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/*
* ARMV7M System emulation.
*
* Copyright (c) 2006-2007 CodeSourcery.
* Written by Paul Brook
*
* This code is licenced under the GPL.
*/
#include "sysbus.h"
#include "arm-misc.h"
#include "sysemu.h"
#include "loader.h"
#include "elf.h"
/* Bitbanded IO. Each word corresponds to a single bit. */
/* Get the byte address of the real memory for a bitband acess. */
static inline uint32_t bitband_addr(void * opaque, uint32_t addr)
{
uint32_t res;
res = *(uint32_t *)opaque;
res |= (addr & 0x1ffffff) >> 5;
return res;
}
static uint32_t bitband_readb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset)
{
uint8_t v;
cpu_physical_memory_read(bitband_addr(opaque, offset), &v, 1);
return (v & (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 7))) != 0;
}
static void bitband_writeb(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
uint32_t value)
{
uint32_t addr;
uint8_t mask;
uint8_t v;
addr = bitband_addr(opaque, offset);
mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 7));
cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, &v, 1);
if (value & 1)
v |= mask;
else
v &= ~mask;
cpu_physical_memory_write(addr, &v, 1);
}
static uint32_t bitband_readw(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset)
{
uint32_t addr;
uint16_t mask;
uint16_t v;
addr = bitband_addr(opaque, offset) & ~1;
mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 15));
mask = tswap16(mask);
cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 2);
return (v & mask) != 0;
}
static void bitband_writew(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
uint32_t value)
{
uint32_t addr;
uint16_t mask;
uint16_t v;
addr = bitband_addr(opaque, offset) & ~1;
mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 15));
mask = tswap16(mask);
cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 2);
if (value & 1)
v |= mask;
else
v &= ~mask;
cpu_physical_memory_write(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 2);
}
static uint32_t bitband_readl(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset)
{
uint32_t addr;
uint32_t mask;
uint32_t v;
addr = bitband_addr(opaque, offset) & ~3;
mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 31));
mask = tswap32(mask);
cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 4);
return (v & mask) != 0;
}
static void bitband_writel(void *opaque, target_phys_addr_t offset,
uint32_t value)
{
uint32_t addr;
uint32_t mask;
uint32_t v;
addr = bitband_addr(opaque, offset) & ~3;
mask = (1 << ((offset >> 2) & 31));
mask = tswap32(mask);
cpu_physical_memory_read(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 4);
if (value & 1)
v |= mask;
else
v &= ~mask;
cpu_physical_memory_write(addr, (uint8_t *)&v, 4);
}
static CPUReadMemoryFunc * const bitband_readfn[] = {
bitband_readb,
bitband_readw,
bitband_readl
};
static CPUWriteMemoryFunc * const bitband_writefn[] = {
bitband_writeb,
bitband_writew,
bitband_writel
};
typedef struct {
SysBusDevice busdev;
uint32_t base;
} BitBandState;
static int bitband_init(SysBusDevice *dev)
{
BitBandState *s = FROM_SYSBUS(BitBandState, dev);
int iomemtype;
iomemtype = cpu_register_io_memory(bitband_readfn, bitband_writefn,
&s->base, DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN);
sysbus_init_mmio(dev, 0x02000000, iomemtype);
return 0;
}
static void armv7m_bitband_init(void)
{
DeviceState *dev;
dev = qdev_create(NULL, "ARM,bitband-memory");
qdev_prop_set_uint32(dev, "base", 0x20000000);
qdev_init_nofail(dev);
sysbus_mmio_map(sysbus_from_qdev(dev), 0, 0x22000000);
dev = qdev_create(NULL, "ARM,bitband-memory");
qdev_prop_set_uint32(dev, "base", 0x40000000);
qdev_init_nofail(dev);
sysbus_mmio_map(sysbus_from_qdev(dev), 0, 0x42000000);
}
/* Board init. */
static void armv7m_reset(void *opaque)
{
cpu_reset((CPUState *)opaque);
}
/* Init CPU and memory for a v7-M based board.
flash_size and sram_size are in kb.
Returns the NVIC array. */
qemu_irq *armv7m_init(int flash_size, int sram_size,
const char *kernel_filename, const char *cpu_model)
{
CPUState *env;
DeviceState *nvic;
/* FIXME: make this local state. */
static qemu_irq pic[64];
qemu_irq *cpu_pic;
int image_size;
uint64_t entry;
uint64_t lowaddr;
int i;
int big_endian;
flash_size *= 1024;
sram_size *= 1024;
if (!cpu_model)
cpu_model = "cortex-m3";
env = cpu_init(cpu_model);
if (!env) {
fprintf(stderr, "Unable to find CPU definition\n");
exit(1);
}
#if 0
/* > 32Mb SRAM gets complicated because it overlaps the bitband area.
We don't have proper commandline options, so allocate half of memory
as SRAM, up to a maximum of 32Mb, and the rest as code. */
if (ram_size > (512 + 32) * 1024 * 1024)
ram_size = (512 + 32) * 1024 * 1024;
sram_size = (ram_size / 2) & TARGET_PAGE_MASK;
if (sram_size > 32 * 1024 * 1024)
sram_size = 32 * 1024 * 1024;
code_size = ram_size - sram_size;
#endif
/* Flash programming is done via the SCU, so pretend it is ROM. */
cpu_register_physical_memory(0, flash_size,
qemu_ram_alloc(NULL, "armv7m.flash",
flash_size) | IO_MEM_ROM);
cpu_register_physical_memory(0x20000000, sram_size,
qemu_ram_alloc(NULL, "armv7m.sram",
sram_size) | IO_MEM_RAM);
armv7m_bitband_init();
nvic = qdev_create(NULL, "armv7m_nvic");
env->nvic = nvic;
qdev_init_nofail(nvic);
cpu_pic = arm_pic_init_cpu(env);
sysbus_connect_irq(sysbus_from_qdev(nvic), 0, cpu_pic[ARM_PIC_CPU_IRQ]);
for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
pic[i] = qdev_get_gpio_in(nvic, i);
}
#ifdef TARGET_WORDS_BIGENDIAN
big_endian = 1;
#else
big_endian = 0;
#endif
image_size = load_elf(kernel_filename, NULL, NULL, &entry, &lowaddr,
NULL, big_endian, ELF_MACHINE, 1);
if (image_size < 0) {
image_size = load_image_targphys(kernel_filename, 0, flash_size);
lowaddr = 0;
}
if (image_size < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "qemu: could not load kernel '%s'\n",
kernel_filename);
exit(1);
}
/* Hack to map an additional page of ram at the top of the address
space. This stops qemu complaining about executing code outside RAM
when returning from an exception. */
cpu_register_physical_memory(0xfffff000, 0x1000,
qemu_ram_alloc(NULL, "armv7m.hack",
0x1000) | IO_MEM_RAM);
qemu_register_reset(armv7m_reset, env);
return pic;
}
static SysBusDeviceInfo bitband_info = {
.init = bitband_init,
.qdev.name = "ARM,bitband-memory",
.qdev.size = sizeof(BitBandState),
.qdev.props = (Property[]) {
DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("base", BitBandState, base, 0),
DEFINE_PROP_END_OF_LIST(),
}
};
static void armv7m_register_devices(void)
{
sysbus_register_withprop(&bitband_info);
}
device_init(armv7m_register_devices)
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