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Software for Dual Axis Rating and Media Annotation (c) Jeffrey M Girard, 2014-2019

DARMA is a media annotation program that collects continuous ratings while displaying audio and video files. It is designed to be highly user-friendly and easily customizable. DARMA enables researchers and study participants to provide moment-by-moment ratings of multimedia files using a computer joystick. The rating scale can be configured on a number of parameters including its labels and numerical range. Annotations can be displayed alongside the multimedia file and saved for easy import into statistical analysis software. DARMA provides a tool for researchers in affective computing, human-computer interaction, and the social sciences who need to capture the unfolding of subjective experience and observable behavior over time.




DARMA was first published by Jeffrey Girard in 2014 under the GNU General Public License version 3 (GPUv3). Users are free to use, distribute, and modify the program as outlined in the license. DARMA is meant to be a modernization of Sadler's JoyMon and Cowie's FeelTRACE, and was first adapted from Girard's CARMA. A journal publication describing DARMA and its use was published in 2018.


Users must agree to cite the following article in all publications making use of DARMA:

Girard, J. M., & Wright, A. G. C. (2018). DARMA: Software for Dual Axis Rating and Media Annotation. Behavior Research Methods, 50(3), 902–909.

author = {Girard, Jeffrey M and Wright, Aidan G C},
doi = {},
journal = {Behavior Research Methods},
number = {3},
pages = {902--909},
title = {{DARMA: Software for Dual Axis Rating and Media Annotation}},
volume = {50},
year = {2018}

Papers Using DARMA

  • Maister, L., Hodossy, L., Tsakiris, M., & Shinskey, J. L. (in press). Self or (m)other? Infants' sensitivity to bodily overlap with their mother reflects their dyadic coordination. Child Development.

  • Hopwood, C. J., Harrison, A. L., Amole, M. C., Girard, J. M., Wright, A. G. C., Thomas, K. M., Sadler, P., Ansell, E. B., Chaplin, T. M., Morey, L. C., Crowley, M. J., Durbin, C. E., & Kashy, D. A. (2020). Properties of the continuous assessment of interpersonal dynamics across sex, level of familiarity, and interpersonal conflict. Assessment, 27(1), 40–56.

  • Lourties, S., Léger, P.-M., Sénécal, S., Fredette, M., & Chen, S. L. (2018). Testing the convergent validity of continuous self-perceived measurement systems: An exploratory study. Proceedings of the International Conference on HCI in Business, Government, and Organizations, 132–144.

  • Ross, J. M., Girard, J. M., Wright, A. G. C., Beeney, J. E., Scott, L. N., Hallquist, M. N., … Pilkonis, P. A. (2017). Momentary patterns of covariation between specific affects and interpersonal behavior: Linking relationship science and personality assessment. Psychological Assessment, 29(2), 123–134.