In mathematics, a semigroup is an algebraic structure consisting of a set together with an associative binary operation. A semigroup generalizes a monoid in that there might not exist an identity element. It also (originally) generalized a group (a monoid with all inverses) to a type where every element did not have to have an inverse, thus the name semigroup.
Semigroups appear all over the place, except in the Haskell Prelude, so they are packaged here.
Contributions and bug reports are welcome!
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