Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

Easily handle JSON in RSpec and Cucumber

branch: master

Fetching latest commit…

Octocat-spinner-32-eaf2f5

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Octocat-spinner-32 features
Octocat-spinner-32 lib
Octocat-spinner-32 spec
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore
Octocat-spinner-32 .travis.yml
Octocat-spinner-32 Gemfile
Octocat-spinner-32 LICENSE.md
Octocat-spinner-32 README.md
Octocat-spinner-32 Rakefile
Octocat-spinner-32 json_spec.gemspec
README.md

json_spec

Easily handle JSON in RSpec and Cucumber

Installation

gem install json_spec

or with Bundler:

gem "json_spec"

Documentation

Please help write documentation!

http://rdoc.info/gems/json_spec

Continuous Integration

Build Status

RSpec

json_spec defines four new RSpec matchers:

  • be_json_eql
  • have_json_path
  • have_json_type
  • have_json_size

The new matchers could be used in RSpec as follows:

describe User do
  let(:user){ User.create!(:first_name => "Steve", :last_name => "Richert") }

  context "#to_json" do
    let(:json){ user.to_json }

    it "includes the name" do
      json.should be_json_eql(%({"first_name":"Steve","last_name":"Richert"})).excluding("friends")
    end

    it "includes the ID" do
      json.should have_json_path("id")
      json.should have_json_type(Integer).at_path("id")
    end

    it "includes friends" do
      json.should have_json_size(0).at_path("friends")
      user.friends << User.create!(:first_name => "Catie", :last_name => "Richert")
      json.should have_json_size(1).at_path("friends")
    end
  end
end

Exclusions

json_spec ignores certain hash keys by default when comparing JSON:

  • id
  • created_at
  • updated_at

It's oftentimes helpful when evaluating JSON representations of newly-created ActiveRecord records so that the new ID and timestamps don't have to be known. These exclusions are globally customizeable:

JsonSpec.configure do
  exclude_keys "created_at", "updated_at"
end

Now, the id key will be included in json_spec's comparisons. Keys can also be excluded/included per matcher by chaining the excluding or including methods (as shown above) which will add or subtract from the globally excluded keys, respectively.

Paths

Each of json_spec's matchers deal with JSON "paths." These are simple strings of "/" separated hash keys and array indexes. For instance, with the following JSON:

{
  "first_name": "Steve",
  "last_name": "Richert",
  "friends": [
    {
      "first_name": "Catie",
      "last_name": "Richert"
    }
  ]
}

We could access the first friend's first name with the path "friends/0/first_name".

Cucumber

json_spec provides Cucumber steps that utilize its RSpec matchers and that's where json_spec really shines. This is perfect for testing your app's JSON API.

In order to use the Cucumber steps, in your env.rb you must:

require "json_spec/cucumber"

You also need to define a last_json method. If you're using Capybara, it could be as simple as:

def last_json
  page.source
end

Now, you can use the json_spec steps in your features:

Feature: User API
  Background:
    Given the following users exist:
      | id | first_name | last_name |
      | 1  | Steve      | Richert   |
      | 2  | Catie      | Richert   |
    And "Steve Richert" is friends with "Catie Richert"

  Scenario: Index action
    When I visit "/users.json"
    Then the JSON response should have 2 users
    And the JSON response at "0/id" should be 1
    And the JSON response at "1/id" should be 2

  Scenario: Show action
    When I visit "/users/1.json"
    Then the JSON response at "first_name" should be "Steve"
    And the JSON response at "last_name" should be "Richert"
    And the JSON response should have "created_at"
    And the JSON response at "created_at" should be a string
    And the JSON response at "friends" should be:
      """
      [
        {
          "id": 2,
          "first_name": "Catie",
          "last_name": "Richert"
        }
      ]
      """

The background steps above aren't provided by json_spec and the "visit" steps are provided by Capybara. The remaining steps all stem from the five steps that json_spec provides. They're versatile and can be used in plenty of different formats:

Then the JSON should be:
  """
  {
    "key": "value"
  }
  """
Then the JSON at "path" should be:
  """
  [
    "entry",
    "entry"
  ]
  """

Then the JSON should be {"key":"value"}
Then the JSON at "path" should be {"key":"value"}
Then the JSON should be ["entry","entry"]
Then the JSON at "path" should be ["entry","entry"]
Then the JSON at "path" should be "string"
Then the JSON at "path" should be 10
Then the JSON at "path" should be 10.0
Then the JSON at "path" should be 1e+1
Then the JSON at "path" should be true
Then the JSON at "path" should be false
Then the JSON at "path" should be null

Then the JSON should have "path"

Then the JSON should be a hash
Then the JSON at "path" should be an array
Then the JSON at "path" should be a float

Then the JSON should have 1 entry
Then the JSON at "path" should have 2 entries
Then the JSON should have 3 keys
Then the JSON should have 4 whatevers

All instances of "should" above could be followed by "not" and all instances of "JSON" could be downcased and/or followed by "response."

JSON Memory

There's one more Cucumber step that json_spec provides which hasn't been used above. It's used to memorize JSON for reuse in later steps. You can "keep" all or a portion of the JSON by giving a name by which to remember it.

Feature: User API
  Scenario: Index action includes full user JSON
    Given the following user exists:
      | id | first_name | last_name |
      | 1  | Steve      | Richert   |
    And I visit "/users/1.json"
    And I keep the JSON response as "USER_1"
    When I visit "/users.json"
    Then the JSON response should be:
      """
      [
        %{USER_1}
      ]
      """

You can memorize JSON at a path:

Given I keep the JSON response at "first_name" as "FIRST_NAME"

You can remember JSON at a path:

Then the JSON response at "0/first_name" should be:
  """
  %{FIRST_NAME}
  """

You can also remember JSON inline:

Then the JSON response at "0/first_name" should be %{FIRST_NAME}

Contributing

In the spirit of free software, everyone is encouraged to help improve this project.

Here are some ways you can contribute:

  • using alpha, beta, and prerelease versions
  • reporting bugs
  • suggesting new features
  • writing or editing documentation
  • writing specifications
  • writing code (no patch is too small: fix typos, add comments, clean up inconsistent whitespace)
  • refactoring code
  • closing issues
  • reviewing patches

Submitting an Issue

We use the GitHub issue tracker to track bugs and features. Before submitting a bug report or feature request, check to make sure it hasn't already been submitted. You can indicate support for an existing issuse by voting it up. When submitting a bug report, please include a Gist that includes a stack trace and any details that may be necessary to reproduce the bug, including your gem version, Ruby version, and operating system. Ideally, a bug report should include a pull request with failing specs.

Submitting a Pull Request

  1. Fork the project.
  2. Create a topic branch.
  3. Implement your feature or bug fix.
  4. Add specs for your feature or bug fix.
  5. Run bundle exec rake. If your changes are not 100% covered and passing, go back to step 4.
  6. Commit and push your changes.
  7. Submit a pull request. Please do not include changes to the gemspec, version, or history file. (If you want to create your own version for some reason, please do so in a separate commit.)

Copyright

Copyright © 2011 Steve Richert See LICENSE for details.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.