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config ARCH
string
option env="ARCH"
config KERNELVERSION
string
option env="KERNELVERSION"
config DEFCONFIG_LIST
string
depends on !UML
option defconfig_list
default "/lib/modules/$UNAME_RELEASE/.config"
default "/etc/kernel-config"
default "/boot/config-$UNAME_RELEASE"
default "$ARCH_DEFCONFIG"
default "arch/$ARCH/defconfig"
config CONSTRUCTORS
bool
depends on !UML
config HAVE_IRQ_WORK
bool
config IRQ_WORK
bool
depends on HAVE_IRQ_WORK
config BUILDTIME_EXTABLE_SORT
bool
menu "General setup"
config EXPERIMENTAL
bool "Prompt for development and/or incomplete code/drivers"
---help---
Some of the various things that Linux supports (such as network
drivers, file systems, network protocols, etc.) can be in a state
of development where the functionality, stability, or the level of
testing is not yet high enough for general use. This is usually
known as the "alpha-test" phase among developers. If a feature is
currently in alpha-test, then the developers usually discourage
uninformed widespread use of this feature by the general public to
avoid "Why doesn't this work?" type mail messages. However, active
testing and use of these systems is welcomed. Just be aware that it
may not meet the normal level of reliability or it may fail to work
in some special cases. Detailed bug reports from people familiar
with the kernel internals are usually welcomed by the developers
(before submitting bug reports, please read the documents
<file:README>, <file:MAINTAINERS>, <file:REPORTING-BUGS>,
<file:Documentation/BUG-HUNTING>, and
<file:Documentation/oops-tracing.txt> in the kernel source).
This option will also make obsoleted drivers available. These are
drivers that have been replaced by something else, and/or are
scheduled to be removed in a future kernel release.
Unless you intend to help test and develop a feature or driver that
falls into this category, or you have a situation that requires
using these features, you should probably say N here, which will
cause the configurator to present you with fewer choices. If
you say Y here, you will be offered the choice of using features or
drivers that are currently considered to be in the alpha-test phase.
config BROKEN
bool
config BROKEN_ON_SMP
bool
depends on BROKEN || !SMP
default y
config INIT_ENV_ARG_LIMIT
int
default 32 if !UML
default 128 if UML
help
Maximum of each of the number of arguments and environment
variables passed to init from the kernel command line.
config CROSS_COMPILE
string "Cross-compiler tool prefix"
help
Same as running 'make CROSS_COMPILE=prefix-' but stored for
default make runs in this kernel build directory. You don't
need to set this unless you want the configured kernel build
directory to select the cross-compiler automatically.
config LOCALVERSION
string "Local version - append to kernel release"
help
Append an extra string to the end of your kernel version.
This will show up when you type uname, for example.
The string you set here will be appended after the contents of
any files with a filename matching localversion* in your
object and source tree, in that order. Your total string can
be a maximum of 64 characters.
config LOCALVERSION_AUTO
bool "Automatically append version information to the version string"
default y
help
This will try to automatically determine if the current tree is a
release tree by looking for git tags that belong to the current
top of tree revision.
A string of the format -gxxxxxxxx will be added to the localversion
if a git-based tree is found. The string generated by this will be
appended after any matching localversion* files, and after the value
set in CONFIG_LOCALVERSION.
(The actual string used here is the first eight characters produced
by running the command:
$ git rev-parse --verify HEAD
which is done within the script "scripts/setlocalversion".)
config HAVE_KERNEL_GZIP
bool
config HAVE_KERNEL_BZIP2
bool
config HAVE_KERNEL_LZMA
bool
config HAVE_KERNEL_XZ
bool
config HAVE_KERNEL_LZO
bool
choice
prompt "Kernel compression mode"
default KERNEL_GZIP
depends on HAVE_KERNEL_GZIP || HAVE_KERNEL_BZIP2 || HAVE_KERNEL_LZMA || HAVE_KERNEL_XZ || HAVE_KERNEL_LZO
help
The linux kernel is a kind of self-extracting executable.
Several compression algorithms are available, which differ
in efficiency, compression and decompression speed.
Compression speed is only relevant when building a kernel.
Decompression speed is relevant at each boot.
If you have any problems with bzip2 or lzma compressed
kernels, mail me (Alain Knaff) <alain@knaff.lu>. (An older
version of this functionality (bzip2 only), for 2.4, was
supplied by Christian Ludwig)
High compression options are mostly useful for users, who
are low on disk space (embedded systems), but for whom ram
size matters less.
If in doubt, select 'gzip'
config KERNEL_GZIP
bool "Gzip"
depends on HAVE_KERNEL_GZIP
help
The old and tried gzip compression. It provides a good balance
between compression ratio and decompression speed.
config KERNEL_BZIP2
bool "Bzip2"
depends on HAVE_KERNEL_BZIP2
help
Its compression ratio and speed is intermediate.
Decompression speed is slowest among the choices. The kernel
size is about 10% smaller with bzip2, in comparison to gzip.
Bzip2 uses a large amount of memory. For modern kernels you
will need at least 8MB RAM or more for booting.
config KERNEL_LZMA
bool "LZMA"
depends on HAVE_KERNEL_LZMA
help
This compression algorithm's ratio is best. Decompression speed
is between gzip and bzip2. Compression is slowest.
The kernel size is about 33% smaller with LZMA in comparison to gzip.
config KERNEL_XZ
bool "XZ"
depends on HAVE_KERNEL_XZ
help
XZ uses the LZMA2 algorithm and instruction set specific
BCJ filters which can improve compression ratio of executable
code. The size of the kernel is about 30% smaller with XZ in
comparison to gzip. On architectures for which there is a BCJ
filter (i386, x86_64, ARM, IA-64, PowerPC, and SPARC), XZ
will create a few percent smaller kernel than plain LZMA.
The speed is about the same as with LZMA: The decompression
speed of XZ is better than that of bzip2 but worse than gzip
and LZO. Compression is slow.
config KERNEL_LZO
bool "LZO"
depends on HAVE_KERNEL_LZO
help
Its compression ratio is the poorest among the choices. The kernel
size is about 10% bigger than gzip; however its speed
(both compression and decompression) is the fastest.
endchoice
config DEFAULT_HOSTNAME
string "Default hostname"
default "(none)"
help
This option determines the default system hostname before userspace
calls sethostname(2). The kernel traditionally uses "(none)" here,
but you may wish to use a different default here to make a minimal
system more usable with less configuration.
config SWAP
bool "Support for paging of anonymous memory (swap)"
depends on MMU && BLOCK
default y
help
This option allows you to choose whether you want to have support
for so called swap devices or swap files in your kernel that are
used to provide more virtual memory than the actual RAM present
in your computer. If unsure say Y.
config SYSVIPC
bool "System V IPC"
---help---
Inter Process Communication is a suite of library functions and
system calls which let processes (running programs) synchronize and
exchange information. It is generally considered to be a good thing,
and some programs won't run unless you say Y here. In particular, if
you want to run the DOS emulator dosemu under Linux (read the
DOSEMU-HOWTO, available from <http://www.tldp.org/docs.html#howto>),
you'll need to say Y here.
You can find documentation about IPC with "info ipc" and also in
section 6.4 of the Linux Programmer's Guide, available from
<http://www.tldp.org/guides.html>.
config SYSVIPC_SYSCTL
bool
depends on SYSVIPC
depends on SYSCTL
default y
config POSIX_MQUEUE
bool "POSIX Message Queues"
depends on NET && EXPERIMENTAL
---help---
POSIX variant of message queues is a part of IPC. In POSIX message
queues every message has a priority which decides about succession
of receiving it by a process. If you want to compile and run
programs written e.g. for Solaris with use of its POSIX message
queues (functions mq_*) say Y here.
POSIX message queues are visible as a filesystem called 'mqueue'
and can be mounted somewhere if you want to do filesystem
operations on message queues.
If unsure, say Y.
config POSIX_MQUEUE_SYSCTL
bool
depends on POSIX_MQUEUE
depends on SYSCTL
default y
config FHANDLE
bool "open by fhandle syscalls"
select EXPORTFS
help
If you say Y here, a user level program will be able to map
file names to handle and then later use the handle for
different file system operations. This is useful in implementing
userspace file servers, which now track files using handles instead
of names. The handle would remain the same even if file names
get renamed. Enables open_by_handle_at(2) and name_to_handle_at(2)
syscalls.
config AUDIT
bool "Auditing support"
depends on NET
help
Enable auditing infrastructure that can be used with another
kernel subsystem, such as SELinux (which requires this for
logging of avc messages output). Does not do system-call
auditing without CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL.
config AUDITSYSCALL
bool "Enable system-call auditing support"
depends on AUDIT && (X86 || PPC || S390 || IA64 || UML || SPARC64 || SUPERH || (ARM && AEABI && !OABI_COMPAT))
default y if SECURITY_SELINUX
help
Enable low-overhead system-call auditing infrastructure that
can be used independently or with another kernel subsystem,
such as SELinux.
config AUDIT_WATCH
def_bool y
depends on AUDITSYSCALL
select FSNOTIFY
config AUDIT_TREE
def_bool y
depends on AUDITSYSCALL
select FSNOTIFY
config AUDIT_LOGINUID_IMMUTABLE
bool "Make audit loginuid immutable"
depends on AUDIT
help
The config option toggles if a task setting its loginuid requires
CAP_SYS_AUDITCONTROL or if that task should require no special permissions
but should instead only allow setting its loginuid if it was never
previously set. On systems which use systemd or a similar central
process to restart login services this should be set to true. On older
systems in which an admin would typically have to directly stop and
start processes this should be set to false. Setting this to true allows
one to drop potentially dangerous capabilites from the login tasks,
but may not be backwards compatible with older init systems.
source "kernel/irq/Kconfig"
source "kernel/time/Kconfig"
menu "CPU/Task time and stats accounting"
choice
prompt "Cputime accounting"
default TICK_CPU_ACCOUNTING if !PPC64
default VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING if PPC64
# Kind of a stub config for the pure tick based cputime accounting
config TICK_CPU_ACCOUNTING
bool "Simple tick based cputime accounting"
depends on !S390
help
This is the basic tick based cputime accounting that maintains
statistics about user, system and idle time spent on per jiffies
granularity.
If unsure, say Y.
config VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING
bool "Deterministic task and CPU time accounting"
depends on HAVE_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING
help
Select this option to enable more accurate task and CPU time
accounting. This is done by reading a CPU counter on each
kernel entry and exit and on transitions within the kernel
between system, softirq and hardirq state, so there is a
small performance impact. In the case of s390 or IBM POWER > 5,
this also enables accounting of stolen time on logically-partitioned
systems.
config IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
bool "Fine granularity task level IRQ time accounting"
depends on HAVE_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING
help
Select this option to enable fine granularity task irq time
accounting. This is done by reading a timestamp on each
transitions between softirq and hardirq state, so there can be a
small performance impact.
If in doubt, say N here.
endchoice
config BSD_PROCESS_ACCT
bool "BSD Process Accounting"
help
If you say Y here, a user level program will be able to instruct the
kernel (via a special system call) to write process accounting
information to a file: whenever a process exits, information about
that process will be appended to the file by the kernel. The
information includes things such as creation time, owning user,
command name, memory usage, controlling terminal etc. (the complete
list is in the struct acct in <file:include/linux/acct.h>). It is
up to the user level program to do useful things with this
information. This is generally a good idea, so say Y.
config BSD_PROCESS_ACCT_V3
bool "BSD Process Accounting version 3 file format"
depends on BSD_PROCESS_ACCT
default n
help
If you say Y here, the process accounting information is written
in a new file format that also logs the process IDs of each
process and it's parent. Note that this file format is incompatible
with previous v0/v1/v2 file formats, so you will need updated tools
for processing it. A preliminary version of these tools is available
at <http://www.gnu.org/software/acct/>.
config TASKSTATS
bool "Export task/process statistics through netlink (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on NET
default n
help
Export selected statistics for tasks/processes through the
generic netlink interface. Unlike BSD process accounting, the
statistics are available during the lifetime of tasks/processes as
responses to commands. Like BSD accounting, they are sent to user
space on task exit.
Say N if unsure.
config TASK_DELAY_ACCT
bool "Enable per-task delay accounting (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on TASKSTATS
help
Collect information on time spent by a task waiting for system
resources like cpu, synchronous block I/O completion and swapping
in pages. Such statistics can help in setting a task's priorities
relative to other tasks for cpu, io, rss limits etc.
Say N if unsure.
config TASK_XACCT
bool "Enable extended accounting over taskstats (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on TASKSTATS
help
Collect extended task accounting data and send the data
to userland for processing over the taskstats interface.
Say N if unsure.
config TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
bool "Enable per-task storage I/O accounting (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on TASK_XACCT
help
Collect information on the number of bytes of storage I/O which this
task has caused.
Say N if unsure.
endmenu # "CPU/Task time and stats accounting"
menu "RCU Subsystem"
choice
prompt "RCU Implementation"
default TREE_RCU
config TREE_RCU
bool "Tree-based hierarchical RCU"
depends on !PREEMPT && SMP
help
This option selects the RCU implementation that is
designed for very large SMP system with hundreds or
thousands of CPUs. It also scales down nicely to
smaller systems.
config TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
bool "Preemptible tree-based hierarchical RCU"
depends on PREEMPT && SMP
help
This option selects the RCU implementation that is
designed for very large SMP systems with hundreds or
thousands of CPUs, but for which real-time response
is also required. It also scales down nicely to
smaller systems.
config TINY_RCU
bool "UP-only small-memory-footprint RCU"
depends on !PREEMPT && !SMP
help
This option selects the RCU implementation that is
designed for UP systems from which real-time response
is not required. This option greatly reduces the
memory footprint of RCU.
config TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
bool "Preemptible UP-only small-memory-footprint RCU"
depends on PREEMPT && !SMP
help
This option selects the RCU implementation that is designed
for real-time UP systems. This option greatly reduces the
memory footprint of RCU.
endchoice
config PREEMPT_RCU
def_bool ( TREE_PREEMPT_RCU || TINY_PREEMPT_RCU )
help
This option enables preemptible-RCU code that is common between
the TREE_PREEMPT_RCU and TINY_PREEMPT_RCU implementations.
config RCU_USER_QS
bool "Consider userspace as in RCU extended quiescent state"
depends on HAVE_RCU_USER_QS && SMP
help
This option sets hooks on kernel / userspace boundaries and
puts RCU in extended quiescent state when the CPU runs in
userspace. It means that when a CPU runs in userspace, it is
excluded from the global RCU state machine and thus doesn't
to keep the timer tick on for RCU.
config RCU_USER_QS_FORCE
bool "Force userspace extended QS by default"
depends on RCU_USER_QS
help
Set the hooks in user/kernel boundaries by default in order to
test this feature that treats userspace as an extended quiescent
state until we have a real user like a full adaptive nohz option.
config RCU_FANOUT
int "Tree-based hierarchical RCU fanout value"
range 2 64 if 64BIT
range 2 32 if !64BIT
depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
default 64 if 64BIT
default 32 if !64BIT
help
This option controls the fanout of hierarchical implementations
of RCU, allowing RCU to work efficiently on machines with
large numbers of CPUs. This value must be at least the fourth
root of NR_CPUS, which allows NR_CPUS to be insanely large.
The default value of RCU_FANOUT should be used for production
systems, but if you are stress-testing the RCU implementation
itself, small RCU_FANOUT values allow you to test large-system
code paths on small(er) systems.
Select a specific number if testing RCU itself.
Take the default if unsure.
config RCU_FANOUT_LEAF
int "Tree-based hierarchical RCU leaf-level fanout value"
range 2 RCU_FANOUT if 64BIT
range 2 RCU_FANOUT if !64BIT
depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
default 16
help
This option controls the leaf-level fanout of hierarchical
implementations of RCU, and allows trading off cache misses
against lock contention. Systems that synchronize their
scheduling-clock interrupts for energy-efficiency reasons will
want the default because the smaller leaf-level fanout keeps
lock contention levels acceptably low. Very large systems
(hundreds or thousands of CPUs) will instead want to set this
value to the maximum value possible in order to reduce the
number of cache misses incurred during RCU's grace-period
initialization. These systems tend to run CPU-bound, and thus
are not helped by synchronized interrupts, and thus tend to
skew them, which reduces lock contention enough that large
leaf-level fanouts work well.
Select a specific number if testing RCU itself.
Select the maximum permissible value for large systems.
Take the default if unsure.
config RCU_FANOUT_EXACT
bool "Disable tree-based hierarchical RCU auto-balancing"
depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
default n
help
This option forces use of the exact RCU_FANOUT value specified,
regardless of imbalances in the hierarchy. This is useful for
testing RCU itself, and might one day be useful on systems with
strong NUMA behavior.
Without RCU_FANOUT_EXACT, the code will balance the hierarchy.
Say N if unsure.
config RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
bool "Accelerate last non-dyntick-idle CPU's grace periods"
depends on NO_HZ && SMP
default n
help
This option causes RCU to attempt to accelerate grace periods
in order to allow CPUs to enter dynticks-idle state more
quickly. On the other hand, this option increases the overhead
of the dynticks-idle checking, particularly on systems with
large numbers of CPUs.
Say Y if energy efficiency is critically important, particularly
if you have relatively few CPUs.
Say N if you are unsure.
config TREE_RCU_TRACE
def_bool RCU_TRACE && ( TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU )
select DEBUG_FS
help
This option provides tracing for the TREE_RCU and
TREE_PREEMPT_RCU implementations, permitting Makefile to
trivially select kernel/rcutree_trace.c.
config RCU_BOOST
bool "Enable RCU priority boosting"
depends on RT_MUTEXES && PREEMPT_RCU
default n
help
This option boosts the priority of preempted RCU readers that
block the current preemptible RCU grace period for too long.
This option also prevents heavy loads from blocking RCU
callback invocation for all flavors of RCU.
Say Y here if you are working with real-time apps or heavy loads
Say N here if you are unsure.
config RCU_BOOST_PRIO
int "Real-time priority to boost RCU readers to"
range 1 99
depends on RCU_BOOST
default 1
help
This option specifies the real-time priority to which long-term
preempted RCU readers are to be boosted. If you are working
with a real-time application that has one or more CPU-bound
threads running at a real-time priority level, you should set
RCU_BOOST_PRIO to a priority higher then the highest-priority
real-time CPU-bound thread. The default RCU_BOOST_PRIO value
of 1 is appropriate in the common case, which is real-time
applications that do not have any CPU-bound threads.
Some real-time applications might not have a single real-time
thread that saturates a given CPU, but instead might have
multiple real-time threads that, taken together, fully utilize
that CPU. In this case, you should set RCU_BOOST_PRIO to
a priority higher than the lowest-priority thread that is
conspiring to prevent the CPU from running any non-real-time
tasks. For example, if one thread at priority 10 and another
thread at priority 5 are between themselves fully consuming
the CPU time on a given CPU, then RCU_BOOST_PRIO should be
set to priority 6 or higher.
Specify the real-time priority, or take the default if unsure.
config RCU_BOOST_DELAY
int "Milliseconds to delay boosting after RCU grace-period start"
range 0 3000
depends on RCU_BOOST
default 500
help
This option specifies the time to wait after the beginning of
a given grace period before priority-boosting preempted RCU
readers blocking that grace period. Note that any RCU reader
blocking an expedited RCU grace period is boosted immediately.
Accept the default if unsure.
endmenu # "RCU Subsystem"
config IKCONFIG
tristate "Kernel .config support"
---help---
This option enables the complete Linux kernel ".config" file
contents to be saved in the kernel. It provides documentation
of which kernel options are used in a running kernel or in an
on-disk kernel. This information can be extracted from the kernel
image file with the script scripts/extract-ikconfig and used as
input to rebuild the current kernel or to build another kernel.
It can also be extracted from a running kernel by reading
/proc/config.gz if enabled (below).
config IKCONFIG_PROC
bool "Enable access to .config through /proc/config.gz"
depends on IKCONFIG && PROC_FS
---help---
This option enables access to the kernel configuration file
through /proc/config.gz.
config LOG_BUF_SHIFT
int "Kernel log buffer size (16 => 64KB, 17 => 128KB)"
range 12 21
default 17
help
Select kernel log buffer size as a power of 2.
Examples:
17 => 128 KB
16 => 64 KB
15 => 32 KB
14 => 16 KB
13 => 8 KB
12 => 4 KB
#
# Architectures with an unreliable sched_clock() should select this:
#
config HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK
bool
menuconfig CGROUPS
boolean "Control Group support"
depends on EVENTFD
help
This option adds support for grouping sets of processes together, for
use with process control subsystems such as Cpusets, CFS, memory
controls or device isolation.
See
- Documentation/scheduler/sched-design-CFS.txt (CFS)
- Documentation/cgroups/ (features for grouping, isolation
and resource control)
Say N if unsure.
if CGROUPS
config CGROUP_DEBUG
bool "Example debug cgroup subsystem"
default n
help
This option enables a simple cgroup subsystem that
exports useful debugging information about the cgroups
framework.
Say N if unsure.
config CGROUP_FREEZER
bool "Freezer cgroup subsystem"
help
Provides a way to freeze and unfreeze all tasks in a
cgroup.
config CGROUP_DEVICE
bool "Device controller for cgroups"
help
Provides a cgroup implementing whitelists for devices which
a process in the cgroup can mknod or open.
config CPUSETS
bool "Cpuset support"
help
This option will let you create and manage CPUSETs which
allow dynamically partitioning a system into sets of CPUs and
Memory Nodes and assigning tasks to run only within those sets.
This is primarily useful on large SMP or NUMA systems.
Say N if unsure.
config PROC_PID_CPUSET
bool "Include legacy /proc/<pid>/cpuset file"
depends on CPUSETS
default y
config CGROUP_CPUACCT
bool "Simple CPU accounting cgroup subsystem"
help
Provides a simple Resource Controller for monitoring the
total CPU consumed by the tasks in a cgroup.
config RESOURCE_COUNTERS
bool "Resource counters"
help
This option enables controller independent resource accounting
infrastructure that works with cgroups.
config MEMCG
bool "Memory Resource Controller for Control Groups"
depends on RESOURCE_COUNTERS
select MM_OWNER
help
Provides a memory resource controller that manages both anonymous
memory and page cache. (See Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt)
Note that setting this option increases fixed memory overhead
associated with each page of memory in the system. By this,
20(40)bytes/PAGE_SIZE on 32(64)bit system will be occupied by memory
usage tracking struct at boot. Total amount of this is printed out
at boot.
Only enable when you're ok with these trade offs and really
sure you need the memory resource controller. Even when you enable
this, you can set "cgroup_disable=memory" at your boot option to
disable memory resource controller and you can avoid overheads.
(and lose benefits of memory resource controller)
This config option also selects MM_OWNER config option, which
could in turn add some fork/exit overhead.
config MEMCG_SWAP
bool "Memory Resource Controller Swap Extension"
depends on MEMCG && SWAP
help
Add swap management feature to memory resource controller. When you
enable this, you can limit mem+swap usage per cgroup. In other words,
when you disable this, memory resource controller has no cares to
usage of swap...a process can exhaust all of the swap. This extension
is useful when you want to avoid exhaustion swap but this itself
adds more overheads and consumes memory for remembering information.
Especially if you use 32bit system or small memory system, please
be careful about enabling this. When memory resource controller
is disabled by boot option, this will be automatically disabled and
there will be no overhead from this. Even when you set this config=y,
if boot option "swapaccount=0" is set, swap will not be accounted.
Now, memory usage of swap_cgroup is 2 bytes per entry. If swap page
size is 4096bytes, 512k per 1Gbytes of swap.
config MEMCG_SWAP_ENABLED
bool "Memory Resource Controller Swap Extension enabled by default"
depends on MEMCG_SWAP
default y
help
Memory Resource Controller Swap Extension comes with its price in
a bigger memory consumption. General purpose distribution kernels
which want to enable the feature but keep it disabled by default
and let the user enable it by swapaccount boot command line
parameter should have this option unselected.
For those who want to have the feature enabled by default should
select this option (if, for some reason, they need to disable it
then swapaccount=0 does the trick).
config MEMCG_KMEM
bool "Memory Resource Controller Kernel Memory accounting (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on MEMCG && EXPERIMENTAL
default n
help
The Kernel Memory extension for Memory Resource Controller can limit
the amount of memory used by kernel objects in the system. Those are
fundamentally different from the entities handled by the standard
Memory Controller, which are page-based, and can be swapped. Users of
the kmem extension can use it to guarantee that no group of processes
will ever exhaust kernel resources alone.
config CGROUP_HUGETLB
bool "HugeTLB Resource Controller for Control Groups"
depends on RESOURCE_COUNTERS && HUGETLB_PAGE && EXPERIMENTAL
default n
help
Provides a cgroup Resource Controller for HugeTLB pages.
When you enable this, you can put a per cgroup limit on HugeTLB usage.
The limit is enforced during page fault. Since HugeTLB doesn't
support page reclaim, enforcing the limit at page fault time implies
that, the application will get SIGBUS signal if it tries to access
HugeTLB pages beyond its limit. This requires the application to know
beforehand how much HugeTLB pages it would require for its use. The
control group is tracked in the third page lru pointer. This means
that we cannot use the controller with huge page less than 3 pages.
config CGROUP_PERF
bool "Enable perf_event per-cpu per-container group (cgroup) monitoring"
depends on PERF_EVENTS && CGROUPS
help
This option extends the per-cpu mode to restrict monitoring to
threads which belong to the cgroup specified and run on the
designated cpu.
Say N if unsure.
menuconfig CGROUP_SCHED
bool "Group CPU scheduler"
default n
help
This feature lets CPU scheduler recognize task groups and control CPU
bandwidth allocation to such task groups. It uses cgroups to group
tasks.
if CGROUP_SCHED
config FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
bool "Group scheduling for SCHED_OTHER"
depends on CGROUP_SCHED
default CGROUP_SCHED
config CFS_BANDWIDTH
bool "CPU bandwidth provisioning for FAIR_GROUP_SCHED"
depends on EXPERIMENTAL
depends on FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
default n
help
This option allows users to define CPU bandwidth rates (limits) for
tasks running within the fair group scheduler. Groups with no limit
set are considered to be unconstrained and will run with no
restriction.
See tip/Documentation/scheduler/sched-bwc.txt for more information.
config RT_GROUP_SCHED
bool "Group scheduling for SCHED_RR/FIFO"
depends on EXPERIMENTAL
depends on CGROUP_SCHED
default n
help
This feature lets you explicitly allocate real CPU bandwidth
to task groups. If enabled, it will also make it impossible to
schedule realtime tasks for non-root users until you allocate
realtime bandwidth for them.
See Documentation/scheduler/sched-rt-group.txt for more information.
endif #CGROUP_SCHED
config BLK_CGROUP
bool "Block IO controller"
depends on BLOCK
default n
---help---
Generic block IO controller cgroup interface. This is the common
cgroup interface which should be used by various IO controlling
policies.
Currently, CFQ IO scheduler uses it to recognize task groups and
control disk bandwidth allocation (proportional time slice allocation)
to such task groups. It is also used by bio throttling logic in
block layer to implement upper limit in IO rates on a device.
This option only enables generic Block IO controller infrastructure.
One needs to also enable actual IO controlling logic/policy. For
enabling proportional weight division of disk bandwidth in CFQ, set
CONFIG_CFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED=y; for enabling throttling policy, set
CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING=y.
See Documentation/cgroups/blkio-controller.txt for more information.
config DEBUG_BLK_CGROUP
bool "Enable Block IO controller debugging"
depends on BLK_CGROUP
default n
---help---
Enable some debugging help. Currently it exports additional stat
files in a cgroup which can be useful for debugging.
endif # CGROUPS
config CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
bool "Checkpoint/restore support" if EXPERT
default n
help
Enables additional kernel features in a sake of checkpoint/restore.
In particular it adds auxiliary prctl codes to setup process text,
data and heap segment sizes, and a few additional /proc filesystem
entries.
If unsure, say N here.
menuconfig NAMESPACES
bool "Namespaces support" if EXPERT
default !EXPERT
help
Provides the way to make tasks work with different objects using
the same id. For example same IPC id may refer to different objects
or same user id or pid may refer to different tasks when used in
different namespaces.
if NAMESPACES
config UTS_NS
bool "UTS namespace"
default y
help
In this namespace tasks see different info provided with the
uname() system call
config IPC_NS
bool "IPC namespace"
depends on (SYSVIPC || POSIX_MQUEUE)
default y
help
In this namespace tasks work with IPC ids which correspond to
different IPC objects in different namespaces.
config USER_NS
bool "User namespace (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on EXPERIMENTAL
depends on UIDGID_CONVERTED
select UIDGID_STRICT_TYPE_CHECKS
default n
help
This allows containers, i.e. vservers, to use user namespaces
to provide different user info for different servers.
If unsure, say N.
config PID_NS
bool "PID Namespaces"
default y
help
Support process id namespaces. This allows having multiple
processes with the same pid as long as they are in different
pid namespaces. This is a building block of containers.
config NET_NS
bool "Network namespace"
depends on NET
default y
help
Allow user space to create what appear to be multiple instances
of the network stack.
endif # NAMESPACES
config UIDGID_CONVERTED
# True if all of the selected software conmponents are known
# to have uid_t and gid_t converted to kuid_t and kgid_t
# where appropriate and are otherwise safe to use with
# the user namespace.
bool
default y
# List of kernel pieces that need user namespace work
# Features
depends on SYSVIPC = n
depends on IMA = n
depends on EVM = n
depends on KEYS = n
depends on AUDIT = n
depends on AUDITSYSCALL = n
depends on TASKSTATS = n
depends on TRACING = n
depends on FS_POSIX_ACL = n
depends on QUOTA = n
depends on QUOTACTL = n
depends on DEBUG_CREDENTIALS = n
depends on BSD_PROCESS_ACCT = n
depends on DRM = n
depends on PROC_EVENTS = n
# Networking
depends on NET = n
depends on NET_9P = n
depends on IPX = n
depends on PHONET = n
depends on NET_CLS_FLOW = n
depends on NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_OWNER = n
depends on NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_RECENT = n
depends on NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_LOG = n
depends on NETFILTER_NETLINK_LOG = n
depends on INET = n
depends on IPV6 = n
depends on IP_SCTP = n
depends on AF_RXRPC = n
depends on LLC2 = n
depends on NET_KEY = n
depends on INET_DIAG = n
depends on DNS_RESOLVER = n
depends on AX25 = n
depends on ATALK = n
# Filesystems
depends on USB_DEVICEFS = n
depends on USB_GADGETFS = n
depends on USB_FUNCTIONFS = n
depends on DEVTMPFS = n
depends on XENFS = n
depends on 9P_FS = n
depends on ADFS_FS = n
depends on AFFS_FS = n
depends on AFS_FS = n
depends on AUTOFS4_FS = n
depends on BEFS_FS = n
depends on BFS_FS = n
depends on BTRFS_FS = n
depends on CEPH_FS = n
depends on CIFS = n
depends on CODA_FS = n
depends on CONFIGFS_FS = n
depends on CRAMFS = n
depends on DEBUG_FS = n
depends on ECRYPT_FS = n
depends on EFS_FS = n
depends on EXOFS_FS = n
depends on FAT_FS = n
depends on FUSE_FS = n
depends on GFS2_FS = n
depends on HFS_FS = n
depends on HFSPLUS_FS = n
depends on HPFS_FS = n
depends on HUGETLBFS = n
depends on ISO9660_FS = n
depends on JFFS2_FS = n
depends on JFS_FS = n
depends on LOGFS = n
depends on MINIX_FS = n
depends on NCP_FS = n
depends on NFSD = n
depends on NFS_FS = n
depends on NILFS2_FS = n
depends on NTFS_FS = n
depends on OCFS2_FS = n
depends on OMFS_FS = n
depends on QNX4FS_FS = n
depends on QNX6FS_FS = n
depends on REISERFS_FS = n
depends on SQUASHFS = n
depends on SYSV_FS = n
depends on UBIFS_FS = n
depends on UDF_FS = n
depends on UFS_FS = n
depends on VXFS_FS = n
depends on XFS_FS = n
depends on !UML || HOSTFS = n
# The rare drivers that won't build
depends on AIRO = n
depends on AIRO_CS = n
depends on TUN = n
depends on INFINIBAND_QIB = n
depends on BLK_DEV_LOOP = n
depends on ANDROID_BINDER_IPC = n
# Security modules
depends on SECURITY_TOMOYO = n
depends on SECURITY_APPARMOR = n
config UIDGID_STRICT_TYPE_CHECKS
bool "Require conversions between uid/gids and their internal representation"
depends on UIDGID_CONVERTED
default n
help
While the nececessary conversions are being added to all subsystems this option allows
the code to continue to build for unconverted subsystems.
Say Y here if you want the strict type checking enabled
config SCHED_AUTOGROUP
bool "Automatic process group scheduling"
select EVENTFD
select CGROUPS
select CGROUP_SCHED
select FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
help
This option optimizes the scheduler for common desktop workloads by
automatically creating and populating task groups. This separation
of workloads isolates aggressive CPU burners (like build jobs) from
desktop applications. Task group autogeneration is currently based
upon task session.
config MM_OWNER
bool
config SYSFS_DEPRECATED
bool "Enable deprecated sysfs features to support old userspace tools"
depends on SYSFS
default n
help
This option adds code that switches the layout of the "block" class
devices, to not show up in /sys/class/block/, but only in
/sys/block/.
This switch is only active when the sysfs.deprecated=1 boot option is
passed or the SYSFS_DEPRECATED_V2 option is set.
This option allows new kernels to run on old distributions and tools,
which might get confused by /sys/class/block/. Since 2007/2008 all
major distributions and tools handle this just fine.
Recent distributions and userspace tools after 2009/2010 depend on
the existence of /sys/class/block/, and will not work with this
option enabled.
Only if you are using a new kernel on an old distribution, you might
need to say Y here.
config SYSFS_DEPRECATED_V2
bool "Enable deprecated sysfs features by default"
default n
depends on SYSFS
depends on SYSFS_DEPRECATED
help
Enable deprecated sysfs by default.
See the CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED option for more details about this
option.
Only if you are using a new kernel on an old distribution, you might
need to say Y here. Even then, odds are you would not need it
enabled, you can always pass the boot option if absolutely necessary.
config RELAY
bool "Kernel->user space relay support (formerly relayfs)"
help
This option enables support for relay interface support in
certain file systems (such as debugfs).
It is designed to provide an efficient mechanism for tools and
facilities to relay large amounts of data from kernel space to
user space.
If unsure, say N.
config BLK_DEV_INITRD
bool "Initial RAM filesystem and RAM disk (initramfs/initrd) support"
depends on BROKEN || !FRV
help
The initial RAM filesystem is a ramfs which is loaded by the
boot loader (loadlin or lilo) and that is mounted as root
before the normal boot procedure. It is typically used to
load modules needed to mount the "real" root file system,
etc. See <file:Documentation/initrd.txt> for details.
If RAM disk support (BLK_DEV_RAM) is also included, this
also enables initial RAM disk (initrd) support and adds
15 Kbytes (more on some other architectures) to the kernel size.
If unsure say Y.
if BLK_DEV_INITRD
source "usr/Kconfig"
endif
config CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
bool "Optimize for size"
help
Enabling this option will pass "-Os" instead of "-O2" to gcc
resulting in a smaller kernel.
If unsure, say Y.
config SYSCTL
bool
config ANON_INODES
bool
menuconfig EXPERT
bool "Configure standard kernel features (expert users)"
# Unhide debug options, to make the on-by-default options visible
select DEBUG_KERNEL
help
This option allows certain base kernel options and settings
to be disabled or tweaked. This is for specialized
environments which can tolerate a "non-standard" kernel.
Only use this if you really know what you are doing.
config UID16
bool "Enable 16-bit UID system calls" if EXPERT
depends on ARM || BLACKFIN || CRIS || FRV || H8300 || X86_32 || M68K || (S390 && !64BIT) || SUPERH || SPARC32 || (SPARC64 && COMPAT) || UML || (X86_64 && IA32_EMULATION) \
|| AARCH32_EMULATION
default y
help
This enables the legacy 16-bit UID syscall wrappers.
config SYSCTL_SYSCALL
bool "Sysctl syscall support" if EXPERT
depends on PROC_SYSCTL
default n
select SYSCTL
---help---
sys_sysctl uses binary paths that have been found challenging
to properly maintain and use. The interface in /proc/sys
using paths with ascii names is now the primary path to this
information.
Almost nothing using the binary sysctl interface so if you are
trying to save some space it is probably safe to disable this,
making your kernel marginally smaller.
If unsure say N here.
config KALLSYMS
bool "Load all symbols for debugging/ksymoops" if EXPERT
default y
help
Say Y here to let the kernel print out symbolic crash information and
symbolic stack backtraces. This increases the size of the kernel
somewhat, as all symbols have to be loaded into the kernel image.
config KALLSYMS_ALL
bool "Include all symbols in kallsyms"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && KALLSYMS
help
Normally kallsyms only contains the symbols of functions for nicer
OOPS messages and backtraces (i.e., symbols from the text and inittext
sections). This is sufficient for most cases. And only in very rare
cases (e.g., when a debugger is used) all symbols are required (e.g.,
names of variables from the data sections, etc).
This option makes sure that all symbols are loaded into the kernel
image (i.e., symbols from all sections) in cost of increased kernel
size (depending on the kernel configuration, it may be 300KiB or
something like this).
Say N unless you really need all symbols.
config HOTPLUG
def_bool y
config PRINTK
default y
bool "Enable support for printk" if EXPERT
help
This option enables normal printk support. Removing it
eliminates most of the message strings from the kernel image
and makes the kernel more or less silent. As this makes it
very difficult to diagnose system problems, saying N here is
strongly discouraged.
config BUG
bool "BUG() support" if EXPERT
default y
help
Disabling this option eliminates support for BUG and WARN, reducing
the size of your kernel image and potentially quietly ignoring
numerous fatal conditions. You should only consider disabling this
option for embedded systems with no facilities for reporting errors.
Just say Y.
config ELF_CORE
default y
bool "Enable ELF core dumps" if EXPERT
help
Enable support for generating core dumps. Disabling saves about 4k.
config PCSPKR_PLATFORM
bool "Enable PC-Speaker support" if EXPERT
depends on HAVE_PCSPKR_PLATFORM
select I8253_LOCK
default y
help
This option allows to disable the internal PC-Speaker
support, saving some memory.
config HAVE_PCSPKR_PLATFORM
bool
config BASE_FULL
default y
bool "Enable full-sized data structures for core" if EXPERT
help
Disabling this option reduces the size of miscellaneous core
kernel data structures. This saves memory on small machines,
but may reduce performance.
config FUTEX
bool "Enable futex support" if EXPERT
default y
select RT_MUTEXES
help
Disabling this option will cause the kernel to be built without
support for "fast userspace mutexes". The resulting kernel may not
run glibc-based applications correctly.
config EPOLL
bool "Enable eventpoll support" if EXPERT
default y
select ANON_INODES
help
Disabling this option will cause the kernel to be built without
support for epoll family of system calls.
config SIGNALFD
bool "Enable signalfd() system call" if EXPERT
select ANON_INODES
default y
help
Enable the signalfd() system call that allows to receive signals
on a file descriptor.
If unsure, say Y.
config TIMERFD
bool "Enable timerfd() system call" if EXPERT
select ANON_INODES
default y
help
Enable the timerfd() system call that allows to receive timer
events on a file descriptor.
If unsure, say Y.
config EVENTFD
bool "Enable eventfd() system call" if EXPERT
select ANON_INODES
default y
help
Enable the eventfd() system call that allows to receive both
kernel notification (ie. KAIO) or userspace notifications.
If unsure, say Y.
config SHMEM
bool "Use full shmem filesystem" if EXPERT
default y
depends on MMU
help
The shmem is an internal filesystem used to manage shared memory.
It is backed by swap and manages resource limits. It is also exported
to userspace as tmpfs if TMPFS is enabled. Disabling this
option replaces shmem and tmpfs with the much simpler ramfs code,
which may be appropriate on small systems without swap.
config AIO
bool "Enable AIO support" if EXPERT
default y
help
This option enables POSIX asynchronous I/O which may by used
by some high performance threaded applications. Disabling
this option saves about 7k.
config EMBEDDED
bool "Embedded system"
select EXPERT
help
This option should be enabled if compiling the kernel for
an embedded system so certain expert options are available
for configuration.
config HAVE_PERF_EVENTS
bool
help
See tools/perf/design.txt for details.
config PERF_USE_VMALLOC
bool
help
See tools/perf/design.txt for details
menu "Kernel Performance Events And Counters"
config PERF_EVENTS
bool "Kernel performance events and counters"
default y if PROFILING
depends on HAVE_PERF_EVENTS
select ANON_INODES
select IRQ_WORK
help
Enable kernel support for various performance events provided
by software and hardware.
Software events are supported either built-in or via the
use of generic tracepoints.
Most modern CPUs support performance events via performance
counter registers. These registers count the number of certain
types of hw events: such as instructions executed, cachemisses
suffered, or branches mis-predicted - without slowing down the
kernel or applications. These registers can also trigger interrupts
when a threshold number of events have passed - and can thus be
used to profile the code that runs on that CPU.
The Linux Performance Event subsystem provides an abstraction of
these software and hardware event capabilities, available via a
system call and used by the "perf" utility in tools/perf/. It
provides per task and per CPU counters, and it provides event
capabilities on top of those.
Say Y if unsure.
config DEBUG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC
default n
bool "Debug: use vmalloc to back perf mmap() buffers"
depends on PERF_EVENTS && DEBUG_KERNEL
select PERF_USE_VMALLOC
help
Use vmalloc memory to back perf mmap() buffers.
Mostly useful for debugging the vmalloc code on platforms
that don't require it.
Say N if unsure.
endmenu
config VM_EVENT_COUNTERS
default y
bool "Enable VM event counters for /proc/vmstat" if EXPERT
help
VM event counters are needed for event counts to be shown.
This option allows the disabling of the VM event counters
on EXPERT systems. /proc/vmstat will only show page counts
if VM event counters are disabled.
config PCI_QUIRKS
default y
bool "Enable PCI quirk workarounds" if EXPERT
depends on PCI
help
This enables workarounds for various PCI chipset
bugs/quirks. Disable this only if your target machine is
unaffected by PCI quirks.
config SLUB_DEBUG
default y
bool "Enable SLUB debugging support" if EXPERT
depends on SLUB && SYSFS
help
SLUB has extensive debug support features. Disabling these can
result in significant savings in code size. This also disables
SLUB sysfs support. /sys/slab will not exist and there will be
no support for cache validation etc.
config COMPAT_BRK
bool "Disable heap randomization"
default y
help
Randomizing heap placement makes heap exploits harder, but it
also breaks ancient binaries (including anything libc5 based).
This option changes the bootup default to heap randomization
disabled, and can be overridden at runtime by setting
/proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space to 2.
On non-ancient distros (post-2000 ones) N is usually a safe choice.
choice
prompt "Choose SLAB allocator"
default SLUB
help
This option allows to select a slab allocator.
config SLAB
bool "SLAB"
help
The regular slab allocator that is established and known to work
well in all environments. It organizes cache hot objects in
per cpu and per node queues.
config SLUB
bool "SLUB (Unqueued Allocator)"
help
SLUB is a slab allocator that minimizes cache line usage
instead of managing queues of cached objects (SLAB approach).
Per cpu caching is realized using slabs of objects instead
of queues of objects. SLUB can use memory efficiently
and has enhanced diagnostics. SLUB is the default choice for
a slab allocator.
config SLOB
depends on EXPERT
bool "SLOB (Simple Allocator)"
help
SLOB replaces the stock allocator with a drastically simpler
allocator. SLOB is generally more space efficient but
does not perform as well on large systems.
endchoice
config MMAP_ALLOW_UNINITIALIZED
bool "Allow mmapped anonymous memory to be uninitialized"
depends on EXPERT && !MMU
default n
help
Normally, and according to the Linux spec, anonymous memory obtained
from mmap() has it's contents cleared before it is passed to
userspace. Enabling this config option allows you to request that
mmap() skip that if it is given an MAP_UNINITIALIZED flag, thus
providing a huge performance boost. If this option is not enabled,
then the flag will be ignored.
This is taken advantage of by uClibc's malloc(), and also by
ELF-FDPIC binfmt's brk and stack allocator.
Because of the obvious security issues, this option should only be
enabled on embedded devices where you control what is run in
userspace. Since that isn't generally a problem on no-MMU systems,
it is normally safe to say Y here.
See Documentation/nommu-mmap.txt for more information.
config PROFILING
bool "Profiling support"
help
Say Y here to enable the extended profiling support mechanisms used
by profilers such as OProfile.
#
# Place an empty function call at each tracepoint site. Can be
# dynamically changed for a probe function.
#
config TRACEPOINTS
bool
source "arch/Kconfig"
endmenu # General setup
config HAVE_GENERIC_DMA_COHERENT
bool
default n
config SLABINFO
bool
depends on PROC_FS
depends on SLAB || SLUB_DEBUG
default y
config RT_MUTEXES
boolean
config BASE_SMALL
int
default 0 if BASE_FULL
default 1 if !BASE_FULL
menuconfig MODULES
bool "Enable loadable module support"
help
Kernel modules are small pieces of compiled code which can
be inserted in the running kernel, rather than being
permanently built into the kernel. You use the "modprobe"
tool to add (and sometimes remove) them. If you say Y here,
many parts of the kernel can be built as modules (by
answering M instead of Y where indicated): this is most
useful for infrequently used options which are not required
for booting. For more information, see the man pages for
modprobe, lsmod, modinfo, insmod and rmmod.
If you say Y here, you will need to run "make
modules_install" to put the modules under /lib/modules/
where modprobe can find them (you may need to be root to do
this).
If unsure, say Y.
if MODULES
config MODULE_FORCE_LOAD
bool "Forced module loading"
default n
help
Allow loading of modules without version information (ie. modprobe
--force). Forced module loading sets the 'F' (forced) taint flag and
is usually a really bad idea.
config MODULE_UNLOAD
bool "Module unloading"
help
Without this option you will not be able to unload any
modules (note that some modules may not be unloadable
anyway), which makes your kernel smaller, faster
and simpler. If unsure, say Y.
config MODULE_FORCE_UNLOAD
bool "Forced module unloading"
depends on MODULE_UNLOAD && EXPERIMENTAL
help
This option allows you to force a module to unload, even if the
kernel believes it is unsafe: the kernel will remove the module
without waiting for anyone to stop using it (using the -f option to
rmmod). This is mainly for kernel developers and desperate users.
If unsure, say N.
config MODVERSIONS
bool "Module versioning support"
help
Usually, you have to use modules compiled with your kernel.
Saying Y here makes it sometimes possible to use modules
compiled for different kernels, by adding enough information
to the modules to (hopefully) spot any changes which would
make them incompatible with the kernel you are running. If
unsure, say N.
config MODULE_SRCVERSION_ALL
bool "Source checksum for all modules"
help
Modules which contain a MODULE_VERSION get an extra "srcversion"
field inserted into their modinfo section, which contains a
sum of the source files which made it. This helps maintainers
see exactly which source was used to build a module (since
others sometimes change the module source without updating
the version). With this option, such a "srcversion" field
will be created for all modules. If unsure, say N.
endif # MODULES
config INIT_ALL_POSSIBLE
bool
help
Back when each arch used to define their own cpu_online_mask and
cpu_possible_mask, some of them chose to initialize cpu_possible_mask
with all 1s, and others with all 0s. When they were centralised,
it was better to provide this option than to break all the archs
and have several arch maintainers pursuing me down dark alleys.
config STOP_MACHINE
bool
default y
depends on (SMP && MODULE_UNLOAD) || HOTPLUG_CPU
help
Need stop_machine() primitive.
source "block/Kconfig"
config PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
bool
config PADATA
depends on SMP
bool
source "kernel/Kconfig.locks"
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