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BadUSB cable based on Attiny85 microcontroller.
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README.md

BadUSB-Cable (Evil Crow Cable)

BadUSB cable based on Attiny85 microcontroller (documentation, gerbers, design and schematic).

EvilCrow

Idea: Joel Serna & Ernesto Sánchez

Development and implementation: Joel Serna & Ernesto Sánchez

PCB design: Rev0: Jorge Mata, Rev1, Rev2, Rev3, Rev3.1: Ignacio Díaz Álvarez

The developers and collaborators of this project do not earn money with this. You can invite me for a coffee to further develop Low-Cost hacking devices. If you don't invite me for a coffee, nothing happens, I will continue developing devices.

ko-fi

New repository for the final version with the data line enabled: https://github.com/joelsernamoreno/EvilCrow-Cable

For Sale at:

Summary:

  1. History
  2. Acknowledgement
  3. Electronic components
  4. BadUSB Cable without USB connector
    • Rev0 (only for reference)
    • Rev1 (only for reference)
    • Rev2 (final version)
    • Rev3 (final version, this version is easier to weld on a mobile cable)
    • Rev3.1 (final version, Holes D+ and D- removed)
  5. Information
    • Rev0 (only for reference)
    • Rev1 (only for reference)
    • Rev2 (This version has a smaller size than Rev3)
    • Rev3 (This version is easier to weld on a mobile cable)
    • Rev3.1 (Holes D+ and D- removed)
    • Import the project
    • Introduction
  6. Assembly, bootloader and testing
    • Pinout Rev2
    • Pinout Rev3
    • Pinout Rev3.1
    • Hardware need to burn the bootloader
    • Download bootloader
    • Burning bootloader
    • Assemble Development Kit
    • Basic requirements
    • Installation of Digispark USB Driver (Windows)
    • Installation and update of Micronucleus Windows (not tested)
    • Installation and update of Micronucleus Ubuntu
    • Upload Payloads
    • Payloads
  7. VM for dummies

History

  • Start of the project and first BadUSB cable on breadboard (November 2017):

BadUSB Cable Breadboard

  • First BadUSB cable with USB connector (December 2017):

BadUSB Cable with USB connector

BadUSB Cable with USB connector

  • Finished proof of concept (January 2018):

BadUSB Cable final test

  • Technical presentation of BadUSB cable and first PCB design (Rev0) presented at Hackplayers Conference (February 2018):

Design 1

Design 1-1

  • Rev1 of BadUSB cable design (January 2019):

Rev1

NOTE: More information in Rev1 section.

  • Rev2 of BadUSB cable design (May 2019):

Rev2

NOTE: More information in Rev2 section.

  • First PCBs (July 2019):

First PCBs

First PCBs

First PCBs

First PCBs

  • BadUSB Cable Rev2 (August 2019):

0

1

2

  • Rev3 of BadUSB cable design (September 2019):

Render Rev3

  • Development kit (September 2019)

Dev kits

  • BadUSB Cable Rev3 (September 2019)

Rev3 cable

  • Development kits and complete cables for Navaja Negra Conference (October 2019)

NN

  • Rev3.1 of BadUSB Cable design (October 2019)

This version is a solution for Rev3. Rev3 has the holes D- and D+, these holes should NOT be soldered and Rev3 can be confusing. In Rev3.1 design these holes are eliminated, only VDD and GND are available. Thanks to @MG for recommending this solution.

Render Rev3.1

Acknowledgement

PCB design first version: Jorge Mata & Innovart

* Jorge Mata: @jor_mata

* Innovart: @innovart_cc

* https://innovart.cc

PCB design final version: Ignacio Díaz & ForensicSecurity

* Ignacio Díaz: @Ignacio Díaz Álvarez

* Forensic & Security: @ForensicSec

* https://forensic-security.com

Electronic components

Rev0:

  • ATTINY85 microcontroller
  • 2 x 3.6V zener diode
  • 2 x 68 ohm resistor
  • 1 x 1.5k resistor

Rev1-Rev2-Rev3-Rev3.1:

  • ATTINY85 microcontroller (8-soic)
  • 1 x 3.6V zener diode common anode (SOT23)
  • 2 x 68 ohm resistor (0402)
  • 1 x 1.5k resistor (0402)

Electronic components have been bought in: https://www.digikey.com/

Information

Rev0

NOTE: This Rev0 is included for reference purposes only, Rev2 is the final and full tested version.

BadUSB Cable Rev0

BadUSB Cable Rev0

Rev1

NOTE: This Rev1 is included for reference purposes only, Rev2 is the final and full tested version.

BadUSB Cable Rev1

BadUSB Cable Rev1

Rev2 (Final version)

Implementation of BadUSB cable based on Attiny85 microcontroller. This version has a smaller size than Rev3-Rev3.1

BadUSB Cable revision-2

BadUSB Cable final-1

BadUSB Cable final-2

Rev3 (BadUSB cable version easier to weld)

This version is easier to weld on a mobile cable.

Rev3

Rev3.1 (Holes D+ and D- removed)

This version is a solution for Rev3. Rev3 has the holes D- and D+, these holes should NOT be soldered and Rev3 can be confusing. In Rev3.1 design these holes are eliminated, only VDD and GND are available. Thanks to @MG for recommending this solution.

Rev3.1

Import the project

There is a custom built library footprints for this project, remember to import it.

Introduction

You can order the necessary components with the gerber files in the gerber directory and de BOM (Bill Of Materials).

Assembly, bootloader and testing

Pinout Rev2

  • Black: GND
  • Green: D+
  • White: D-
  • Red: VDD

Pinout

Pinout Rev3

  • Black: GND
  • Green: D+
  • White: D-
  • Red: VDD

Pinout

Pinout

Pinout Rev3.1

  • Black: GND
  • Green: D+
  • White: D-
  • Red: VDD

Pinout

Pinout

Hardware needed to burn the bootloader

NOTE: If you have a development kit or a complete cable obtained in Navaja Negra Conference... it is not necessary to download and burn the bootloader, continue with the following steps!!!

To burn the bootloader you can use diferent techniques, for the one we use you will need:

  • TEST CLIP SOIC 8 (2 X 4)
  • TINY AVR PROGRAMMER

clip programmer

Download bootloader

  • Download Micronucleus bootloader for ATTINY85: https://github.com/micronucleus

  • You can find the bootloader file at micronucleus\firmware\releases folder

  • Use "t85_default.hex" for the bootloader (Release 2.04)

Burning bootloader

Bootloader

You must use the correct fuses bit for the bootloader:

  • Extended: 0xFE
  • High: 0xDD
  • Low: 0xE1

AVRISP MKll In System Programmer and AVR Studio software for burning bootloader

AVRDUDESS

Assemble development kit

  1. Development kit

Development kit

  1. Add tin on the VDD pin of the USB connector

Tin USB connector

  1. Insert the PCB as shown in the photo

Insert PCB

  1. Add more tin on the VDD pin of the USB connector

Tin USB connector 2

  1. Add tin on all pins of the USB connector (GND, D+, D- ...)

Final USB connector

  1. Take a mobile phone cable and cut the male USB connector. Then you have to strip the wires as shown in the photo. NOTE: STRIP CABLES VDD and GND ONLY!!!

Strip wires

  1. Add tin to VDD and GND pins.

Tin VCC GND pin

  1. Welding the VDD and GND cables to the VDD and GND pins on the PCB. NOTE: Pins D+ and D- are free, you don't have to weld this!!!

Welding VDD GND

VCC GND only

  1. Add adhesive tape for compact cables and a robust result

Kit 1

Kit 2

Basic requirements

  1. Update Ubuntu packages with the following commands:
    • sudo apt update
    • sudo apt upgrade
  2. Download Arduino IDE: https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software
  3. Install drivers (Windows): https://raw.githubusercontent.com/digistump/DigistumpArduino/master/tools/micronucleus-2.0a4-win.zip
  4. Install libusb and lib32stdc with the following commands:
    • sudo apt install libusb-dev
    • sudo apt install lib32stdc++6
  5. Install build-essential with the following command:
    • sudo apt install build-essential
  6. Download DigisparkKeyboard library with multiple layout support: https://github.com/ernesto-xload/DigisparkKeyboard
  7. Unzip library in Arduino/libraries/directory
  8. Edit DigiKeyboard.h file and uncomment #define kbd_es_es
  9. Change #define kbd_es_es for your keyboard layout and save the changes
  10. Run Arduino IDE with the following commands (NOTE: Don't install the Arduino IDE, just run it!)
    • cd arduino-1.X.XX-linux64/arduino-1.X.XX/ (example: cd arduino-1.8.10-linux64/arduino-1.8.10/)
    • ./arduino (NOTE: Do not run the Arduino IDE with root permissions!)
  11. Click File and then Preferences
  12. Add the JSON URL to the Additional Boards Manager text box: http://digistump.com/package_digistump_index.json
  13. Click OK
  14. Click Tools > Board > Board Manager
  15. Search and Install: Digistump AVR Boards
  16. Close the Arduino IDE

Installation of Digispark USB Driver (Windows)

  1. Download Arduino for Digispark which come with USB driver: http://sourceforge.net/projects/digistump/files/
  2. Extract the file (DigisparkArduino-Win32-1.0.4-March29.zip) to any folder
  3. Execute DigisparkArduino-Win32\DigisparkWindowsDriver\InstallDriver.exe to start installing the USB driver

Installation and update of Micronucleus Windows (Not tested)

https://github.com/micronucleus/micronucleus

Installation and update of Micronucleus Ubuntu

  1. Create the 49-micronucleus.rules file in the /etc/udev/rules.d/ directory.
  2. Copy the contents to the file you just created: https://github.com/micronucleus/micronucleus/wiki/Ubuntu-Linux
  3. Reboot the computer or run the following command to update the UDEV rules: udevadm control --reload-rules
  4. Download Micronucleus with the following command: git clone https://github.com/micronucleus/micronucleus.git
  5. Access the micronucleus/commandline directory with the following command: cd micronucleus/commandline
  6. Compile with the following command: make
  7. Access the .arduino15/packages/digistump/tools/micronucleus/2.0a4 directory with the following command: cd ~/.arduino15/packages/digistump/tools/micronucleus/2.0a4/
  8. Create a backup of Micronucleus with following command: mv micronucleus micronucleus.old
  9. Copy the latest version of Micronucleus to this directory with the following command: cp ~/PATH/micronucleus/commandline/micronucleus .
  10. Reboot

Upload Payloads

  1. Download payloads: https://github.com/joelsernamoreno/badusb_examples/tree/master/attiny85_digispark
  2. Run Arduino IDE with the following commands (NOTE: Don't install the Arduino IDE, just run it!)
    • cd arduino-1.X.XX-linux64/arduino-1.X.XX/ (example: cd arduino-1.8.10-linux64/arduino-1.8.10/)
    • ./arduino (NOTE: Do not run the Arduino IDE with root permissions!)
  3. Open Payload with Arduino IDE
  4. Click tools and select Board: Digispark (Default - 16.5 Mhz)
  5. Click Upload
  6. Connect the BadUSB cable when the Arduino IDE says to connect it.

Demo video: https://twitter.com/JoelSernaMoreno/status/1181296289323130882?s=19

Sketch

Payloads

You can get payloads in the following repository:

https://github.com/joelsernamoreno/badusb_examples/tree/master/attiny85_digispark

VM for dummies

  1. Download VM: https://mega.nz/#!dtBmgQIY!4iiRBmrM1v42V-EDzVBr9dvOznbAHK-9jp3wK9BgMlo
  2. Download and install VMWare: https://www.vmware.com/
  3. Run VMware
  4. Import Ubuntu.ova
  5. Install VMWare-Tools: https://vitux.com/how-to-install-vmware-tools-in-ubuntu/
  6. Add serial port with the following steps:
    • Click on VM -> Settings
    • Click on +Add...
    • Select serial port
    • Click on finish

Serial Port

  1. Add USB controller with the following steps:
    • Click on VM -> Settings
    • Click on +Add...
    • Select USB controller
    • Click on finish

USB Controller

  1. Run Ubuntu VM
  2. Enter password (password: evilcrowcable)
  3. Open a terminal (CTRL+ALT+T)
  4. Run Arduino IDE with the following commands:
    • cd arduino-1.8.10-linux64/arduino-1.8.10/
    • ./arduino (NOTE: Do not run the Arduino IDE with root permissions!)
  5. Open a payload /home/evilcrowcable/attiny85_digispark/
  6. Click tools and select Board: Digispark (Default - 16.5 Mhz)
  7. Click Upload
  8. Connect the BadUSB cable when the Arduino IDE says to connect it.

Demo video: https://twitter.com/JoelSernaMoreno/status/1181296289323130882?s=19

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