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/*
* Block driver for RAW files (posix)
*
* Copyright (c) 2006 Fabrice Bellard
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"
#include "qemu-char.h"
#include "qemu-log.h"
#include "block_int.h"
#include "module.h"
#include "compatfd.h"
#include <assert.h>
#include "block/raw-posix-aio.h"
#ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
#include <paths.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <IOKit/IOKitLib.h>
#include <IOKit/IOBSD.h>
#include <IOKit/storage/IOMediaBSDClient.h>
#include <IOKit/storage/IOMedia.h>
#include <IOKit/storage/IOCDMedia.h>
//#include <IOKit/storage/IOCDTypes.h>
#include <CoreFoundation/CoreFoundation.h>
#endif
#ifdef __sun__
#define _POSIX_PTHREAD_SEMANTICS 1
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/dkio.h>
#endif
#ifdef __linux__
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <linux/cdrom.h>
#include <linux/fd.h>
#endif
#if defined (__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/disk.h>
#include <sys/cdio.h>
#endif
#ifdef __OpenBSD__
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/disklabel.h>
#include <sys/dkio.h>
#endif
#ifdef __DragonFly__
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/diskslice.h>
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_XFS
#include <xfs/xfs.h>
#endif
//#define DEBUG_FLOPPY
//#define DEBUG_BLOCK
#if defined(DEBUG_BLOCK)
#define DEBUG_BLOCK_PRINT(formatCstr, ...) do { if (qemu_log_enabled()) \
{ qemu_log(formatCstr, ## __VA_ARGS__); qemu_log_flush(); } } while (0)
#else
#define DEBUG_BLOCK_PRINT(formatCstr, ...)
#endif
/* OS X does not have O_DSYNC */
#ifndef O_DSYNC
#ifdef O_SYNC
#define O_DSYNC O_SYNC
#elif defined(O_FSYNC)
#define O_DSYNC O_FSYNC
#endif
#endif
/* Approximate O_DIRECT with O_DSYNC if O_DIRECT isn't available */
#ifndef O_DIRECT
#define O_DIRECT O_DSYNC
#endif
#define FTYPE_FILE 0
#define FTYPE_CD 1
#define FTYPE_FD 2
/* if the FD is not accessed during that time (in ns), we try to
reopen it to see if the disk has been changed */
#define FD_OPEN_TIMEOUT (1000000000)
#define MAX_BLOCKSIZE 4096
typedef struct BDRVRawState {
int fd;
int type;
int open_flags;
#if defined(__linux__)
/* linux floppy specific */
int64_t fd_open_time;
int64_t fd_error_time;
int fd_got_error;
int fd_media_changed;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_LINUX_AIO
int use_aio;
void *aio_ctx;
#endif
uint8_t *aligned_buf;
unsigned aligned_buf_size;
#ifdef CONFIG_XFS
bool is_xfs : 1;
#endif
} BDRVRawState;
static int fd_open(BlockDriverState *bs);
static int64_t raw_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs);
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
static int cdrom_reopen(BlockDriverState *bs);
#endif
static int raw_open_common(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename,
int bdrv_flags, int open_flags)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int fd, ret;
s->open_flags = open_flags | O_BINARY;
s->open_flags &= ~O_ACCMODE;
if (bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_RDWR) {
s->open_flags |= O_RDWR;
} else {
s->open_flags |= O_RDONLY;
}
/* Use O_DSYNC for write-through caching, no flags for write-back caching,
* and O_DIRECT for no caching. */
if ((bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_NOCACHE))
s->open_flags |= O_DIRECT;
else if (!(bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_CACHE_WB))
s->open_flags |= O_DSYNC;
s->fd = -1;
fd = qemu_open(filename, s->open_flags, 0644);
if (fd < 0) {
ret = -errno;
if (ret == -EROFS)
ret = -EACCES;
return ret;
}
s->fd = fd;
s->aligned_buf = NULL;
if ((bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_NOCACHE)) {
/*
* Allocate a buffer for read/modify/write cycles. Chose the size
* pessimistically as we don't know the block size yet.
*/
s->aligned_buf_size = 32 * MAX_BLOCKSIZE;
s->aligned_buf = qemu_memalign(MAX_BLOCKSIZE, s->aligned_buf_size);
if (s->aligned_buf == NULL) {
goto out_close;
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_LINUX_AIO
if ((bdrv_flags & (BDRV_O_NOCACHE|BDRV_O_NATIVE_AIO)) ==
(BDRV_O_NOCACHE|BDRV_O_NATIVE_AIO)) {
/* We're falling back to POSIX AIO in some cases */
paio_init();
s->aio_ctx = laio_init();
if (!s->aio_ctx) {
goto out_free_buf;
}
s->use_aio = 1;
} else
#endif
{
if (paio_init() < 0) {
goto out_free_buf;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_LINUX_AIO
s->use_aio = 0;
#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_XFS
if (platform_test_xfs_fd(s->fd)) {
s->is_xfs = 1;
}
#endif
return 0;
out_free_buf:
qemu_vfree(s->aligned_buf);
out_close:
close(fd);
return -errno;
}
static int raw_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
s->type = FTYPE_FILE;
return raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, 0);
}
/* XXX: use host sector size if necessary with:
#ifdef DIOCGSECTORSIZE
{
unsigned int sectorsize = 512;
if (!ioctl(fd, DIOCGSECTORSIZE, &sectorsize) &&
sectorsize > bufsize)
bufsize = sectorsize;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
uint32_t blockSize = 512;
if ( !ioctl( fd, DKIOCGETBLOCKSIZE, &blockSize ) && blockSize > bufsize) {
bufsize = blockSize;
}
#endif
*/
/*
* offset and count are in bytes, but must be multiples of 512 for files
* opened with O_DIRECT. buf must be aligned to 512 bytes then.
*
* This function may be called without alignment if the caller ensures
* that O_DIRECT is not in effect.
*/
static int raw_pread_aligned(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
uint8_t *buf, int count)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
ret = fd_open(bs);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
/*
* In versions previous to 0.13.0 this code used lseek to seek to offset
* and read instead of pread. The lseek only happened when offset was >=0
* with the change to pread the logic for checking whether offset was
* negative was lost which broke vmdk4 support. This offset check here
* will have the same result as the old (working) code.
*/
if (offset < 0)
offset = 0;
ret = pread(s->fd, buf, count, offset);
if (ret == count)
return ret;
/* Allow reads beyond the end (needed for pwrite) */
if ((ret == 0) && bs->growable) {
int64_t size = raw_getlength(bs);
if (offset >= size) {
memset(buf, 0, count);
return count;
}
}
DEBUG_BLOCK_PRINT("raw_pread(%d:%s, %" PRId64 ", %p, %d) [%" PRId64
"] read failed %d : %d = %s\n",
s->fd, bs->filename, offset, buf, count,
bs->total_sectors, ret, errno, strerror(errno));
/* Try harder for CDrom. */
if (s->type != FTYPE_FILE) {
ret = pread(s->fd, buf, count, offset);
if (ret == count)
return ret;
ret = pread(s->fd, buf, count, offset);
if (ret == count)
return ret;
DEBUG_BLOCK_PRINT("raw_pread(%d:%s, %" PRId64 ", %p, %d) [%" PRId64
"] retry read failed %d : %d = %s\n",
s->fd, bs->filename, offset, buf, count,
bs->total_sectors, ret, errno, strerror(errno));
}
return (ret < 0) ? -errno : ret;
}
/*
* offset and count are in bytes, but must be multiples of the sector size
* for files opened with O_DIRECT. buf must be aligned to sector size bytes
* then.
*
* This function may be called without alignment if the caller ensures
* that O_DIRECT is not in effect.
*/
static int raw_pwrite_aligned(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
const uint8_t *buf, int count)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
ret = fd_open(bs);
if (ret < 0)
return -errno;
ret = pwrite(s->fd, buf, count, offset);
if (ret == count)
return ret;
DEBUG_BLOCK_PRINT("raw_pwrite(%d:%s, %" PRId64 ", %p, %d) [%" PRId64
"] write failed %d : %d = %s\n",
s->fd, bs->filename, offset, buf, count,
bs->total_sectors, ret, errno, strerror(errno));
return (ret < 0) ? -errno : ret;
}
/*
* offset and count are in bytes and possibly not aligned. For files opened
* with O_DIRECT, necessary alignments are ensured before calling
* raw_pread_aligned to do the actual read.
*/
static int raw_pread(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
uint8_t *buf, int count)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
unsigned sector_mask = bs->buffer_alignment - 1;
int size, ret, shift, sum;
sum = 0;
if (s->aligned_buf != NULL) {
if (offset & sector_mask) {
/* align offset on a sector size bytes boundary */
shift = offset & sector_mask;
size = (shift + count + sector_mask) & ~sector_mask;
if (size > s->aligned_buf_size)
size = s->aligned_buf_size;
ret = raw_pread_aligned(bs, offset - shift, s->aligned_buf, size);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
size = bs->buffer_alignment - shift;
if (size > count)
size = count;
memcpy(buf, s->aligned_buf + shift, size);
buf += size;
offset += size;
count -= size;
sum += size;
if (count == 0)
return sum;
}
if (count & sector_mask || (uintptr_t) buf & sector_mask) {
/* read on aligned buffer */
while (count) {
size = (count + sector_mask) & ~sector_mask;
if (size > s->aligned_buf_size)
size = s->aligned_buf_size;
ret = raw_pread_aligned(bs, offset, s->aligned_buf, size);
if (ret < 0) {
return ret;
} else if (ret == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "raw_pread: read beyond end of file\n");
abort();
}
size = ret;
if (size > count)
size = count;
memcpy(buf, s->aligned_buf, size);
buf += size;
offset += size;
count -= size;
sum += size;
}
return sum;
}
}
return raw_pread_aligned(bs, offset, buf, count) + sum;
}
static int raw_read(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
{
int ret;
ret = raw_pread(bs, sector_num * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE, buf,
nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE);
if (ret == (nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE))
ret = 0;
return ret;
}
/*
* offset and count are in bytes and possibly not aligned. For files opened
* with O_DIRECT, necessary alignments are ensured before calling
* raw_pwrite_aligned to do the actual write.
*/
static int raw_pwrite(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset,
const uint8_t *buf, int count)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
unsigned sector_mask = bs->buffer_alignment - 1;
int size, ret, shift, sum;
sum = 0;
if (s->aligned_buf != NULL) {
if (offset & sector_mask) {
/* align offset on a sector size bytes boundary */
shift = offset & sector_mask;
ret = raw_pread_aligned(bs, offset - shift, s->aligned_buf,
bs->buffer_alignment);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
size = bs->buffer_alignment - shift;
if (size > count)
size = count;
memcpy(s->aligned_buf + shift, buf, size);
ret = raw_pwrite_aligned(bs, offset - shift, s->aligned_buf,
bs->buffer_alignment);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
buf += size;
offset += size;
count -= size;
sum += size;
if (count == 0)
return sum;
}
if (count & sector_mask || (uintptr_t) buf & sector_mask) {
while ((size = (count & ~sector_mask)) != 0) {
if (size > s->aligned_buf_size)
size = s->aligned_buf_size;
memcpy(s->aligned_buf, buf, size);
ret = raw_pwrite_aligned(bs, offset, s->aligned_buf, size);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
buf += ret;
offset += ret;
count -= ret;
sum += ret;
}
/* here, count < sector_size because (count & ~sector_mask) == 0 */
if (count) {
ret = raw_pread_aligned(bs, offset, s->aligned_buf,
bs->buffer_alignment);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
memcpy(s->aligned_buf, buf, count);
ret = raw_pwrite_aligned(bs, offset, s->aligned_buf,
bs->buffer_alignment);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if (count < ret)
ret = count;
sum += ret;
}
return sum;
}
}
return raw_pwrite_aligned(bs, offset, buf, count) + sum;
}
static int raw_write(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors)
{
int ret;
ret = raw_pwrite(bs, sector_num * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE, buf,
nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE);
if (ret == (nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE))
ret = 0;
return ret;
}
/*
* Check if all memory in this vector is sector aligned.
*/
static int qiov_is_aligned(BlockDriverState *bs, QEMUIOVector *qiov)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < qiov->niov; i++) {
if ((uintptr_t) qiov->iov[i].iov_base % bs->buffer_alignment) {
return 0;
}
}
return 1;
}
static BlockDriverAIOCB *raw_aio_submit(BlockDriverState *bs,
int64_t sector_num, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int nb_sectors,
BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque, int type)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (fd_open(bs) < 0)
return NULL;
/*
* If O_DIRECT is used the buffer needs to be aligned on a sector
* boundary. Check if this is the case or telll the low-level
* driver that it needs to copy the buffer.
*/
if (s->aligned_buf) {
if (!qiov_is_aligned(bs, qiov)) {
type |= QEMU_AIO_MISALIGNED;
#ifdef CONFIG_LINUX_AIO
} else if (s->use_aio) {
return laio_submit(bs, s->aio_ctx, s->fd, sector_num, qiov,
nb_sectors, cb, opaque, type);
#endif
}
}
return paio_submit(bs, s->fd, sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors,
cb, opaque, type);
}
static BlockDriverAIOCB *raw_aio_readv(BlockDriverState *bs,
int64_t sector_num, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int nb_sectors,
BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque)
{
return raw_aio_submit(bs, sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors,
cb, opaque, QEMU_AIO_READ);
}
static BlockDriverAIOCB *raw_aio_writev(BlockDriverState *bs,
int64_t sector_num, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int nb_sectors,
BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque)
{
return raw_aio_submit(bs, sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors,
cb, opaque, QEMU_AIO_WRITE);
}
static BlockDriverAIOCB *raw_aio_flush(BlockDriverState *bs,
BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (fd_open(bs) < 0)
return NULL;
return paio_submit(bs, s->fd, 0, NULL, 0, cb, opaque, QEMU_AIO_FLUSH);
}
static void raw_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (s->fd >= 0) {
close(s->fd);
s->fd = -1;
if (s->aligned_buf != NULL)
qemu_vfree(s->aligned_buf);
}
}
static int raw_truncate(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t offset)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (s->type != FTYPE_FILE)
return -ENOTSUP;
if (ftruncate(s->fd, offset) < 0)
return -errno;
return 0;
}
#ifdef __OpenBSD__
static int64_t raw_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int fd = s->fd;
struct stat st;
if (fstat(fd, &st))
return -1;
if (S_ISCHR(st.st_mode) || S_ISBLK(st.st_mode)) {
struct disklabel dl;
if (ioctl(fd, DIOCGDINFO, &dl))
return -1;
return (uint64_t)dl.d_secsize *
dl.d_partitions[DISKPART(st.st_rdev)].p_size;
} else
return st.st_size;
}
#elif defined(__sun__)
static int64_t raw_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
struct dk_minfo minfo;
int ret;
ret = fd_open(bs);
if (ret < 0) {
return ret;
}
/*
* Use the DKIOCGMEDIAINFO ioctl to read the size.
*/
ret = ioctl(s->fd, DKIOCGMEDIAINFO, &minfo);
if (ret != -1) {
return minfo.dki_lbsize * minfo.dki_capacity;
}
/*
* There are reports that lseek on some devices fails, but
* irc discussion said that contingency on contingency was overkill.
*/
return lseek(s->fd, 0, SEEK_END);
}
#elif defined(CONFIG_BSD)
static int64_t raw_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int fd = s->fd;
int64_t size;
struct stat sb;
#if defined (__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
int reopened = 0;
#endif
int ret;
ret = fd_open(bs);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
#if defined (__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
again:
#endif
if (!fstat(fd, &sb) && (S_IFCHR & sb.st_mode)) {
#ifdef DIOCGMEDIASIZE
if (ioctl(fd, DIOCGMEDIASIZE, (off_t *)&size))
#elif defined(DIOCGPART)
{
struct partinfo pi;
if (ioctl(fd, DIOCGPART, &pi) == 0)
size = pi.media_size;
else
size = 0;
}
if (size == 0)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
size = LONG_LONG_MAX;
#else
size = lseek(fd, 0LL, SEEK_END);
#endif
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
switch(s->type) {
case FTYPE_CD:
/* XXX FreeBSD acd returns UINT_MAX sectors for an empty drive */
if (size == 2048LL * (unsigned)-1)
size = 0;
/* XXX no disc? maybe we need to reopen... */
if (size <= 0 && !reopened && cdrom_reopen(bs) >= 0) {
reopened = 1;
goto again;
}
}
#endif
} else {
size = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);
}
return size;
}
#else
static int64_t raw_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
ret = fd_open(bs);
if (ret < 0) {
return ret;
}
return lseek(s->fd, 0, SEEK_END);
}
#endif
static int raw_create(const char *filename, QEMUOptionParameter *options)
{
int fd;
int result = 0;
int64_t total_size = 0;
/* Read out options */
while (options && options->name) {
if (!strcmp(options->name, BLOCK_OPT_SIZE)) {
total_size = options->value.n / BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
}
options++;
}
fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_BINARY,
0644);
if (fd < 0) {
result = -errno;
} else {
if (ftruncate(fd, total_size * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE) != 0) {
result = -errno;
}
if (close(fd) != 0) {
result = -errno;
}
}
return result;
}
static int raw_flush(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
return qemu_fdatasync(s->fd);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_XFS
static int xfs_discard(BDRVRawState *s, int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors)
{
struct xfs_flock64 fl;
memset(&fl, 0, sizeof(fl));
fl.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
fl.l_start = sector_num << 9;
fl.l_len = (int64_t)nb_sectors << 9;
if (xfsctl(NULL, s->fd, XFS_IOC_UNRESVSP64, &fl) < 0) {
DEBUG_BLOCK_PRINT("cannot punch hole (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
return -errno;
}
return 0;
}
#endif
static int raw_discard(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num, int nb_sectors)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_XFS
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (s->is_xfs) {
return xfs_discard(s, sector_num, nb_sectors);
}
#endif
return 0;
}
static QEMUOptionParameter raw_create_options[] = {
{
.name = BLOCK_OPT_SIZE,
.type = OPT_SIZE,
.help = "Virtual disk size"
},
{ NULL }
};
static BlockDriver bdrv_file = {
.format_name = "file",
.protocol_name = "file",
.instance_size = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
.bdrv_probe = NULL, /* no probe for protocols */
.bdrv_file_open = raw_open,
.bdrv_read = raw_read,
.bdrv_write = raw_write,
.bdrv_close = raw_close,
.bdrv_create = raw_create,
.bdrv_flush = raw_flush,
.bdrv_discard = raw_discard,
.bdrv_aio_readv = raw_aio_readv,
.bdrv_aio_writev = raw_aio_writev,
.bdrv_aio_flush = raw_aio_flush,
.bdrv_truncate = raw_truncate,
.bdrv_getlength = raw_getlength,
.create_options = raw_create_options,
};
/***********************************************/
/* host device */
#ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
static kern_return_t FindEjectableCDMedia( io_iterator_t *mediaIterator );
static kern_return_t GetBSDPath( io_iterator_t mediaIterator, char *bsdPath, CFIndex maxPathSize );
kern_return_t FindEjectableCDMedia( io_iterator_t *mediaIterator )
{
kern_return_t kernResult;
mach_port_t masterPort;
CFMutableDictionaryRef classesToMatch;
kernResult = IOMasterPort( MACH_PORT_NULL, &masterPort );
if ( KERN_SUCCESS != kernResult ) {
printf( "IOMasterPort returned %d\n", kernResult );
}
classesToMatch = IOServiceMatching( kIOCDMediaClass );
if ( classesToMatch == NULL ) {
printf( "IOServiceMatching returned a NULL dictionary.\n" );
} else {
CFDictionarySetValue( classesToMatch, CFSTR( kIOMediaEjectableKey ), kCFBooleanTrue );
}
kernResult = IOServiceGetMatchingServices( masterPort, classesToMatch, mediaIterator );
if ( KERN_SUCCESS != kernResult )
{
printf( "IOServiceGetMatchingServices returned %d\n", kernResult );
}
return kernResult;
}
kern_return_t GetBSDPath( io_iterator_t mediaIterator, char *bsdPath, CFIndex maxPathSize )
{
io_object_t nextMedia;
kern_return_t kernResult = KERN_FAILURE;
*bsdPath = '\0';
nextMedia = IOIteratorNext( mediaIterator );
if ( nextMedia )
{
CFTypeRef bsdPathAsCFString;
bsdPathAsCFString = IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperty( nextMedia, CFSTR( kIOBSDNameKey ), kCFAllocatorDefault, 0 );
if ( bsdPathAsCFString ) {
size_t devPathLength;
strcpy( bsdPath, _PATH_DEV );
strcat( bsdPath, "r" );
devPathLength = strlen( bsdPath );
if ( CFStringGetCString( bsdPathAsCFString, bsdPath + devPathLength, maxPathSize - devPathLength, kCFStringEncodingASCII ) ) {
kernResult = KERN_SUCCESS;
}
CFRelease( bsdPathAsCFString );
}
IOObjectRelease( nextMedia );
}
return kernResult;
}
#endif
static int hdev_probe_device(const char *filename)
{
struct stat st;
/* allow a dedicated CD-ROM driver to match with a higher priority */
if (strstart(filename, "/dev/cdrom", NULL))
return 50;
if (stat(filename, &st) >= 0 &&
(S_ISCHR(st.st_mode) || S_ISBLK(st.st_mode))) {
return 100;
}
return 0;
}
static int hdev_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
#ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
if (strstart(filename, "/dev/cdrom", NULL)) {
kern_return_t kernResult;
io_iterator_t mediaIterator;
char bsdPath[ MAXPATHLEN ];
int fd;
kernResult = FindEjectableCDMedia( &mediaIterator );
kernResult = GetBSDPath( mediaIterator, bsdPath, sizeof( bsdPath ) );
if ( bsdPath[ 0 ] != '\0' ) {
strcat(bsdPath,"s0");
/* some CDs don't have a partition 0 */
fd = open(bsdPath, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY | O_LARGEFILE);
if (fd < 0) {
bsdPath[strlen(bsdPath)-1] = '1';
} else {
close(fd);
}
filename = bsdPath;
}
if ( mediaIterator )
IOObjectRelease( mediaIterator );
}
#endif
s->type = FTYPE_FILE;
#if defined(__linux__)
{
char resolved_path[ MAXPATHLEN ], *temp;
temp = realpath(filename, resolved_path);
if (temp && strstart(temp, "/dev/sg", NULL)) {
bs->sg = 1;
}
}
#endif
return raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, 0);
}
#if defined(__linux__)
/* Note: we do not have a reliable method to detect if the floppy is
present. The current method is to try to open the floppy at every
I/O and to keep it opened during a few hundreds of ms. */
static int fd_open(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int last_media_present;
if (s->type != FTYPE_FD)
return 0;
last_media_present = (s->fd >= 0);
if (s->fd >= 0 &&
(get_clock() - s->fd_open_time) >= FD_OPEN_TIMEOUT) {
close(s->fd);
s->fd = -1;
#ifdef DEBUG_FLOPPY
printf("Floppy closed\n");
#endif
}
if (s->fd < 0) {
if (s->fd_got_error &&
(get_clock() - s->fd_error_time) < FD_OPEN_TIMEOUT) {
#ifdef DEBUG_FLOPPY
printf("No floppy (open delayed)\n");
#endif
return -EIO;
}
s->fd = open(bs->filename, s->open_flags & ~O_NONBLOCK);
if (s->fd < 0) {
s->fd_error_time = get_clock();
s->fd_got_error = 1;
if (last_media_present)
s->fd_media_changed = 1;
#ifdef DEBUG_FLOPPY
printf("No floppy\n");
#endif
return -EIO;
}
#ifdef DEBUG_FLOPPY
printf("Floppy opened\n");
#endif
}
if (!last_media_present)
s->fd_media_changed = 1;
s->fd_open_time = get_clock();
s->fd_got_error = 0;
return 0;
}
static int hdev_ioctl(BlockDriverState *bs, unsigned long int req, void *buf)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
return ioctl(s->fd, req, buf);
}
static BlockDriverAIOCB *hdev_aio_ioctl(BlockDriverState *bs,
unsigned long int req, void *buf,
BlockDriverCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (fd_open(bs) < 0)
return NULL;
return paio_ioctl(bs, s->fd, req, buf, cb, opaque);
}
#elif defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
static int fd_open(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
/* this is just to ensure s->fd is sane (its called by io ops) */
if (s->fd >= 0)
return 0;
return -EIO;
}
#else /* !linux && !FreeBSD */
static int fd_open(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* !linux && !FreeBSD */
static int hdev_create(const char *filename, QEMUOptionParameter *options)
{
int fd;
int ret = 0;
struct stat stat_buf;
int64_t total_size = 0;
/* Read out options */
while (options && options->name) {
if (!strcmp(options->name, "size")) {
total_size = options->value.n / BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
}
options++;
}
fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_BINARY);
if (fd < 0)
return -errno;
if (fstat(fd, &stat_buf) < 0)
ret = -errno;
else if (!S_ISBLK(stat_buf.st_mode) && !S_ISCHR(stat_buf.st_mode))
ret = -ENODEV;
else if (lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END) < total_size * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE)
ret = -ENOSPC;
close(fd);
return ret;
}
static int hdev_has_zero_init(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
return 0;
}
static BlockDriver bdrv_host_device = {
.format_name = "host_device",
.protocol_name = "host_device",
.instance_size = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
.bdrv_probe_device = hdev_probe_device,
.bdrv_file_open = hdev_open,
.bdrv_close = raw_close,
.bdrv_create = hdev_create,
.create_options = raw_create_options,
.bdrv_has_zero_init = hdev_has_zero_init,
.bdrv_flush = raw_flush,
.bdrv_aio_readv = raw_aio_readv,
.bdrv_aio_writev = raw_aio_writev,
.bdrv_aio_flush = raw_aio_flush,
.bdrv_read = raw_read,
.bdrv_write = raw_write,
.bdrv_getlength = raw_getlength,
/* generic scsi device */
#ifdef __linux__
.bdrv_ioctl = hdev_ioctl,
.bdrv_aio_ioctl = hdev_aio_ioctl,
#endif
};
#ifdef __linux__
static int floppy_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
s->type = FTYPE_FD;
/* open will not fail even if no floppy is inserted, so add O_NONBLOCK */
ret = raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, O_NONBLOCK);
if (ret)
return ret;
/* close fd so that we can reopen it as needed */
close(s->fd);
s->fd = -1;
s->fd_media_changed = 1;
return 0;
}
static int floppy_probe_device(const char *filename)
{
int fd, ret;
int prio = 0;
struct floppy_struct fdparam;
if (strstart(filename, "/dev/fd", NULL))
prio = 50;
fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_NONBLOCK);
if (fd < 0) {
goto out;
}
/* Attempt to detect via a floppy specific ioctl */
ret = ioctl(fd, FDGETPRM, &fdparam);
if (ret >= 0)
prio = 100;
close(fd);
out:
return prio;
}
static int floppy_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
return fd_open(bs) >= 0;
}
static int floppy_media_changed(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
/*
* XXX: we do not have a true media changed indication.
* It does not work if the floppy is changed without trying to read it.
*/
fd_open(bs);
ret = s->fd_media_changed;
s->fd_media_changed = 0;
#ifdef DEBUG_FLOPPY
printf("Floppy changed=%d\n", ret);
#endif
return ret;
}
static int floppy_eject(BlockDriverState *bs, int eject_flag)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int fd;
if (s->fd >= 0) {
close(s->fd);
s->fd = -1;
}
fd = open(bs->filename, s->open_flags | O_NONBLOCK);
if (fd >= 0) {
if (ioctl(fd, FDEJECT, 0) < 0)
perror("FDEJECT");
close(fd);
}
return 0;
}
static BlockDriver bdrv_host_floppy = {
.format_name = "host_floppy",
.protocol_name = "host_floppy",
.instance_size = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
.bdrv_probe_device = floppy_probe_device,
.bdrv_file_open = floppy_open,
.bdrv_close = raw_close,
.bdrv_create = hdev_create,
.create_options = raw_create_options,
.bdrv_has_zero_init = hdev_has_zero_init,
.bdrv_flush = raw_flush,
.bdrv_aio_readv = raw_aio_readv,
.bdrv_aio_writev = raw_aio_writev,
.bdrv_aio_flush = raw_aio_flush,
.bdrv_read = raw_read,
.bdrv_write = raw_write,
.bdrv_getlength = raw_getlength,
/* removable device support */
.bdrv_is_inserted = floppy_is_inserted,
.bdrv_media_changed = floppy_media_changed,
.bdrv_eject = floppy_eject,
};
static int cdrom_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
s->type = FTYPE_CD;
/* open will not fail even if no CD is inserted, so add O_NONBLOCK */
return raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, O_NONBLOCK);
}
static int cdrom_probe_device(const char *filename)
{
int fd, ret;
int prio = 0;
fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_NONBLOCK);
if (fd < 0) {
goto out;
}
/* Attempt to detect via a CDROM specific ioctl */
ret = ioctl(fd, CDROM_DRIVE_STATUS, CDSL_CURRENT);
if (ret >= 0)
prio = 100;
close(fd);
out:
return prio;
}
static int cdrom_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
ret = ioctl(s->fd, CDROM_DRIVE_STATUS, CDSL_CURRENT);
if (ret == CDS_DISC_OK)
return 1;
return 0;
}
static int cdrom_eject(BlockDriverState *bs, int eject_flag)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (eject_flag) {
if (ioctl(s->fd, CDROMEJECT, NULL) < 0)
perror("CDROMEJECT");
} else {
if (ioctl(s->fd, CDROMCLOSETRAY, NULL) < 0)
perror("CDROMEJECT");
}
return 0;
}
static int cdrom_set_locked(BlockDriverState *bs, int locked)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (ioctl(s->fd, CDROM_LOCKDOOR, locked) < 0) {
/*
* Note: an error can happen if the distribution automatically
* mounts the CD-ROM
*/
/* perror("CDROM_LOCKDOOR"); */
}
return 0;
}
static BlockDriver bdrv_host_cdrom = {
.format_name = "host_cdrom",
.protocol_name = "host_cdrom",
.instance_size = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
.bdrv_probe_device = cdrom_probe_device,
.bdrv_file_open = cdrom_open,
.bdrv_close = raw_close,
.bdrv_create = hdev_create,
.create_options = raw_create_options,
.bdrv_has_zero_init = hdev_has_zero_init,
.bdrv_flush = raw_flush,
.bdrv_aio_readv = raw_aio_readv,
.bdrv_aio_writev = raw_aio_writev,
.bdrv_aio_flush = raw_aio_flush,
.bdrv_read = raw_read,
.bdrv_write = raw_write,
.bdrv_getlength = raw_getlength,
/* removable device support */
.bdrv_is_inserted = cdrom_is_inserted,
.bdrv_eject = cdrom_eject,
.bdrv_set_locked = cdrom_set_locked,
/* generic scsi device */
.bdrv_ioctl = hdev_ioctl,
.bdrv_aio_ioctl = hdev_aio_ioctl,
};
#endif /* __linux__ */
#if defined (__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
static int cdrom_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int ret;
s->type = FTYPE_CD;
ret = raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, 0);
if (ret)
return ret;
/* make sure the door isnt locked at this time */
ioctl(s->fd, CDIOCALLOW);
return 0;
}
static int cdrom_probe_device(const char *filename)
{
if (strstart(filename, "/dev/cd", NULL) ||
strstart(filename, "/dev/acd", NULL))
return 100;
return 0;
}
static int cdrom_reopen(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
int fd;
/*
* Force reread of possibly changed/newly loaded disc,
* FreeBSD seems to not notice sometimes...
*/
if (s->fd >= 0)
close(s->fd);
fd = open(bs->filename, s->open_flags, 0644);
if (fd < 0) {
s->fd = -1;
return -EIO;
}
s->fd = fd;
/* make sure the door isnt locked at this time */
ioctl(s->fd, CDIOCALLOW);
return 0;
}
static int cdrom_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs)
{
return raw_getlength(bs) > 0;
}
static int cdrom_eject(BlockDriverState *bs, int eject_flag)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (s->fd < 0)
return -ENOTSUP;
(void) ioctl(s->fd, CDIOCALLOW);
if (eject_flag) {
if (ioctl(s->fd, CDIOCEJECT) < 0)
perror("CDIOCEJECT");
} else {
if (ioctl(s->fd, CDIOCCLOSE) < 0)
perror("CDIOCCLOSE");
}
if (cdrom_reopen(bs) < 0)
return -ENOTSUP;
return 0;
}
static int cdrom_set_locked(BlockDriverState *bs, int locked)
{
BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
if (s->fd < 0)
return -ENOTSUP;
if (ioctl(s->fd, (locked ? CDIOCPREVENT : CDIOCALLOW)) < 0) {
/*
* Note: an error can happen if the distribution automatically
* mounts the CD-ROM
*/
/* perror("CDROM_LOCKDOOR"); */
}
return 0;
}
static BlockDriver bdrv_host_cdrom = {
.format_name = "host_cdrom",
.protocol_name = "host_cdrom",
.instance_size = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
.bdrv_probe_device = cdrom_probe_device,
.bdrv_file_open = cdrom_open,
.bdrv_close = raw_close,
.bdrv_create = hdev_create,
.create_options = raw_create_options,
.bdrv_has_zero_init = hdev_has_zero_init,
.bdrv_flush = raw_flush,
.bdrv_aio_readv = raw_aio_readv,
.bdrv_aio_writev = raw_aio_writev,
.bdrv_aio_flush = raw_aio_flush,
.bdrv_read = raw_read,
.bdrv_write = raw_write,
.bdrv_getlength = raw_getlength,
/* removable device support */
.bdrv_is_inserted = cdrom_is_inserted,
.bdrv_eject = cdrom_eject,
.bdrv_set_locked = cdrom_set_locked,
};
#endif /* __FreeBSD__ */
static void bdrv_file_init(void)
{
/*
* Register all the drivers. Note that order is important, the driver
* registered last will get probed first.
*/
bdrv_register(&bdrv_file);
bdrv_register(&bdrv_host_device);
#ifdef __linux__
bdrv_register(&bdrv_host_floppy);
bdrv_register(&bdrv_host_cdrom);
#endif
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD_kernel__)
bdrv_register(&bdrv_host_cdrom);
#endif
}
block_init(bdrv_file_init);
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