A Python utility to manipulate SEGY files.
For this initial release, this tool has only one function: it allows you to transform coordinates in a SEGY from one coordinate system to another (a so-called reprojection). This is useful when you have a project mixing seismic surveys acquired over several UTM zones, or for those vintage datasets that make use of a local datum and you want everything in WGS84.
segy2segy needs the following libraries:
- The ability to read and write SEG-Y files is provided by Obspy.
- The transformations of coordinates and the projection calculations are handled by GDAL.
You need a working installation of Python (tested with version 2.7, but it should work with Python 3.x). I would recommend using Anaconda to automatise the installation of all the necessary packages.
Once you have downloaded and installed Anaconda, start with ObsPy by typing on the command line:
conda install -c obspy obspy
-c option means that ObsPy is going to be installed from its own channel.
For GDAL, the latest version is available from the conda-forge channel. So you can type:
conda config --add channels conda-forge conda install gdal
That's it, almost... On Windows at least, the installation of GDAL may fail to create the necessary environment variables (you need to check that with
set on a command line where a conda environment has been activated). If you need to set it manually, follow these steps:
- Open the System Settings (on Windows 8 or 10, right-click the start (Windows) button and select System).
- Click the Advanced System Settings link in the left column.
- Click on the Advanced tab, then click the Environment Variables button near the bottom of that tab.
- In the "System variables" section and click the New... button.
- The name of the variable is
GDAL_DATA, and the value is something like
The path to the
GDAL_DATA directory may vary depending on your installation. Look for a folder containing a lot of csv files, especially one called gcs.csv.
Installation of segy2segy
There is no installation required, just use
git to clone the repo, or download as a ZIP file and unzip it to your local drive.
Open the command line and enter the directory where the segy2segy files have been downloaded.
You can either process of single SEGY file, or a bunch of them in a directory.
Example for a single file:
python segy2segy.py <\path\to\infile.segy> -o \path\to\output.segy -s_srs 23030 -t_srs 23029
Note that, by default, the coordinates are read from the "Source" header (bytes 73 and 77) and are not overwritten. The new coordinates are written in the "CDP" header (bytes 181 and 185). The positions can be changed with the
Example for a directory:
python segy2segy.py <\path\to\folder> -s_srs 23030 -t_srs 23029 -s_coord CDP -t_coord Source -s _UTM29
inSEGY : Input SEGY file or directory containing SEGY files.
-o outSEGY : Output SEGY file. If omitted, a suffix must be defined (see option -s). Files can't be overwritten.
-s_srs srs def : Spatial reference system of the input (source) file. Must be defined as a EPSG code, i.e. 23029 for ED50 / UTM Zone 29N. See epsg.org and epsg.io for a convenient tool to find these codes.
-t_srs srs def : Spatial reference system of the output (target) file. Must be defined as a EPSG code, i.e. 23030 for ED50 / UTM Zone 30N. See epsg.org and epsg.io for a convenient tool to find these codes.
-s_coord string : Position of the coordinates in the input SEGY file. This corresponds to a trace header. Can be either 'Source', 'Group', or 'CDP'. Default is Source.
-t_coord string : Position of the coordinates in the output SEGY file. This corresponds to a trace header. Can be either 'Source', 'Group', or 'CDP'. Default is CDP.
-fs boolean : Force Scaling (optional). If True, the program will use the number defined by the scaler argument to calculate the coordinates. Default is False and so the program will read the coordinate scaler from the SEGY file. It will use the same value for writing coordinates to the new SEGY file.
-sc scaler : Used in combination with Force Scaling (optional). The scaler is defined like for a SEGY file, for example -100 for dividing by 100 when reading.
-s string : String to add at the end of the input file name as a suffix to create the output file name.