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Scripts for building Emacs packages from Version Control

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README.md

MELPA

MELPA is a growing collection of package.el-compatible Emacs Lisp packages built automatically on our server from the upstream source code using simple recipes. (Think of it as a server-side version of el-get, or even homebrew.)

Packages are updated hourly.

If you just want to browse and install packages, check out the archive index page for instructions.

Adding packages is as simple as submitting a pull request; read on for details.

Table of Contents

Usage

To use the MELPA repository, add it to package-archives before the call to package-initialize in your init.el file.

(add-to-list 'package-archives
             '("melpa" . "http://melpa.milkbox.net/packages/") t)

Since package.el doesn't allow locking packages to certain version, we also provide a package melpa.el which contains code to allow restricting packages to specific repositories. This allows someone to blacklist packages that come from a specific repository, or blacklist all packages from a repository and only whitelist certain packages.

See the MELPA Package section below or Installing section on the MELPA homepage.

Contributing New Packages

For submitting new packages we ask you following the following guidelines,

  • Upstream source must be stored in an authoritative SCM repository or on the Emacswiki.
  • Submit one pull request per recipe. You can create multiple branches and create a pull request for each branch.

  • Recipes should try to minimize the size of the resulting package by specifying only files relevant to the package. See the Package Format section for more information on specifying package files.

  • The package name should match the name of the feature provided. See the package function for more information.

  • Packages should adhere to the package.el format as specified by (info "(elisp) Packaging"). More information on this format is provided by the marmalade package manual.

Testing

Let <NAME> denote the name of the recipe to submit.

  1. Fork the MELPA repository.
  2. Add your new file under the directory specified by package-build-recipes-dir (default: recipes/ directory where package-build was loaded).
  3. Confirm your package build properly by running

    ./buildpkg <NAME>
    
  4. Install the file you built by running package-install-file from within Emacs and specifying the newly built package in the directory specified by package-build-archive-dir (default: packages/ directory where package-build was loaded).

Submitting

After verifying the entry works properly please open a pull request on Github. Consider the hub command-line utility by defunkt which helps simplify this process.

Package Format

Packages are specified by files in the recipes directory. You can contribute a new package by adding a new file under recipes using the following form,

(<package-name>
 :fetcher [git|github|bzr|hg|darcs|svn|wiki]
 [:url "<repo url>"]
 [:repo "github-user/repo-name"]
 [:files ("<file1>", ...)])
  • package-name a lisp symbol that has the same name as the package being specified.

  • :url specifies the URL of the version control repository. required for the git, bzr, hg, darcs and svn fetchers

  • :fetcher specifies the type of repository that :url points to. Right now package-build supports git, github, bazaar (bzr), mercurial (hg), subversion (svn), darcs, and Emacs Wiki (wiki) as possible mechanisms for checking out the repository. With the exception of the Emacs Wiki fetcher, package-build uses the corresponding application to update files before building the package. The Emacs Wiki fetcher gets the latest version of the package from http://www.emacswiki.org/emacs/download/<NAME>.el where NAME is the package name. Note that the :url property is not needed for the wiki engine unless the name of the package file on the EmacsWiki differs from the package name being built. In the case of the github fetcher, use :repo instead of :url; the git URL will then be deduced.

  • :files optional property specifying the explicit files used to build the package. Automatically populated by matching all .el files in the root of the repository. This is necessary when there are multiple .el files in the repository but the package should only be built from a subset. Any file in any path in the repository is copied to the root of the package

Single File Repository

ido-ubiquitous is a repository that contains two files:

  • README.md
  • ido-ubiquitous.el

Since there is only one .el file, this package only needs the :url and :fetcher specified,

(ido-ubiquitous
 :url "https://github.com/DarwinAwardWinner/ido-ubiquitous.git"
 :fetcher git)

Multiple Packages in one Repository

The emacs-starter-kit contains the starter-kit package along with extra packages in the modules directory; starter-kit-bindings, starter-kit-lisp, etc.

(starter-kit
 :url "https://github.com/technomancy/emacs-starter-kit.git"
 :fetcher git)
(starter-kit-bindings
 :url "https://github.com/technomancy/emacs-starter-kit.git"
 :fetcher git
 :files ("modules/starter-kit-bindings.el"))

Notice that :files is not specified for starter-kit since package-build will automatically add all .el files in the root directory of the repository. The starter-kit-bindings repository is contained in the modules/ subdirectory and thus needs the packages files specified explicitly.

Multiple Files in Multiple Directories

There are special cases when we need There are special cases where creation of the package comes from many different sub-directories in the repository and the destination sub-directories need to be explicitly set.

Consider the flymake-perlcritic recipe,

(flymake-perlcritic :repo "illusori/emacs-flymake-perlcritic"
                    :fetcher github
                    :files ("*.el" ("bin" "bin/flymake_perlcritic")))

which will result in a package structure of,

flymake-perlcritic-YYYMMDD
|-- bin
|   `-- flymake_perlcritic
|-- flymake-perlcritic-pkg.el
`-- flymake-perlcritic.el

Notice that specifying an entry in :files that is a list takes the first element to be the destination directory. These can be embedded further, such as the following---hypothetical---entry for :files,

("*.el" ("snippets" 
         ("html-mode" "snippets/html-mode/*")
         ("python-mode" "snippets/python-mode/*")))

which would result in a package with *.el in something like,

package-YYYYMMDD
|-- snippets
|   |-- html-mode
|   |   |-- div
|   |   `-- html
|   `-- python-mode
|       |-- for
|       `-- main
`-- package.el

But a better solution, given that we probably want to copy the entire snippets directory to the root of the package, we could just specify that directory. Consider the pony-mode recipe,

(pony-mode
 :repo "davidmiller/pony-mode"
 :fetcher github
 :files ("src/*.el" "snippets"))

which generates the package,

pony-mode-YYYYMMDD
|-- pony-mode-pkg.el
|-- pony-mode.el
|-- pony-tpl.el
`-- snippets
    |-- html-mode
    |   |-- bl
    |   |-- ex
    |   |-- for
    |   |-- if
    |   |-- loa
    |   |-- sup
    |   |-- testc
    |   `-- {{
    `-- python-mode
        |-- auth-view
        |-- bn
        |-- model
        |-- modelform
        |-- render-to
        |-- testc
        `-- view

Build Scripts

The scripts described here

  • buildpkg -- Create an archive of the package(s) passed as arguments to the script. Built packages are put in the packages/ folder with version corresponding to the newest HEAD revision available; given according to the %Y%m%d format.

  • melpa -- All the logic for generating everything in the repository based on the recipe files. By default build all packages listed under recipes/, and compile the index.html file for the melpa website.

    The following arguments are accepted:

    clear : clean out the packages/ directory

    build : build all packages in pkglist

    index : build the index.html file

    validate :naively validate that the correct number of packages were built.

    Note that these scripts require an Emacs with package.el installed, such as Emacs 24. If you have an older version of Emacs, you can get a suitable package.el here.

API

All repository code is contained in the package-build.el.

Functions

  • (package-build-all) : build packages for all recipes in the directory specified by package-build-recipes-dir.

  • (package-build-archive NAME) : interactive elisp function to build a single archive. NAME is a symbol for the package to be built. Packages are staged in the directory specified by package-build-working-dir and built packages are placed in the directory specified by package-build-archive-dir. Packages are versioned based on the most recent commit date to package files based on commits to upstream package repository. For multi-file packages, the file <NAME>-pkg.el is automatically generated and contains description, version, and requires information determined by searching <NAME>-pkg.el, <NAME>.el, and <NAME>-pkg.el.in, if they exist in the repository.

Variables

  • package-build-working-dir : Staging area containing package repositories and package directories being built.

  • package-build-archive-dir : Location to store archive-contents and any built packages.

  • package-build-recipes-dir : Directory containing MELPA compatible recipes. See Package Format section for more details.

Configuration

Packages end up in the packages/ directory by default. This can be configured using the package-build-archive-dir variable.

Repositories are checked out to the working/ directory by default. This can be configured using the package-build-working-dir variable.

MELPA Package

The melpa.el package---available in MELPA--allows creating a whitelist or blacklist of packages for a specific repository. This allows for disabling all packages from a specific repository and only enabling certain packages, or simply blacklist a certain subset of packages.

Configuring

By default there are two variables that can be customized to specify which packages will be enabled (whitelist packages only) or excluded (blacklist of packages)

  • package-archive-enable-alist : Optional Alist of enabled packages used by package-filter. The format is (ARCHIVE . PACKAGE ...), where ARCHIVE is a string matching an archive name in package-archives, PACKAGE is a symbol of a package in ARCHIVE to enable. If no ARCHIVE exists in the alist, all packages are enabled.

    If no ARCHIVE exists in the alist, all packages are enabled.

  • package-archive-exclude-alist : Alist of packages excluded by package-filter. The format is (ARCHIVE . PACKAGE ...), where ARCHIVE is a string matching an archive name in package-archives, PACKAGE is a symbol of a package in that archive to exclude. Any specified package is excluded regardless of the value of package-archive-enable-alist

    If a particular ARCHIVE has an entry in package-archive-enable-alist then only packages

Manual Installation

You can install the package manually by pasting this into yoru *scratch* buffer and evaluating it.

(progn
  (switch-to-buffer
   (url-retrieve-synchronously
    "https://raw.github.com/milkypostman/melpa/master/melpa.el"))
  (package-install-from-buffer  (package-buffer-info) 'single))

About

MELPA is Milkypostman's ELPA or Milkypostman's Experimental Lisp Package Archive if you're not into the whole brevity thing.

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