Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
tree: 6d85df9c59
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

622 lines (562 sloc) 17.408 kb
/*
* USB Mass Storage Device emulation
*
* Copyright (c) 2006 CodeSourcery.
* Written by Paul Brook
*
* This code is licenced under the LGPL.
*/
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qemu-option.h"
#include "qemu-config.h"
#include "usb.h"
#include "usb-desc.h"
#include "scsi.h"
#include "console.h"
#include "monitor.h"
#include "sysemu.h"
#include "blockdev.h"
//#define DEBUG_MSD
#ifdef DEBUG_MSD
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) \
do { printf("usb-msd: " fmt , ## __VA_ARGS__); } while (0)
#else
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) do {} while(0)
#endif
/* USB requests. */
#define MassStorageReset 0xff
#define GetMaxLun 0xfe
enum USBMSDMode {
USB_MSDM_CBW, /* Command Block. */
USB_MSDM_DATAOUT, /* Tranfer data to device. */
USB_MSDM_DATAIN, /* Transfer data from device. */
USB_MSDM_CSW /* Command Status. */
};
typedef struct {
USBDevice dev;
enum USBMSDMode mode;
uint32_t scsi_len;
uint8_t *scsi_buf;
uint32_t usb_len;
uint8_t *usb_buf;
uint32_t data_len;
uint32_t residue;
uint32_t tag;
SCSIBus bus;
BlockConf conf;
SCSIDevice *scsi_dev;
uint32_t removable;
int result;
/* For async completion. */
USBPacket *packet;
} MSDState;
struct usb_msd_cbw {
uint32_t sig;
uint32_t tag;
uint32_t data_len;
uint8_t flags;
uint8_t lun;
uint8_t cmd_len;
uint8_t cmd[16];
};
struct usb_msd_csw {
uint32_t sig;
uint32_t tag;
uint32_t residue;
uint8_t status;
};
enum {
STR_MANUFACTURER = 1,
STR_PRODUCT,
STR_SERIALNUMBER,
STR_CONFIG_FULL,
STR_CONFIG_HIGH,
};
static const USBDescStrings desc_strings = {
[STR_MANUFACTURER] = "QEMU " QEMU_VERSION,
[STR_PRODUCT] = "QEMU USB HARDDRIVE",
[STR_SERIALNUMBER] = "1",
[STR_CONFIG_FULL] = "Full speed config (usb 1.1)",
[STR_CONFIG_HIGH] = "High speed config (usb 2.0)",
};
static const USBDescIface desc_iface_full = {
.bInterfaceNumber = 0,
.bNumEndpoints = 2,
.bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE,
.bInterfaceSubClass = 0x06, /* SCSI */
.bInterfaceProtocol = 0x50, /* Bulk */
.eps = (USBDescEndpoint[]) {
{
.bEndpointAddress = USB_DIR_IN | 0x01,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
.wMaxPacketSize = 64,
},{
.bEndpointAddress = USB_DIR_OUT | 0x02,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
.wMaxPacketSize = 64,
},
}
};
static const USBDescDevice desc_device_full = {
.bcdUSB = 0x0200,
.bMaxPacketSize0 = 8,
.bNumConfigurations = 1,
.confs = (USBDescConfig[]) {
{
.bNumInterfaces = 1,
.bConfigurationValue = 1,
.iConfiguration = STR_CONFIG_FULL,
.bmAttributes = 0xc0,
.ifs = &desc_iface_full,
},
},
};
static const USBDescIface desc_iface_high = {
.bInterfaceNumber = 0,
.bNumEndpoints = 2,
.bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE,
.bInterfaceSubClass = 0x06, /* SCSI */
.bInterfaceProtocol = 0x50, /* Bulk */
.eps = (USBDescEndpoint[]) {
{
.bEndpointAddress = USB_DIR_IN | 0x01,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
.wMaxPacketSize = 512,
},{
.bEndpointAddress = USB_DIR_OUT | 0x02,
.bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
.wMaxPacketSize = 512,
},
}
};
static const USBDescDevice desc_device_high = {
.bcdUSB = 0x0200,
.bMaxPacketSize0 = 64,
.bNumConfigurations = 1,
.confs = (USBDescConfig[]) {
{
.bNumInterfaces = 1,
.bConfigurationValue = 1,
.iConfiguration = STR_CONFIG_HIGH,
.bmAttributes = 0xc0,
.ifs = &desc_iface_high,
},
},
};
static const USBDesc desc = {
.id = {
.idVendor = 0,
.idProduct = 0,
.bcdDevice = 0,
.iManufacturer = STR_MANUFACTURER,
.iProduct = STR_PRODUCT,
.iSerialNumber = STR_SERIALNUMBER,
},
.full = &desc_device_full,
.high = &desc_device_high,
.str = desc_strings,
};
static void usb_msd_copy_data(MSDState *s)
{
uint32_t len;
len = s->usb_len;
if (len > s->scsi_len)
len = s->scsi_len;
if (s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAIN) {
memcpy(s->usb_buf, s->scsi_buf, len);
} else {
memcpy(s->scsi_buf, s->usb_buf, len);
}
s->usb_len -= len;
s->scsi_len -= len;
s->usb_buf += len;
s->scsi_buf += len;
s->data_len -= len;
if (s->scsi_len == 0 || s->data_len == 0) {
if (s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAIN) {
s->scsi_dev->info->read_data(s->scsi_dev, s->tag);
} else if (s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAOUT) {
s->scsi_dev->info->write_data(s->scsi_dev, s->tag);
}
}
}
static void usb_msd_send_status(MSDState *s, USBPacket *p)
{
struct usb_msd_csw csw;
int len;
csw.sig = cpu_to_le32(0x53425355);
csw.tag = cpu_to_le32(s->tag);
csw.residue = s->residue;
csw.status = s->result;
len = MIN(sizeof(csw), p->len);
memcpy(p->data, &csw, len);
}
static void usb_msd_command_complete(SCSIBus *bus, int reason, uint32_t tag,
uint32_t arg)
{
MSDState *s = DO_UPCAST(MSDState, dev.qdev, bus->qbus.parent);
USBPacket *p = s->packet;
if (tag != s->tag) {
fprintf(stderr, "usb-msd: Unexpected SCSI Tag 0x%x\n", tag);
}
if (reason == SCSI_REASON_DONE) {
DPRINTF("Command complete %d\n", arg);
s->residue = s->data_len;
s->result = arg != 0;
if (s->packet) {
if (s->data_len == 0 && s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAOUT) {
/* A deferred packet with no write data remaining must be
the status read packet. */
usb_msd_send_status(s, p);
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CBW;
} else {
if (s->data_len) {
s->data_len -= s->usb_len;
if (s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAIN)
memset(s->usb_buf, 0, s->usb_len);
s->usb_len = 0;
}
if (s->data_len == 0)
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CSW;
}
s->packet = NULL;
usb_packet_complete(p);
} else if (s->data_len == 0) {
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CSW;
}
return;
}
s->scsi_len = arg;
s->scsi_buf = s->scsi_dev->info->get_buf(s->scsi_dev, tag);
if (p) {
usb_msd_copy_data(s);
if (s->usb_len == 0) {
/* Set s->packet to NULL before calling usb_packet_complete
because annother request may be issued before
usb_packet_complete returns. */
DPRINTF("Packet complete %p\n", p);
s->packet = NULL;
usb_packet_complete(p);
}
}
}
static void usb_msd_handle_reset(USBDevice *dev)
{
MSDState *s = (MSDState *)dev;
DPRINTF("Reset\n");
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CBW;
}
static int usb_msd_handle_control(USBDevice *dev, int request, int value,
int index, int length, uint8_t *data)
{
MSDState *s = (MSDState *)dev;
int ret;
ret = usb_desc_handle_control(dev, request, value, index, length, data);
if (ret >= 0) {
return ret;
}
ret = 0;
switch (request) {
case DeviceRequest | USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE:
data[0] = 0;
ret = 1;
break;
case DeviceOutRequest | USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE:
ret = 0;
break;
case EndpointOutRequest | USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE:
ret = 0;
break;
case InterfaceOutRequest | USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE:
ret = 0;
break;
/* Class specific requests. */
case ClassInterfaceOutRequest | MassStorageReset:
/* Reset state ready for the next CBW. */
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CBW;
ret = 0;
break;
case ClassInterfaceRequest | GetMaxLun:
data[0] = 0;
ret = 1;
break;
default:
ret = USB_RET_STALL;
break;
}
return ret;
}
static void usb_msd_cancel_io(USBPacket *p, void *opaque)
{
MSDState *s = opaque;
s->scsi_dev->info->cancel_io(s->scsi_dev, s->tag);
s->packet = NULL;
s->scsi_len = 0;
}
static int usb_msd_handle_data(USBDevice *dev, USBPacket *p)
{
MSDState *s = (MSDState *)dev;
int ret = 0;
struct usb_msd_cbw cbw;
uint8_t devep = p->devep;
uint8_t *data = p->data;
int len = p->len;
switch (p->pid) {
case USB_TOKEN_OUT:
if (devep != 2)
goto fail;
switch (s->mode) {
case USB_MSDM_CBW:
if (len != 31) {
fprintf(stderr, "usb-msd: Bad CBW size");
goto fail;
}
memcpy(&cbw, data, 31);
if (le32_to_cpu(cbw.sig) != 0x43425355) {
fprintf(stderr, "usb-msd: Bad signature %08x\n",
le32_to_cpu(cbw.sig));
goto fail;
}
DPRINTF("Command on LUN %d\n", cbw.lun);
if (cbw.lun != 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "usb-msd: Bad LUN %d\n", cbw.lun);
goto fail;
}
s->tag = le32_to_cpu(cbw.tag);
s->data_len = le32_to_cpu(cbw.data_len);
if (s->data_len == 0) {
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CSW;
} else if (cbw.flags & 0x80) {
s->mode = USB_MSDM_DATAIN;
} else {
s->mode = USB_MSDM_DATAOUT;
}
DPRINTF("Command tag 0x%x flags %08x len %d data %d\n",
s->tag, cbw.flags, cbw.cmd_len, s->data_len);
s->residue = 0;
s->scsi_dev->info->send_command(s->scsi_dev, s->tag, cbw.cmd, 0);
/* ??? Should check that USB and SCSI data transfer
directions match. */
if (s->residue == 0) {
if (s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAIN) {
s->scsi_dev->info->read_data(s->scsi_dev, s->tag);
} else if (s->mode == USB_MSDM_DATAOUT) {
s->scsi_dev->info->write_data(s->scsi_dev, s->tag);
}
}
ret = len;
break;
case USB_MSDM_DATAOUT:
DPRINTF("Data out %d/%d\n", len, s->data_len);
if (len > s->data_len)
goto fail;
s->usb_buf = data;
s->usb_len = len;
if (s->scsi_len) {
usb_msd_copy_data(s);
}
if (s->residue && s->usb_len) {
s->data_len -= s->usb_len;
if (s->data_len == 0)
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CSW;
s->usb_len = 0;
}
if (s->usb_len) {
DPRINTF("Deferring packet %p\n", p);
usb_defer_packet(p, usb_msd_cancel_io, s);
s->packet = p;
ret = USB_RET_ASYNC;
} else {
ret = len;
}
break;
default:
DPRINTF("Unexpected write (len %d)\n", len);
goto fail;
}
break;
case USB_TOKEN_IN:
if (devep != 1)
goto fail;
switch (s->mode) {
case USB_MSDM_DATAOUT:
if (s->data_len != 0 || len < 13)
goto fail;
/* Waiting for SCSI write to complete. */
usb_defer_packet(p, usb_msd_cancel_io, s);
s->packet = p;
ret = USB_RET_ASYNC;
break;
case USB_MSDM_CSW:
DPRINTF("Command status %d tag 0x%x, len %d\n",
s->result, s->tag, len);
if (len < 13)
goto fail;
usb_msd_send_status(s, p);
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CBW;
ret = 13;
break;
case USB_MSDM_DATAIN:
DPRINTF("Data in %d/%d, scsi_len %d\n", len, s->data_len, s->scsi_len);
if (len > s->data_len)
len = s->data_len;
s->usb_buf = data;
s->usb_len = len;
if (s->scsi_len) {
usb_msd_copy_data(s);
}
if (s->residue && s->usb_len) {
s->data_len -= s->usb_len;
memset(s->usb_buf, 0, s->usb_len);
if (s->data_len == 0)
s->mode = USB_MSDM_CSW;
s->usb_len = 0;
}
if (s->usb_len) {
DPRINTF("Deferring packet %p\n", p);
usb_defer_packet(p, usb_msd_cancel_io, s);
s->packet = p;
ret = USB_RET_ASYNC;
} else {
ret = len;
}
break;
default:
DPRINTF("Unexpected read (len %d)\n", len);
goto fail;
}
break;
default:
DPRINTF("Bad token\n");
fail:
ret = USB_RET_STALL;
break;
}
return ret;
}
static void usb_msd_password_cb(void *opaque, int err)
{
MSDState *s = opaque;
if (!err)
usb_device_attach(&s->dev);
else
qdev_unplug(&s->dev.qdev);
}
static int usb_msd_initfn(USBDevice *dev)
{
MSDState *s = DO_UPCAST(MSDState, dev, dev);
BlockDriverState *bs = s->conf.bs;
DriveInfo *dinfo;
if (!bs) {
error_report("usb-msd: drive property not set");
return -1;
}
/*
* Hack alert: this pretends to be a block device, but it's really
* a SCSI bus that can serve only a single device, which it
* creates automatically. But first it needs to detach from its
* blockdev, or else scsi_bus_legacy_add_drive() dies when it
* attaches again.
*
* The hack is probably a bad idea.
*/
bdrv_detach(bs, &s->dev.qdev);
s->conf.bs = NULL;
dinfo = drive_get_by_blockdev(bs);
if (dinfo && dinfo->serial) {
usb_desc_set_string(dev, STR_SERIALNUMBER, dinfo->serial);
}
usb_desc_init(dev);
scsi_bus_new(&s->bus, &s->dev.qdev, 0, 1, usb_msd_command_complete);
s->scsi_dev = scsi_bus_legacy_add_drive(&s->bus, bs, 0, !!s->removable);
if (!s->scsi_dev) {
return -1;
}
s->bus.qbus.allow_hotplug = 0;
usb_msd_handle_reset(dev);
if (bdrv_key_required(bs)) {
if (cur_mon) {
monitor_read_bdrv_key_start(cur_mon, bs, usb_msd_password_cb, s);
s->dev.auto_attach = 0;
} else {
autostart = 0;
}
}
add_boot_device_path(s->conf.bootindex, &dev->qdev, "/disk@0,0");
return 0;
}
static USBDevice *usb_msd_init(const char *filename)
{
static int nr=0;
char id[8];
QemuOpts *opts;
DriveInfo *dinfo;
USBDevice *dev;
const char *p1;
char fmt[32];
/* parse -usbdevice disk: syntax into drive opts */
snprintf(id, sizeof(id), "usb%d", nr++);
opts = qemu_opts_create(qemu_find_opts("drive"), id, 0);
p1 = strchr(filename, ':');
if (p1++) {
const char *p2;
if (strstart(filename, "format=", &p2)) {
int len = MIN(p1 - p2, sizeof(fmt));
pstrcpy(fmt, len, p2);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "format", fmt);
} else if (*filename != ':') {
printf("unrecognized USB mass-storage option %s\n", filename);
return NULL;
}
filename = p1;
}
if (!*filename) {
printf("block device specification needed\n");
return NULL;
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "file", filename);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "if", "none");
/* create host drive */
dinfo = drive_init(opts, 0);
if (!dinfo) {
qemu_opts_del(opts);
return NULL;
}
/* create guest device */
dev = usb_create(NULL /* FIXME */, "usb-storage");
if (!dev) {
return NULL;
}
if (qdev_prop_set_drive(&dev->qdev, "drive", dinfo->bdrv) < 0) {
qdev_free(&dev->qdev);
return NULL;
}
if (qdev_init(&dev->qdev) < 0)
return NULL;
return dev;
}
static struct USBDeviceInfo msd_info = {
.product_desc = "QEMU USB MSD",
.qdev.name = "usb-storage",
.qdev.fw_name = "storage",
.qdev.size = sizeof(MSDState),
.usb_desc = &desc,
.init = usb_msd_initfn,
.handle_packet = usb_generic_handle_packet,
.handle_attach = usb_desc_attach,
.handle_reset = usb_msd_handle_reset,
.handle_control = usb_msd_handle_control,
.handle_data = usb_msd_handle_data,
.usbdevice_name = "disk",
.usbdevice_init = usb_msd_init,
.qdev.props = (Property[]) {
DEFINE_BLOCK_PROPERTIES(MSDState, conf),
DEFINE_PROP_BIT("removable", MSDState, removable, 0, false),
DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
},
};
static void usb_msd_register_devices(void)
{
usb_qdev_register(&msd_info);
}
device_init(usb_msd_register_devices)
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.