Python/Numpy bspline implementation via Cox - de Boor
Jupyter Notebook Python
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.

Python/Numpy implementation of Bspline basis functions via Cox - de Boor algorithm.

Also provided are higher-order differentiation, collocation matrix generation, and a minimal procedural API (mainly for dealing with knot vectors) which may help in converting MATLAB codes.


import numpy

import bspline
import bspline.splinelab as splinelab

## Spline setup and evaluation

p = 3              # order of spline (as-is; 3 = cubic)
nknots = 11        # number of knots to generate (here endpoints count only once)
tau = [0.1, 0.33]  # collocation sites (i.e. where to evaluate)

knots = numpy.linspace(0,1,nknots)  # create a knot vector without endpoint repeats
k     = splinelab.augknt(knots, p)  # add endpoint repeats as appropriate for spline order p
B     = bspline.Bspline(k, p)       # create spline basis of order p on knots k

A0 = B.collmat(tau)                 # collocation matrix for function value at sites tau
A2 = B.collmat(tau, deriv_order=2)  # collocation matrix for second derivative at sites tau

print( A0 )
print( A2 )

D3 = B.diff(order=3)  # third derivative of B as lambda x: ...
print( D3(0.4) )

D  = numpy.array( [D3(t) for t in tau], dtype=numpy.float64 )  # third derivative of B at sites tau

## Spline setup by defining collocation sites

ncolloc = 7
tau = numpy.linspace(0,1,ncolloc)  # These are the sites to which we would like to interpolate
k   = splinelab.aptknt(tau, p)     # Given the collocation sites, generate a knot vector
                                   # (incl. endpoint repeats). To get meaningful results,
                                   # here one must choose ncolloc such that  ncolloc >= p+1.
B   = bspline.Bspline(k, p)

A0  = B.collmat(tau)

print( A0 )

## Evaluate a function expressed in the spline basis:

# set up coefficients (in a real use case, fill this with something sensible,
#                      e.g. with an L2 projection onto the spline basis)
nbasis = A0.shape[1]  # A0.shape = (num_collocation_sites, num_basis_functions)
c = numpy.ones( (nbasis,), dtype=numpy.float64 )

# evaluate f(0.4)
y1 = numpy.sum( B(0.4) * c )

# evaluate at each tau[k]
y2 = numpy.array( [numpy.sum( B(t) * c ) for t in tau], dtype=numpy.float64 )

# equivalent, using the collocation matrix
# NOTE: the sites tau are built into the matrix when collmat() is called.
y3 = numpy.sum( A0 * c, axis=-1 )


From PyPI

Install as user:

pip install bspline --user

Install as admin:

sudo pip install bspline

From GitHub

As user:

git clone
cd bspline
python install --user

As admin, change the last command to

sudo python install

Old method

Copy and files from the bspline subdirectory next to your source code, or leave them there and call it as a module.

Tested on

  • Python 2.7 and 3.4.
  • Linux Mint.