Joomla Framework Event Package
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README.md

The Event Package Build Status

The event package provides foundations to build event systems and an implementation supporting prioritized listeners.

Events

Example

An event has a name and can transport arguments.

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Event;

// Creating an Event called "onSomething".
$event = new Event('onSomething');

// Adding an argument named "foo" with value "bar".
$event->addArgument('foo', 'bar');

// Setting the "foo" argument with a new value.
$event->setArgument('foo', new \stdClass);

// Getting the "foo" argument value.
$foo = $event->getArgument('foo');

Its propagation can be stopped

$event->stop();

Event Listeners

An event listener can listen to one or more Events.

You can create two types of listeners : using a class or a closure (anonymous function).

The functions MUST take an EventInterface (or children) as unique parameter.

Classes

The listener listens to events having names matching its method names.

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\EventInterface;

/**
 * A listener listening to content manipulation events.
 */
class ContentListener
{
    /**
     * Listens to the onBeforeContentSave event.
     */
    public function onBeforeContentSave(EventInterface $event)
    {
        // Do something with the event, you might want to inspect its arguments.
    }

    /**
     * Listens to the onAfterContentSave event.
     */
    public function onAfterContentSave(EventInterface $event)
    {

    }
}

Closures

Closures can listen to any Event, it must be declared when adding them to the Dispatcher (see below).

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\EventInterface;

$listener = function (EventInterface $event) {
    // Do something with the event, you might want to inspect its arguments.
};

The Dispatcher

The Dispatcher is the central point of the Event system, it manages the registration of Events, listeners and the triggering of Events.

Registering Object Listeners

Following the example above, you can register the ContentListener to the dispatcher :

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Dispatcher;

// Creating a dispatcher.
$dispatcher = new Dispatcher;

/**
 * Adding the ContentListener to the Dispatcher.
 * By default, it will be registered to all events matching it's method names.
 * So, it will be registered to the onBeforeContentSave and onAfterContentSave events.
 */
$dispatcher->addListener(new ContentListener);

If the object contains other methods that should not be registered, you will need to explicitly list the events to be registered. For example:

$dispatcher->addListener(
    new ContentListener,
    array(
        'onBeforeContentSave' => Priority::NORMAL,
        'onAfterContentSave' => Priority::NORMAL,
    )
);

// Alternatively, include a helper method:
$listener = new ContentListener;
$dispatcher->addListener($listener, $listener->getEvents());

Registering Closure Listeners

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Dispatcher;
use Joomla\Event\Priority;

// Of course, it shouldn't be empty.
$listener = function (EventInterface $event) {
};

$dispatcher = new Dispatcher;

/**
 * Adding a Closure Listener to the Dispatcher.
 * You must specify the event name and the priority of the listener.
 * Here, we register it for the onContentSave event with a normal Priority.
 */
$dispatcher->addListener(
    $listener,
    array('onContentSave' => Priority::NORMAL)
);

As you noticed, it is possible to specify a listener's priority for a given Event. It is also possible to do so with "object" Listeners.

Filtering Listeners

DEPRECATED

Listeners class can become quite complex, and may support public methods other than those required for event handling. The setListenerFilter method can be used to set a regular expression that is used to check the method names of objects being added as listeners.

// Ensure the dispatcher only registers "on*" methods.
$dispatcher->setListenerFilter('^on');

Registration with Priority

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Dispatcher;
use Joomla\Event\Priority;

/**
 * Adding the ContentListener to the Dispatcher.
 * It will be registered with a high priority for the onBeforeContentSave, and
 * an "Above normal" priority for the onAfterContentSave event.
 */
$dispatcher->addListener(
    new ContentListener,
    array(
        'onBeforeContentSave' => Priority::HIGH,
        'onAfterContentSave' => Priority::ABOVE_NORMAL
    )
);

The default priority is the Priority::NORMAL.

When you add an "object" Listener without specifying the event names, it is registered with a NORMAL priority to all events.

/**
 * Here, it won't be registered to the onAfterContentSave event because
 * it is not specified.
 *
 * If you specify a priority for an Event,
 * then you must specify the priority for all Events.
 *
 * It is good pracctice to do so, it will avoid to register the listener
 * to "useless" events and by consequence save a bit of memory.
 */
$dispatcher->addListener(
    new ContentListener,
    array('onBeforeContentSave' => Priority::NORMAL)
);

If some listeners have the same priority for a given event, they will be called in the order they were added to the Dispatcher.

Registering Events

You can register Events to the Dispatcher, if you need custom ones.

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Dispatcher;
use Joomla\Event\Event;

// Creating an event with a "foo" argument.
$event = new Event('onBeforeContentSave');
$event->setArgument('foo', 'bar');

// Registering the event to the Dispatcher.
$dispatcher = new Dispatcher;
$dispatcher->addEvent($event);

By default, an Event object is created with no arguments, when triggering the Event.

Triggering Events

Once you registered your listeners (and eventually events to the Dispatcher), you can trigger the events.

The listeners will be called in a queue according to their priority for that Event.

// Triggering the onAfterSomething Event.
$dispatcher->triggerEvent('onAfterSomething');

If you registered an Event object having the onAfterSomething name, then it will be passed to all listeners instead of the default one.

You can also pass a custom Event when triggering it

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Dispatcher;
use Joomla\Event\Event;

// Creating an event called "onAfterSomething" with a "foo" argument.
$event = new Event('onAfterSomething');
$event->setArgument('foo', 'bar');

$dispatcher = new Dispatcher;

// Triggering the onAfterSomething Event.
$dispatcher->triggerEvent($event);

If you already added an Event with the onAfterSomething name using addEvent, then the event passed to the triggerEvent method will be chosen instead.

Stopping the Propagation

As said above, you can stop the Event propagation if you are listening to an Event supporting it, it is the case for the Event class.

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\Event;

class ContentListener
{
    public function onBeforeContentSave(Event $event)
    {
        // Stopping the Event propagation.
        $event->stop();
    }
}

When stopping the Event propagation, the next listeners in the queue won't be called.

Observable classes

Observable classes depend on a Dispatcher, and they may implement the DispatcherAwareInterface interface.

Example of a Model class :

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\DispatcherAwareInterface;
use Joomla\Event\DispatcherInterface;
use Joomla\Event\Event;

class ContentModel implements DispatcherAwareInterface
{
    const ON_BEFORE_SAVE_EVENT = 'onBeforeSaveEvent';
    const ON_AFTER_SAVE_EVENT = 'onAfterSaveEvent';

    /**
     * The underlying dispatcher.
     *
     * @var  DispatcherInterface
     */
    protected $dispatcher;

    public function save()
    {
        $this->dispatcher->triggerEvent(self::ON_BEFORE_SAVE_EVENT);

        // Perform the saving.

        $this->dispatcher->triggerEvent(self::ON_AFTER_SAVE_EVENT);
    }

    /**
     * Set the dispatcher to use.
     *
     * @param   DispatcherInterface  $dispatcher  The dispatcher to use.
     *
     * @return  DispatcherAwareInterface  This method is chainable.
     */
    public function setDispatcher(DispatcherInterface $dispatcher)
    {
        $this->dispatcher = $dispatcher;
    }
}

Immutable Events

An immutable event cannot be modified after its instanciation:

  • its arguments cannot be modified
  • its propagation can't be stopped

It is useful when you don't want the listeners to manipulate it (they can only inspect it).

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\EventImmutable;

// Creating an immutable event called onSomething with an argument "foo" with value "bar"
$event = new EventImmutable('onSomething', array('foo' => 'bar'));

The Delegating Dispatcher

A dispatcher that delegates its method to an other Dispatcher. It is an easy way to achieve immutability for a Dispatcher.

namespace MyApp;

use Joomla\Event\DelegatingDispatcher;
use Joomla\Event\Dispatcher;

$dispatcher = new Dispatcher;

// Here you add you listeners and your events....

// Instanciating a delegating dispatcher.
$delegatingDispatcher = new DelegatingDispatcher($dispatcher);

// Now you inject this dispatcher in your system, and it has only the triggerEvent method.

This is useful when you want to make sure that 3rd party applications, won't register or remove listeners from the Dispatcher.

Installation via Composer

Add "joomla/event": "~1.0" to the require block in your composer.json and then run composer install.

{
    "require": {
        "joomla/event": "~1.0"
    }
}

Alternatively, you can simply run the following from the command line:

composer require joomla/event "~1.0"