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JavaSlicer is an open-source dynamic slicing tool developed by Clemens Hammacher at Saarland University. It computes dynamic backward slices of Java programs by attaching to them as a java agent.


JavaSlicer requires the following software on your machine:

  • JDK 1.6 or 1.7

    JDK 1.8 introduces new language features which JavaSlicer is unable to handle (pull requests are welcome!)

      > javac -version
      javac 1.6.0_20
  • Apache Maven

      > mvn --version
      Apache Maven 2.2.0 (r788681; 2009-06-26 15:04:01+0200)
      Java version: 1.6.0_20

To compile all JavaSlicer components, do simply run the assemble script:

> cd javaslicer
> ./

This should create an assembly directory and copy runnable jars into it:

> ls -lh assembly
slicer.jar     traceReader.jar   tracer.jar     visualize.jar

If you plan to modify the JavaSlicer sources, you can use Maven to create the corresponding eclipse projects:

mvn eclipse:eclipse

After that, just import the created projects.

If you installed a Maven plugin in eclipse (e.g. m2e), you can just import the Maven projects without calling "mvn eclipse:eclipse" on the command line.


This section shortly describes how to use the command-line tools of JavaSlicer. It assumes that you have the assembled jar files as created by Maven. If you plan to integrate JavaSlicer into your own tool or to develop another tool on top of JavaSlicer, I recommend looking at the Java API instead of using the existing command line tools. You should start learning the API from the existing main-methods, mainly in the TraceResult and Slicer classes.

This description assumes that you have the following jar files:

> ls -lh assembly
slicer.jar     traceReader.jar   tracer.jar     visualize.jar

Use tracer.jar (containing the java agent) to create the trace of a java program run. In order to have all debug information (like variable names and line numbers) available, you should have compiled your program with the "-g" flag. JavaSlicer has been developed and tested on bytecode compiled by the Sun Java Compiler in version 1.6 (any OpenJDK compiler should be compatible). Other compilers may generate unsupported bytecode sequences (especially for creating new objects).

You can get a list of all options for the java agent:

> java -javaagent:assembly/tracer.jar=help

Create a trace file by just attaching the java agent (tracer.jar) to the java process. It does not matter whether you execute a runnable jar, like this:

> java -javaagent:assembly/tracer.jar=tracefile:test.trace -jar evaluation/dacapo-2006-10-MR2.jar -s small pmd

or any other class files from your classpath:

> java -javaagent:... -cp bin/classes:resources my.package.ClassName

You can also trace JUnit tests (cmp.

> java -javaagent:... org.junit.runner.JUnitCore <test class name>

Then you can just view the complete trace, if you want so (be warned that the output can be huge!):

> java -jar assembly/traceReader.jar test.trace

For output options of the traceReader, please see the provided help:

> java -jar assembly/traceReader.jar -h

Or you can run the dynamic slicer on it, and you should give the JVM some more memory:

> java -Xmx2g -jar assembly/slicer.jar -p test.trace java.util.HashMap.clear:614

The slicer gives you a summary of the options available:

> java -jar assembly/slicer.jar

Defining The Slicing Criterion

It is crucial for the usave of JavaSlicer to understand how to specify the slicing criterion. There are three options: Either you slice for the execution of specific instructions (i.e. you start with control dependencies):


The slice then contains all instructions on the specified line plus (transitively) those instructions which lead to the execution of any of the selected instructions.

The other option is to slice for specific data:


Then the slice contains all instructions which influenced the values of the local variables "tab" and "modCount" in the method java.util.HashMap.clear in line 614. Note that the local variables don't have to occur in this line. You can even leave out the line number, then you will slice for the last value of the variables in that method.

In this form, the instructions on the specified line are only added to the slice if their produced value is used by any other instruction on that line.

The third option is to slice for the execution and all data used in a specific line. A slicing criterion of this form looks like this:


This slice will be the transitive closure over all control and data dependences starting from the specified instruction(s).

You can specify several slicing criteria for one slicing run by specifying them all together, separated by a comma:


There are still problems with tracing for parameters. If you trace for a "local variable" which is a parameter that has not been written in the method, then the slice may be empty. This will potentially be fixed some day.

Note that in many cases, you have to quote the slicing criterion such that the shell does not try to expand it (not only "*", but especially "{a,b,c}").

If you wish to, you can even visualize the slice using the JUNG library, but this is not very useful in most cases:

> java -Xmx2g -jar assembly/visualize.jar -p test.trace java.util.HashMap.clear:614


JavaSlicer is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

JavaSlicer is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

A copy of the GNU General Public License is distributed along with JavaSlicer. You can also see


JavaSlicer is an open-source dynamic slicing tool developed at Saarland University







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