🔒 The asyncio implemetation of Redis distributed locks
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Latest commit 258fbf7 Sep 7, 2018

README.rst

aioredlock

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The asyncio redlock algorithm implementation.

Redlock and asyncio

The redlock algorithm is a distributed lock implementation for Redis. There are many implementations of it in several languages. In this case, this is the asyncio compatible implementation for python 3.5+.

Usage

from aioredlock import Aioredlock, LockError

# Define a list of connections to your Redis instances:
redis_instances = [
  ('localhost', 6379),
  {'host': 'localhost', 'port': 6379, 'db': 1},
  'redis://localhost:6379/2',
]

# Create a lock manager:
lock_manager = Aioredlock(redis_instances)

# Check wether a resourece acquired by any other redlock instance:
assert not await lock_manager.is_locked("resource_name")

# Try to acquire the lock:
try:
    lock = await lock_manager.lock("resource_name")
except LockError:
    print('Lock not acquired')
    raise

# Now the lock is acquired:
assert lock.valid
assert await lock_manager.is_locked("resource_name")

# Extend lifetime of the lock:
await lock_manager.extend(lock)
# Raises LockError if the lock manager can not extend the lock lifetime
# on more then half of the Redis instances.

# Release the lock:
await lock_manager.unlock(lock)
# Raises LockError if the lock manager can not release the lock
# on more then half of redis instances.

# The released lock become invalid:
assert not lock.valid
assert not await lock_manager.is_locked("resource_name")

# Or you can use the lock as async context manager:
try:
    async with await lock_manager.lock("resource_name") as lock:
        assert lock.valid is True
        # Do your stuff having the lock
        await lock.extend()  # alias for lock_manager.extend(lock)
        # Do more stuff having the lock
    assert lock.valid is False # lock will be released by context manager
except LockError:
    print('Lock not acquired')
    raise

# Clear the connections with Redis:
await lock_manager.destroy()

How it works

The Aioredlock constructor accepts the following optional parameters:

  • redis_connections: A list of connections (dictionary of host and port and kwargs for aioredis.create_redis_pool(), or tuple (host, port), or sting Redis URI) where the Redis instances are running. The default value is [{'host': 'localhost', 'port': 6379}].
  • lock_timeout: An float (in seconds) representing lock validity period. The default value is 10.0 seconds.
  • drift: An float for clock drift compensation. The default value is calculated by lock_timeout * 0.01 + 0.002 seconds.
  • retry_count: An integer representing number of maximum allowed retries to acquire the lock. The default value is 3 times.
  • retry_delay_min and retry_delay_max: Float values representing waiting time (in seconds) before the next retry attempt. The default values are 0.1 and 0.3, respectively.

In order to acquire the lock, the lock function should be called. If the lock operation is successful, lock.valid will be true, if the lock is not acquired then the LockError will be raised.

From that moment, the lock is valid until the unlock function is called or when the lock_timeout is reached.

Call the extend function to reset lifetime of the lock to lock_timeout interval.

Use the is_locked function to check if the resource is locked by other redlock instance.

In order to clear all the connections with Redis, the lock_manager destroy method can be called.

To-do

  • Expire the lock valid attribute according to the lock validity in a safe way if possible