aiortc is a library for Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) and
Object Real-Time Communication (ORTC) in Python. It is built on top of
asyncio, Python's standard asynchronous I/O framework.
- promises are replaced by coroutines
- events are emitted using
To learn more about
aiortc please read the documentation.
Why should I use
The main WebRTC and ORTC implementations are either built into web browsers, or come in the form of native code. While they are extensively battle tested, their internals are complex and they do not provide Python bindings. Furthermore they are tightly coupled to a media stack, making it hard to plug in audio or video processing algorithms.
In contrast, the
aiortc implementation is fairly simple and readable. As
such it is a good starting point for programmers wishing to understand how
WebRTC works or tinker with its internals. It is also easy to create innovative
products by leveraging the extensive modules available in the Python ecosystem.
For instance you can build a full server handling both signaling and data
channels or apply computer vision algorithms to video frames using OpenCV.
Furthermore, a lot of effort has gone into writing an extensive test suite for
aiortc code to ensure best-in-class code quality.
aiortc allows you to exchange audio, video and data channels and
interoperability is regularly tested against both Chrome and Firefox. Here are
some of its features:
- SDP generation / parsing
- Interactive Connectivity Establishment, with half-trickle and mDNS support
- DTLS key and certificate generation
- DTLS handshake, encryption / decryption (for SCTP)
- SRTP keying, encryption and decryption for RTP and RTCP
- Pure Python SCTP implementation
- Data Channels
- Sending and receiving audio (Opus / PCMU / PCMA)
- Sending and receiving video (VP8 / H.264)
- Bundling audio / video / data channels
- RTCP reports, including NACK / PLI to recover from packet loss
Since release 0.9.28 binary wheels are available on PyPI for Linux, Mac and
Windows. The easiest way to install
aiortc is to run:
pip install aiortc
Building from source
If there are no wheels for your system or if you wish to build aiortc from source you will need a couple of libraries installed on your system:
- OpenSSL 1.0.2 or greater
- FFmpeg 4.0 or greater
- LibVPX for video encoding / decoding
- Opus for audio encoding / decoding
On Debian/Ubuntu run:
apt install libavdevice-dev libavfilter-dev libopus-dev libvpx-dev pkg-config
pylibsrtp comes with binary wheels for most platforms, but if it needs to be built from you will also need to run:
apt install libsrtp2-dev
On OS X run:
brew install ffmpeg opus libvpx pkg-config
aiortc is released under the BSD license.