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tag: 20121227
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/*
* JSON Parser
*
* Copyright IBM, Corp. 2009
*
* Authors:
* Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU LGPL, version 2.1 or later.
* See the COPYING.LIB file in the top-level directory.
*
*/
#include <stdarg.h>
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qstring.h"
#include "qint.h"
#include "qdict.h"
#include "qlist.h"
#include "qfloat.h"
#include "qbool.h"
#include "json-parser.h"
#include "json-lexer.h"
typedef struct JSONParserContext
{
} JSONParserContext;
#define BUG_ON(cond) assert(!(cond))
/**
* TODO
*
* 0) make errors meaningful again
* 1) add geometry information to tokens
* 3) should we return a parsed size?
* 4) deal with premature EOI
*/
static QObject *parse_value(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens, va_list *ap);
/**
* Token manipulators
*
* tokens are dictionaries that contain a type, a string value, and geometry information
* about a token identified by the lexer. These are routines that make working with
* these objects a bit easier.
*/
static const char *token_get_value(QObject *obj)
{
return qdict_get_str(qobject_to_qdict(obj), "token");
}
static JSONTokenType token_get_type(QObject *obj)
{
return qdict_get_int(qobject_to_qdict(obj), "type");
}
static int token_is_operator(QObject *obj, char op)
{
const char *val;
if (token_get_type(obj) != JSON_OPERATOR) {
return 0;
}
val = token_get_value(obj);
return (val[0] == op) && (val[1] == 0);
}
static int token_is_keyword(QObject *obj, const char *value)
{
if (token_get_type(obj) != JSON_KEYWORD) {
return 0;
}
return strcmp(token_get_value(obj), value) == 0;
}
static int token_is_escape(QObject *obj, const char *value)
{
if (token_get_type(obj) != JSON_ESCAPE) {
return 0;
}
return (strcmp(token_get_value(obj), value) == 0);
}
/**
* Error handler
*/
static void GCC_FMT_ATTR(3, 4) parse_error(JSONParserContext *ctxt,
QObject *token, const char *msg, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, msg);
fprintf(stderr, "parse error: ");
vfprintf(stderr, msg, ap);
fprintf(stderr, "\n");
va_end(ap);
}
/**
* String helpers
*
* These helpers are used to unescape strings.
*/
static void wchar_to_utf8(uint16_t wchar, char *buffer, size_t buffer_length)
{
if (wchar <= 0x007F) {
BUG_ON(buffer_length < 2);
buffer[0] = wchar & 0x7F;
buffer[1] = 0;
} else if (wchar <= 0x07FF) {
BUG_ON(buffer_length < 3);
buffer[0] = 0xC0 | ((wchar >> 6) & 0x1F);
buffer[1] = 0x80 | (wchar & 0x3F);
buffer[2] = 0;
} else {
BUG_ON(buffer_length < 4);
buffer[0] = 0xE0 | ((wchar >> 12) & 0x0F);
buffer[1] = 0x80 | ((wchar >> 6) & 0x3F);
buffer[2] = 0x80 | (wchar & 0x3F);
buffer[3] = 0;
}
}
static int hex2decimal(char ch)
{
if (ch >= '0' && ch <= '9') {
return (ch - '0');
} else if (ch >= 'a' && ch <= 'f') {
return 10 + (ch - 'a');
} else if (ch >= 'A' && ch <= 'F') {
return 10 + (ch - 'A');
}
return -1;
}
/**
* parse_string(): Parse a json string and return a QObject
*
* string
* ""
* " chars "
* chars
* char
* char chars
* char
* any-Unicode-character-
* except-"-or-\-or-
* control-character
* \"
* \\
* \/
* \b
* \f
* \n
* \r
* \t
* \u four-hex-digits
*/
static QString *qstring_from_escaped_str(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QObject *token)
{
const char *ptr = token_get_value(token);
QString *str;
int double_quote = 1;
if (*ptr == '"') {
double_quote = 1;
} else {
double_quote = 0;
}
ptr++;
str = qstring_new();
while (*ptr &&
((double_quote && *ptr != '"') || (!double_quote && *ptr != '\''))) {
if (*ptr == '\\') {
ptr++;
switch (*ptr) {
case '"':
qstring_append(str, "\"");
ptr++;
break;
case '\'':
qstring_append(str, "'");
ptr++;
break;
case '\\':
qstring_append(str, "\\");
ptr++;
break;
case '/':
qstring_append(str, "/");
ptr++;
break;
case 'b':
qstring_append(str, "\b");
ptr++;
break;
case 'f':
qstring_append(str, "\f");
ptr++;
break;
case 'n':
qstring_append(str, "\n");
ptr++;
break;
case 'r':
qstring_append(str, "\r");
ptr++;
break;
case 't':
qstring_append(str, "\t");
ptr++;
break;
case 'u': {
uint16_t unicode_char = 0;
char utf8_char[4];
int i = 0;
ptr++;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
if (qemu_isxdigit(*ptr)) {
unicode_char |= hex2decimal(*ptr) << ((3 - i) * 4);
} else {
parse_error(ctxt, token,
"invalid hex escape sequence in string");
goto out;
}
ptr++;
}
wchar_to_utf8(unicode_char, utf8_char, sizeof(utf8_char));
qstring_append(str, utf8_char);
} break;
default:
parse_error(ctxt, token, "invalid escape sequence in string");
goto out;
}
} else {
char dummy[2];
dummy[0] = *ptr++;
dummy[1] = 0;
qstring_append(str, dummy);
}
}
return str;
out:
QDECREF(str);
return NULL;
}
/**
* Parsing rules
*/
static int parse_pair(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QDict *dict, QList **tokens, va_list *ap)
{
QObject *key, *token = NULL, *value, *peek;
QList *working = qlist_copy(*tokens);
peek = qlist_peek(working);
key = parse_value(ctxt, &working, ap);
if (!key || qobject_type(key) != QTYPE_QSTRING) {
parse_error(ctxt, peek, "key is not a string in object");
goto out;
}
token = qlist_pop(working);
if (!token_is_operator(token, ':')) {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "missing : in object pair");
goto out;
}
value = parse_value(ctxt, &working, ap);
if (value == NULL) {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "Missing value in dict");
goto out;
}
qdict_put_obj(dict, qstring_get_str(qobject_to_qstring(key)), value);
qobject_decref(token);
qobject_decref(key);
QDECREF(*tokens);
*tokens = working;
return 0;
out:
qobject_decref(token);
qobject_decref(key);
QDECREF(working);
return -1;
}
static QObject *parse_object(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens, va_list *ap)
{
QDict *dict = NULL;
QObject *token, *peek;
QList *working = qlist_copy(*tokens);
token = qlist_pop(working);
if (!token_is_operator(token, '{')) {
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
dict = qdict_new();
peek = qlist_peek(working);
if (!token_is_operator(peek, '}')) {
if (parse_pair(ctxt, dict, &working, ap) == -1) {
goto out;
}
token = qlist_pop(working);
while (!token_is_operator(token, '}')) {
if (!token_is_operator(token, ',')) {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "expected separator in dict");
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
if (parse_pair(ctxt, dict, &working, ap) == -1) {
goto out;
}
token = qlist_pop(working);
}
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
} else {
token = qlist_pop(working);
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
}
QDECREF(*tokens);
*tokens = working;
return QOBJECT(dict);
out:
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(working);
QDECREF(dict);
return NULL;
}
static QObject *parse_array(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens, va_list *ap)
{
QList *list = NULL;
QObject *token, *peek;
QList *working = qlist_copy(*tokens);
token = qlist_pop(working);
if (!token_is_operator(token, '[')) {
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
list = qlist_new();
peek = qlist_peek(working);
if (!token_is_operator(peek, ']')) {
QObject *obj;
obj = parse_value(ctxt, &working, ap);
if (obj == NULL) {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "expecting value");
goto out;
}
qlist_append_obj(list, obj);
token = qlist_pop(working);
while (!token_is_operator(token, ']')) {
if (!token_is_operator(token, ',')) {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "expected separator in list");
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
obj = parse_value(ctxt, &working, ap);
if (obj == NULL) {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "expecting value");
goto out;
}
qlist_append_obj(list, obj);
token = qlist_pop(working);
}
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
} else {
token = qlist_pop(working);
qobject_decref(token);
token = NULL;
}
QDECREF(*tokens);
*tokens = working;
return QOBJECT(list);
out:
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(working);
QDECREF(list);
return NULL;
}
static QObject *parse_keyword(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens)
{
QObject *token, *ret;
QList *working = qlist_copy(*tokens);
token = qlist_pop(working);
if (token_get_type(token) != JSON_KEYWORD) {
goto out;
}
if (token_is_keyword(token, "true")) {
ret = QOBJECT(qbool_from_int(true));
} else if (token_is_keyword(token, "false")) {
ret = QOBJECT(qbool_from_int(false));
} else {
parse_error(ctxt, token, "invalid keyword `%s'", token_get_value(token));
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(*tokens);
*tokens = working;
return ret;
out:
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(working);
return NULL;
}
static QObject *parse_escape(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens, va_list *ap)
{
QObject *token = NULL, *obj;
QList *working = qlist_copy(*tokens);
if (ap == NULL) {
goto out;
}
token = qlist_pop(working);
if (token_is_escape(token, "%p")) {
obj = va_arg(*ap, QObject *);
} else if (token_is_escape(token, "%i")) {
obj = QOBJECT(qbool_from_int(va_arg(*ap, int)));
} else if (token_is_escape(token, "%d")) {
obj = QOBJECT(qint_from_int(va_arg(*ap, int)));
} else if (token_is_escape(token, "%ld")) {
obj = QOBJECT(qint_from_int(va_arg(*ap, long)));
} else if (token_is_escape(token, "%lld") ||
token_is_escape(token, "%I64d")) {
obj = QOBJECT(qint_from_int(va_arg(*ap, long long)));
} else if (token_is_escape(token, "%s")) {
obj = QOBJECT(qstring_from_str(va_arg(*ap, const char *)));
} else if (token_is_escape(token, "%f")) {
obj = QOBJECT(qfloat_from_double(va_arg(*ap, double)));
} else {
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(*tokens);
*tokens = working;
return obj;
out:
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(working);
return NULL;
}
static QObject *parse_literal(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens)
{
QObject *token, *obj;
QList *working = qlist_copy(*tokens);
token = qlist_pop(working);
switch (token_get_type(token)) {
case JSON_STRING:
obj = QOBJECT(qstring_from_escaped_str(ctxt, token));
break;
case JSON_INTEGER:
obj = QOBJECT(qint_from_int(strtoll(token_get_value(token), NULL, 10)));
break;
case JSON_FLOAT:
/* FIXME dependent on locale */
obj = QOBJECT(qfloat_from_double(strtod(token_get_value(token), NULL)));
break;
default:
goto out;
}
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(*tokens);
*tokens = working;
return obj;
out:
qobject_decref(token);
QDECREF(working);
return NULL;
}
static QObject *parse_value(JSONParserContext *ctxt, QList **tokens, va_list *ap)
{
QObject *obj;
obj = parse_object(ctxt, tokens, ap);
if (obj == NULL) {
obj = parse_array(ctxt, tokens, ap);
}
if (obj == NULL) {
obj = parse_escape(ctxt, tokens, ap);
}
if (obj == NULL) {
obj = parse_keyword(ctxt, tokens);
}
if (obj == NULL) {
obj = parse_literal(ctxt, tokens);
}
return obj;
}
QObject *json_parser_parse(QList *tokens, va_list *ap)
{
JSONParserContext ctxt = {};
QList *working = qlist_copy(tokens);
QObject *result;
result = parse_value(&ctxt, &working, ap);
QDECREF(working);
return result;
}
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