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/*
* CDDL HEADER START
*
* The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
* Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
* You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
*
* You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
* or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions
* and limitations under the License.
*
* When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
* file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
* If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
* fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
* information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
*
* CDDL HEADER END
*/
/*
* Copyright (c) 2005, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (c) 2011, 2018 by Delphix. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (c) 2011 Nexenta Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (c) 2013 by Saso Kiselkov. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (c) 2014 Integros [integros.com]
*/
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
#include <sys/zfs_context.h>
#include <sys/fm/fs/zfs.h>
#include <sys/spa.h>
#include <sys/txg.h>
#include <sys/spa_impl.h>
#include <sys/vdev_impl.h>
#include <sys/zio_impl.h>
#include <sys/zio_compress.h>
#include <sys/zio_checksum.h>
#include <sys/dmu_objset.h>
#include <sys/arc.h>
#include <sys/ddt.h>
#include <sys/blkptr.h>
#include <sys/zfeature.h>
#include <sys/zfs_zone.h>
#include <sys/metaslab_impl.h>
#include <sys/abd.h>
#include <sys/cityhash.h>
/*
* ==========================================================================
* I/O type descriptions
* ==========================================================================
*/
const char *zio_type_name[ZIO_TYPES] = {
"zio_null", "zio_read", "zio_write", "zio_free", "zio_claim",
"zio_ioctl"
};
boolean_t zio_dva_throttle_enabled = B_TRUE;
/*
* ==========================================================================
* I/O kmem caches
* ==========================================================================
*/
kmem_cache_t *zio_cache;
kmem_cache_t *zio_link_cache;
kmem_cache_t *zio_buf_cache[SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT];
kmem_cache_t *zio_data_buf_cache[SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT];
#ifdef _KERNEL
extern vmem_t *zio_alloc_arena;
#endif
#define ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE 0x100
#define ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP 0x101
#define BP_SPANB(indblkshift, level) \
(((uint64_t)1) << ((level) * ((indblkshift) - SPA_BLKPTRSHIFT)))
#define COMPARE_META_LEVEL 0x80000000ul
/*
* The following actions directly effect the spa's sync-to-convergence logic.
* The values below define the sync pass when we start performing the action.
* Care should be taken when changing these values as they directly impact
* spa_sync() performance. Tuning these values may introduce subtle performance
* pathologies and should only be done in the context of performance analysis.
* These tunables will eventually be removed and replaced with #defines once
* enough analysis has been done to determine optimal values.
*
* The 'zfs_sync_pass_deferred_free' pass must be greater than 1 to ensure that
* regular blocks are not deferred.
*/
int zfs_sync_pass_deferred_free = 2; /* defer frees starting in this pass */
int zfs_sync_pass_dont_compress = 5; /* don't compress starting in this pass */
int zfs_sync_pass_rewrite = 2; /* rewrite new bps starting in this pass */
/*
* An allocating zio is one that either currently has the DVA allocate
* stage set or will have it later in its lifetime.
*/
#define IO_IS_ALLOCATING(zio) ((zio)->io_orig_pipeline & ZIO_STAGE_DVA_ALLOCATE)
boolean_t zio_requeue_io_start_cut_in_line = B_TRUE;
#ifdef ZFS_DEBUG
int zio_buf_debug_limit = 16384;
#else
int zio_buf_debug_limit = 0;
#endif
static void zio_taskq_dispatch(zio_t *, zio_taskq_type_t, boolean_t);
void
zio_init(void)
{
size_t c;
vmem_t *data_alloc_arena = NULL;
#ifdef _KERNEL
data_alloc_arena = zio_alloc_arena;
#endif
zio_cache = kmem_cache_create("zio_cache",
sizeof (zio_t), 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0);
zio_link_cache = kmem_cache_create("zio_link_cache",
sizeof (zio_link_t), 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0);
/*
* For small buffers, we want a cache for each multiple of
* SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE. For larger buffers, we want a cache
* for each quarter-power of 2.
*/
for (c = 0; c < SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT; c++) {
size_t size = (c + 1) << SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT;
size_t p2 = size;
size_t align = 0;
size_t cflags = (size > zio_buf_debug_limit) ? KMC_NODEBUG : 0;
while (!ISP2(p2))
p2 &= p2 - 1;
#ifndef _KERNEL
/*
* If we are using watchpoints, put each buffer on its own page,
* to eliminate the performance overhead of trapping to the
* kernel when modifying a non-watched buffer that shares the
* page with a watched buffer.
*/
if (arc_watch && !IS_P2ALIGNED(size, PAGESIZE))
continue;
#endif
if (size <= 4 * SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE) {
align = SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE;
} else if (IS_P2ALIGNED(size, p2 >> 2)) {
align = MIN(p2 >> 2, PAGESIZE);
}
if (align != 0) {
char name[36];
(void) sprintf(name, "zio_buf_%lu", (ulong_t)size);
zio_buf_cache[c] = kmem_cache_create(name, size,
align, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, cflags);
/*
* Since zio_data bufs do not appear in crash dumps, we
* pass KMC_NOTOUCH so that no allocator metadata is
* stored with the buffers.
*/
(void) sprintf(name, "zio_data_buf_%lu", (ulong_t)size);
zio_data_buf_cache[c] = kmem_cache_create(name, size,
align, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, data_alloc_arena,
cflags | KMC_NOTOUCH);
}
}
while (--c != 0) {
ASSERT(zio_buf_cache[c] != NULL);
if (zio_buf_cache[c - 1] == NULL)
zio_buf_cache[c - 1] = zio_buf_cache[c];
ASSERT(zio_data_buf_cache[c] != NULL);
if (zio_data_buf_cache[c - 1] == NULL)
zio_data_buf_cache[c - 1] = zio_data_buf_cache[c];
}
zio_inject_init();
}
void
zio_fini(void)
{
size_t c;
kmem_cache_t *last_cache = NULL;
kmem_cache_t *last_data_cache = NULL;
for (c = 0; c < SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT; c++) {
if (zio_buf_cache[c] != last_cache) {
last_cache = zio_buf_cache[c];
kmem_cache_destroy(zio_buf_cache[c]);
}
zio_buf_cache[c] = NULL;
if (zio_data_buf_cache[c] != last_data_cache) {
last_data_cache = zio_data_buf_cache[c];
kmem_cache_destroy(zio_data_buf_cache[c]);
}
zio_data_buf_cache[c] = NULL;
}
kmem_cache_destroy(zio_link_cache);
kmem_cache_destroy(zio_cache);
zio_inject_fini();
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Allocate and free I/O buffers
* ==========================================================================
*/
/*
* Use zio_buf_alloc to allocate ZFS metadata. This data will appear in a
* crashdump if the kernel panics, so use it judiciously. Obviously, it's
* useful to inspect ZFS metadata, but if possible, we should avoid keeping
* excess / transient data in-core during a crashdump.
*/
void *
zio_buf_alloc(size_t size)
{
size_t c = (size - 1) >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT;
VERIFY3U(c, <, SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT);
return (kmem_cache_alloc(zio_buf_cache[c], KM_PUSHPAGE));
}
/*
* Use zio_data_buf_alloc to allocate data. The data will not appear in a
* crashdump if the kernel panics. This exists so that we will limit the amount
* of ZFS data that shows up in a kernel crashdump. (Thus reducing the amount
* of kernel heap dumped to disk when the kernel panics)
*/
void *
zio_data_buf_alloc(size_t size)
{
size_t c = (size - 1) >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT;
VERIFY3U(c, <, SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT);
return (kmem_cache_alloc(zio_data_buf_cache[c], KM_PUSHPAGE));
}
void
zio_buf_free(void *buf, size_t size)
{
size_t c = (size - 1) >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT;
VERIFY3U(c, <, SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT);
kmem_cache_free(zio_buf_cache[c], buf);
}
void
zio_data_buf_free(void *buf, size_t size)
{
size_t c = (size - 1) >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT;
VERIFY3U(c, <, SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE >> SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT);
kmem_cache_free(zio_data_buf_cache[c], buf);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Push and pop I/O transform buffers
* ==========================================================================
*/
void
zio_push_transform(zio_t *zio, abd_t *data, uint64_t size, uint64_t bufsize,
zio_transform_func_t *transform)
{
zio_transform_t *zt = kmem_alloc(sizeof (zio_transform_t), KM_SLEEP);
/*
* Ensure that anyone expecting this zio to contain a linear ABD isn't
* going to get a nasty surprise when they try to access the data.
*/
IMPLY(abd_is_linear(zio->io_abd), abd_is_linear(data));
zt->zt_orig_abd = zio->io_abd;
zt->zt_orig_size = zio->io_size;
zt->zt_bufsize = bufsize;
zt->zt_transform = transform;
zt->zt_next = zio->io_transform_stack;
zio->io_transform_stack = zt;
zio->io_abd = data;
zio->io_size = size;
}
void
zio_pop_transforms(zio_t *zio)
{
zio_transform_t *zt;
while ((zt = zio->io_transform_stack) != NULL) {
if (zt->zt_transform != NULL)
zt->zt_transform(zio,
zt->zt_orig_abd, zt->zt_orig_size);
if (zt->zt_bufsize != 0)
abd_free(zio->io_abd);
zio->io_abd = zt->zt_orig_abd;
zio->io_size = zt->zt_orig_size;
zio->io_transform_stack = zt->zt_next;
kmem_free(zt, sizeof (zio_transform_t));
}
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* I/O transform callbacks for subblocks and decompression
* ==========================================================================
*/
static void
zio_subblock(zio_t *zio, abd_t *data, uint64_t size)
{
ASSERT(zio->io_size > size);
if (zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_READ)
abd_copy(data, zio->io_abd, size);
}
static void
zio_decompress(zio_t *zio, abd_t *data, uint64_t size)
{
if (zio->io_error == 0) {
void *tmp = abd_borrow_buf(data, size);
int ret = zio_decompress_data(BP_GET_COMPRESS(zio->io_bp),
zio->io_abd, tmp, zio->io_size, size);
abd_return_buf_copy(data, tmp, size);
if (ret != 0)
zio->io_error = SET_ERROR(EIO);
}
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* I/O parent/child relationships and pipeline interlocks
* ==========================================================================
*/
zio_t *
zio_walk_parents(zio_t *cio, zio_link_t **zl)
{
list_t *pl = &cio->io_parent_list;
*zl = (*zl == NULL) ? list_head(pl) : list_next(pl, *zl);
if (*zl == NULL)
return (NULL);
ASSERT((*zl)->zl_child == cio);
return ((*zl)->zl_parent);
}
zio_t *
zio_walk_children(zio_t *pio, zio_link_t **zl)
{
list_t *cl = &pio->io_child_list;
*zl = (*zl == NULL) ? list_head(cl) : list_next(cl, *zl);
if (*zl == NULL)
return (NULL);
ASSERT((*zl)->zl_parent == pio);
return ((*zl)->zl_child);
}
zio_t *
zio_unique_parent(zio_t *cio)
{
zio_link_t *zl = NULL;
zio_t *pio = zio_walk_parents(cio, &zl);
VERIFY3P(zio_walk_parents(cio, &zl), ==, NULL);
return (pio);
}
void
zio_add_child(zio_t *pio, zio_t *cio)
{
zio_link_t *zl = kmem_cache_alloc(zio_link_cache, KM_SLEEP);
/*
* Logical I/Os can have logical, gang, or vdev children.
* Gang I/Os can have gang or vdev children.
* Vdev I/Os can only have vdev children.
* The following ASSERT captures all of these constraints.
*/
ASSERT3S(cio->io_child_type, <=, pio->io_child_type);
zl->zl_parent = pio;
zl->zl_child = cio;
mutex_enter(&cio->io_lock);
mutex_enter(&pio->io_lock);
ASSERT(pio->io_state[ZIO_WAIT_DONE] == 0);
for (int w = 0; w < ZIO_WAIT_TYPES; w++)
pio->io_children[cio->io_child_type][w] += !cio->io_state[w];
list_insert_head(&pio->io_child_list, zl);
list_insert_head(&cio->io_parent_list, zl);
pio->io_child_count++;
cio->io_parent_count++;
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
mutex_exit(&cio->io_lock);
}
static void
zio_remove_child(zio_t *pio, zio_t *cio, zio_link_t *zl)
{
ASSERT(zl->zl_parent == pio);
ASSERT(zl->zl_child == cio);
mutex_enter(&cio->io_lock);
mutex_enter(&pio->io_lock);
list_remove(&pio->io_child_list, zl);
list_remove(&cio->io_parent_list, zl);
pio->io_child_count--;
cio->io_parent_count--;
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
mutex_exit(&cio->io_lock);
kmem_cache_free(zio_link_cache, zl);
}
static boolean_t
zio_wait_for_children(zio_t *zio, uint8_t childbits, enum zio_wait_type wait)
{
boolean_t waiting = B_FALSE;
mutex_enter(&zio->io_lock);
ASSERT(zio->io_stall == NULL);
for (int c = 0; c < ZIO_CHILD_TYPES; c++) {
if (!(ZIO_CHILD_BIT_IS_SET(childbits, c)))
continue;
uint64_t *countp = &zio->io_children[c][wait];
if (*countp != 0) {
zio->io_stage >>= 1;
ASSERT3U(zio->io_stage, !=, ZIO_STAGE_OPEN);
zio->io_stall = countp;
waiting = B_TRUE;
break;
}
}
mutex_exit(&zio->io_lock);
return (waiting);
}
static void
zio_notify_parent(zio_t *pio, zio_t *zio, enum zio_wait_type wait)
{
uint64_t *countp = &pio->io_children[zio->io_child_type][wait];
int *errorp = &pio->io_child_error[zio->io_child_type];
mutex_enter(&pio->io_lock);
if (zio->io_error && !(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_DONT_PROPAGATE))
*errorp = zio_worst_error(*errorp, zio->io_error);
pio->io_reexecute |= zio->io_reexecute;
ASSERT3U(*countp, >, 0);
(*countp)--;
if (*countp == 0 && pio->io_stall == countp) {
zio_taskq_type_t type =
pio->io_stage < ZIO_STAGE_VDEV_IO_START ? ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE :
ZIO_TASKQ_INTERRUPT;
pio->io_stall = NULL;
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
/*
* Dispatch the parent zio in its own taskq so that
* the child can continue to make progress. This also
* prevents overflowing the stack when we have deeply nested
* parent-child relationships.
*/
zio_taskq_dispatch(pio, type, B_FALSE);
} else {
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
}
}
static void
zio_inherit_child_errors(zio_t *zio, enum zio_child c)
{
if (zio->io_child_error[c] != 0 && zio->io_error == 0)
zio->io_error = zio->io_child_error[c];
}
int
zio_bookmark_compare(const void *x1, const void *x2)
{
const zio_t *z1 = x1;
const zio_t *z2 = x2;
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_objset < z2->io_bookmark.zb_objset)
return (-1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_objset > z2->io_bookmark.zb_objset)
return (1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_object < z2->io_bookmark.zb_object)
return (-1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_object > z2->io_bookmark.zb_object)
return (1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_level < z2->io_bookmark.zb_level)
return (-1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_level > z2->io_bookmark.zb_level)
return (1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_blkid < z2->io_bookmark.zb_blkid)
return (-1);
if (z1->io_bookmark.zb_blkid > z2->io_bookmark.zb_blkid)
return (1);
if (z1 < z2)
return (-1);
if (z1 > z2)
return (1);
return (0);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Create the various types of I/O (read, write, free, etc)
* ==========================================================================
*/
static zio_t *
zio_create(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, const blkptr_t *bp,
abd_t *data, uint64_t lsize, uint64_t psize, zio_done_func_t *done,
void *private, zio_type_t type, zio_priority_t priority,
enum zio_flag flags, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t offset,
const zbookmark_phys_t *zb, enum zio_stage stage, enum zio_stage pipeline)
{
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT3U(psize, <=, SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE);
ASSERT(P2PHASE(psize, SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE) == 0);
ASSERT(P2PHASE(offset, SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE) == 0);
ASSERT(!vd || spa_config_held(spa, SCL_STATE_ALL, RW_READER));
ASSERT(!bp || !(flags & ZIO_FLAG_CONFIG_WRITER));
ASSERT(vd || stage == ZIO_STAGE_OPEN);
IMPLY(lsize != psize, (flags & ZIO_FLAG_RAW) != 0);
zio = kmem_cache_alloc(zio_cache, KM_SLEEP);
bzero(zio, sizeof (zio_t));
mutex_init(&zio->io_lock, NULL, MUTEX_DEFAULT, NULL);
cv_init(&zio->io_cv, NULL, CV_DEFAULT, NULL);
list_create(&zio->io_parent_list, sizeof (zio_link_t),
offsetof(zio_link_t, zl_parent_node));
list_create(&zio->io_child_list, sizeof (zio_link_t),
offsetof(zio_link_t, zl_child_node));
metaslab_trace_init(&zio->io_alloc_list);
if (vd != NULL)
zio->io_child_type = ZIO_CHILD_VDEV;
else if (flags & ZIO_FLAG_GANG_CHILD)
zio->io_child_type = ZIO_CHILD_GANG;
else if (flags & ZIO_FLAG_DDT_CHILD)
zio->io_child_type = ZIO_CHILD_DDT;
else
zio->io_child_type = ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL;
if (bp != NULL) {
zio->io_bp = (blkptr_t *)bp;
zio->io_bp_copy = *bp;
zio->io_bp_orig = *bp;
if (type != ZIO_TYPE_WRITE ||
zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_DDT)
zio->io_bp = &zio->io_bp_copy; /* so caller can free */
if (zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL)
zio->io_logical = zio;
if (zio->io_child_type > ZIO_CHILD_GANG && BP_IS_GANG(bp))
pipeline |= ZIO_GANG_STAGES;
}
zio->io_spa = spa;
zio->io_txg = txg;
zio->io_done = done;
zio->io_private = private;
zio->io_type = type;
zio->io_priority = priority;
zio->io_vd = vd;
zio->io_offset = offset;
zio->io_orig_abd = zio->io_abd = data;
zio->io_orig_size = zio->io_size = psize;
zio->io_lsize = lsize;
zio->io_orig_flags = zio->io_flags = flags;
zio->io_orig_stage = zio->io_stage = stage;
zio->io_orig_pipeline = zio->io_pipeline = pipeline;
zio->io_pipeline_trace = ZIO_STAGE_OPEN;
zio->io_state[ZIO_WAIT_READY] = (stage >= ZIO_STAGE_READY);
zio->io_state[ZIO_WAIT_DONE] = (stage >= ZIO_STAGE_DONE);
if (zb != NULL)
zio->io_bookmark = *zb;
if (pio != NULL) {
zio->io_zoneid = pio->io_zoneid;
if (zio->io_logical == NULL)
zio->io_logical = pio->io_logical;
if (zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_GANG)
zio->io_gang_leader = pio->io_gang_leader;
zio_add_child(pio, zio);
} else {
zfs_zone_zio_init(zio);
}
return (zio);
}
static void
zio_destroy(zio_t *zio)
{
metaslab_trace_fini(&zio->io_alloc_list);
list_destroy(&zio->io_parent_list);
list_destroy(&zio->io_child_list);
mutex_destroy(&zio->io_lock);
cv_destroy(&zio->io_cv);
kmem_cache_free(zio_cache, zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_null(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, zio_done_func_t *done,
void *private, enum zio_flag flags)
{
zio_t *zio;
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, 0, NULL, NULL, 0, 0, done, private,
ZIO_TYPE_NULL, ZIO_PRIORITY_NOW, flags, vd, 0, NULL,
ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE);
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_root(spa_t *spa, zio_done_func_t *done, void *private, enum zio_flag flags)
{
return (zio_null(NULL, spa, NULL, done, private, flags));
}
void
zfs_blkptr_verify(spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp)
{
if (!DMU_OT_IS_VALID(BP_GET_TYPE(bp))) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p has invalid TYPE %llu",
bp, (longlong_t)BP_GET_TYPE(bp));
}
if (BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp) >= ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS ||
BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp) <= ZIO_CHECKSUM_ON) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p has invalid CHECKSUM %llu",
bp, (longlong_t)BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp));
}
if (BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp) >= ZIO_COMPRESS_FUNCTIONS ||
BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp) <= ZIO_COMPRESS_ON) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p has invalid COMPRESS %llu",
bp, (longlong_t)BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp));
}
if (BP_GET_LSIZE(bp) > SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p has invalid LSIZE %llu",
bp, (longlong_t)BP_GET_LSIZE(bp));
}
if (BP_GET_PSIZE(bp) > SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p has invalid PSIZE %llu",
bp, (longlong_t)BP_GET_PSIZE(bp));
}
if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)) {
if (BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp) > NUM_BP_EMBEDDED_TYPES) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p has invalid ETYPE %llu",
bp, (longlong_t)BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp));
}
}
/*
* Do not verify individual DVAs if the config is not trusted. This
* will be done once the zio is executed in vdev_mirror_map_alloc.
*/
if (!spa->spa_trust_config)
return;
/*
* Pool-specific checks.
*
* Note: it would be nice to verify that the blk_birth and
* BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH() are not too large. However, spa_freeze()
* allows the birth time of log blocks (and dmu_sync()-ed blocks
* that are in the log) to be arbitrarily large.
*/
for (int i = 0; i < BP_GET_NDVAS(bp); i++) {
uint64_t vdevid = DVA_GET_VDEV(&bp->blk_dva[i]);
if (vdevid >= spa->spa_root_vdev->vdev_children) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p DVA %u has invalid "
"VDEV %llu",
bp, i, (longlong_t)vdevid);
continue;
}
vdev_t *vd = spa->spa_root_vdev->vdev_child[vdevid];
if (vd == NULL) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p DVA %u has invalid "
"VDEV %llu",
bp, i, (longlong_t)vdevid);
continue;
}
if (vd->vdev_ops == &vdev_hole_ops) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p DVA %u has hole "
"VDEV %llu",
bp, i, (longlong_t)vdevid);
continue;
}
if (vd->vdev_ops == &vdev_missing_ops) {
/*
* "missing" vdevs are valid during import, but we
* don't have their detailed info (e.g. asize), so
* we can't perform any more checks on them.
*/
continue;
}
uint64_t offset = DVA_GET_OFFSET(&bp->blk_dva[i]);
uint64_t asize = DVA_GET_ASIZE(&bp->blk_dva[i]);
if (BP_IS_GANG(bp))
asize = vdev_psize_to_asize(vd, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
if (offset + asize > vd->vdev_asize) {
zfs_panic_recover("blkptr at %p DVA %u has invalid "
"OFFSET %llu",
bp, i, (longlong_t)offset);
}
}
}
boolean_t
zfs_dva_valid(spa_t *spa, const dva_t *dva, const blkptr_t *bp)
{
uint64_t vdevid = DVA_GET_VDEV(dva);
if (vdevid >= spa->spa_root_vdev->vdev_children)
return (B_FALSE);
vdev_t *vd = spa->spa_root_vdev->vdev_child[vdevid];
if (vd == NULL)
return (B_FALSE);
if (vd->vdev_ops == &vdev_hole_ops)
return (B_FALSE);
if (vd->vdev_ops == &vdev_missing_ops) {
return (B_FALSE);
}
uint64_t offset = DVA_GET_OFFSET(dva);
uint64_t asize = DVA_GET_ASIZE(dva);
if (BP_IS_GANG(bp))
asize = vdev_psize_to_asize(vd, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
if (offset + asize > vd->vdev_asize)
return (B_FALSE);
return (B_TRUE);
}
zio_t *
zio_read(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp,
abd_t *data, uint64_t size, zio_done_func_t *done, void *private,
zio_priority_t priority, enum zio_flag flags, const zbookmark_phys_t *zb)
{
zio_t *zio;
zfs_blkptr_verify(spa, bp);
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp), bp,
data, size, size, done, private,
ZIO_TYPE_READ, priority, flags, NULL, 0, zb,
ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, (flags & ZIO_FLAG_DDT_CHILD) ?
ZIO_DDT_CHILD_READ_PIPELINE : ZIO_READ_PIPELINE);
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_write(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, blkptr_t *bp,
abd_t *data, uint64_t lsize, uint64_t psize, const zio_prop_t *zp,
zio_done_func_t *ready, zio_done_func_t *children_ready,
zio_done_func_t *physdone, zio_done_func_t *done,
void *private, zio_priority_t priority, enum zio_flag flags,
const zbookmark_phys_t *zb)
{
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT(zp->zp_checksum >= ZIO_CHECKSUM_OFF &&
zp->zp_checksum < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS &&
zp->zp_compress >= ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF &&
zp->zp_compress < ZIO_COMPRESS_FUNCTIONS &&
DMU_OT_IS_VALID(zp->zp_type) &&
zp->zp_level < 32 &&
zp->zp_copies > 0 &&
zp->zp_copies <= spa_max_replication(spa));
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, txg, bp, data, lsize, psize, done, private,
ZIO_TYPE_WRITE, priority, flags, NULL, 0, zb,
ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, (flags & ZIO_FLAG_DDT_CHILD) ?
ZIO_DDT_CHILD_WRITE_PIPELINE : ZIO_WRITE_PIPELINE);
zio->io_ready = ready;
zio->io_children_ready = children_ready;
zio->io_physdone = physdone;
zio->io_prop = *zp;
/*
* Data can be NULL if we are going to call zio_write_override() to
* provide the already-allocated BP. But we may need the data to
* verify a dedup hit (if requested). In this case, don't try to
* dedup (just take the already-allocated BP verbatim).
*/
if (data == NULL && zio->io_prop.zp_dedup_verify) {
zio->io_prop.zp_dedup = zio->io_prop.zp_dedup_verify = B_FALSE;
}
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_rewrite(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, blkptr_t *bp, abd_t *data,
uint64_t size, zio_done_func_t *done, void *private,
zio_priority_t priority, enum zio_flag flags, zbookmark_phys_t *zb)
{
zio_t *zio;
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, txg, bp, data, size, size, done, private,
ZIO_TYPE_WRITE, priority, flags | ZIO_FLAG_IO_REWRITE, NULL, 0, zb,
ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, ZIO_REWRITE_PIPELINE);
return (zio);
}
void
zio_write_override(zio_t *zio, blkptr_t *bp, int copies, boolean_t nopwrite)
{
ASSERT(zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ASSERT(zio->io_stage == ZIO_STAGE_OPEN);
ASSERT(zio->io_txg == spa_syncing_txg(zio->io_spa));
/*
* We must reset the io_prop to match the values that existed
* when the bp was first written by dmu_sync() keeping in mind
* that nopwrite and dedup are mutually exclusive.
*/
zio->io_prop.zp_dedup = nopwrite ? B_FALSE : zio->io_prop.zp_dedup;
zio->io_prop.zp_nopwrite = nopwrite;
zio->io_prop.zp_copies = copies;
zio->io_bp_override = bp;
}
void
zio_free(spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, const blkptr_t *bp)
{
zfs_blkptr_verify(spa, bp);
/*
* The check for EMBEDDED is a performance optimization. We
* process the free here (by ignoring it) rather than
* putting it on the list and then processing it in zio_free_sync().
*/
if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp))
return;
metaslab_check_free(spa, bp);
/*
* Frees that are for the currently-syncing txg, are not going to be
* deferred, and which will not need to do a read (i.e. not GANG or
* DEDUP), can be processed immediately. Otherwise, put them on the
* in-memory list for later processing.
*/
if (BP_IS_GANG(bp) || BP_GET_DEDUP(bp) ||
txg != spa->spa_syncing_txg ||
spa_sync_pass(spa) >= zfs_sync_pass_deferred_free) {
bplist_append(&spa->spa_free_bplist[txg & TXG_MASK], bp);
} else {
VERIFY0(zio_wait(zio_free_sync(NULL, spa, txg, bp, 0)));
}
}
zio_t *
zio_free_sync(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, const blkptr_t *bp,
enum zio_flag flags)
{
zio_t *zio;
enum zio_stage stage = ZIO_FREE_PIPELINE;
ASSERT(!BP_IS_HOLE(bp));
ASSERT(spa_syncing_txg(spa) == txg);
ASSERT(spa_sync_pass(spa) < zfs_sync_pass_deferred_free);
if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp))
return (zio_null(pio, spa, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0));
metaslab_check_free(spa, bp);
arc_freed(spa, bp);
/*
* GANG and DEDUP blocks can induce a read (for the gang block header,
* or the DDT), so issue them asynchronously so that this thread is
* not tied up.
*/
if (BP_IS_GANG(bp) || BP_GET_DEDUP(bp))
stage |= ZIO_STAGE_ISSUE_ASYNC;
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, txg, bp, NULL, BP_GET_PSIZE(bp),
BP_GET_PSIZE(bp), NULL, NULL, ZIO_TYPE_FREE, ZIO_PRIORITY_NOW,
flags, NULL, 0, NULL, ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, stage);
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_claim(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, const blkptr_t *bp,
zio_done_func_t *done, void *private, enum zio_flag flags)
{
zio_t *zio;
zfs_blkptr_verify(spa, bp);
if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp))
return (zio_null(pio, spa, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0));
/*
* A claim is an allocation of a specific block. Claims are needed
* to support immediate writes in the intent log. The issue is that
* immediate writes contain committed data, but in a txg that was
* *not* committed. Upon opening the pool after an unclean shutdown,
* the intent log claims all blocks that contain immediate write data
* so that the SPA knows they're in use.
*
* All claims *must* be resolved in the first txg -- before the SPA
* starts allocating blocks -- so that nothing is allocated twice.
* If txg == 0 we just verify that the block is claimable.
*/
ASSERT3U(spa->spa_uberblock.ub_rootbp.blk_birth, <,
spa_min_claim_txg(spa));
ASSERT(txg == spa_min_claim_txg(spa) || txg == 0);
ASSERT(!BP_GET_DEDUP(bp) || !spa_writeable(spa)); /* zdb(1M) */
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, txg, bp, NULL, BP_GET_PSIZE(bp),
BP_GET_PSIZE(bp), done, private, ZIO_TYPE_CLAIM, ZIO_PRIORITY_NOW,
flags, NULL, 0, NULL, ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, ZIO_CLAIM_PIPELINE);
ASSERT0(zio->io_queued_timestamp);
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_ioctl(zio_t *pio, spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, int cmd,
zio_done_func_t *done, void *private, enum zio_flag flags)
{
zio_t *zio;
int c;
if (vd->vdev_children == 0) {
zio = zio_create(pio, spa, 0, NULL, NULL, 0, 0, done, private,
ZIO_TYPE_IOCTL, ZIO_PRIORITY_NOW, flags, vd, 0, NULL,
ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, ZIO_IOCTL_PIPELINE);
zio->io_cmd = cmd;
} else {
zio = zio_null(pio, spa, NULL, NULL, NULL, flags);
for (c = 0; c < vd->vdev_children; c++)
zio_nowait(zio_ioctl(zio, spa, vd->vdev_child[c], cmd,
done, private, flags));
}
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_read_phys(zio_t *pio, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t offset, uint64_t size,
abd_t *data, int checksum, zio_done_func_t *done, void *private,
zio_priority_t priority, enum zio_flag flags, boolean_t labels)
{
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT(vd->vdev_children == 0);
ASSERT(!labels || offset + size <= VDEV_LABEL_START_SIZE ||
offset >= vd->vdev_psize - VDEV_LABEL_END_SIZE);
ASSERT3U(offset + size, <=, vd->vdev_psize);
zio = zio_create(pio, vd->vdev_spa, 0, NULL, data, size, size, done,
private, ZIO_TYPE_READ, priority, flags | ZIO_FLAG_PHYSICAL, vd,
offset, NULL, ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, ZIO_READ_PHYS_PIPELINE);
zio->io_prop.zp_checksum = checksum;
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_write_phys(zio_t *pio, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t offset, uint64_t size,
abd_t *data, int checksum, zio_done_func_t *done, void *private,
zio_priority_t priority, enum zio_flag flags, boolean_t labels)
{
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT(vd->vdev_children == 0);
ASSERT(!labels || offset + size <= VDEV_LABEL_START_SIZE ||
offset >= vd->vdev_psize - VDEV_LABEL_END_SIZE);
ASSERT3U(offset + size, <=, vd->vdev_psize);
zio = zio_create(pio, vd->vdev_spa, 0, NULL, data, size, size, done,
private, ZIO_TYPE_WRITE, priority, flags | ZIO_FLAG_PHYSICAL, vd,
offset, NULL, ZIO_STAGE_OPEN, ZIO_WRITE_PHYS_PIPELINE);
zio->io_prop.zp_checksum = checksum;
if (zio_checksum_table[checksum].ci_flags & ZCHECKSUM_FLAG_EMBEDDED) {
/*
* zec checksums are necessarily destructive -- they modify
* the end of the write buffer to hold the verifier/checksum.
* Therefore, we must make a local copy in case the data is
* being written to multiple places in parallel.
*/
abd_t *wbuf = abd_alloc_sametype(data, size);
abd_copy(wbuf, data, size);
zio_push_transform(zio, wbuf, size, size, NULL);
}
return (zio);
}
/*
* Create a child I/O to do some work for us.
*/
zio_t *
zio_vdev_child_io(zio_t *pio, blkptr_t *bp, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t offset,
abd_t *data, uint64_t size, int type, zio_priority_t priority,
enum zio_flag flags, zio_done_func_t *done, void *private)
{
enum zio_stage pipeline = ZIO_VDEV_CHILD_PIPELINE;
zio_t *zio;
/*
* vdev child I/Os do not propagate their error to the parent.
* Therefore, for correct operation the caller *must* check for
* and handle the error in the child i/o's done callback.
* The only exceptions are i/os that we don't care about
* (OPTIONAL or REPAIR).
*/
ASSERT((flags & ZIO_FLAG_OPTIONAL) || (flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REPAIR) ||
done != NULL);
if (type == ZIO_TYPE_READ && bp != NULL) {
/*
* If we have the bp, then the child should perform the
* checksum and the parent need not. This pushes error
* detection as close to the leaves as possible and
* eliminates redundant checksums in the interior nodes.
*/
pipeline |= ZIO_STAGE_CHECKSUM_VERIFY;
pio->io_pipeline &= ~ZIO_STAGE_CHECKSUM_VERIFY;
}
if (vd->vdev_ops->vdev_op_leaf) {
ASSERT0(vd->vdev_children);
offset += VDEV_LABEL_START_SIZE;
}
flags |= ZIO_VDEV_CHILD_FLAGS(pio);
/*
* If we've decided to do a repair, the write is not speculative --
* even if the original read was.
*/
if (flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REPAIR)
flags &= ~ZIO_FLAG_SPECULATIVE;
/*
* If we're creating a child I/O that is not associated with a
* top-level vdev, then the child zio is not an allocating I/O.
* If this is a retried I/O then we ignore it since we will
* have already processed the original allocating I/O.
*/
if (flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_ALLOCATING &&
(vd != vd->vdev_top || (flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_RETRY))) {
metaslab_class_t *mc = spa_normal_class(pio->io_spa);
ASSERT(mc->mc_alloc_throttle_enabled);
ASSERT(type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE);
ASSERT(priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_ASYNC_WRITE);
ASSERT(!(flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REPAIR));
ASSERT(!(pio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REWRITE) ||
pio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_GANG);
flags &= ~ZIO_FLAG_IO_ALLOCATING;
}
zio = zio_create(pio, pio->io_spa, pio->io_txg, bp, data, size, size,
done, private, type, priority, flags, vd, offset, &pio->io_bookmark,
ZIO_STAGE_VDEV_IO_START >> 1, pipeline);
ASSERT3U(zio->io_child_type, ==, ZIO_CHILD_VDEV);
zio->io_physdone = pio->io_physdone;
if (vd->vdev_ops->vdev_op_leaf && zio->io_logical != NULL)
zio->io_logical->io_phys_children++;
return (zio);
}
zio_t *
zio_vdev_delegated_io(vdev_t *vd, uint64_t offset, abd_t *data, uint64_t size,
zio_type_t type, zio_priority_t priority, enum zio_flag flags,
zio_done_func_t *done, void *private)
{
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT(vd->vdev_ops->vdev_op_leaf);
zio = zio_create(NULL, vd->vdev_spa, 0, NULL,
data, size, size, done, private, type, priority,
flags | ZIO_FLAG_CANFAIL | ZIO_FLAG_DONT_RETRY | ZIO_FLAG_DELEGATED,
vd, offset, NULL,
ZIO_STAGE_VDEV_IO_START >> 1, ZIO_VDEV_CHILD_PIPELINE);
return (zio);
}
void
zio_flush(zio_t *zio, vdev_t *vd)
{
zio_nowait(zio_ioctl(zio, zio->io_spa, vd, DKIOCFLUSHWRITECACHE,
NULL, NULL,
ZIO_FLAG_CANFAIL | ZIO_FLAG_DONT_PROPAGATE | ZIO_FLAG_DONT_RETRY));
}
void
zio_shrink(zio_t *zio, uint64_t size)
{
ASSERT3P(zio->io_executor, ==, NULL);
ASSERT3P(zio->io_orig_size, ==, zio->io_size);
ASSERT3U(size, <=, zio->io_size);
/*
* We don't shrink for raidz because of problems with the
* reconstruction when reading back less than the block size.
* Note, BP_IS_RAIDZ() assumes no compression.
*/
ASSERT(BP_GET_COMPRESS(zio->io_bp) == ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF);
if (!BP_IS_RAIDZ(zio->io_bp)) {
/* we are not doing a raw write */
ASSERT3U(zio->io_size, ==, zio->io_lsize);
zio->io_orig_size = zio->io_size = zio->io_lsize = size;
}
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Prepare to read and write logical blocks
* ==========================================================================
*/
static int
zio_read_bp_init(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ASSERT3P(zio->io_bp, ==, &zio->io_bp_copy);
if (BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp) != ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF &&
zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL &&
!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_RAW)) {
uint64_t psize =
BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? BPE_GET_PSIZE(bp) : BP_GET_PSIZE(bp);
zio_push_transform(zio, abd_alloc_sametype(zio->io_abd, psize),
psize, psize, zio_decompress);
}
if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) && BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp) == BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_DATA) {
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
int psize = BPE_GET_PSIZE(bp);
void *data = abd_borrow_buf(zio->io_abd, psize);
decode_embedded_bp_compressed(bp, data);
abd_return_buf_copy(zio->io_abd, data, psize);
} else {
ASSERT(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp));
ASSERT3P(zio->io_bp, ==, &zio->io_bp_copy);
}
if (!DMU_OT_IS_METADATA(BP_GET_TYPE(bp)) && BP_GET_LEVEL(bp) == 0)
zio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_DONT_CACHE;
if (BP_GET_TYPE(bp) == DMU_OT_DDT_ZAP)
zio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_DONT_CACHE;
if (BP_GET_DEDUP(bp) && zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL)
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_DDT_READ_PIPELINE;
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_write_bp_init(zio_t *zio)
{
if (!IO_IS_ALLOCATING(zio))
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type != ZIO_CHILD_DDT);
if (zio->io_bp_override) {
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
zio_prop_t *zp = &zio->io_prop;
ASSERT(bp->blk_birth != zio->io_txg);
ASSERT(BP_GET_DEDUP(zio->io_bp_override) == 0);
*bp = *zio->io_bp_override;
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp))
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
/*
* If we've been overridden and nopwrite is set then
* set the flag accordingly to indicate that a nopwrite
* has already occurred.
*/
if (!BP_IS_HOLE(bp) && zp->zp_nopwrite) {
ASSERT(!zp->zp_dedup);
ASSERT3U(BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp), ==, zp->zp_checksum);
zio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_NOPWRITE;
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
ASSERT(!zp->zp_nopwrite);
if (BP_IS_HOLE(bp) || !zp->zp_dedup)
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
ASSERT((zio_checksum_table[zp->zp_checksum].ci_flags &
ZCHECKSUM_FLAG_DEDUP) || zp->zp_dedup_verify);
if (BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp) == zp->zp_checksum) {
BP_SET_DEDUP(bp, 1);
zio->io_pipeline |= ZIO_STAGE_DDT_WRITE;
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* We were unable to handle this as an override bp, treat
* it as a regular write I/O.
*/
zio->io_bp_override = NULL;
*bp = zio->io_bp_orig;
zio->io_pipeline = zio->io_orig_pipeline;
}
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_write_compress(zio_t *zio)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
zio_prop_t *zp = &zio->io_prop;
enum zio_compress compress = zp->zp_compress;
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
uint64_t lsize = zio->io_lsize;
uint64_t psize = zio->io_size;
int pass = 1;
EQUIV(lsize != psize, (zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_RAW) != 0);
/*
* If our children haven't all reached the ready stage,
* wait for them and then repeat this pipeline stage.
*/
if (zio_wait_for_children(zio, ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL_BIT |
ZIO_CHILD_GANG_BIT, ZIO_WAIT_READY)) {
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
if (!IO_IS_ALLOCATING(zio))
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
if (zio->io_children_ready != NULL) {
/*
* Now that all our children are ready, run the callback
* associated with this zio in case it wants to modify the
* data to be written.
*/
ASSERT3U(zp->zp_level, >, 0);
zio->io_children_ready(zio);
}
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type != ZIO_CHILD_DDT);
ASSERT(zio->io_bp_override == NULL);
if (!BP_IS_HOLE(bp) && bp->blk_birth == zio->io_txg) {
/*
* We're rewriting an existing block, which means we're
* working on behalf of spa_sync(). For spa_sync() to
* converge, it must eventually be the case that we don't
* have to allocate new blocks. But compression changes
* the blocksize, which forces a reallocate, and makes
* convergence take longer. Therefore, after the first
* few passes, stop compressing to ensure convergence.
*/
pass = spa_sync_pass(spa);
ASSERT(zio->io_txg == spa_syncing_txg(spa));
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ASSERT(!BP_GET_DEDUP(bp));
if (pass >= zfs_sync_pass_dont_compress)
compress = ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF;
/* Make sure someone doesn't change their mind on overwrites */
ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) || MIN(zp->zp_copies + BP_IS_GANG(bp),
spa_max_replication(spa)) == BP_GET_NDVAS(bp));
}
/* If it's a compressed write that is not raw, compress the buffer. */
if (compress != ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF && psize == lsize) {
void *cbuf = zio_buf_alloc(lsize);
psize = zio_compress_data(compress, zio->io_abd, cbuf, lsize);
if (psize == 0 || psize == lsize) {
compress = ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF;
zio_buf_free(cbuf, lsize);
} else if (!zp->zp_dedup && psize <= BPE_PAYLOAD_SIZE &&
zp->zp_level == 0 && !DMU_OT_HAS_FILL(zp->zp_type) &&
spa_feature_is_enabled(spa, SPA_FEATURE_EMBEDDED_DATA)) {
encode_embedded_bp_compressed(bp,
cbuf, compress, lsize, psize);
BPE_SET_ETYPE(bp, BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_DATA);
BP_SET_TYPE(bp, zio->io_prop.zp_type);
BP_SET_LEVEL(bp, zio->io_prop.zp_level);
zio_buf_free(cbuf, lsize);
bp->blk_birth = zio->io_txg;
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
ASSERT(spa_feature_is_active(spa,
SPA_FEATURE_EMBEDDED_DATA));
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
} else {
/*
* Round up compressed size up to the ashift
* of the smallest-ashift device, and zero the tail.
* This ensures that the compressed size of the BP
* (and thus compressratio property) are correct,
* in that we charge for the padding used to fill out
* the last sector.
*/
ASSERT3U(spa->spa_min_ashift, >=, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT);
size_t rounded = (size_t)P2ROUNDUP(psize,
1ULL << spa->spa_min_ashift);
if (rounded >= lsize) {
compress = ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF;
zio_buf_free(cbuf, lsize);
psize = lsize;
} else {
abd_t *cdata = abd_get_from_buf(cbuf, lsize);
abd_take_ownership_of_buf(cdata, B_TRUE);
abd_zero_off(cdata, psize, rounded - psize);
psize = rounded;
zio_push_transform(zio, cdata,
psize, lsize, NULL);
}
}
/*
* We were unable to handle this as an override bp, treat
* it as a regular write I/O.
*/
zio->io_bp_override = NULL;
*bp = zio->io_bp_orig;
zio->io_pipeline = zio->io_orig_pipeline;
} else {
ASSERT3U(psize, !=, 0);
}
/*
* The final pass of spa_sync() must be all rewrites, but the first
* few passes offer a trade-off: allocating blocks defers convergence,
* but newly allocated blocks are sequential, so they can be written
* to disk faster. Therefore, we allow the first few passes of
* spa_sync() to allocate new blocks, but force rewrites after that.
* There should only be a handful of blocks after pass 1 in any case.
*/
if (!BP_IS_HOLE(bp) && bp->blk_birth == zio->io_txg &&
BP_GET_PSIZE(bp) == psize &&
pass >= zfs_sync_pass_rewrite) {
ASSERT(psize != 0);
enum zio_stage gang_stages = zio->io_pipeline & ZIO_GANG_STAGES;
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_REWRITE_PIPELINE | gang_stages;
zio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_IO_REWRITE;
} else {
BP_ZERO(bp);
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_WRITE_PIPELINE;
}
if (psize == 0) {
if (zio->io_bp_orig.blk_birth != 0 &&
spa_feature_is_active(spa, SPA_FEATURE_HOLE_BIRTH)) {
BP_SET_LSIZE(bp, lsize);
BP_SET_TYPE(bp, zp->zp_type);
BP_SET_LEVEL(bp, zp->zp_level);
BP_SET_BIRTH(bp, zio->io_txg, 0);
}
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
} else {
ASSERT(zp->zp_checksum != ZIO_CHECKSUM_GANG_HEADER);
BP_SET_LSIZE(bp, lsize);
BP_SET_TYPE(bp, zp->zp_type);
BP_SET_LEVEL(bp, zp->zp_level);
BP_SET_PSIZE(bp, psize);
BP_SET_COMPRESS(bp, compress);
BP_SET_CHECKSUM(bp, zp->zp_checksum);
BP_SET_DEDUP(bp, zp->zp_dedup);
BP_SET_BYTEORDER(bp, ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER);
if (zp->zp_dedup) {
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ASSERT(!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REWRITE));
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_DDT_WRITE_PIPELINE;
}
if (zp->zp_nopwrite) {
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ASSERT(!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REWRITE));
zio->io_pipeline |= ZIO_STAGE_NOP_WRITE;
}
}
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_free_bp_init(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
if (zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL) {
if (BP_GET_DEDUP(bp))
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_DDT_FREE_PIPELINE;
}
ASSERT3P(zio->io_bp, ==, &zio->io_bp_copy);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Execute the I/O pipeline
* ==========================================================================
*/
static void
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio_t *zio, zio_taskq_type_t q, boolean_t cutinline)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
zio_type_t t = zio->io_type;
int flags = (cutinline ? TQ_FRONT : 0);
/*
* If we're a config writer or a probe, the normal issue and
* interrupt threads may all be blocked waiting for the config lock.
* In this case, select the otherwise-unused taskq for ZIO_TYPE_NULL.
*/
if (zio->io_flags & (ZIO_FLAG_CONFIG_WRITER | ZIO_FLAG_PROBE))
t = ZIO_TYPE_NULL;
/*
* A similar issue exists for the L2ARC write thread until L2ARC 2.0.
*/
if (t == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE && zio->io_vd && zio->io_vd->vdev_aux)
t = ZIO_TYPE_NULL;
/*
* If this is a high priority I/O, then use the high priority taskq if
* available.
*/
if (zio->io_priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_NOW &&
spa->spa_zio_taskq[t][q + 1].stqs_count != 0)
q++;
ASSERT3U(q, <, ZIO_TASKQ_TYPES);
/*
* NB: We are assuming that the zio can only be dispatched
* to a single taskq at a time. It would be a grievous error
* to dispatch the zio to another taskq at the same time.
*/
ASSERT(zio->io_tqent.tqent_next == NULL);
spa_taskq_dispatch_ent(spa, t, q, (task_func_t *)zio_execute, zio,
flags, &zio->io_tqent);
}
static boolean_t
zio_taskq_member(zio_t *zio, zio_taskq_type_t q)
{
kthread_t *executor = zio->io_executor;
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
for (zio_type_t t = 0; t < ZIO_TYPES; t++) {
spa_taskqs_t *tqs = &spa->spa_zio_taskq[t][q];
uint_t i;
for (i = 0; i < tqs->stqs_count; i++) {
if (taskq_member(tqs->stqs_taskq[i], executor))
return (B_TRUE);
}
}
return (B_FALSE);
}
static int
zio_issue_async(zio_t *zio)
{
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE, B_FALSE);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
void
zio_interrupt(zio_t *zio)
{
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_INTERRUPT, B_FALSE);
}
void
zio_delay_interrupt(zio_t *zio)
{
/*
* The timeout_generic() function isn't defined in userspace, so
* rather than trying to implement the function, the zio delay
* functionality has been disabled for userspace builds.
*/
#ifdef _KERNEL
/*
* If io_target_timestamp is zero, then no delay has been registered
* for this IO, thus jump to the end of this function and "skip" the
* delay; issuing it directly to the zio layer.
*/
if (zio->io_target_timestamp != 0) {
hrtime_t now = gethrtime();
if (now >= zio->io_target_timestamp) {
/*
* This IO has already taken longer than the target
* delay to complete, so we don't want to delay it
* any longer; we "miss" the delay and issue it
* directly to the zio layer. This is likely due to
* the target latency being set to a value less than
* the underlying hardware can satisfy (e.g. delay
* set to 1ms, but the disks take 10ms to complete an
* IO request).
*/
DTRACE_PROBE2(zio__delay__miss, zio_t *, zio,
hrtime_t, now);
zio_interrupt(zio);
} else {
hrtime_t diff = zio->io_target_timestamp - now;
DTRACE_PROBE3(zio__delay__hit, zio_t *, zio,
hrtime_t, now, hrtime_t, diff);
(void) timeout_generic(CALLOUT_NORMAL,
(void (*)(void *))zio_interrupt, zio, diff, 1, 0);
}
return;
}
#endif
DTRACE_PROBE1(zio__delay__skip, zio_t *, zio);
zio_interrupt(zio);
}
/*
* Execute the I/O pipeline until one of the following occurs:
*
* (1) the I/O completes
* (2) the pipeline stalls waiting for dependent child I/Os
* (3) the I/O issues, so we're waiting for an I/O completion interrupt
* (4) the I/O is delegated by vdev-level caching or aggregation
* (5) the I/O is deferred due to vdev-level queueing
* (6) the I/O is handed off to another thread.
*
* In all cases, the pipeline stops whenever there's no CPU work; it never
* burns a thread in cv_wait().
*
* There's no locking on io_stage because there's no legitimate way
* for multiple threads to be attempting to process the same I/O.
*/
static zio_pipe_stage_t *zio_pipeline[];
void
zio_execute(zio_t *zio)
{
zio->io_executor = curthread;
ASSERT3U(zio->io_queued_timestamp, >, 0);
while (zio->io_stage < ZIO_STAGE_DONE) {
enum zio_stage pipeline = zio->io_pipeline;
enum zio_stage stage = zio->io_stage;
int rv;
ASSERT(!MUTEX_HELD(&zio->io_lock));
ASSERT(ISP2(stage));
ASSERT(zio->io_stall == NULL);
do {
stage <<= 1;
} while ((stage & pipeline) == 0);
ASSERT(stage <= ZIO_STAGE_DONE);
/*
* If we are in interrupt context and this pipeline stage
* will grab a config lock that is held across I/O,
* or may wait for an I/O that needs an interrupt thread
* to complete, issue async to avoid deadlock.
*
* For VDEV_IO_START, we cut in line so that the io will
* be sent to disk promptly.
*/
if ((stage & ZIO_BLOCKING_STAGES) && zio->io_vd == NULL &&
zio_taskq_member(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_INTERRUPT)) {
boolean_t cut = (stage == ZIO_STAGE_VDEV_IO_START) ?
zio_requeue_io_start_cut_in_line : B_FALSE;
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE, cut);
return;
}
zio->io_stage = stage;
zio->io_pipeline_trace |= zio->io_stage;
rv = zio_pipeline[highbit64(stage) - 1](zio);
if (rv == ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP)
return;
ASSERT(rv == ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Initiate I/O, either sync or async
* ==========================================================================
*/
int
zio_wait(zio_t *zio)
{
int error;
ASSERT3P(zio->io_stage, ==, ZIO_STAGE_OPEN);
ASSERT3P(zio->io_executor, ==, NULL);
zio->io_waiter = curthread;
ASSERT0(zio->io_queued_timestamp);
zio->io_queued_timestamp = gethrtime();
zio_execute(zio);
mutex_enter(&zio->io_lock);
while (zio->io_executor != NULL)
cv_wait(&zio->io_cv, &zio->io_lock);
mutex_exit(&zio->io_lock);
error = zio->io_error;
zio_destroy(zio);
return (error);
}
void
zio_nowait(zio_t *zio)
{
ASSERT3P(zio->io_executor, ==, NULL);
if (zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL &&
zio_unique_parent(zio) == NULL) {
/*
* This is a logical async I/O with no parent to wait for it.
* We add it to the spa_async_root_zio "Godfather" I/O which
* will ensure they complete prior to unloading the pool.
*/
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
zio_add_child(spa->spa_async_zio_root[CPU_SEQID], zio);
}
ASSERT0(zio->io_queued_timestamp);
zio->io_queued_timestamp = gethrtime();
zio_execute(zio);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Reexecute, cancel, or suspend/resume failed I/O
* ==========================================================================
*/
static void
zio_reexecute(zio_t *pio)
{
zio_t *cio, *cio_next;
ASSERT(pio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ASSERT(pio->io_orig_stage == ZIO_STAGE_OPEN);
ASSERT(pio->io_gang_leader == NULL);
ASSERT(pio->io_gang_tree == NULL);
pio->io_flags = pio->io_orig_flags;
pio->io_stage = pio->io_orig_stage;
pio->io_pipeline = pio->io_orig_pipeline;
pio->io_reexecute = 0;
pio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_REEXECUTED;
pio->io_pipeline_trace = 0;
pio->io_error = 0;
for (int w = 0; w < ZIO_WAIT_TYPES; w++)
pio->io_state[w] = 0;
for (int c = 0; c < ZIO_CHILD_TYPES; c++)
pio->io_child_error[c] = 0;
if (IO_IS_ALLOCATING(pio))
BP_ZERO(pio->io_bp);
/*
* As we reexecute pio's children, new children could be created.
* New children go to the head of pio's io_child_list, however,
* so we will (correctly) not reexecute them. The key is that
* the remainder of pio's io_child_list, from 'cio_next' onward,
* cannot be affected by any side effects of reexecuting 'cio'.
*/
zio_link_t *zl = NULL;
for (cio = zio_walk_children(pio, &zl); cio != NULL; cio = cio_next) {
cio_next = zio_walk_children(pio, &zl);
mutex_enter(&pio->io_lock);
for (int w = 0; w < ZIO_WAIT_TYPES; w++)
pio->io_children[cio->io_child_type][w]++;
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
zio_reexecute(cio);
}
/*
* Now that all children have been reexecuted, execute the parent.
* We don't reexecute "The Godfather" I/O here as it's the
* responsibility of the caller to wait on it.
*/
if (!(pio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_GODFATHER)) {
pio->io_queued_timestamp = gethrtime();
zio_execute(pio);
}
}
void
zio_suspend(spa_t *spa, zio_t *zio)
{
if (spa_get_failmode(spa) == ZIO_FAILURE_MODE_PANIC)
fm_panic("Pool '%s' has encountered an uncorrectable I/O "
"failure and the failure mode property for this pool "
"is set to panic.", spa_name(spa));
zfs_ereport_post(FM_EREPORT_ZFS_IO_FAILURE, spa, NULL, NULL, 0, 0);
mutex_enter(&spa->spa_suspend_lock);
if (spa->spa_suspend_zio_root == NULL)
spa->spa_suspend_zio_root = zio_root(spa, NULL, NULL,
ZIO_FLAG_CANFAIL | ZIO_FLAG_SPECULATIVE |
ZIO_FLAG_GODFATHER);
spa->spa_suspended = B_TRUE;
if (zio != NULL) {
ASSERT(!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_GODFATHER));
ASSERT(zio != spa->spa_suspend_zio_root);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ASSERT(zio_unique_parent(zio) == NULL);
ASSERT(zio->io_stage == ZIO_STAGE_DONE);
zio_add_child(spa->spa_suspend_zio_root, zio);
}
mutex_exit(&spa->spa_suspend_lock);
}
int
zio_resume(spa_t *spa)
{
zio_t *pio;
/*
* Reexecute all previously suspended i/o.
*/
mutex_enter(&spa->spa_suspend_lock);
spa->spa_suspended = B_FALSE;
cv_broadcast(&spa->spa_suspend_cv);
pio = spa->spa_suspend_zio_root;
spa->spa_suspend_zio_root = NULL;
mutex_exit(&spa->spa_suspend_lock);
if (pio == NULL)
return (0);
zio_reexecute(pio);
return (zio_wait(pio));
}
void
zio_resume_wait(spa_t *spa)
{
mutex_enter(&spa->spa_suspend_lock);
while (spa_suspended(spa))
cv_wait(&spa->spa_suspend_cv, &spa->spa_suspend_lock);
mutex_exit(&spa->spa_suspend_lock);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Gang blocks.
*
* A gang block is a collection of small blocks that looks to the DMU
* like one large block. When zio_dva_allocate() cannot find a block
* of the requested size, due to either severe fragmentation or the pool
* being nearly full, it calls zio_write_gang_block() to construct the
* block from smaller fragments.
*
* A gang block consists of a gang header (zio_gbh_phys_t) and up to
* three (SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS) gang members. The gang header is just like
* an indirect block: it's an array of block pointers. It consumes
* only one sector and hence is allocatable regardless of fragmentation.
* The gang header's bps point to its gang members, which hold the data.
*
* Gang blocks are self-checksumming, using the bp's <vdev, offset, txg>
* as the verifier to ensure uniqueness of the SHA256 checksum.
* Critically, the gang block bp's blk_cksum is the checksum of the data,
* not the gang header. This ensures that data block signatures (needed for
* deduplication) are independent of how the block is physically stored.
*
* Gang blocks can be nested: a gang member may itself be a gang block.
* Thus every gang block is a tree in which root and all interior nodes are
* gang headers, and the leaves are normal blocks that contain user data.
* The root of the gang tree is called the gang leader.
*
* To perform any operation (read, rewrite, free, claim) on a gang block,
* zio_gang_assemble() first assembles the gang tree (minus data leaves)
* in the io_gang_tree field of the original logical i/o by recursively
* reading the gang leader and all gang headers below it. This yields
* an in-core tree containing the contents of every gang header and the
* bps for every constituent of the gang block.
*
* With the gang tree now assembled, zio_gang_issue() just walks the gang tree
* and invokes a callback on each bp. To free a gang block, zio_gang_issue()
* calls zio_free_gang() -- a trivial wrapper around zio_free() -- for each bp.
* zio_claim_gang() provides a similarly trivial wrapper for zio_claim().
* zio_read_gang() is a wrapper around zio_read() that omits reading gang
* headers, since we already have those in io_gang_tree. zio_rewrite_gang()
* performs a zio_rewrite() of the data or, for gang headers, a zio_rewrite()
* of the gang header plus zio_checksum_compute() of the data to update the
* gang header's blk_cksum as described above.
*
* The two-phase assemble/issue model solves the problem of partial failure --
* what if you'd freed part of a gang block but then couldn't read the
* gang header for another part? Assembling the entire gang tree first
* ensures that all the necessary gang header I/O has succeeded before
* starting the actual work of free, claim, or write. Once the gang tree
* is assembled, free and claim are in-memory operations that cannot fail.
*
* In the event that a gang write fails, zio_dva_unallocate() walks the
* gang tree to immediately free (i.e. insert back into the space map)
* everything we've allocated. This ensures that we don't get ENOSPC
* errors during repeated suspend/resume cycles due to a flaky device.
*
* Gang rewrites only happen during sync-to-convergence. If we can't assemble
* the gang tree, we won't modify the block, so we can safely defer the free
* (knowing that the block is still intact). If we *can* assemble the gang
* tree, then even if some of the rewrites fail, zio_dva_unallocate() will free
* each constituent bp and we can allocate a new block on the next sync pass.
*
* In all cases, the gang tree allows complete recovery from partial failure.
* ==========================================================================
*/
static void
zio_gang_issue_func_done(zio_t *zio)
{
abd_put(zio->io_abd);
}
static zio_t *
zio_read_gang(zio_t *pio, blkptr_t *bp, zio_gang_node_t *gn, abd_t *data,
uint64_t offset)
{
if (gn != NULL)
return (pio);
return (zio_read(pio, pio->io_spa, bp, abd_get_offset(data, offset),
BP_GET_PSIZE(bp), zio_gang_issue_func_done,
NULL, pio->io_priority, ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio),
&pio->io_bookmark));
}
static zio_t *
zio_rewrite_gang(zio_t *pio, blkptr_t *bp, zio_gang_node_t *gn, abd_t *data,
uint64_t offset)
{
zio_t *zio;
if (gn != NULL) {
abd_t *gbh_abd =
abd_get_from_buf(gn->gn_gbh, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
zio = zio_rewrite(pio, pio->io_spa, pio->io_txg, bp,
gbh_abd, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE, zio_gang_issue_func_done, NULL,
pio->io_priority, ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio),
&pio->io_bookmark);
/*
* As we rewrite each gang header, the pipeline will compute
* a new gang block header checksum for it; but no one will
* compute a new data checksum, so we do that here. The one
* exception is the gang leader: the pipeline already computed
* its data checksum because that stage precedes gang assembly.
* (Presently, nothing actually uses interior data checksums;
* this is just good hygiene.)
*/
if (gn != pio->io_gang_leader->io_gang_tree) {
abd_t *buf = abd_get_offset(data, offset);
zio_checksum_compute(zio, BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp),
buf, BP_GET_PSIZE(bp));
abd_put(buf);
}
/*
* If we are here to damage data for testing purposes,
* leave the GBH alone so that we can detect the damage.
*/
if (pio->io_gang_leader->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_INDUCE_DAMAGE)
zio->io_pipeline &= ~ZIO_VDEV_IO_STAGES;
} else {
zio = zio_rewrite(pio, pio->io_spa, pio->io_txg, bp,
abd_get_offset(data, offset), BP_GET_PSIZE(bp),
zio_gang_issue_func_done, NULL, pio->io_priority,
ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio), &pio->io_bookmark);
}
return (zio);
}
/* ARGSUSED */
static zio_t *
zio_free_gang(zio_t *pio, blkptr_t *bp, zio_gang_node_t *gn, abd_t *data,
uint64_t offset)
{
return (zio_free_sync(pio, pio->io_spa, pio->io_txg, bp,
ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio)));
}
/* ARGSUSED */
static zio_t *
zio_claim_gang(zio_t *pio, blkptr_t *bp, zio_gang_node_t *gn, abd_t *data,
uint64_t offset)
{
return (zio_claim(pio, pio->io_spa, pio->io_txg, bp,
NULL, NULL, ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio)));
}
static zio_gang_issue_func_t *zio_gang_issue_func[ZIO_TYPES] = {
NULL,
zio_read_gang,
zio_rewrite_gang,
zio_free_gang,
zio_claim_gang,
NULL
};
static void zio_gang_tree_assemble_done(zio_t *zio);
static zio_gang_node_t *
zio_gang_node_alloc(zio_gang_node_t **gnpp)
{
zio_gang_node_t *gn;
ASSERT(*gnpp == NULL);
gn = kmem_zalloc(sizeof (*gn), KM_SLEEP);
gn->gn_gbh = zio_buf_alloc(SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
*gnpp = gn;
return (gn);
}
static void
zio_gang_node_free(zio_gang_node_t **gnpp)
{
zio_gang_node_t *gn = *gnpp;
for (int g = 0; g < SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS; g++)
ASSERT(gn->gn_child[g] == NULL);
zio_buf_free(gn->gn_gbh, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
kmem_free(gn, sizeof (*gn));
*gnpp = NULL;
}
static void
zio_gang_tree_free(zio_gang_node_t **gnpp)
{
zio_gang_node_t *gn = *gnpp;
if (gn == NULL)
return;
for (int g = 0; g < SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS; g++)
zio_gang_tree_free(&gn->gn_child[g]);
zio_gang_node_free(gnpp);
}
static void
zio_gang_tree_assemble(zio_t *gio, blkptr_t *bp, zio_gang_node_t **gnpp)
{
zio_gang_node_t *gn = zio_gang_node_alloc(gnpp);
abd_t *gbh_abd = abd_get_from_buf(gn->gn_gbh, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
ASSERT(gio->io_gang_leader == gio);
ASSERT(BP_IS_GANG(bp));
zio_nowait(zio_read(gio, gio->io_spa, bp, gbh_abd, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE,
zio_gang_tree_assemble_done, gn, gio->io_priority,
ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(gio), &gio->io_bookmark));
}
static void
zio_gang_tree_assemble_done(zio_t *zio)
{
zio_t *gio = zio->io_gang_leader;
zio_gang_node_t *gn = zio->io_private;
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ASSERT(gio == zio_unique_parent(zio));
ASSERT(zio->io_child_count == 0);
if (zio->io_error)
return;
/* this ABD was created from a linear buf in zio_gang_tree_assemble */
if (BP_SHOULD_BYTESWAP(bp))
byteswap_uint64_array(abd_to_buf(zio->io_abd), zio->io_size);
ASSERT3P(abd_to_buf(zio->io_abd), ==, gn->gn_gbh);
ASSERT(zio->io_size == SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
ASSERT(gn->gn_gbh->zg_tail.zec_magic == ZEC_MAGIC);
abd_put(zio->io_abd);
for (int g = 0; g < SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS; g++) {
blkptr_t *gbp = &gn->gn_gbh->zg_blkptr[g];
if (!BP_IS_GANG(gbp))
continue;
zio_gang_tree_assemble(gio, gbp, &gn->gn_child[g]);
}
}
static void
zio_gang_tree_issue(zio_t *pio, zio_gang_node_t *gn, blkptr_t *bp, abd_t *data,
uint64_t offset)
{
zio_t *gio = pio->io_gang_leader;
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT(BP_IS_GANG(bp) == !!gn);
ASSERT(BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp) == BP_GET_CHECKSUM(gio->io_bp));
ASSERT(BP_GET_LSIZE(bp) == BP_GET_PSIZE(bp) || gn == gio->io_gang_tree);
/*
* If you're a gang header, your data is in gn->gn_gbh.
* If you're a gang member, your data is in 'data' and gn == NULL.
*/
zio = zio_gang_issue_func[gio->io_type](pio, bp, gn, data, offset);
if (gn != NULL) {
ASSERT(gn->gn_gbh->zg_tail.zec_magic == ZEC_MAGIC);
for (int g = 0; g < SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS; g++) {
blkptr_t *gbp = &gn->gn_gbh->zg_blkptr[g];
if (BP_IS_HOLE(gbp))
continue;
zio_gang_tree_issue(zio, gn->gn_child[g], gbp, data,
offset);
offset += BP_GET_PSIZE(gbp);
}
}
if (gn == gio->io_gang_tree)
ASSERT3U(gio->io_size, ==, offset);
if (zio != pio)
zio_nowait(zio);
}
static int
zio_gang_assemble(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ASSERT(BP_IS_GANG(bp) && zio->io_gang_leader == NULL);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type > ZIO_CHILD_GANG);
zio->io_gang_leader = zio;
zio_gang_tree_assemble(zio, bp, &zio->io_gang_tree);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_gang_issue(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
if (zio_wait_for_children(zio, ZIO_CHILD_GANG_BIT, ZIO_WAIT_DONE)) {
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
ASSERT(BP_IS_GANG(bp) && zio->io_gang_leader == zio);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type > ZIO_CHILD_GANG);
if (zio->io_child_error[ZIO_CHILD_GANG] == 0)
zio_gang_tree_issue(zio, zio->io_gang_tree, bp, zio->io_abd,
0);
else
zio_gang_tree_free(&zio->io_gang_tree);
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static void
zio_write_gang_member_ready(zio_t *zio)
{
zio_t *pio = zio_unique_parent(zio);
zio_t *gio = zio->io_gang_leader;
dva_t *cdva = zio->io_bp->blk_dva;
dva_t *pdva = pio->io_bp->blk_dva;
uint64_t asize;
if (BP_IS_HOLE(zio->io_bp))
return;
ASSERT(BP_IS_HOLE(&zio->io_bp_orig));
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_GANG);
ASSERT3U(zio->io_prop.zp_copies, ==, gio->io_prop.zp_copies);
ASSERT3U(zio->io_prop.zp_copies, <=, BP_GET_NDVAS(zio->io_bp));
ASSERT3U(pio->io_prop.zp_copies, <=, BP_GET_NDVAS(pio->io_bp));
ASSERT3U(BP_GET_NDVAS(zio->io_bp), <=, BP_GET_NDVAS(pio->io_bp));
mutex_enter(&pio->io_lock);
for (int d = 0; d < BP_GET_NDVAS(zio->io_bp); d++) {
ASSERT(DVA_GET_GANG(&pdva[d]));
asize = DVA_GET_ASIZE(&pdva[d]);
asize += DVA_GET_ASIZE(&cdva[d]);
DVA_SET_ASIZE(&pdva[d], asize);
}
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
}
static void
zio_write_gang_done(zio_t *zio)
{
/*
* The io_abd field will be NULL for a zio with no data. The io_flags
* will initially have the ZIO_FLAG_NODATA bit flag set, but we can't
* check for it here as it is cleared in zio_ready.
*/
if (zio->io_abd != NULL)
abd_put(zio->io_abd);
}
static int
zio_write_gang_block(zio_t *pio)
{
spa_t *spa = pio->io_spa;
metaslab_class_t *mc = spa_normal_class(spa);
blkptr_t *bp = pio->io_bp;
zio_t *gio = pio->io_gang_leader;
zio_t *zio;
zio_gang_node_t *gn, **gnpp;
zio_gbh_phys_t *gbh;
abd_t *gbh_abd;
uint64_t txg = pio->io_txg;
uint64_t resid = pio->io_size;
uint64_t lsize;
int copies = gio->io_prop.zp_copies;
int gbh_copies = MIN(copies + 1, spa_max_replication(spa));
zio_prop_t zp;
int error;
boolean_t has_data = !(pio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_NODATA);
int flags = METASLAB_HINTBP_FAVOR | METASLAB_GANG_HEADER;
if (pio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_ALLOCATING) {
ASSERT(pio->io_priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_ASYNC_WRITE);
ASSERT(has_data);
flags |= METASLAB_ASYNC_ALLOC;
VERIFY(refcount_held(&mc->mc_alloc_slots[pio->io_allocator],
pio));
/*
* The logical zio has already placed a reservation for
* 'copies' allocation slots but gang blocks may require
* additional copies. These additional copies
* (i.e. gbh_copies - copies) are guaranteed to succeed
* since metaslab_class_throttle_reserve() always allows
* additional reservations for gang blocks.
*/
VERIFY(metaslab_class_throttle_reserve(mc, gbh_copies - copies,
pio->io_allocator, pio, flags));
}
error = metaslab_alloc(spa, mc, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE,
bp, gbh_copies, txg, pio == gio ? NULL : gio->io_bp, flags,
&pio->io_alloc_list, pio, pio->io_allocator);
if (error) {
if (pio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_ALLOCATING) {
ASSERT(pio->io_priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_ASYNC_WRITE);
ASSERT(has_data);
/*
* If we failed to allocate the gang block header then
* we remove any additional allocation reservations that
* we placed here. The original reservation will
* be removed when the logical I/O goes to the ready
* stage.
*/
metaslab_class_throttle_unreserve(mc,
gbh_copies - copies, pio->io_allocator, pio);
}
pio->io_error = error;
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
if (pio == gio) {
gnpp = &gio->io_gang_tree;
} else {
gnpp = pio->io_private;
ASSERT(pio->io_ready == zio_write_gang_member_ready);
}
gn = zio_gang_node_alloc(gnpp);
gbh = gn->gn_gbh;
bzero(gbh, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
gbh_abd = abd_get_from_buf(gbh, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE);
/*
* Create the gang header.
*/
zio = zio_rewrite(pio, spa, txg, bp, gbh_abd, SPA_GANGBLOCKSIZE,
zio_write_gang_done, NULL, pio->io_priority,
ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio), &pio->io_bookmark);
/*
* Create and nowait the gang children.
*/
for (int g = 0; resid != 0; resid -= lsize, g++) {
lsize = P2ROUNDUP(resid / (SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS - g),
SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE);
ASSERT(lsize >= SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE && lsize <= resid);
zp.zp_checksum = gio->io_prop.zp_checksum;
zp.zp_compress = ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF;
zp.zp_type = DMU_OT_NONE;
zp.zp_level = 0;
zp.zp_copies = gio->io_prop.zp_copies;
zp.zp_dedup = B_FALSE;
zp.zp_dedup_verify = B_FALSE;
zp.zp_nopwrite = B_FALSE;
zio_t *cio = zio_write(zio, spa, txg, &gbh->zg_blkptr[g],
has_data ? abd_get_offset(pio->io_abd, pio->io_size -
resid) : NULL, lsize, lsize, &zp,
zio_write_gang_member_ready, NULL, NULL,
zio_write_gang_done, &gn->gn_child[g], pio->io_priority,
ZIO_GANG_CHILD_FLAGS(pio), &pio->io_bookmark);
if (pio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_ALLOCATING) {
ASSERT(pio->io_priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_ASYNC_WRITE);
ASSERT(has_data);
/*
* Gang children won't throttle but we should
* account for their work, so reserve an allocation
* slot for them here.
*/
VERIFY(metaslab_class_throttle_reserve(mc,
zp.zp_copies, cio->io_allocator, cio, flags));
}
zio_nowait(cio);
}
/*
* Set pio's pipeline to just wait for zio to finish.
*/
pio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
zio_nowait(zio);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* The zio_nop_write stage in the pipeline determines if allocating a
* new bp is necessary. The nopwrite feature can handle writes in
* either syncing or open context (i.e. zil writes) and as a result is
* mutually exclusive with dedup.
*
* By leveraging a cryptographically secure checksum, such as SHA256, we
* can compare the checksums of the new data and the old to determine if
* allocating a new block is required. Note that our requirements for
* cryptographic strength are fairly weak: there can't be any accidental
* hash collisions, but we don't need to be secure against intentional
* (malicious) collisions. To trigger a nopwrite, you have to be able
* to write the file to begin with, and triggering an incorrect (hash
* collision) nopwrite is no worse than simply writing to the file.
* That said, there are no known attacks against the checksum algorithms
* used for nopwrite, assuming that the salt and the checksums
* themselves remain secret.
*/
static int
zio_nop_write(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
blkptr_t *bp_orig = &zio->io_bp_orig;
zio_prop_t *zp = &zio->io_prop;
ASSERT(BP_GET_LEVEL(bp) == 0);
ASSERT(!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REWRITE));
ASSERT(zp->zp_nopwrite);
ASSERT(!zp->zp_dedup);
ASSERT(zio->io_bp_override == NULL);
ASSERT(IO_IS_ALLOCATING(zio));
/*
* Check to see if the original bp and the new bp have matching
* characteristics (i.e. same checksum, compression algorithms, etc).
* If they don't then just continue with the pipeline which will
* allocate a new bp.
*/
if (BP_IS_HOLE(bp_orig) ||
!(zio_checksum_table[BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp)].ci_flags &
ZCHECKSUM_FLAG_NOPWRITE) ||
BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp) != BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp_orig) ||
BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp) != BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp_orig) ||
BP_GET_DEDUP(bp) != BP_GET_DEDUP(bp_orig) ||
zp->zp_copies != BP_GET_NDVAS(bp_orig))
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
/*
* If the checksums match then reset the pipeline so that we
* avoid allocating a new bp and issuing any I/O.
*/
if (ZIO_CHECKSUM_EQUAL(bp->blk_cksum, bp_orig->blk_cksum)) {
ASSERT(zio_checksum_table[zp->zp_checksum].ci_flags &
ZCHECKSUM_FLAG_NOPWRITE);
ASSERT3U(BP_GET_PSIZE(bp), ==, BP_GET_PSIZE(bp_orig));
ASSERT3U(BP_GET_LSIZE(bp), ==, BP_GET_LSIZE(bp_orig));
ASSERT(zp->zp_compress != ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF);
ASSERT(bcmp(&bp->blk_prop, &bp_orig->blk_prop,
sizeof (uint64_t)) == 0);
*bp = *bp_orig;
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_INTERLOCK_PIPELINE;
zio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_NOPWRITE;
}
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Dedup
* ==========================================================================
*/
static void
zio_ddt_child_read_done(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ddt_entry_t *dde = zio->io_private;
ddt_phys_t *ddp;
zio_t *pio = zio_unique_parent(zio);
mutex_enter(&pio->io_lock);
ddp = ddt_phys_select(dde, bp);
if (zio->io_error == 0)
ddt_phys_clear(ddp); /* this ddp doesn't need repair */
if (zio->io_error == 0 && dde->dde_repair_abd == NULL)
dde->dde_repair_abd = zio->io_abd;
else
abd_free(zio->io_abd);
mutex_exit(&pio->io_lock);
}
static int
zio_ddt_read_start(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ASSERT(BP_GET_DEDUP(bp));
ASSERT(BP_GET_PSIZE(bp) == zio->io_size);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
if (zio->io_child_error[ZIO_CHILD_DDT]) {
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(zio->io_spa, bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde = ddt_repair_start(ddt, bp);
ddt_phys_t *ddp = dde->dde_phys;
ddt_phys_t *ddp_self = ddt_phys_select(dde, bp);
blkptr_t blk;
ASSERT(zio->io_vsd == NULL);
zio->io_vsd = dde;
if (ddp_self == NULL)
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
for (int p = 0; p < DDT_PHYS_TYPES; p++, ddp++) {
if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth == 0 || ddp == ddp_self)
continue;
ddt_bp_create(ddt->ddt_checksum, &dde->dde_key, ddp,
&blk);
zio_nowait(zio_read(zio, zio->io_spa, &blk,
abd_alloc_for_io(zio->io_size, B_TRUE),
zio->io_size, zio_ddt_child_read_done, dde,
zio->io_priority, ZIO_DDT_CHILD_FLAGS(zio) |
ZIO_FLAG_DONT_PROPAGATE, &zio->io_bookmark));
}
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
zio_nowait(zio_read(zio, zio->io_spa, bp,
zio->io_abd, zio->io_size, NULL, NULL, zio->io_priority,
ZIO_DDT_CHILD_FLAGS(zio), &zio->io_bookmark));
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_ddt_read_done(zio_t *zio)
{
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
if (zio_wait_for_children(zio, ZIO_CHILD_DDT_BIT, ZIO_WAIT_DONE)) {
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
ASSERT(BP_GET_DEDUP(bp));
ASSERT(BP_GET_PSIZE(bp) == zio->io_size);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
if (zio->io_child_error[ZIO_CHILD_DDT]) {
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(zio->io_spa, bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde = zio->io_vsd;
if (ddt == NULL) {
ASSERT(spa_load_state(zio->io_spa) != SPA_LOAD_NONE);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
if (dde == NULL) {
zio->io_stage = ZIO_STAGE_DDT_READ_START >> 1;
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE, B_FALSE);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
if (dde->dde_repair_abd != NULL) {
abd_copy(zio->io_abd, dde->dde_repair_abd,
zio->io_size);
zio->io_child_error[ZIO_CHILD_DDT] = 0;
}
ddt_repair_done(ddt, dde);
zio->io_vsd = NULL;
}
ASSERT(zio->io_vsd == NULL);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static boolean_t
zio_ddt_collision(zio_t *zio, ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
boolean_t do_raw = (zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_RAW);
/* We should never get a raw, override zio */
ASSERT(!(zio->io_bp_override && do_raw));
/*
* Note: we compare the original data, not the transformed data,
* because when zio->io_bp is an override bp, we will not have
* pushed the I/O transforms. That's an important optimization
* because otherwise we'd compress/encrypt all dmu_sync() data twice.
*/
for (int p = DDT_PHYS_SINGLE; p <= DDT_PHYS_TRIPLE; p++) {
zio_t *lio = dde->dde_lead_zio[p];
if (lio != NULL) {
return (lio->io_orig_size != zio->io_orig_size ||
abd_cmp(zio->io_orig_abd, lio->io_orig_abd,
zio->io_orig_size) != 0);
}
}
for (int p = DDT_PHYS_SINGLE; p <= DDT_PHYS_TRIPLE; p++) {
ddt_phys_t *ddp = &dde->dde_phys[p];
if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth != 0) {
arc_buf_t *abuf = NULL;
arc_flags_t aflags = ARC_FLAG_WAIT;
int zio_flags = ZIO_FLAG_CANFAIL | ZIO_FLAG_SPECULATIVE;
blkptr_t blk = *zio->io_bp;
int error;
ddt_bp_fill(ddp, &blk, ddp->ddp_phys_birth);
ddt_exit(ddt);
/*
* Intuitively, it would make more sense to compare
* io_abd than io_orig_abd in the raw case since you
* don't want to look at any transformations that have
* happened to the data. However, for raw I/Os the
* data will actually be the same in io_abd and
* io_orig_abd, so all we have to do is issue this as
* a raw ARC read.
*/
if (do_raw) {
zio_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_RAW;
ASSERT3U(zio->io_size, ==, zio->io_orig_size);
ASSERT0(abd_cmp(zio->io_abd, zio->io_orig_abd,
zio->io_size));
ASSERT3P(zio->io_transform_stack, ==, NULL);
}
error = arc_read(NULL, spa, &blk,
arc_getbuf_func, &abuf, ZIO_PRIORITY_SYNC_READ,
zio_flags, &aflags, &zio->io_bookmark);
if (error == 0) {
if (arc_buf_size(abuf) != zio->io_orig_size ||
abd_cmp_buf(zio->io_orig_abd, abuf->b_data,
zio->io_orig_size) != 0)
error = SET_ERROR(EEXIST);
arc_buf_destroy(abuf, &abuf);
}
ddt_enter(ddt);
return (error != 0);
}
}
return (B_FALSE);
}
static void
zio_ddt_child_write_ready(zio_t *zio)
{
int p = zio->io_prop.zp_copies;
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(zio->io_spa, zio->io_bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde = zio->io_private;
ddt_phys_t *ddp = &dde->dde_phys[p];
zio_t *pio;
if (zio->io_error)
return;
ddt_enter(ddt);
ASSERT(dde->dde_lead_zio[p] == zio);
ddt_phys_fill(ddp, zio->io_bp);
zio_link_t *zl = NULL;
while ((pio = zio_walk_parents(zio, &zl)) != NULL)
ddt_bp_fill(ddp, pio->io_bp, zio->io_txg);
ddt_exit(ddt);
}
static void
zio_ddt_child_write_done(zio_t *zio)
{
int p = zio->io_prop.zp_copies;
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(zio->io_spa, zio->io_bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde = zio->io_private;
ddt_phys_t *ddp = &dde->dde_phys[p];
ddt_enter(ddt);
ASSERT(ddp->ddp_refcnt == 0);
ASSERT(dde->dde_lead_zio[p] == zio);
dde->dde_lead_zio[p] = NULL;
if (zio->io_error == 0) {
zio_link_t *zl = NULL;
while (zio_walk_parents(zio, &zl) != NULL)
ddt_phys_addref(ddp);
} else {
ddt_phys_clear(ddp);
}
ddt_exit(ddt);
}
static void
zio_ddt_ditto_write_done(zio_t *zio)
{
int p = DDT_PHYS_DITTO;
zio_prop_t *zp = &zio->io_prop;
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(zio->io_spa, bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde = zio->io_private;
ddt_phys_t *ddp = &dde->dde_phys[p];
ddt_key_t *ddk = &dde->dde_key;
ddt_enter(ddt);
ASSERT(ddp->ddp_refcnt == 0);
ASSERT(dde->dde_lead_zio[p] == zio);
dde->dde_lead_zio[p] = NULL;
if (zio->io_error == 0) {
ASSERT(ZIO_CHECKSUM_EQUAL(bp->blk_cksum, ddk->ddk_cksum));
ASSERT(zp->zp_copies < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP);
ASSERT(zp->zp_copies == BP_GET_NDVAS(bp) - BP_IS_GANG(bp));
if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth != 0)
ddt_phys_free(ddt, ddk, ddp, zio->io_txg);
ddt_phys_fill(ddp, bp);
}
ddt_exit(ddt);
}
static int
zio_ddt_write(zio_t *zio)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
uint64_t txg = zio->io_txg;
zio_prop_t *zp = &zio->io_prop;
int p = zp->zp_copies;
int ditto_copies;
zio_t *cio = NULL;
zio_t *dio = NULL;
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(spa, bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde;
ddt_phys_t *ddp;
ASSERT(BP_GET_DEDUP(bp));
ASSERT(BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp) == zp->zp_checksum);
ASSERT(BP_IS_HOLE(bp) || zio->io_bp_override);
ASSERT(!(zio->io_bp_override && (zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_RAW)));
ddt_enter(ddt);
dde = ddt_lookup(ddt, bp, B_TRUE);
ddp = &dde->dde_phys[p];
if (zp->zp_dedup_verify && zio_ddt_collision(zio, ddt, dde)) {
/*
* If we're using a weak checksum, upgrade to a strong checksum
* and try again. If we're already using a strong checksum,
* we can't resolve it, so just convert to an ordinary write.
* (And automatically e-mail a paper to Nature?)
*/
if (!(zio_checksum_table[zp->zp_checksum].ci_flags &
ZCHECKSUM_FLAG_DEDUP)) {
zp->zp_checksum = spa_dedup_checksum(spa);
zio_pop_transforms(zio);
zio->io_stage = ZIO_STAGE_OPEN;
BP_ZERO(bp);
} else {
zp->zp_dedup = B_FALSE;
BP_SET_DEDUP(bp, B_FALSE);
}
ASSERT(!BP_GET_DEDUP(bp));
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_WRITE_PIPELINE;
ddt_exit(ddt);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
ditto_copies = ddt_ditto_copies_needed(ddt, dde, ddp);
ASSERT(ditto_copies < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP);
if (ditto_copies > ddt_ditto_copies_present(dde) &&
dde->dde_lead_zio[DDT_PHYS_DITTO] == NULL) {
zio_prop_t czp = *zp;
czp.zp_copies = ditto_copies;
/*
* If we arrived here with an override bp, we won't have run
* the transform stack, so we won't have the data we need to
* generate a child i/o. So, toss the override bp and restart.
* This is safe, because using the override bp is just an
* optimization; and it's rare, so the cost doesn't matter.
*/
if (zio->io_bp_override) {
zio_pop_transforms(zio);
zio->io_stage = ZIO_STAGE_OPEN;
zio->io_pipeline = ZIO_WRITE_PIPELINE;
zio->io_bp_override = NULL;
BP_ZERO(bp);
ddt_exit(ddt);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
dio = zio_write(zio, spa, txg, bp, zio->io_orig_abd,
zio->io_orig_size, zio->io_orig_size, &czp, NULL, NULL,
NULL, zio_ddt_ditto_write_done, dde, zio->io_priority,
ZIO_DDT_CHILD_FLAGS(zio), &zio->io_bookmark);
zio_push_transform(dio, zio->io_abd, zio->io_size, 0, NULL);
dde->dde_lead_zio[DDT_PHYS_DITTO] = dio;
}
if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth != 0 || dde->dde_lead_zio[p] != NULL) {
if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth != 0)
ddt_bp_fill(ddp, bp, txg);
if (dde->dde_lead_zio[p] != NULL)
zio_add_child(zio, dde->dde_lead_zio[p]);
else
ddt_phys_addref(ddp);
} else if (zio->io_bp_override) {
ASSERT(bp->blk_birth == txg);
ASSERT(BP_EQUAL(bp, zio->io_bp_override));
ddt_phys_fill(ddp, bp);
ddt_phys_addref(ddp);
} else {
cio = zio_write(zio, spa, txg, bp, zio->io_orig_abd,
zio->io_orig_size, zio->io_orig_size, zp,
zio_ddt_child_write_ready, NULL, NULL,
zio_ddt_child_write_done, dde, zio->io_priority,
ZIO_DDT_CHILD_FLAGS(zio), &zio->io_bookmark);
zio_push_transform(cio, zio->io_abd, zio->io_size, 0, NULL);
dde->dde_lead_zio[p] = cio;
}
ddt_exit(ddt);
if (cio)
zio_nowait(cio);
if (dio)
zio_nowait(dio);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
ddt_entry_t *freedde; /* for debugging */
static int
zio_ddt_free(zio_t *zio)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
ddt_t *ddt = ddt_select(spa, bp);
ddt_entry_t *dde;
ddt_phys_t *ddp;
ASSERT(BP_GET_DEDUP(bp));
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_LOGICAL);
ddt_enter(ddt);
freedde = dde = ddt_lookup(ddt, bp, B_TRUE);
ddp = ddt_phys_select(dde, bp);
ddt_phys_decref(ddp);
ddt_exit(ddt);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Allocate and free blocks
* ==========================================================================
*/
static zio_t *
zio_io_to_allocate(spa_t *spa, int allocator)
{
zio_t *zio;
ASSERT(MUTEX_HELD(&spa->spa_alloc_locks[allocator]));
zio = avl_first(&spa->spa_alloc_trees[allocator]);
if (zio == NULL)
return (NULL);
ASSERT(IO_IS_ALLOCATING(zio));
/*
* Try to place a reservation for this zio. If we're unable to
* reserve then we throttle.
*/
ASSERT3U(zio->io_allocator, ==, allocator);
if (!metaslab_class_throttle_reserve(spa_normal_class(spa),
zio->io_prop.zp_copies, zio->io_allocator, zio, 0)) {
return (NULL);
}
avl_remove(&spa->spa_alloc_trees[allocator], zio);
ASSERT3U(zio->io_stage, <, ZIO_STAGE_DVA_ALLOCATE);
return (zio);
}
static int
zio_dva_throttle(zio_t *zio)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
zio_t *nio;
if (zio->io_priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_SYNC_WRITE ||
!spa_normal_class(zio->io_spa)->mc_alloc_throttle_enabled ||
zio->io_child_type == ZIO_CHILD_GANG ||
zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_NODATA) {
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type > ZIO_CHILD_GANG);
ASSERT3U(zio->io_queued_timestamp, >, 0);
ASSERT(zio->io_stage == ZIO_STAGE_DVA_THROTTLE);
zbookmark_phys_t *bm = &zio->io_bookmark;
/*
* We want to try to use as many allocators as possible to help improve
* performance, but we also want logically adjacent IOs to be physically
* adjacent to improve sequential read performance. We chunk each object
* into 2^20 block regions, and then hash based on the objset, object,
* level, and region to accomplish both of these goals.
*/
zio->io_allocator = cityhash4(bm->zb_objset, bm->zb_object,
bm->zb_level, bm->zb_blkid >> 20) % spa->spa_alloc_count;
mutex_enter(&spa->spa_alloc_locks[zio->io_allocator]);
ASSERT(zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE);
avl_add(&spa->spa_alloc_trees[zio->io_allocator], zio);
nio = zio_io_to_allocate(zio->io_spa, zio->io_allocator);
mutex_exit(&spa->spa_alloc_locks[zio->io_allocator]);
if (nio == zio)
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
if (nio != NULL) {
ASSERT(nio->io_stage == ZIO_STAGE_DVA_THROTTLE);
/*
* We are passing control to a new zio so make sure that
* it is processed by a different thread. We do this to
* avoid stack overflows that can occur when parents are
* throttled and children are making progress. We allow
* it to go to the head of the taskq since it's already
* been waiting.
*/
zio_taskq_dispatch(nio, ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE, B_TRUE);
}
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
void
zio_allocate_dispatch(spa_t *spa, int allocator)
{
zio_t *zio;
mutex_enter(&spa->spa_alloc_locks[allocator]);
zio = zio_io_to_allocate(spa, allocator);
mutex_exit(&spa->spa_alloc_locks[allocator]);
if (zio == NULL)
return;
ASSERT3U(zio->io_stage, ==, ZIO_STAGE_DVA_THROTTLE);
ASSERT0(zio->io_error);
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE, B_TRUE);
}
static int
zio_dva_allocate(zio_t *zio)
{
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
metaslab_class_t *mc = spa_normal_class(spa);
blkptr_t *bp = zio->io_bp;
int error;
int flags = 0;
if (zio->io_gang_leader == NULL) {
ASSERT(zio->io_child_type > ZIO_CHILD_GANG);
zio->io_gang_leader = zio;
}
ASSERT(BP_IS_HOLE(bp));
ASSERT0(BP_GET_NDVAS(bp));
ASSERT3U(zio->io_prop.zp_copies, >, 0);
ASSERT3U(zio->io_prop.zp_copies, <=, spa_max_replication(spa));
ASSERT3U(zio->io_size, ==, BP_GET_PSIZE(bp));
if (zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_NODATA) {
flags |= METASLAB_DONT_THROTTLE;
}
if (zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_GANG_CHILD) {
flags |= METASLAB_GANG_CHILD;
}
if (zio->io_priority == ZIO_PRIORITY_ASYNC_WRITE) {
flags |= METASLAB_ASYNC_ALLOC;
}
error = metaslab_alloc(spa, mc, zio->io_size, bp,
zio->io_prop.zp_copies, zio->io_txg, NULL, flags,
&zio->io_alloc_list, zio, zio->io_allocator);
if (error != 0) {
zfs_dbgmsg("%s: metaslab allocation failure: zio %p, "
"size %llu, error %d", spa_name(spa), zio, zio->io_size,
error);
if (error == ENOSPC && zio->io_size > SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE)
return (zio_write_gang_block(zio));
zio->io_error = error;
}
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_dva_free(zio_t *zio)
{
metaslab_free(zio->io_spa, zio->io_bp, zio->io_txg, B_FALSE);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
static int
zio_dva_claim(zio_t *zio)
{
int error;
error = metaslab_claim(zio->io_spa, zio->io_bp, zio->io_txg);
if (error)
zio->io_error = error;
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* Undo an allocation. This is used by zio_done() when an I/O fails
* and we want to give back the block we just allocated.
* This handles both normal blocks and gang blocks.
*/
static void
zio_dva_unallocate(zio_t *zio, zio_gang_node_t *gn, blkptr_t *bp)
{
ASSERT(bp->blk_birth == zio->io_txg || BP_IS_HOLE(bp));
ASSERT(zio->io_bp_override == NULL);
if (!BP_IS_HOLE(bp))
metaslab_free(zio->io_spa, bp, bp->blk_birth, B_TRUE);
if (gn != NULL) {
for (int g = 0; g < SPA_GBH_NBLKPTRS; g++) {
zio_dva_unallocate(zio, gn->gn_child[g],
&gn->gn_gbh->zg_blkptr[g]);
}
}
}
/*
* Try to allocate an intent log block. Return 0 on success, errno on failure.
*/
int
zio_alloc_zil(spa_t *spa, uint64_t objset, uint64_t txg, blkptr_t *new_bp,
blkptr_t *old_bp, uint64_t size, boolean_t *slog)
{
int error = 1;
zio_alloc_list_t io_alloc_list;
ASSERT(txg > spa_syncing_txg(spa));
metaslab_trace_init(&io_alloc_list);
/*
* When allocating a zil block, we don't have information about
* the final destination of the block except the objset it's part
* of, so we just hash the objset ID to pick the allocator to get
* some parallelism.
*/
error = metaslab_alloc(spa, spa_log_class(spa), size, new_bp, 1,
txg, old_bp, METASLAB_HINTBP_AVOID, &io_alloc_list, NULL,
cityhash4(0, 0, 0, objset) % spa->spa_alloc_count);
if (error == 0) {
*slog = TRUE;
} else {
error = metaslab_alloc(spa, spa_normal_class(spa), size,
new_bp, 1, txg, old_bp, METASLAB_HINTBP_AVOID,
&io_alloc_list, NULL, cityhash4(0, 0, 0, objset) %
spa->spa_alloc_count);
if (error == 0)
*slog = FALSE;
}
metaslab_trace_fini(&io_alloc_list);
if (error == 0) {
BP_SET_LSIZE(new_bp, size);
BP_SET_PSIZE(new_bp, size);
BP_SET_COMPRESS(new_bp, ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF);
BP_SET_CHECKSUM(new_bp,
spa_version(spa) >= SPA_VERSION_SLIM_ZIL
? ZIO_CHECKSUM_ZILOG2 : ZIO_CHECKSUM_ZILOG);
BP_SET_TYPE(new_bp, DMU_OT_INTENT_LOG);
BP_SET_LEVEL(new_bp, 0);
BP_SET_DEDUP(new_bp, 0);
BP_SET_BYTEORDER(new_bp, ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER);
} else {
zfs_dbgmsg("%s: zil block allocation failure: "
"size %llu, error %d", spa_name(spa), size, error);
}
return (error);
}
/*
* ==========================================================================
* Read and write to physical devices
* ==========================================================================
*/
/*
* Issue an I/O to the underlying vdev. Typically the issue pipeline
* stops after this stage and will resume upon I/O completion.
* However, there are instances where the vdev layer may need to
* continue the pipeline when an I/O was not issued. Since the I/O
* that was sent to the vdev layer might be different than the one
* currently active in the pipeline (see vdev_queue_io()), we explicitly
* force the underlying vdev layers to call either zio_execute() or
* zio_interrupt() to ensure that the pipeline continues with the correct I/O.
*/
static int
zio_vdev_io_start(zio_t *zio)
{
vdev_t *vd = zio->io_vd;
uint64_t align;
spa_t *spa = zio->io_spa;
ASSERT(zio->io_error == 0);
ASSERT(zio->io_child_error[ZIO_CHILD_VDEV] == 0);
if (vd == NULL) {
if (!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_CONFIG_WRITER))
spa_config_enter(spa, SCL_ZIO, zio, RW_READER);
/*
* The mirror_ops handle multiple DVAs in a single BP.
*/
vdev_mirror_ops.vdev_op_io_start(zio);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
ASSERT3P(zio->io_logical, !=, zio);
if (zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE) {
ASSERT(spa->spa_trust_config);
if (zio->io_vd->vdev_removing) {
/*
* Note: the code can handle other kinds of writes,
* but we don't expect them.
*/
ASSERT(zio->io_flags &
(ZIO_FLAG_PHYSICAL | ZIO_FLAG_SELF_HEAL |
ZIO_FLAG_RESILVER | ZIO_FLAG_INDUCE_DAMAGE));
}
}
/*
* We keep track of time-sensitive I/Os so that the scan thread
* can quickly react to certain workloads. In particular, we care
* about non-scrubbing, top-level reads and writes with the following
* characteristics:
* - synchronous writes of user data to non-slog devices
* - any reads of user data
* When these conditions are met, adjust the timestamp of spa_last_io
* which allows the scan thread to adjust its workload accordingly.
*/
if (!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_SCAN_THREAD) && zio->io_bp != NULL &&
vd == vd->vdev_top && !vd->vdev_islog &&
zio->io_bookmark.zb_objset != DMU_META_OBJSET &&
zio->io_txg != spa_syncing_txg(spa)) {
uint64_t old = spa->spa_last_io;
uint64_t new = ddi_get_lbolt64();
if (old != new)
(void) atomic_cas_64(&spa->spa_last_io, old, new);
}
align = 1ULL << vd->vdev_top->vdev_ashift;
if (!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_PHYSICAL) &&
P2PHASE(zio->io_size, align) != 0) {
/* Transform logical writes to be a full physical block size. */
uint64_t asize = P2ROUNDUP(zio->io_size, align);
abd_t *abuf = abd_alloc_sametype(zio->io_abd, asize);
ASSERT(vd == vd->vdev_top);
if (zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE) {
abd_copy(abuf, zio->io_abd, zio->io_size);
abd_zero_off(abuf, zio->io_size, asize - zio->io_size);
}
zio_push_transform(zio, abuf, asize, asize, zio_subblock);
}
/*
* If this is not a physical io, make sure that it is properly aligned
* before proceeding.
*/
if (!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_PHYSICAL)) {
ASSERT0(P2PHASE(zio->io_offset, align));
ASSERT0(P2PHASE(zio->io_size, align));
} else {
/*
* For physical writes, we allow 512b aligned writes and assume
* the device will perform a read-modify-write as necessary.
*/
ASSERT0(P2PHASE(zio->io_offset, SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE));
ASSERT0(P2PHASE(zio->io_size, SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE));
}
VERIFY(zio->io_type != ZIO_TYPE_WRITE || spa_writeable(spa));
/*
* If this is a repair I/O, and there's no self-healing involved --
* that is, we're just resilvering what we expect to resilver --
* then don't do the I/O unless zio's txg is actually in vd's DTL.
* This prevents spurious resilvering.
*
* There are a few ways that we can end up creating these spurious
* resilver i/os:
*
* 1. A resilver i/o will be issued if any DVA in the BP has a
* dirty DTL. The mirror code will issue resilver writes to
* each DVA, including the one(s) that are not on vdevs with dirty
* DTLs.
*
* 2. With nested replication, which happens when we have a
* "replacing" or "spare" vdev that's a child of a mirror or raidz.
* For example, given mirror(replacing(A+B), C), it's likely that
* only A is out of date (it's the new device). In this case, we'll
* read from C, then use the data to resilver A+B -- but we don't
* actually want to resilver B, just A. The top-level mirror has no
* way to know this, so instead we just discard unnecessary repairs
* as we work our way down the vdev tree.
*
* 3. ZTEST also creates mirrors of mirrors, mirrors of raidz, etc.
* The same logic applies to any form of nested replication: ditto
* + mirror, RAID-Z + replacing, etc.
*
* However, indirect vdevs point off to other vdevs which may have
* DTL's, so we never bypass them. The child i/os on concrete vdevs
* will be properly bypassed instead.
*/
if ((zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_REPAIR) &&
!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_SELF_HEAL) &&
zio->io_txg != 0 && /* not a delegated i/o */
vd->vdev_ops != &vdev_indirect_ops &&
!vdev_dtl_contains(vd, DTL_PARTIAL, zio->io_txg, 1)) {
ASSERT(zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE);
zio_vdev_io_bypass(zio);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
if (vd->vdev_ops->vdev_op_leaf &&
(zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_READ || zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE)) {
if (zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_READ && vdev_cache_read(zio))
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
if ((zio = vdev_queue_io(zio)) == NULL)
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
if (!vdev_accessible(vd, zio)) {
zio->io_error = SET_ERROR(ENXIO);
zio_interrupt(zio);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
}
vd->vdev_ops->vdev_op_io_start(zio);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
static int
zio_vdev_io_done(zio_t *zio)
{
vdev_t *vd = zio->io_vd;
vdev_ops_t *ops = vd ? vd->vdev_ops : &vdev_mirror_ops;
boolean_t unexpected_error = B_FALSE;
if (zio_wait_for_children(zio, ZIO_CHILD_VDEV_BIT, ZIO_WAIT_DONE)) {
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
ASSERT(zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_READ || zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE);
if (vd != NULL && vd->vdev_ops->vdev_op_leaf) {
vdev_queue_io_done(zio);
if (zio->io_type == ZIO_TYPE_WRITE)
vdev_cache_write(zio);
if (zio_injection_enabled && zio->io_error == 0)
zio->io_error = zio_handle_device_injection(vd,
zio, EIO);
if (zio_injection_enabled && zio->io_error == 0)
zio->io_error = zio_handle_label_injection(zio, EIO);
if (zio->io_error) {
if (!vdev_accessible(vd, zio)) {
zio->io_error = SET_ERROR(ENXIO);
} else {
unexpected_error = B_TRUE;
}
}
}
ops->vdev_op_io_done(zio);
if (unexpected_error)
VERIFY(vdev_probe(vd, zio) == NULL);
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_CONTINUE);
}
/*
* For non-raidz ZIOs, we can just copy aside the bad data read from the
* disk, and use that to finish the checksum ereport later.
*/
static void
zio_vsd_default_cksum_finish(zio_cksum_report_t *zcr,
const void *good_buf)
{
/* no processing needed */
zfs_ereport_finish_checksum(zcr, good_buf, zcr->zcr_cbdata, B_FALSE);
}
/*ARGSUSED*/
void
zio_vsd_default_cksum_report(zio_t *zio, zio_cksum_report_t *zcr, void *ignored)
{
void *buf = zio_buf_alloc(zio->io_size);
abd_copy_to_buf(buf, zio->io_abd, zio->io_size);
zcr->zcr_cbinfo = zio->io_size;
zcr->zcr_cbdata = buf;
zcr->zcr_finish = zio_vsd_default_cksum_finish;
zcr->zcr_free = zio_buf_free;
}
static int
zio_vdev_io_assess(zio_t *zio)
{
vdev_t *vd = zio->io_vd;
if (zio_wait_for_children(zio, ZIO_CHILD_VDEV_BIT, ZIO_WAIT_DONE)) {
return (ZIO_PIPELINE_STOP);
}
if (vd == NULL && !(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_CONFIG_WRITER))
spa_config_exit(zio->io_spa, SCL_ZIO, zio);
if (zio->io_vsd != NULL) {
zio->io_vsd_ops->vsd_free(zio);
zio->io_vsd = NULL;
}
if (zio_injection_enabled && zio->io_error == 0)
zio->io_error = zio_handle_fault_injection(zio, EIO);
/*
* If the I/O failed, determine whether we should attempt to retry it.
*
* On retry, we cut in line in the issue queue, since we don't want
* compression/checksumming/etc. work to prevent our (cheap) IO reissue.
*/
if (zio->io_error && vd == NULL &&
!(zio->io_flags & (ZIO_FLAG_DONT_RETRY | ZIO_FLAG_IO_RETRY))) {
ASSERT(!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_DONT_QUEUE)); /* not a leaf */
ASSERT(!(zio->io_flags & ZIO_FLAG_IO_BYPASS)); /* not a leaf */
zio->io_error = 0;
zio->io_flags |= ZIO_FLAG_IO_RETRY |
ZIO_FLAG_DONT_CACHE | ZIO_FLAG_DONT_AGGREGATE;
zio->io_stage = ZIO_STAGE_VDEV_IO_START >> 1;
zio_taskq_dispatch(zio, ZIO_TASKQ_ISSUE,
zio_requeue_io_start_cut_in_line);