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airspy-fmradion

  • Version 20240316-0
  • For macOS (Apple Silicon) and Linux

Contributing

See CONTRIBUTING.md for the details.

Known issues and changes

What is airspy-fmradion?

  • airspy-fmradion is software-defined radio receiver (SDR) software with command-line interface.

What does airspy-fmradion provide?

  • Supported SDR frontends: Airspy R2/Mini, Airspy HF+, and RTL-SDR
  • Playing back from I/Q WAV files
  • Monaural/stereo decoding of FM broadcasting stations
  • Monaural decoding of AM stations
  • Decoding NBFM/DSB/USB/LSB/CW/WSPR station audio
  • Playback to soundcard through PortAudio or saving to file through libsndfile
  • Command-line interface

Usage

# Portaudio output
airspy-fmradion -t airspy -q \
    -c freq=82500k,srate=1000k,lgain=2,mgain=0,vgain=10 \
    -P -

# 16-bit signed integer WAV output (pipe is not supported)
airspy-fmradion -t airspyhf -q \
    -c freq=82500000,srate=384000 \
    -W output_s16_le.wav

# 32-bit float WAV output (pipe is not supported)
airspy-fmradion -m am -t airspyhf -q \
    -c freq=666k \
    -G output_f32_le.wav

airspy-fmradion requirements

Git branches and tags

  • Official releases are tagged
  • main is the "production" branch with the most stable release (often ahead of the latest release though)
  • dev is the development branch that contains current developments that will be eventually released in the main branch
  • Other branches are experimental (and presumably abandoned)

Prerequisites

Debian/Ubuntu Linux

sudo apt-get install cmake pkg-config \
    libusb-1.0-0-dev \
    libasound2-dev \
    libairspy-dev \
    libairspyhf-dev \
    librtlsdr-dev \
    libsndfile1-dev \
    portaudio19-dev \
    libvolk2-dev

macOS

  • Install HomeBrew libraries as in the following shell script
  • Use HEAD for airspy and airspyhf
brew update
brew install portaudio
brew install libsndfile
brew install rtl-sdr
brew install airspy --HEAD
brew install airspyhf --HEAD
brew install volk

Install the supported libvolk

  • Install libvolk as described in libvolk.md.
  • Run volk_profile and save the configuration data for speed optimization.

Install the supported libsndfile for MP3 capability

  • You may need to install libsndfile as described in libsndfile.md.

Installation

/bin/rm -rf build
mkdir build
git submodule update --init --recursive
cmake -S . -B build
cmake --build build --target all

Basic command options

  • -m devtype is modulation type, one of fm, nbfm, am, dsb, usb, lsb, cw, wspr (default fm)
  • -t devtype is mandatory and must be airspy for Airspy R2 / Airspy Mini, airspyhf for Airspy HF+, rtlsdr for RTL-SDR, and filesource for the File Source driver.
  • -q Quiet mode.
  • -c config Comma separated list of configuration options as key=value pairs or just key for switches. Depends on device type (see next paragraph).
  • -d devidx Device index, 'list' to show device list (default 0)
  • -M Disable stereo decoding
  • -R filename Write audio data as raw S16_LE samples. Use filename - to write to stdout
  • -F filename Write audio data as raw FLOAT_LE samples. Use filename - to write to stdout
  • -W filename Write audio data as RF64/WAV S16_LE samples. Use filename - to write to stdout (pipe is not supported)
  • -G filename Write audio data as RF64/WAV FLOAT_LE samples. Use filename - to write to stdout (pipe is not supported)
  • -C filename Write audio data to MP3 file of VBR -V 1. Use filename '-' to write to stdout. (This function is available when linked with supported libsndfile only.)
  • -P device_num Play audio via PortAudio device index number. Use string - to specify the default PortAudio device
  • -T filename Write pulse-per-second timestamps. Use filename '-' to write to stdout
  • -X Shift pilot phase (for Quadrature Multipath Monitor) (-X is ignored under mono mode (-M))
  • -U Set deemphasis to 75 microseconds (default: 50)
  • -f Set Filter type
    • for FM: wide and default: none, medium: +-156kHz, narrow: +-121kHz
    • for AM: wide: +-9kHz, default: +-6kHz, medium: +-4.5kHz, narrow: +-3kHz
    • for NBFM: wide: +-20kHz, default: +-10kHz, medium: +-8kHz, narrow: +-6.25kHz
  • -l dB Enable IF squelch, set the level to minus given value of dB
  • -E stages Enable multipath filter for FM (For stable reception only: turn off if reception becomes unstable)
  • -r ppm Set IF offset in ppm (range: +-1000000ppm) (Note: this option affects output pitch and timing: use for the output timing compensation only!

Timestamp file format

  • For FM: pps_index sample_index unix_time if_level
  • For the other modes: block unix_time if_level
  • if_level is in dB

Output audio specification

  • Output maximum level is nominally -6dB (0.5) but may increase up to 0dB (1.0)
  • Output audio sample rate is fixed to 48000Hz

FM multipath filter

  • A Normalized LMS-based multipath filter can be enabled after IF AGC
  • IF sample stages is defined by -E options
  • Practical upper limit of -E value: 200
  • Practical -E value: up to 50 for Raspberry Pi 4, approx. 100 for a modern computer

Airspy R2 / Mini configuration options

  • freq=<int> Desired tune frequency in Hz. Valid range from 1M to 1.8G. (default 100M: 100000000)
  • srate=<int> Device sample rate. list lists valid values and exits. (default 10000000). Valid values depend on the Airspy firmware. Airspy firmware and library must support dynamic sample rate query.
  • lgain=<x> LNA gain in dB. Valid values are: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,9 ,10, 11 12, 13, 14, list. list lists valid values and exits. (default 8)
  • mgain=<x> Mixer gain in dB. Valid values are: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,9 ,10, 11 12, 13, 14, 15, list. list lists valid values and exits. (default 8)
  • vgain=<x> VGA gain in dB. Valid values are: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,9 ,10, 11 12, 13, 14, 15, list. list lists valid values and exits. (default 0)
  • antbias Turn on the antenna bias for remote LNA (default off)
  • lagc Turn on the LNA AGC (default off)
  • magc Turn on the mixer AGC (default off)

Airspy HF+ configuration options

  • freq=<int> Desired tune frequency in Hz. Valid range from 0 to 31M, and from 60M to 240M. (default 100M: 100000000)
  • srate=<int> Device sample rate. list lists valid values and exits. (default 384000). Valid values depend on the Airspy HF firmware. Airspy HF firmware and library must support dynamic sample rate query.
  • hf_att=<int> HF attenuation level and AGC control.
    • 0: enable AGC, no attenuation
    • 1 - 8: disable AGC, apply attenuation of value * 6dB

RTL*SDR configuration options

  • freq=<int> Desired tune frequency in Hz. Accepted range from 10M to 2.2G. (default 100M: 100000000)
  • gain=<x> (default auto)
    • auto Selects gain automatically
    • list Lists available gains and exit
    • <float> gain in dB. Possible gains in dB are: 0.0, 0.9, 1.4, 2.7, 3.7, 7.7, 8.7, 12.5, 14.4, 15.7, 16.6, 19.7, 20.7, 22.9, 25.4, 28.0, 29.7, 32.8, 33.8 , 36.4, 37.2, 38.6, 40.2, 42.1, 43.4, 43.9, 44.5, 48.0, 49.6
  • srate=<int> Device sample rate. valid values in the [900001, 3200000] range. (default 1152000)
  • blklen=<int> Device block length in bytes (default RTL-SDR default i.e. 64k)
  • agc Activates device AGC (default off)
  • antbias Turn on the antenna bias for remote LNA (default off)

File Source driver configuration options

  • freq=<int> Frequency of radio station in Hz.
  • srate=<int> IF sample rate in Hz.
  • filename=<string> Source file name. Supported encodings: FLOAT, S24_LE, S16_LE
  • zero_offset Set if the source file is in zero offset, which requires Fs/4 IF shifting.
  • blklen=<int> Set block length in samples.
  • raw Set if the file is raw binary.
  • format=<string> Set the file format for the raw binary file. Supported formats: U8_LE, S8_LE, S16_LE, S24_LE, FLOAT

Authors and contributors

License

  • As a whole package: GPLv3 (and later). See LICENSE.
  • Each source code file might state a GPLv3-compatible license.

[End of README.md]