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/* rwsem.c: R/W semaphores: contention handling functions
*
* Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com).
* Derived from arch/i386/kernel/semaphore.c
*/
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
/*
* Initialize an rwsem:
*/
void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name,
struct lock_class_key *key)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
/*
* Make sure we are not reinitializing a held semaphore:
*/
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)sem, sizeof(*sem));
lockdep_init_map(&sem->dep_map, name, key, 0);
#endif
sem->count = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;
raw_spin_lock_init(&sem->wait_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sem->wait_list);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__init_rwsem);
struct rwsem_waiter {
struct list_head list;
struct task_struct *task;
unsigned int flags;
#define RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_READ 0x00000001
#define RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_WRITE 0x00000002
};
/* Wake types for __rwsem_do_wake(). Note that RWSEM_WAKE_NO_ACTIVE and
* RWSEM_WAKE_READ_OWNED imply that the spinlock must have been kept held
* since the rwsem value was observed.
*/
#define RWSEM_WAKE_ANY 0 /* Wake whatever's at head of wait list */
#define RWSEM_WAKE_NO_ACTIVE 1 /* rwsem was observed with no active thread */
#define RWSEM_WAKE_READ_OWNED 2 /* rwsem was observed to be read owned */
/*
* handle the lock release when processes blocked on it that can now run
* - if we come here from up_xxxx(), then:
* - the 'active part' of count (&0x0000ffff) reached 0 (but may have changed)
* - the 'waiting part' of count (&0xffff0000) is -ve (and will still be so)
* - there must be someone on the queue
* - the spinlock must be held by the caller
* - woken process blocks are discarded from the list after having task zeroed
* - writers are only woken if downgrading is false
*/
static struct rw_semaphore *
__rwsem_do_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int wake_type)
{
struct rwsem_waiter *waiter;
struct task_struct *tsk;
struct list_head *next;
signed long oldcount, woken, loop, adjustment;
waiter = list_entry(sem->wait_list.next, struct rwsem_waiter, list);
if (!(waiter->flags & RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_WRITE))
goto readers_only;
if (wake_type == RWSEM_WAKE_READ_OWNED)
/* Another active reader was observed, so wakeup is not
* likely to succeed. Save the atomic op.
*/
goto out;
/* There's a writer at the front of the queue - try to grant it the
* write lock. However, we only wake this writer if we can transition
* the active part of the count from 0 -> 1
*/
adjustment = RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS;
if (waiter->list.next == &sem->wait_list)
adjustment -= RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS;
try_again_write:
oldcount = rwsem_atomic_update(adjustment, sem) - adjustment;
if (oldcount & RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK)
/* Someone grabbed the sem already */
goto undo_write;
/* We must be careful not to touch 'waiter' after we set ->task = NULL.
* It is an allocated on the waiter's stack and may become invalid at
* any time after that point (due to a wakeup from another source).
*/
list_del(&waiter->list);
tsk = waiter->task;
smp_mb();
waiter->task = NULL;
wake_up_process(tsk);
put_task_struct(tsk);
goto out;
readers_only:
/* If we come here from up_xxxx(), another thread might have reached
* rwsem_down_failed_common() before we acquired the spinlock and
* woken up a waiter, making it now active. We prefer to check for
* this first in order to not spend too much time with the spinlock
* held if we're not going to be able to wake up readers in the end.
*
* Note that we do not need to update the rwsem count: any writer
* trying to acquire rwsem will run rwsem_down_write_failed() due
* to the waiting threads and block trying to acquire the spinlock.
*
* We use a dummy atomic update in order to acquire the cache line
* exclusively since we expect to succeed and run the final rwsem
* count adjustment pretty soon.
*/
if (wake_type == RWSEM_WAKE_ANY &&
rwsem_atomic_update(0, sem) < RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS)
/* Someone grabbed the sem for write already */
goto out;
/* Grant an infinite number of read locks to the readers at the front
* of the queue. Note we increment the 'active part' of the count by
* the number of readers before waking any processes up.
*/
woken = 0;
do {
woken++;
if (waiter->list.next == &sem->wait_list)
break;
waiter = list_entry(waiter->list.next,
struct rwsem_waiter, list);
} while (waiter->flags & RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_READ);
adjustment = woken * RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS;
if (waiter->flags & RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_READ)
/* hit end of list above */
adjustment -= RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS;
rwsem_atomic_add(adjustment, sem);
next = sem->wait_list.next;
for (loop = woken; loop > 0; loop--) {
waiter = list_entry(next, struct rwsem_waiter, list);
next = waiter->list.next;
tsk = waiter->task;
smp_mb();
waiter->task = NULL;
wake_up_process(tsk);
put_task_struct(tsk);
}
sem->wait_list.next = next;
next->prev = &sem->wait_list;
out:
return sem;
/* undo the change to the active count, but check for a transition
* 1->0 */
undo_write:
if (rwsem_atomic_update(-adjustment, sem) & RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK)
goto out;
goto try_again_write;
}
/*
* wait for a lock to be granted
*/
static struct rw_semaphore __sched *
rwsem_down_failed_common(struct rw_semaphore *sem,
unsigned int flags, signed long adjustment)
{
struct rwsem_waiter waiter;
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
signed long count;
set_task_state(tsk, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
/* set up my own style of waitqueue */
raw_spin_lock_irq(&sem->wait_lock);
waiter.task = tsk;
waiter.flags = flags;
get_task_struct(tsk);
if (list_empty(&sem->wait_list))
adjustment += RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS;
list_add_tail(&waiter.list, &sem->wait_list);
/* we're now waiting on the lock, but no longer actively locking */
count = rwsem_atomic_update(adjustment, sem);
/* If there are no active locks, wake the front queued process(es) up.
*
* Alternatively, if we're called from a failed down_write(), there
* were already threads queued before us and there are no active
* writers, the lock must be read owned; so we try to wake any read
* locks that were queued ahead of us. */
if (count == RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS)
sem = __rwsem_do_wake(sem, RWSEM_WAKE_NO_ACTIVE);
else if (count > RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS &&
adjustment == -RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS)
sem = __rwsem_do_wake(sem, RWSEM_WAKE_READ_OWNED);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&sem->wait_lock);
/* wait to be given the lock */
for (;;) {
if (!waiter.task)
break;
schedule();
set_task_state(tsk, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
}
tsk->state = TASK_RUNNING;
return sem;
}
/*
* wait for the read lock to be granted
*/
struct rw_semaphore __sched *rwsem_down_read_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
return rwsem_down_failed_common(sem, RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_READ,
-RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS);
}
/*
* wait for the write lock to be granted
*/
struct rw_semaphore __sched *rwsem_down_write_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
return rwsem_down_failed_common(sem, RWSEM_WAITING_FOR_WRITE,
-RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS);
}
/*
* handle waking up a waiter on the semaphore
* - up_read/up_write has decremented the active part of count if we come here
*/
struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
unsigned long flags;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&sem->wait_lock, flags);
/* do nothing if list empty */
if (!list_empty(&sem->wait_list))
sem = __rwsem_do_wake(sem, RWSEM_WAKE_ANY);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sem->wait_lock, flags);
return sem;
}
/*
* downgrade a write lock into a read lock
* - caller incremented waiting part of count and discovered it still negative
* - just wake up any readers at the front of the queue
*/
struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_downgrade_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
unsigned long flags;
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&sem->wait_lock, flags);
/* do nothing if list empty */
if (!list_empty(&sem->wait_list))
sem = __rwsem_do_wake(sem, RWSEM_WAKE_READ_OWNED);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sem->wait_lock, flags);
return sem;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_down_read_failed);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_down_write_failed);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_wake);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rwsem_downgrade_wake);
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