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/* Copyright Joyent, Inc. and other Node contributors. All rights reserved.
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to
* deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the
* rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
* sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
* FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS
* IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#ifndef http_parser_h
#define http_parser_h
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/* Also update SONAME in the Makefile whenever you change these. */
#define HTTP_PARSER_VERSION_MAJOR 2
#define HTTP_PARSER_VERSION_MINOR 3
#define HTTP_PARSER_VERSION_PATCH 0

#include <sys/types.h>
#if defined(_WIN32) && !defined(__MINGW32__) && (!defined(_MSC_VER) || _MSC_VER<1600)
#include <BaseTsd.h>
#include <stddef.h>
typedef __int8 int8_t;
typedef unsigned __int8 uint8_t;
typedef __int16 int16_t;
typedef unsigned __int16 uint16_t;
typedef __int32 int32_t;
typedef unsigned __int32 uint32_t;
typedef __int64 int64_t;
typedef unsigned __int64 uint64_t;
#else
#include <stdint.h>
#endif

/* Compile with -DHTTP_PARSER_STRICT=0 to make less checks, but run
* faster
*/
#ifndef HTTP_PARSER_STRICT
# define HTTP_PARSER_STRICT 1
#endif

/* Maximium header size allowed. If the macro is not defined
* before including this header then the default is used. To
* change the maximum header size, define the macro in the build
* environment (e.g. -DHTTP_MAX_HEADER_SIZE=<value>). To remove
* the effective limit on the size of the header, define the macro
* to a very large number (e.g. -DHTTP_MAX_HEADER_SIZE=0x7fffffff)
*/
#ifndef HTTP_MAX_HEADER_SIZE
# define HTTP_MAX_HEADER_SIZE (80*1024)
#endif

typedef struct http_parser http_parser;
typedef struct http_parser_settings http_parser_settings;


/* Callbacks should return non-zero to indicate an error. The parser will
* then halt execution.
*
* The one exception is on_headers_complete. In a HTTP_RESPONSE parser
* returning '1' from on_headers_complete will tell the parser that it
* should not expect a body. This is used when receiving a response to a
* HEAD request which may contain 'Content-Length' or 'Transfer-Encoding:
* chunked' headers that indicate the presence of a body.
*
* http_data_cb does not return data chunks. It will be call arbitrarally
* many times for each string. E.G. you might get 10 callbacks for "on_url"
* each providing just a few characters more data.
*/
typedef int (*http_data_cb) (http_parser*, const char *at, size_t length);
typedef int (*http_cb) (http_parser*);


/* Request Methods */
#define HTTP_METHOD_MAP(XX) \
XX(0, DELETE, DELETE) \
XX(1, GET, GET) \
XX(2, HEAD, HEAD) \
XX(3, POST, POST) \
XX(4, PUT, PUT) \
/* pathological */ \
XX(5, CONNECT, CONNECT) \
XX(6, OPTIONS, OPTIONS) \
XX(7, TRACE, TRACE) \
/* webdav */ \
XX(8, COPY, COPY) \
XX(9, LOCK, LOCK) \
XX(10, MKCOL, MKCOL) \
XX(11, MOVE, MOVE) \
XX(12, PROPFIND, PROPFIND) \
XX(13, PROPPATCH, PROPPATCH) \
XX(14, SEARCH, SEARCH) \
XX(15, UNLOCK, UNLOCK) \
/* subversion */ \
XX(16, REPORT, REPORT) \
XX(17, MKACTIVITY, MKACTIVITY) \
XX(18, CHECKOUT, CHECKOUT) \
XX(19, MERGE, MERGE) \
/* upnp */ \
XX(20, MSEARCH, M-SEARCH) \
XX(21, NOTIFY, NOTIFY) \
XX(22, SUBSCRIBE, SUBSCRIBE) \
XX(23, UNSUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE) \
/* RFC-5789 */ \
XX(24, PATCH, PATCH) \
XX(25, PURGE, PURGE) \
/* CalDAV */ \
XX(26, MKCALENDAR, MKCALENDAR) \

enum http_method
  {
#define XX(num, name, string) HTTP_##name = num,
  HTTP_METHOD_MAP(XX)
#undef XX
  };


enum http_parser_type { HTTP_REQUEST, HTTP_RESPONSE, HTTP_BOTH };


/* Flag values for http_parser.flags field */
enum flags
  { F_CHUNKED = 1 << 0
  , F_CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE = 1 << 1
  , F_CONNECTION_CLOSE = 1 << 2
  , F_TRAILING = 1 << 3
  , F_UPGRADE = 1 << 4
  , F_SKIPBODY = 1 << 5
  };


/* Map for errno-related constants
*
* The provided argument should be a macro that takes 2 arguments.
*/
#define HTTP_ERRNO_MAP(XX) \
/* No error */ \
XX(OK, "success") \
\
/* Callback-related errors */ \
XX(CB_message_begin, "the on_message_begin callback failed") \
XX(CB_url, "the on_url callback failed") \
XX(CB_header_field, "the on_header_field callback failed") \
XX(CB_header_value, "the on_header_value callback failed") \
XX(CB_headers_complete, "the on_headers_complete callback failed") \
XX(CB_body, "the on_body callback failed") \
XX(CB_message_complete, "the on_message_complete callback failed") \
XX(CB_status, "the on_status callback failed") \
\
/* Parsing-related errors */ \
XX(INVALID_EOF_STATE, "stream ended at an unexpected time") \
XX(HEADER_OVERFLOW, \
"too many header bytes seen; overflow detected") \
XX(CLOSED_CONNECTION, \
"data received after completed connection: close message") \
XX(INVALID_VERSION, "invalid HTTP version") \
XX(INVALID_STATUS, "invalid HTTP status code") \
XX(INVALID_METHOD, "invalid HTTP method") \
XX(INVALID_URL, "invalid URL") \
XX(INVALID_HOST, "invalid host") \
XX(INVALID_PORT, "invalid port") \
XX(INVALID_PATH, "invalid path") \
XX(INVALID_QUERY_STRING, "invalid query string") \
XX(INVALID_FRAGMENT, "invalid fragment") \
XX(LF_EXPECTED, "LF character expected") \
XX(INVALID_HEADER_TOKEN, "invalid character in header") \
XX(INVALID_CONTENT_LENGTH, \
"invalid character in content-length header") \
XX(INVALID_CHUNK_SIZE, \
"invalid character in chunk size header") \
XX(INVALID_CONSTANT, "invalid constant string") \
XX(INVALID_INTERNAL_STATE, "encountered unexpected internal state")\
XX(STRICT, "strict mode assertion failed") \
XX(PAUSED, "parser is paused") \
XX(UNKNOWN, "an unknown error occurred")


/* Define HPE_* values for each errno value above */
#define HTTP_ERRNO_GEN(n, s) HPE_##n,
enum http_errno {
  HTTP_ERRNO_MAP(HTTP_ERRNO_GEN)
};
#undef HTTP_ERRNO_GEN


/* Get an http_errno value from an http_parser */
#define HTTP_PARSER_ERRNO(p) ((enum http_errno) (p)->http_errno)


struct http_parser {
  /** PRIVATE **/
  unsigned int type : 2; /* enum http_parser_type */
  unsigned int flags : 6; /* F_* values from 'flags' enum; semi-public */
  unsigned int state : 8; /* enum state from http_parser.c */
  unsigned int header_state : 8; /* enum header_state from http_parser.c */
  unsigned int index : 8; /* index into current matcher */

  uint32_t nread; /* # bytes read in various scenarios */
  uint64_t content_length; /* # bytes in body (0 if no Content-Length header) */

  /** READ-ONLY **/
  unsigned short http_major;
  unsigned short http_minor;
  unsigned int status_code : 16; /* responses only */
  unsigned int method : 8; /* requests only */
  unsigned int http_errno : 7;

  /* 1 = Upgrade header was present and the parser has exited because of that.
* 0 = No upgrade header present.
* Should be checked when http_parser_execute() returns in addition to
* error checking.
*/
  unsigned int upgrade : 1;

  /** PUBLIC **/
  void *data; /* A pointer to get hook to the "connection" or "socket" object */
};


struct http_parser_settings {
  http_cb on_message_begin;
  http_data_cb on_url;
  http_data_cb on_status;
  http_data_cb on_header_field;
  http_data_cb on_header_value;
  http_cb on_headers_complete;
  http_data_cb on_body;
  http_cb on_message_complete;
};


enum http_parser_url_fields
  { UF_SCHEMA = 0
  , UF_HOST = 1
  , UF_PORT = 2
  , UF_PATH = 3
  , UF_QUERY = 4
  , UF_FRAGMENT = 5
  , UF_USERINFO = 6
  , UF_MAX = 7
  };


/* Result structure for http_parser_parse_url().
*
* Callers should index into field_data[] with UF_* values iff field_set
* has the relevant (1 << UF_*) bit set. As a courtesy to clients (and
* because we probably have padding left over), we convert any port to
* a uint16_t.
*/
struct http_parser_url {
  uint16_t field_set; /* Bitmask of (1 << UF_*) values */
  uint16_t port; /* Converted UF_PORT string */

  struct {
    uint16_t off; /* Offset into buffer in which field starts */
    uint16_t len; /* Length of run in buffer */
  } field_data[UF_MAX];
};


/* Returns the library version. Bits 16-23 contain the major version number,
* bits 8-15 the minor version number and bits 0-7 the patch level.
* Usage example:
*
* unsigned long version = http_parser_version();
* unsigned major = (version >> 16) & 255;
* unsigned minor = (version >> 8) & 255;
* unsigned patch = version & 255;
* printf("http_parser v%u.%u.%u\n", major, minor, version);
*/
unsigned long http_parser_version(void);

void http_parser_init(http_parser *parser, enum http_parser_type type);


size_t http_parser_execute(http_parser *parser,
                           const http_parser_settings *settings,
                           const char *data,
                           size_t len);


/* If http_should_keep_alive() in the on_headers_complete or
* on_message_complete callback returns 0, then this should be
* the last message on the connection.
* If you are the server, respond with the "Connection: close" header.
* If you are the client, close the connection.
*/
int http_should_keep_alive(const http_parser *parser);

/* Returns a string version of the HTTP method. */
const char *http_method_str(enum http_method m);

/* Return a string name of the given error */
const char *http_errno_name(enum http_errno err);

/* Return a string description of the given error */
const char *http_errno_description(enum http_errno err);

/* Parse a URL; return nonzero on failure */
int http_parser_parse_url(const char *buf, size_t buflen,
                          int is_connect,
                          struct http_parser_url *u);

/* Pause or un-pause the parser; a nonzero value pauses */
void http_parser_pause(http_parser *parser, int paused);

/* Checks if this is the final chunk of the body. */
int http_body_is_final(const http_parser *parser);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif
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