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# Set another default user than root for security reasons
user www www;
# As a thumb rule: One per CPU. If you are serving a large amount
# of static files, which requires blocking disk reads, you may want
# to increase this from the number of cpu_cores available on your
# system.
# The maximum number of connections for Nginx is calculated by:
# max_clients = worker_processes * worker_connections
worker_processes 1;
# Maximum file descriptors that can be opened per process
# This should be > worker_connections
worker_rlimit_nofile 8192;
events {
# When you need > 8000 * cpu_cores connections, you start optimizing
# your OS, and this is probably the point at where you hire people
# who are smarter than you, this is *a lot* of requests.
worker_connections 8000;
# This sets up some smart queueing for accept(2)'ing requests
# Set it to "on" if you have > worker_processes
accept_mutex off;
# These settings are OS specific, by defualt Nginx uses select(2),
# however, for a large number of requests epoll(2) and kqueue(2)
# are generally faster than the default (select(2))
# use epoll; # enable for Linux 2.6+
# use kqueue; # enable for *BSD (FreeBSD, OS X, ..)
# Change these paths to somewhere that suits you!
error_log logs/error.log;
pid logs/;
http {
# Set the mime-types
include mime.types;
# And the fallback mime-type
default_type application/octet-stream;
# Format for our log files
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] $status '
'"$request" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
# Click tracking!
access_log logs/access.log main;
# ~2 seconds is often enough for HTML/CSS, but connections in
# Nginx are cheap, so generally it's safe to increase it
keepalive_timeout 5;
# You usually want to serve static files with Nginx
sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on; # off may be better for Comet/long-poll stuff
tcp_nodelay off; # on may be better for Comet/long-poll stuff
# Enable Gzip
gzip on;
gzip_http_version 1.0;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_min_length 1100;
gzip_buffers 4 8k;
gzip_proxied any;
gzip_types text/html text/plain text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/css text/javascript application/javascript application/json;
gzip_static on;
gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private auth;
gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.";
gzip_vary on;
server {
# listen 80 default deferred; # for Linux
# listen 80 default accept_filter=httpready; # for FreeBSD
listen 80 default;
# e.g. "localhost" to accept all connections, or ""
# to handle the requests for "" (and
server_name _;
# Path for static files
root /sites/;
expires 1M;
# Static assets
location ~* ^.+\.(manifest)$ {
expires -1D;
root /sites/;
access_log logs/static.log;
location ~* ^.+\.(ico|ogg|ogv|svg|svgz|eot|otf|woff|mp4|ttf|css|rss|atom|js|jpg|jpeg|gif|png|ico|zip|tgz|gz|rar|bz2|doc|xls|exe|ppt|tar|mid|midi|wav|bmp|rtf)$ {
# Only set expires max IFF the file is a static file and exists
if (-f $request_filename) {
expires max;
root /sites/;
access_log logs/static.log;