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Notes on solving the paradoxical problem of vote integrity and vote anonymity using a probabilistic vote chain.


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Projects in development


  • According to this Reddit post, apparently what we need are "Zero Knowledge proofs" - "Voting and Governance: If you want to have privacy in voting you likely want ZK Proofs. If you want to prevent users from being able to retain proof of who they voted for and still prove consistency and correctness of the voting process, you want ZK Proofs."
    Reddit thread

  • Vote Coin is also established project in Algorand ecosystem. It defines standard how to ask questions through the blockchain, how to cast votes, how to change votes, how to delegate voting power, how to manage trusted list of accounts and how to calculate the voting results in different scenarios. The vote coin targets DAOs decision making process to be onchain, fully auditable and trustworthy. Vote Coin DAO token which manages standard, and list of auditing companies, is listed on TinyMan.


  • Nano (cryptocurrency) live transaction voting visualization u/numso - "Crytpcurrencies need a consensus algorithm. Nano uses an unique way to achieve consensus which is called Open Representative Voting. In this graph, every small block is a transaction being validated by representatives (computers in a distributed network). Individual blocks move higher up on the graph towards a constant quorum. When they reach the top, the transaction is considered valid and confirmed. Each representative holds a variable amount of vote weight so the blocks must reach the quorum by collecting votes from several different representatives."



Google votes


Random Reddit threads on the topic

Ridealongs voting series



  • Sandler, D., Derr, K., & Wallach, D. (2008). VoteBox: A Tamper-evident, Verifiable Electronic Voting System. USENIX Security Symposium, 349–364.

  • Kiayias, A., Zacharias, T., & Zhang, B. (2017). An Efficient E2E Verifiable E-voting System without Setup Assumptions. IEEE Security and Privacy, 15(3), 14–23.

  • Kohli, N., & Laskowski, P. (2018). Epsilon Voting: Mechanism Design for Parameter Selection in Differential Privacy. 2018 IEEE Symposium on Privacy-Aware Computing (PAC), 19–30.

  • Wood, J., Badawood, D., Dykes, J., & Slingsby, A. (2011). Ballotmaps: Detecting name bias in alphabetically ordered ballot papers. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 17(12), 2384–2391.

  • Battiti, R., & Colla, A. M. (1994). Democracy in neural nets: Voting schemes for classification. Neural Networks, 7(4), 691–707.

  • Kiayias, A., Zacharias, T., & Zhang, B. (2017). An Efficient E2E Verifiable E-voting System without Setup Assumptions. IEEE Security and Privacy, 15(3), 14–23.

  • No comment on this yet, but it looks like a Vitalik Buterin could be the right person to figure everything out for us: "Blockchain voting is overrated among uninformed people but underrated among informed people"


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