Markdown parser, done right. Commonmark support, extensions, syntax plugins, high speed - all in one. Gulp and metalsmith plugins are also available.
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Latest commit e9d1a2f Nov 30, 2016 @jonschlinkert committed on GitHub Merge pull request #244 from rentzsch/master
fix doc links


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Markdown parser done right. Fast and easy to extend.

Live demo



npm install remarkable --save


bower install remarkable --save

browser (CDN):


var Remarkable = require('remarkable');
var md = new Remarkable();

console.log(md.render('# Remarkable rulezz!'));
// => <h1>Remarkable rulezz!</h1>

If installed globally with npm:

cat | remarkable
remarkable --file

# get options
remarkable -h


See the docs directory for documentation on the following topics:


By default, remarkable is configured to be similar to GFM, but with HTML disabled. This is easy to change if you prefer different settings.

There are two ways to define options.


Define options in the constructor:

// Actual default values
var md = new Remarkable({
  html:         false,        // Enable HTML tags in source
  xhtmlOut:     false,        // Use '/' to close single tags (<br />)
  breaks:       false,        // Convert '\n' in paragraphs into <br>
  langPrefix:   'language-',  // CSS language prefix for fenced blocks
  linkify:      false,        // Autoconvert URL-like text to links

  // Enable some language-neutral replacement + quotes beautification
  typographer:  false,

  // Double + single quotes replacement pairs, when typographer enabled,
  // and smartquotes on. Set doubles to '«»' for Russian, '„“' for German.
  quotes: '“”‘’',

  // Highlighter function. Should return escaped HTML,
  // or '' if the source string is not changed
  highlight: function (/*str, lang*/) { return ''; }

console.log(md.render('# Remarkable rulezz!'));
// => <h1>Remarkable rulezz!</h1>


Or define options via the .set() method:

var Remarkable = require('remarkable');
var md = new Remarkable();

  html: true,
  breaks: true

Note: To achieve the best possible performance, don't modify a Remarkable instance on the fly. If you need multiple configurations, create multiple instances and initialize each with a configuration that is ideal for that instance.


Remarkable offers some "presets" as a convenience to quickly enable/disable active syntax rules and options for common use cases.


Enable strict CommonMark mode with the commonmark preset:

var Remarkable = require('remarkable');
var md = new Remarkable('commonmark');


Enable all available rules (but still with default options, if not set):

var Remarkable = require('remarkable');
var md = new Remarkable('full');

// Or with options:
var md = new Remarkable('full', {
  html: true,
  linkify: true,
  typographer: true

Syntax highlighting

Apply syntax highlighting to fenced code blocks with the highlight option:

var Remarkable = require('remarkable');
var hljs       = require('highlight.js') //

// Actual default values
var md = new Remarkable({
  highlight: function (str, lang) {
    if (lang && hljs.getLanguage(lang)) {
      try {
        return hljs.highlight(lang, str).value;
      } catch (err) {}

    try {
      return hljs.highlightAuto(str).value;
    } catch (err) {}

    return ''; // use external default escaping

Syntax extensions

Enabled by default:

Disabled by default:

  • <sup> - 19^th^
  • <sub> - H~2~0
  • abbreviations
  • <ins> - ++inserted text++ (experimental)
  • <mark> - ==marked text== (experimental)

HEADS UP!: Experimental extensions can be changed later for something like Critic Markup, but you will still be able to use old-style rules via external plugins if you prefer.

Manage rules

var md = new Remarkable();
md.inline.ruler.enable([ 'ins', 'mark' ]);
md.block.ruler.disable([ 'table', 'footnote' ]);

// Enable everything
md = new Remarkable('full', {
  html: true,
  linkify: true,
  typographer: true,

// Manually enable rules, disabled by default:
var md = new Remarkable();


Although full-weight typographical replacements are language specific, remarkable provides coverage for the most common and universal use cases:

var Remarkable = require('remarkable');
var md = new Remarkable({
  typographer: true,
  quotes: '“”‘’'

// Disable rules at all:
md.core.ruler.disable([ 'replacements', 'smartquotes' ]);

// Actual default replacements:
// '' → ‘’
// "" → “”. Set '«»' for Russian, '„“' for German, empty to disable
// (c) (C) → ©
// (tm) (TM) → ™
// (r) (R) → ®
// +- → ±
// (p) (P) -> §
// ... → … (also ?.... → ?.., !.... → !..)
// ???????? → ???, !!!!! → !!!, `,,` → `,`
// -- → &ndash;, --- → &mdash;

Of course, you can also add your own rules or replace the defaults with something more advanced or specific to your language.


Easily load plugins with the .use() method:

var md = new Remarkable();

  .use(plugin2, opts)

Please refer to the plugin documentation to create your own plugins.

References / Thanks

Big thanks to John MacFarlane for his work on the CommonMark spec and reference implementations. His work saved us a lot of time during this project's development.

Related Links:

  1. - reference CommonMark implementations in C & JS, also contains latest spec & online demo.
  2. - CommonMark forum, good place to collaborate developers' efforts.

Development / Modification

Parser consists of several responsibility chains filled with rules. You can reconfigure any of them as you wish. Renderer also can be modified and extended. See source code to understand details. Pay attention to these properties:



Here is result of CommonMark spec parse at Core i5 2.4 GHz (i5-4258U):

$ benchmark/benchmark.js spec
Selected samples: (1 of 27)
 > spec

Sample: spec.txt (110610 bytes)
 > commonmark-reference x 40.42 ops/sec ±4.07% (51 runs sampled)
 > current x 74.99 ops/sec ±4.69% (67 runs sampled)
 > current-commonmark x 93.76 ops/sec ±1.23% (79 runs sampled)
 > marked-0.3.2 x 22.92 ops/sec ±0.79% (41 runs sampled)

As you can see, remarkable doesn't pay with speed for it's flexibility. Because it's written in monomorphic style and uses JIT inline caches effectively.