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the interpreter

  • many interpreters
  • most important:
    • MRI (Matz's Ruby Interpreter): 1.8.7, 1.9.3, 2.0.0-preview1
      • standard interpreter.
    • REE: only 1.8.7 compatible. Discontinued.
    • JRuby: can execute java inside ruby. threading.
    • Rubinius: "provide a rich, high-performance environment for running Ruby code". threading. Byte code VM.
  • we use MRI 1.9.3

version manager

  • you can install many interpreters or different versions of an interpreter.
  • you can switch the interpreter.
  • you can test your app against various interpreters.
  • most importants:
    • RVM
    • rbenv

RVM

  • the first one.
  • a lot of people use it.
  • constant development.
  • you can:
    • install many versions of ruby.
    • switch and a manage them.
    • gemsets.
    • ruby per project.
    • more...
  • you have a GUI for Mac: http://unfiniti.com/software/mac/jewelrybox/
  • it's a beast: redefines some shell functions (like cd).
  • needs to install extra packages to install the ruby versions, instead of using the packages in the system.

rbenv

  • same principles as RVM: manage and control ruby versions.
  • does not install it, only manages.
  • configurable via plugins:
    • install: with ruby-build
    • gemsets
  • it is easier.
  • more UNIX.
  • faster
  • i have no errors since i started using it

gem

  • part of the ruby interpreter.
  • package system for ruby.
  • share and install all kind of libs.
  • "A gem is a packaged Ruby application or library. It has a name (e.g. rake) and a version (e.g. 0.4.16)"
  • if you use a manager, each versions install its own gems.
  • basic gems: bundler and rake.
  • config file.

irb

  • part of the ruby interpreter.
  • quick and easy way to execute ruby code.
  • useful for testing.
  • example

bundler

the basic.

  • it is a gem.
  • manage all the dependencies of your app.
  • resolves the "dependency hell".
  • two key files:
    • Gemfile: declare all the needed gems.
    • Gemfile.lock: bundle sets all the versions and dependencies.
  • install and update gems
  • add all the gems in the Gemfile available in the load path ## tips and tricks
  • use groups.
  • use --path
  • use bin
  • example

rake

  • it is a gem.
  • the make of ruby.
  • de facto system to create small tasks.
  • has its own DSL.
  • example.

rails?

  • something about rails cli.
  • something about rails libs.

mini app with sinatra

  • hello world?
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