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<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>[% pagename %] - [% site_title %]</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="en-gb">
<link href="[% IF download %][% path %][% ELSE %]/[% END %]static/css-20090925.css" rel="stylesheet" rev="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="screen">
</head>
<body onLoad="perldoc.startup();" onPageShow="if (event.persisted) perldoc.startup();">
<div id="page">
<div id="header">
<div id="homepage_link">
<a href="[% path %]index.html"></a>
</div>
<div id="search_form">
<form action="[% path %]search.html" method="GET" id="search">
<input type="text" name="q" id="search_box" alt="Search">
</form>
</div>
</div>
<div id="body">
<div id="left_column">
<div class="side_group">
<div class="side_panel doc_panel">
<p>Manual</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-overview.html">Overview</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-tutorials.html">Tutorials</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-faq.html">FAQs</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-history.html">History / Changes</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-licence.html">License</a>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="side_panel doc_panel">
<p>Reference</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-language.html">Language</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-functions.html">Functions</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]perlop.html">Operators</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]perlvar.html">Special Variables</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-pragmas.html">Pragmas</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-utilities.html">Utilities</a>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-internals.html">Internals</a></li>
<li><a href="[% path %]index-platforms.html">Platform Specific</a>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="side_panel doc_panel">
<p>Modules</p>
<ul>
<li>
[% az_indexes = [] %]
[% FOREACH az IN module_az %]
[% IF az.link %]
[% az_indexes.push(az) %]
[% END %]
[% END %]
[% FOREACH az IN az_indexes %]
<a href="[% path %][% az.link %]">[% az.letter %]</a>
[% UNLESS loop.last %]
[% IF ((loop.count % 5) == 0) %]
<li>
[% ELSE %]
&bull;
[% END %]
[% END %]
[% END %]
</ul>
</div>
</div>
<div class="side_group">
<div class="side_panel links_panel">
<p>News / Blogs</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://perlbuzz.com">Perl Buzz</a></li>
<li><a href="http://ironman.enlightenedperl.org">Perl Iron Man</a></li>
<li><a href="http://perlsphere.net">Perlsphere</a></li>
<li><a href="http://planet.perl.org">Planet Perl</a></li>
<li><a href="http://news.perlfoundation.org/">TPF news</a></li>
<li><a href="http://use.perl.org">Use Perl</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="side_panel links_panel">
<p>See also</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://search.cpan.org">CPAN</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.perl.org">Perl.org</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.perl.com">Perl.com</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.perlfoundation.org/perl5/index.cgi">Perl 5 Wiki</a></li>
<li><a href="http://jobs.perl.org">Perl Jobs</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.pm.org">Perl Mongers</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.perlmonks.org">Perl Monks</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="side_panel links_panel">
<p>Contact</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://perl.jonallen.info">Site designed and maintained by Jon&nbsp;Allen&nbsp;(JJ)</a>
<li><a href="http://perl.jonallen.info">http://perl.jonallen.info</a>
</ul>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://perl.jonallen.info/projects/perldoc">View the project page and FAQs</a>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="centre_column">
<div id="content_header">
<div id="title_bar">
<div id="page_name">
<h1>[% pagename %]</h1>
</div>
<div id="perl_version">
Perl 5 version [% perl5_version %] documentation
</div>
<div id="page_links">
<a href="#" onClick="toolbar.goToTop();return false;">Go to top</a>
[% IF page_index %]
&bull; <a href="#" id="page_index_toggle">Show page index</a>
[% END %]
[% IF (pdf && pdf_link) %]
&bull; <a href="[% path %][% pdf_link %]">Download PDF</a>
[% END %]
</div>
</div>
<div id="breadcrumbs">
[% INCLUDE breadcrumb.tt %]
</div>
</div>
<div id="content_body">
<!--[if lt IE 7]>
<div class="noscript">
<p>
<strong>It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 6. This is a very old
browser which does not offer full support for modern websites.</strong>
</p>
<p>
Unfortunately this means that this website will not work on
your computer.
</p>
<p>
Don't miss out though! To view the site (and get a better experience from
many other websites), simply upgrade to
<a href="http://www.microsoft.com/windows/Internet-explorer/default.aspx">Internet
Explorer 8</a>
or download an alternative browser such as
<a href="http://www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox/firefox.html">Firefox</a>,
<a href="http://www.apple.com/safari/download/">Safari</a>, or
<a href="http://www.google.co.uk/chrome">Google Chrome</a>.
</p>
<p>
All of these browsers are free. If you're using a PC at work, you may
need to contact your IT administrator.
</p>
</div>
<![endif]-->
<noscript>
<div class="noscript">
<p>
<strong>Please note: Many features of this site require JavaScript. You appear to have JavaScript disabled,
or are running a non-JavaScript capable web browser.</strong>
</p>
<p>
To get the best experience, please enable JavaScript or download a modern web browser such as <a href="http://www.microsoft.com/windows/Internet-explorer/default.aspx">Internet Explorer 8</a>, <a href="http://www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox/firefox.html">Firefox</a>, <a href="http://www.apple.com/safari/download/">Safari</a>, or <a href="http://www.google.co.uk/chrome">Google Chrome</a>.
</p>
</div>
</noscript>
<div id="from_search"></div>
[% INCLUDE $content_tt %]
&nbsp;
</div>
<div id="content_footer">
</div>
</div>
<div id="right_column">
<div class="side_group">
[% UNLESS download %]
[% INCLUDE perlversion.tt %]
[% END %]
<div class="side_panel tools_panel">
<p>Recently read</p>
<div id="recent_pages"></div>
</div>
<div class="side_panel tools_panel">
<p>Tools</p>
<ul>
<li><a href="[% path %]preferences.html">Preferences</a>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="clear"></div>
</div>
<div id="footer">
<div id="footer_content">
</div>
</div>
</div>
<script language="JavaScript" src="[% IF download %][% path %][% ELSE %]/[% END %]static/combined-20090809.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script language="JavaScript" type="text/javascript">
perldoc.setPath([% pagedepth %]);
perldoc.pageName = '[% pagename %]';
perldoc.pageAddress = '[% pageaddress %]';
perldoc.contentPage = [% contentpage or 0 %];
</script>
[% UNLESS download %]
<script type="text/javascript">
var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://ssl." : "http://www.");
document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src='" + gaJsHost + "google-analytics.com/ga.js' type='text/javascript'%3E%3C/script%3E"));
</script>
<script type="text/javascript">
var pageTrackerJJ = _gat._getTracker("UA-1892152-2");
pageTrackerJJ._initData();
pageTrackerJJ._trackPageview();
var pageTrackerRobert = _gat._getTracker("UA-50555-3");
pageTrackerRobert._initData();
pageTrackerRobert._trackPageview();
</script>
[% END %]
</body>
</html>
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