. Since fields from within the related document is often needed, the document data is provided at the document field. The resolved URL to the document using the official prismic-dom library and the linkResolver function from your site's gatsby-node.js is also provided at the url field.

Note: Data within the document field is wrapped in an array. Due to the method in which Gatsby processes one-to-one node relationships, this work-around is necessary to ensure the field can accommodate different content types. This may be fixed in a later Gatsby relase.

Querying data on the document field is handled the same as querying slices. Please read the Query slices section for details.

Note: If you need to access the raw data, the original data is accessible using the raw field, though use of this field is discouraged.

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          featured_post {
            url
            document {
              __typename
              ... on PrismicPost {
                data {
                  title {
                    text
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Query slices

Prismic slices allow you to build a flexible series of content blocks. Since the content structure is dynamic, querying the content is handled differently than other fields.

To access slice fields, you need to use GraphQL inline fragments. This requires you to know types of nodes. The easiest way to get the type of nodes is to use the /___graphql debugger and run the below query (adjust the document type and field name).

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          body {
            __typename
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

When you have node type names, you can use them to create inline fragments.

Full example:

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          body {
            __typename
            ... on PrismicPageBodyRichText {
              text {
                html
              }
            }
            ... on PrismicPageBodyQuote {
              quote {
                html
              }
              credit {
                text
              }
            }
            ... on PrismicPageBodyFootnote {
              content {
                html
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Query direct API data as a fallback

If you find you cannot query the data you need through the GraphQL interface, you can get the raw response from the prismic-javascript API using the dataString field.

This field contains the whole node's original data before processing as a string generated using JSON.stringify.

This is absolutely discouraged as it defeats the purpose of Gatsby's GraphQL data interface, but it is available if necessary

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        dataString
      }
    }
  }
}

Image processing

To use image processing you need gatsby-transformer-sharp, gatsby-plugin-sharp, and their dependencies gatsby-image and gatsby-source-filesystem in your gatsby-config.js.

You can apply image processing to any image field on a document. Image processing of inline images added to Rich Text fields is currently not supported.

To access image processing in your queries, you need to use this pattern, where ...ImageFragment is one of the gatsby-transformer-sharp fragments:

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          imageFieldName {
            localFile {
              childImageSharp {
                ...ImageFragment
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Full example:

{
  allPrismicPage {
    edges {
      node {
        id
        data {
          imageFieldName {
            localFile {
              childImageSharp {
                resolutions(width: 500, height: 300) {
                  ...GatsbyImageSharpResolutions_withWebp
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

To learn more about image processing, check the documentation of gatsby-plugin-sharp.

Site's gatsby-node.js example

const path = require('path')

exports.createPages = async ({ graphql, actions }) => {
  const { createPage } = actions

  const pages = await graphql(`
    {
      allPrismicPage {
        edges {
          node {
            id
            uid
            template
          }
        }
      }
    }
  `)

  const pageTemplates = {
    'Light': path.resolve('./src/templates/light.js'),
    'Dark': path.resolve('./src/templates/dark.js'),
  }

  pages.data.allPrismicPage.edges.forEach(edge => {
    createPage({
      path: `/${edge.node.uid}`,
      component: pageTemplates[edge.node.template],
      context: {
        id: edge.node.id,
      },
    })
  })
}