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#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
static atomic_long_t bdi_seq = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0);
void default_unplug_io_fn(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct page *page)
{
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(default_unplug_io_fn);
struct backing_dev_info default_backing_dev_info = {
.name = "default",
.ra_pages = VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024 / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
.state = 0,
.capabilities = BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY,
.unplug_io_fn = default_unplug_io_fn,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(default_backing_dev_info);
struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info = {
.name = "noop",
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(noop_backing_dev_info);
static struct class *bdi_class;
/*
* bdi_lock protects updates to bdi_list and bdi_pending_list, as well as
* reader side protection for bdi_pending_list. bdi_list has RCU reader side
* locking.
*/
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bdi_lock);
LIST_HEAD(bdi_list);
LIST_HEAD(bdi_pending_list);
static struct task_struct *sync_supers_tsk;
static struct timer_list sync_supers_timer;
static int bdi_sync_supers(void *);
static void sync_supers_timer_fn(unsigned long);
static void bdi_add_default_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
static struct dentry *bdi_debug_root;
static void bdi_debug_init(void)
{
bdi_debug_root = debugfs_create_dir("bdi", NULL);
}
static int bdi_debug_stats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = m->private;
struct bdi_writeback *wb;
unsigned long background_thresh;
unsigned long dirty_thresh;
unsigned long bdi_thresh;
unsigned long nr_dirty, nr_io, nr_more_io, nr_wb;
struct inode *inode;
/*
* inode lock is enough here, the bdi->wb_list is protected by
* RCU on the reader side
*/
nr_wb = nr_dirty = nr_io = nr_more_io = 0;
spin_lock(&inode_lock);
list_for_each_entry(wb, &bdi->wb_list, list) {
nr_wb++;
list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_dirty, i_list)
nr_dirty++;
list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_io, i_list)
nr_io++;
list_for_each_entry(inode, &wb->b_more_io, i_list)
nr_more_io++;
}
spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
get_dirty_limits(&background_thresh, &dirty_thresh, &bdi_thresh, bdi);
#define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
seq_printf(m,
"BdiWriteback: %8lu kB\n"
"BdiReclaimable: %8lu kB\n"
"BdiDirtyThresh: %8lu kB\n"
"DirtyThresh: %8lu kB\n"
"BackgroundThresh: %8lu kB\n"
"WritebackThreads: %8lu\n"
"b_dirty: %8lu\n"
"b_io: %8lu\n"
"b_more_io: %8lu\n"
"bdi_list: %8u\n"
"state: %8lx\n"
"wb_mask: %8lx\n"
"wb_list: %8u\n"
"wb_cnt: %8u\n",
(unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_WRITEBACK)),
(unsigned long) K(bdi_stat(bdi, BDI_RECLAIMABLE)),
K(bdi_thresh), K(dirty_thresh),
K(background_thresh), nr_wb, nr_dirty, nr_io, nr_more_io,
!list_empty(&bdi->bdi_list), bdi->state, bdi->wb_mask,
!list_empty(&bdi->wb_list), bdi->wb_cnt);
#undef K
return 0;
}
static int bdi_debug_stats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return single_open(file, bdi_debug_stats_show, inode->i_private);
}
static const struct file_operations bdi_debug_stats_fops = {
.open = bdi_debug_stats_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
static void bdi_debug_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *name)
{
bdi->debug_dir = debugfs_create_dir(name, bdi_debug_root);
bdi->debug_stats = debugfs_create_file("stats", 0444, bdi->debug_dir,
bdi, &bdi_debug_stats_fops);
}
static void bdi_debug_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
debugfs_remove(bdi->debug_stats);
debugfs_remove(bdi->debug_dir);
}
#else
static inline void bdi_debug_init(void)
{
}
static inline void bdi_debug_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
const char *name)
{
}
static inline void bdi_debug_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
}
#endif
static ssize_t read_ahead_kb_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
char *end;
unsigned long read_ahead_kb;
ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
read_ahead_kb = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 10);
if (*buf && (end[0] == '\0' || (end[0] == '\n' && end[1] == '\0'))) {
bdi->ra_pages = read_ahead_kb >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10);
ret = count;
}
return ret;
}
#define K(pages) ((pages) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
#define BDI_SHOW(name, expr) \
static ssize_t name##_show(struct device *dev, \
struct device_attribute *attr, char *page) \
{ \
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev); \
\
return snprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE-1, "%lld\n", (long long)expr); \
}
BDI_SHOW(read_ahead_kb, K(bdi->ra_pages))
static ssize_t min_ratio_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
char *end;
unsigned int ratio;
ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
ratio = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 10);
if (*buf && (end[0] == '\0' || (end[0] == '\n' && end[1] == '\0'))) {
ret = bdi_set_min_ratio(bdi, ratio);
if (!ret)
ret = count;
}
return ret;
}
BDI_SHOW(min_ratio, bdi->min_ratio)
static ssize_t max_ratio_store(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
char *end;
unsigned int ratio;
ssize_t ret = -EINVAL;
ratio = simple_strtoul(buf, &end, 10);
if (*buf && (end[0] == '\0' || (end[0] == '\n' && end[1] == '\0'))) {
ret = bdi_set_max_ratio(bdi, ratio);
if (!ret)
ret = count;
}
return ret;
}
BDI_SHOW(max_ratio, bdi->max_ratio)
#define __ATTR_RW(attr) __ATTR(attr, 0644, attr##_show, attr##_store)
static struct device_attribute bdi_dev_attrs[] = {
__ATTR_RW(read_ahead_kb),
__ATTR_RW(min_ratio),
__ATTR_RW(max_ratio),
__ATTR_NULL,
};
static __init int bdi_class_init(void)
{
bdi_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "bdi");
if (IS_ERR(bdi_class))
return PTR_ERR(bdi_class);
bdi_class->dev_attrs = bdi_dev_attrs;
bdi_debug_init();
return 0;
}
postcore_initcall(bdi_class_init);
static int __init default_bdi_init(void)
{
int err;
sync_supers_tsk = kthread_run(bdi_sync_supers, NULL, "sync_supers");
BUG_ON(IS_ERR(sync_supers_tsk));
init_timer(&sync_supers_timer);
setup_timer(&sync_supers_timer, sync_supers_timer_fn, 0);
bdi_arm_supers_timer();
err = bdi_init(&default_backing_dev_info);
if (!err)
bdi_register(&default_backing_dev_info, NULL, "default");
return err;
}
subsys_initcall(default_bdi_init);
static void bdi_wb_init(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
memset(wb, 0, sizeof(*wb));
wb->bdi = bdi;
wb->last_old_flush = jiffies;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_io);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_more_io);
}
static void bdi_task_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
list_add_tail_rcu(&wb->list, &bdi->wb_list);
spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);
tsk->flags |= PF_FLUSHER | PF_SWAPWRITE;
set_freezable();
/*
* Our parent may run at a different priority, just set us to normal
*/
set_user_nice(tsk, 0);
}
static int bdi_start_fn(void *ptr)
{
struct bdi_writeback *wb = ptr;
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
int ret;
/*
* Add us to the active bdi_list
*/
spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
list_add_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
bdi_task_init(bdi, wb);
/*
* Clear pending bit and wakeup anybody waiting to tear us down
*/
clear_bit(BDI_pending, &bdi->state);
smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
wake_up_bit(&bdi->state, BDI_pending);
ret = bdi_writeback_task(wb);
/*
* Remove us from the list
*/
spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
list_del_rcu(&wb->list);
spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);
/*
* Flush any work that raced with us exiting. No new work
* will be added, since this bdi isn't discoverable anymore.
*/
if (!list_empty(&bdi->work_list))
wb_do_writeback(wb, 1);
wb->task = NULL;
return ret;
}
int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
return wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb);
}
static void bdi_flush_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.bdi = bdi,
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.range_cyclic = 1,
.nr_to_write = 1024,
};
writeback_inodes_wbc(&wbc);
}
/*
* kupdated() used to do this. We cannot do it from the bdi_forker_task()
* or we risk deadlocking on ->s_umount. The longer term solution would be
* to implement sync_supers_bdi() or similar and simply do it from the
* bdi writeback tasks individually.
*/
static int bdi_sync_supers(void *unused)
{
set_user_nice(current, 0);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule();
/*
* Do this periodically, like kupdated() did before.
*/
sync_supers();
}
return 0;
}
void bdi_arm_supers_timer(void)
{
unsigned long next;
if (!dirty_writeback_interval)
return;
next = msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10) + jiffies;
mod_timer(&sync_supers_timer, round_jiffies_up(next));
}
static void sync_supers_timer_fn(unsigned long unused)
{
wake_up_process(sync_supers_tsk);
bdi_arm_supers_timer();
}
static int bdi_forker_task(void *ptr)
{
struct bdi_writeback *me = ptr;
bdi_task_init(me->bdi, me);
for (;;) {
struct backing_dev_info *bdi, *tmp;
struct bdi_writeback *wb;
/*
* Temporary measure, we want to make sure we don't see
* dirty data on the default backing_dev_info
*/
if (wb_has_dirty_io(me) || !list_empty(&me->bdi->work_list))
wb_do_writeback(me, 0);
spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
/*
* Check if any existing bdi's have dirty data without
* a thread registered. If so, set that up.
*/
list_for_each_entry_safe(bdi, tmp, &bdi_list, bdi_list) {
if (bdi->wb.task)
continue;
if (list_empty(&bdi->work_list) &&
!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi))
continue;
bdi_add_default_flusher_task(bdi);
}
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
if (list_empty(&bdi_pending_list)) {
unsigned long wait;
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
wait = msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10);
if (wait)
schedule_timeout(wait);
else
schedule();
try_to_freeze();
continue;
}
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
/*
* This is our real job - check for pending entries in
* bdi_pending_list, and create the tasks that got added
*/
bdi = list_entry(bdi_pending_list.next, struct backing_dev_info,
bdi_list);
list_del_init(&bdi->bdi_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
wb = &bdi->wb;
wb->task = kthread_run(bdi_start_fn, wb, "flush-%s",
dev_name(bdi->dev));
/*
* If task creation fails, then readd the bdi to
* the pending list and force writeout of the bdi
* from this forker thread. That will free some memory
* and we can try again.
*/
if (IS_ERR(wb->task)) {
wb->task = NULL;
/*
* Add this 'bdi' to the back, so we get
* a chance to flush other bdi's to free
* memory.
*/
spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
list_add_tail(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_pending_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
bdi_flush_io(bdi);
}
}
return 0;
}
static void bdi_add_to_pending(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
bdi = container_of(head, struct backing_dev_info, rcu_head);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->bdi_list);
spin_lock(&bdi_lock);
list_add_tail(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_pending_list);
spin_unlock(&bdi_lock);
/*
* We are now on the pending list, wake up bdi_forker_task()
* to finish the job and add us back to the active bdi_list
*/
wake_up_process(default_backing_dev_info.wb.task);
}
/*
* Add the default flusher task that gets created for any bdi
* that has dirty data pending writeout
*/
void static bdi_add_default_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
if (!bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(bdi))
return;
if (WARN_ON(!test_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state))) {
printk(KERN_ERR "bdi %p/%s is not registered!\n",
bdi, bdi->name);
return;
}
/*
* Check with the helper whether to proceed adding a task. Will only
* abort if we two or more simultanous calls to
* bdi_add_default_flusher_task() occured, further additions will block
* waiting for previous additions to finish.
*/
if (!test_and_set_bit(BDI_pending, &bdi->state)) {
list_del_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list);
/*
* We must wait for the current RCU period to end before
* moving to the pending list. So schedule that operation
* from an RCU callback.
*/
call_rcu(&bdi->rcu_head, bdi_add_to_pending);
}
}
/*
* Remove bdi from bdi_list, and ensure that it is no longer visible
*/
static void bdi_remove_from_list(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
list_del_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
synchronize_rcu();
}
int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list args;
int ret = 0;
struct device *dev;
if (bdi->dev) /* The driver needs to use separate queues per device */
goto exit;
va_start(args, fmt);
dev = device_create_vargs(bdi_class, parent, MKDEV(0, 0), bdi, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
if (IS_ERR(dev)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(dev);
goto exit;
}
spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
list_add_tail_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);
bdi->dev = dev;
/*
* Just start the forker thread for our default backing_dev_info,
* and add other bdi's to the list. They will get a thread created
* on-demand when they need it.
*/
if (bdi_cap_flush_forker(bdi)) {
struct bdi_writeback *wb = &bdi->wb;
wb->task = kthread_run(bdi_forker_task, wb, "bdi-%s",
dev_name(dev));
if (IS_ERR(wb->task)) {
wb->task = NULL;
ret = -ENOMEM;
bdi_remove_from_list(bdi);
goto exit;
}
}
bdi_debug_register(bdi, dev_name(dev));
set_bit(BDI_registered, &bdi->state);
exit:
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register);
int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev)
{
return bdi_register(bdi, NULL, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register_dev);
/*
* Remove bdi from the global list and shutdown any threads we have running
*/
static void bdi_wb_shutdown(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
struct bdi_writeback *wb;
if (!bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(bdi))
return;
/*
* If setup is pending, wait for that to complete first
*/
wait_on_bit(&bdi->state, BDI_pending, bdi_sched_wait,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
/*
* Make sure nobody finds us on the bdi_list anymore
*/
bdi_remove_from_list(bdi);
/*
* Finally, kill the kernel threads. We don't need to be RCU
* safe anymore, since the bdi is gone from visibility. Force
* unfreeze of the thread before calling kthread_stop(), otherwise
* it would never exet if it is currently stuck in the refrigerator.
*/
list_for_each_entry(wb, &bdi->wb_list, list) {
thaw_process(wb->task);
kthread_stop(wb->task);
}
}
/*
* This bdi is going away now, make sure that no super_blocks point to it
*/
static void bdi_prune_sb(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
struct super_block *sb;
spin_lock(&sb_lock);
list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) {
if (sb->s_bdi == bdi)
sb->s_bdi = NULL;
}
spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
}
void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
if (bdi->dev) {
bdi_prune_sb(bdi);
if (!bdi_cap_flush_forker(bdi))
bdi_wb_shutdown(bdi);
bdi_debug_unregister(bdi);
device_unregister(bdi->dev);
bdi->dev = NULL;
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_unregister);
int bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
int i, err;
bdi->dev = NULL;
bdi->min_ratio = 0;
bdi->max_ratio = 100;
bdi->max_prop_frac = PROP_FRAC_BASE;
spin_lock_init(&bdi->wb_lock);
INIT_RCU_HEAD(&bdi->rcu_head);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->bdi_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->wb_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->work_list);
bdi_wb_init(&bdi->wb, bdi);
/*
* Just one thread support for now, hard code mask and count
*/
bdi->wb_mask = 1;
bdi->wb_cnt = 1;
for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++) {
err = percpu_counter_init(&bdi->bdi_stat[i], 0);
if (err)
goto err;
}
bdi->dirty_exceeded = 0;
err = prop_local_init_percpu(&bdi->completions);
if (err) {
err:
while (i--)
percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
}
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_init);
void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
int i;
/*
* Splice our entries to the default_backing_dev_info, if this
* bdi disappears
*/
if (bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi)) {
struct bdi_writeback *dst = &default_backing_dev_info.wb;
spin_lock(&inode_lock);
list_splice(&bdi->wb.b_dirty, &dst->b_dirty);
list_splice(&bdi->wb.b_io, &dst->b_io);
list_splice(&bdi->wb.b_more_io, &dst->b_more_io);
spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
}
bdi_unregister(bdi);
for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
prop_local_destroy_percpu(&bdi->completions);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_destroy);
/*
* For use from filesystems to quickly init and register a bdi associated
* with dirty writeback
*/
int bdi_setup_and_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, char *name,
unsigned int cap)
{
char tmp[32];
int err;
bdi->name = name;
bdi->capabilities = cap;
err = bdi_init(bdi);
if (err)
return err;
sprintf(tmp, "%.28s%s", name, "-%d");
err = bdi_register(bdi, NULL, tmp, atomic_long_inc_return(&bdi_seq));
if (err) {
bdi_destroy(bdi);
return err;
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_setup_and_register);
static wait_queue_head_t congestion_wqh[2] = {
__WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(congestion_wqh[0]),
__WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(congestion_wqh[1])
};
void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
{
enum bdi_state bit;
wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];
bit = sync ? BDI_sync_congested : BDI_async_congested;
clear_bit(bit, &bdi->state);
smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
if (waitqueue_active(wqh))
wake_up(wqh);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_bdi_congested);
void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int sync)
{
enum bdi_state bit;
bit = sync ? BDI_sync_congested : BDI_async_congested;
set_bit(bit, &bdi->state);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_bdi_congested);
/**
* congestion_wait - wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested
* @sync: SYNC or ASYNC IO
* @timeout: timeout in jiffies
*
* Waits for up to @timeout jiffies for a backing_dev (any backing_dev) to exit
* write congestion. If no backing_devs are congested then just wait for the
* next write to be completed.
*/
long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout)
{
long ret;
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
wait_queue_head_t *wqh = &congestion_wqh[sync];
prepare_to_wait(wqh, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
ret = io_schedule_timeout(timeout);
finish_wait(wqh, &wait);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(congestion_wait);
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