Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
tree: df8e4784a2
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

1832 lines (1571 sloc) 38.598 kB
/*
* Command line utility to exercise the QEMU I/O path.
*
* Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc.
* Copyright (c) 2003-2005 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
* See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*/
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <libgen.h>
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "block_int.h"
#include "cmd.h"
#define VERSION "0.0.1"
#define CMD_NOFILE_OK 0x01
char *progname;
static BlockDriverState *bs;
static int misalign;
/*
* Parse the pattern argument to various sub-commands.
*
* Because the pattern is used as an argument to memset it must evaluate
* to an unsigned integer that fits into a single byte.
*/
static int parse_pattern(const char *arg)
{
char *endptr = NULL;
long pattern;
pattern = strtol(arg, &endptr, 0);
if (pattern < 0 || pattern > UCHAR_MAX || *endptr != '\0') {
printf("%s is not a valid pattern byte\n", arg);
return -1;
}
return pattern;
}
/*
* Memory allocation helpers.
*
* Make sure memory is aligned by default, or purposefully misaligned if
* that is specified on the command line.
*/
#define MISALIGN_OFFSET 16
static void *qemu_io_alloc(size_t len, int pattern)
{
void *buf;
if (misalign)
len += MISALIGN_OFFSET;
buf = qemu_blockalign(bs, len);
memset(buf, pattern, len);
if (misalign)
buf += MISALIGN_OFFSET;
return buf;
}
static void qemu_io_free(void *p)
{
if (misalign)
p -= MISALIGN_OFFSET;
qemu_vfree(p);
}
static void
dump_buffer(const void *buffer, int64_t offset, int len)
{
int i, j;
const uint8_t *p;
for (i = 0, p = buffer; i < len; i += 16) {
const uint8_t *s = p;
printf("%08" PRIx64 ": ", offset + i);
for (j = 0; j < 16 && i + j < len; j++, p++)
printf("%02x ", *p);
printf(" ");
for (j = 0; j < 16 && i + j < len; j++, s++) {
if (isalnum(*s))
printf("%c", *s);
else
printf(".");
}
printf("\n");
}
}
static void
print_report(const char *op, struct timeval *t, int64_t offset,
int count, int total, int cnt, int Cflag)
{
char s1[64], s2[64], ts[64];
timestr(t, ts, sizeof(ts), Cflag ? VERBOSE_FIXED_TIME : 0);
if (!Cflag) {
cvtstr((double)total, s1, sizeof(s1));
cvtstr(tdiv((double)total, *t), s2, sizeof(s2));
printf("%s %d/%d bytes at offset %" PRId64 "\n",
op, total, count, offset);
printf("%s, %d ops; %s (%s/sec and %.4f ops/sec)\n",
s1, cnt, ts, s2, tdiv((double)cnt, *t));
} else {/* bytes,ops,time,bytes/sec,ops/sec */
printf("%d,%d,%s,%.3f,%.3f\n",
total, cnt, ts,
tdiv((double)total, *t),
tdiv((double)cnt, *t));
}
}
/*
* Parse multiple length statements for vectored I/O, and construct an I/O
* vector matching it.
*/
static void *
create_iovec(QEMUIOVector *qiov, char **argv, int nr_iov, int pattern)
{
size_t *sizes = calloc(nr_iov, sizeof(size_t));
size_t count = 0;
void *buf = NULL;
void *p;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < nr_iov; i++) {
char *arg = argv[i];
int64_t len;
len = cvtnum(arg);
if (len < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", arg);
goto fail;
}
/* should be SIZE_T_MAX, but that doesn't exist */
if (len > INT_MAX) {
printf("too large length argument -- %s\n", arg);
goto fail;
}
if (len & 0x1ff) {
printf("length argument %" PRId64
" is not sector aligned\n", len);
goto fail;
}
sizes[i] = len;
count += len;
}
qemu_iovec_init(qiov, nr_iov);
buf = p = qemu_io_alloc(count, pattern);
for (i = 0; i < nr_iov; i++) {
qemu_iovec_add(qiov, p, sizes[i]);
p += sizes[i];
}
fail:
free(sizes);
return buf;
}
static int do_read(char *buf, int64_t offset, int count, int *total)
{
int ret;
ret = bdrv_read(bs, offset >> 9, (uint8_t *)buf, count >> 9);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
*total = count;
return 1;
}
static int do_write(char *buf, int64_t offset, int count, int *total)
{
int ret;
ret = bdrv_write(bs, offset >> 9, (uint8_t *)buf, count >> 9);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
*total = count;
return 1;
}
static int do_pread(char *buf, int64_t offset, int count, int *total)
{
*total = bdrv_pread(bs, offset, (uint8_t *)buf, count);
if (*total < 0)
return *total;
return 1;
}
static int do_pwrite(char *buf, int64_t offset, int count, int *total)
{
*total = bdrv_pwrite(bs, offset, (uint8_t *)buf, count);
if (*total < 0)
return *total;
return 1;
}
static int do_load_vmstate(char *buf, int64_t offset, int count, int *total)
{
*total = bdrv_load_vmstate(bs, (uint8_t *)buf, offset, count);
if (*total < 0)
return *total;
return 1;
}
static int do_save_vmstate(char *buf, int64_t offset, int count, int *total)
{
*total = bdrv_save_vmstate(bs, (uint8_t *)buf, offset, count);
if (*total < 0)
return *total;
return 1;
}
#define NOT_DONE 0x7fffffff
static void aio_rw_done(void *opaque, int ret)
{
*(int *)opaque = ret;
}
static int do_aio_readv(QEMUIOVector *qiov, int64_t offset, int *total)
{
BlockDriverAIOCB *acb;
int async_ret = NOT_DONE;
acb = bdrv_aio_readv(bs, offset >> 9, qiov, qiov->size >> 9,
aio_rw_done, &async_ret);
if (!acb)
return -EIO;
while (async_ret == NOT_DONE)
qemu_aio_wait();
*total = qiov->size;
return async_ret < 0 ? async_ret : 1;
}
static int do_aio_writev(QEMUIOVector *qiov, int64_t offset, int *total)
{
BlockDriverAIOCB *acb;
int async_ret = NOT_DONE;
acb = bdrv_aio_writev(bs, offset >> 9, qiov, qiov->size >> 9,
aio_rw_done, &async_ret);
if (!acb)
return -EIO;
while (async_ret == NOT_DONE)
qemu_aio_wait();
*total = qiov->size;
return async_ret < 0 ? async_ret : 1;
}
struct multiwrite_async_ret {
int num_done;
int error;
};
static void multiwrite_cb(void *opaque, int ret)
{
struct multiwrite_async_ret *async_ret = opaque;
async_ret->num_done++;
if (ret < 0) {
async_ret->error = ret;
}
}
static int do_aio_multiwrite(BlockRequest* reqs, int num_reqs, int *total)
{
int i, ret;
struct multiwrite_async_ret async_ret = {
.num_done = 0,
.error = 0,
};
*total = 0;
for (i = 0; i < num_reqs; i++) {
reqs[i].cb = multiwrite_cb;
reqs[i].opaque = &async_ret;
*total += reqs[i].qiov->size;
}
ret = bdrv_aio_multiwrite(bs, reqs, num_reqs);
if (ret < 0) {
return ret;
}
while (async_ret.num_done < num_reqs) {
qemu_aio_wait();
}
return async_ret.error < 0 ? async_ret.error : 1;
}
static void
read_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" reads a range of bytes from the given offset\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'read -v 512 1k' - dumps 1 kilobyte read from 512 bytes into the file\n"
"\n"
" Reads a segment of the currently open file, optionally dumping it to the\n"
" standard output stream (with -v option) for subsequent inspection.\n"
" -b, -- read from the VM state rather than the virtual disk\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -l, -- length for pattern verification (only with -P)\n"
" -p, -- use bdrv_pread to read the file\n"
" -P, -- use a pattern to verify read data\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
" -s, -- start offset for pattern verification (only with -P)\n"
" -v, -- dump buffer to standard output\n"
"\n");
}
static int read_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t read_cmd = {
.name = "read",
.altname = "r",
.cfunc = read_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-abCpqv] [-P pattern [-s off] [-l len]] off len",
.oneline = "reads a number of bytes at a specified offset",
.help = read_help,
};
static int
read_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct timeval t1, t2;
int Cflag = 0, pflag = 0, qflag = 0, vflag = 0;
int Pflag = 0, sflag = 0, lflag = 0, bflag = 0;
int c, cnt;
char *buf;
int64_t offset;
int count;
/* Some compilers get confused and warn if this is not initialized. */
int total = 0;
int pattern = 0, pattern_offset = 0, pattern_count = 0;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "bCl:pP:qs:v")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'b':
bflag = 1;
break;
case 'C':
Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'l':
lflag = 1;
pattern_count = cvtnum(optarg);
if (pattern_count < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", optarg);
return 0;
}
break;
case 'p':
pflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
Pflag = 1;
pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (pattern < 0)
return 0;
break;
case 'q':
qflag = 1;
break;
case 's':
sflag = 1;
pattern_offset = cvtnum(optarg);
if (pattern_offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", optarg);
return 0;
}
break;
case 'v':
vflag = 1;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&read_cmd);
}
}
if (optind != argc - 2)
return command_usage(&read_cmd);
if (bflag && pflag) {
printf("-b and -p cannot be specified at the same time\n");
return 0;
}
offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
optind++;
count = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (count < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
if (!Pflag && (lflag || sflag)) {
return command_usage(&read_cmd);
}
if (!lflag) {
pattern_count = count - pattern_offset;
}
if ((pattern_count < 0) || (pattern_count + pattern_offset > count)) {
printf("pattern verfication range exceeds end of read data\n");
return 0;
}
if (!pflag)
if (offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
offset);
return 0;
if (count & 0x1ff) {
printf("count %d is not sector aligned\n",
count);
return 0;
}
}
buf = qemu_io_alloc(count, 0xab);
gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
if (pflag)
cnt = do_pread(buf, offset, count, &total);
else if (bflag)
cnt = do_load_vmstate(buf, offset, count, &total);
else
cnt = do_read(buf, offset, count, &total);
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (cnt < 0) {
printf("read failed: %s\n", strerror(-cnt));
goto out;
}
if (Pflag) {
void* cmp_buf = malloc(pattern_count);
memset(cmp_buf, pattern, pattern_count);
if (memcmp(buf + pattern_offset, cmp_buf, pattern_count)) {
printf("Pattern verification failed at offset %"
PRId64 ", %d bytes\n",
offset + pattern_offset, pattern_count);
}
free(cmp_buf);
}
if (qflag)
goto out;
if (vflag)
dump_buffer(buf, offset, count);
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, t1);
print_report("read", &t2, offset, count, total, cnt, Cflag);
out:
qemu_io_free(buf);
return 0;
}
static void
readv_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" reads a range of bytes from the given offset into multiple buffers\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'readv -v 512 1k 1k ' - dumps 2 kilobytes read from 512 bytes into the file\n"
"\n"
" Reads a segment of the currently open file, optionally dumping it to the\n"
" standard output stream (with -v option) for subsequent inspection.\n"
" Uses multiple iovec buffers if more than one byte range is specified.\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -P, -- use a pattern to verify read data\n"
" -v, -- dump buffer to standard output\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int readv_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t readv_cmd = {
.name = "readv",
.cfunc = readv_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-Cqv] [-P pattern ] off len [len..]",
.oneline = "reads a number of bytes at a specified offset",
.help = readv_help,
};
static int
readv_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct timeval t1, t2;
int Cflag = 0, qflag = 0, vflag = 0;
int c, cnt;
char *buf;
int64_t offset;
/* Some compilers get confused and warn if this is not initialized. */
int total = 0;
int nr_iov;
QEMUIOVector qiov;
int pattern = 0;
int Pflag = 0;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "CP:qv")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'C':
Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
Pflag = 1;
pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (pattern < 0)
return 0;
break;
case 'q':
qflag = 1;
break;
case 'v':
vflag = 1;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&readv_cmd);
}
}
if (optind > argc - 2)
return command_usage(&readv_cmd);
offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
optind++;
if (offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
offset);
return 0;
}
nr_iov = argc - optind;
buf = create_iovec(&qiov, &argv[optind], nr_iov, 0xab);
gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
cnt = do_aio_readv(&qiov, offset, &total);
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (cnt < 0) {
printf("readv failed: %s\n", strerror(-cnt));
goto out;
}
if (Pflag) {
void* cmp_buf = malloc(qiov.size);
memset(cmp_buf, pattern, qiov.size);
if (memcmp(buf, cmp_buf, qiov.size)) {
printf("Pattern verification failed at offset %"
PRId64 ", %zd bytes\n",
offset, qiov.size);
}
free(cmp_buf);
}
if (qflag)
goto out;
if (vflag)
dump_buffer(buf, offset, qiov.size);
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, t1);
print_report("read", &t2, offset, qiov.size, total, cnt, Cflag);
out:
qemu_io_free(buf);
return 0;
}
static void
write_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" writes a range of bytes from the given offset\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'write 512 1k' - writes 1 kilobyte at 512 bytes into the open file\n"
"\n"
" Writes into a segment of the currently open file, using a buffer\n"
" filled with a set pattern (0xcdcdcdcd).\n"
" -b, -- write to the VM state rather than the virtual disk\n"
" -p, -- use bdrv_pwrite to write the file\n"
" -P, -- use different pattern to fill file\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int write_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t write_cmd = {
.name = "write",
.altname = "w",
.cfunc = write_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-abCpq] [-P pattern ] off len",
.oneline = "writes a number of bytes at a specified offset",
.help = write_help,
};
static int
write_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct timeval t1, t2;
int Cflag = 0, pflag = 0, qflag = 0, bflag = 0;
int c, cnt;
char *buf;
int64_t offset;
int count;
/* Some compilers get confused and warn if this is not initialized. */
int total = 0;
int pattern = 0xcd;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "bCpP:q")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'b':
bflag = 1;
break;
case 'C':
Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'p':
pflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (pattern < 0)
return 0;
break;
case 'q':
qflag = 1;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&write_cmd);
}
}
if (optind != argc - 2)
return command_usage(&write_cmd);
if (bflag && pflag) {
printf("-b and -p cannot be specified at the same time\n");
return 0;
}
offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
optind++;
count = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (count < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
if (!pflag) {
if (offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
offset);
return 0;
}
if (count & 0x1ff) {
printf("count %d is not sector aligned\n",
count);
return 0;
}
}
buf = qemu_io_alloc(count, pattern);
gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
if (pflag)
cnt = do_pwrite(buf, offset, count, &total);
else if (bflag)
cnt = do_save_vmstate(buf, offset, count, &total);
else
cnt = do_write(buf, offset, count, &total);
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (cnt < 0) {
printf("write failed: %s\n", strerror(-cnt));
goto out;
}
if (qflag)
goto out;
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, t1);
print_report("wrote", &t2, offset, count, total, cnt, Cflag);
out:
qemu_io_free(buf);
return 0;
}
static void
writev_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" writes a range of bytes from the given offset source from multiple buffers\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'write 512 1k 1k' - writes 2 kilobytes at 512 bytes into the open file\n"
"\n"
" Writes into a segment of the currently open file, using a buffer\n"
" filled with a set pattern (0xcdcdcdcd).\n"
" -P, -- use different pattern to fill file\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int writev_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t writev_cmd = {
.name = "writev",
.cfunc = writev_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-Cq] [-P pattern ] off len [len..]",
.oneline = "writes a number of bytes at a specified offset",
.help = writev_help,
};
static int
writev_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct timeval t1, t2;
int Cflag = 0, qflag = 0;
int c, cnt;
char *buf;
int64_t offset;
/* Some compilers get confused and warn if this is not initialized. */
int total = 0;
int nr_iov;
int pattern = 0xcd;
QEMUIOVector qiov;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "CqP:")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'C':
Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'q':
qflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (pattern < 0)
return 0;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&writev_cmd);
}
}
if (optind > argc - 2)
return command_usage(&writev_cmd);
offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
optind++;
if (offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
offset);
return 0;
}
nr_iov = argc - optind;
buf = create_iovec(&qiov, &argv[optind], nr_iov, pattern);
gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
cnt = do_aio_writev(&qiov, offset, &total);
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (cnt < 0) {
printf("writev failed: %s\n", strerror(-cnt));
goto out;
}
if (qflag)
goto out;
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, t1);
print_report("wrote", &t2, offset, qiov.size, total, cnt, Cflag);
out:
qemu_io_free(buf);
return 0;
}
static void
multiwrite_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" writes a range of bytes from the given offset source from multiple buffers,\n"
" in a batch of requests that may be merged by qemu\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'multiwrite 512 1k 1k ; 4k 1k' \n"
" writes 2 kB at 512 bytes and 1 kB at 4 kB into the open file\n"
"\n"
" Writes into a segment of the currently open file, using a buffer\n"
" filled with a set pattern (0xcdcdcdcd). The pattern byte is increased\n"
" by one for each request contained in the multiwrite command.\n"
" -P, -- use different pattern to fill file\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int multiwrite_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t multiwrite_cmd = {
.name = "multiwrite",
.cfunc = multiwrite_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-Cq] [-P pattern ] off len [len..] [; off len [len..]..]",
.oneline = "issues multiple write requests at once",
.help = multiwrite_help,
};
static int
multiwrite_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct timeval t1, t2;
int Cflag = 0, qflag = 0;
int c, cnt;
char **buf;
int64_t offset, first_offset = 0;
/* Some compilers get confused and warn if this is not initialized. */
int total = 0;
int nr_iov;
int nr_reqs;
int pattern = 0xcd;
QEMUIOVector *qiovs;
int i;
BlockRequest *reqs;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "CqP:")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'C':
Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'q':
qflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (pattern < 0)
return 0;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&writev_cmd);
}
}
if (optind > argc - 2)
return command_usage(&writev_cmd);
nr_reqs = 1;
for (i = optind; i < argc; i++) {
if (!strcmp(argv[i], ";")) {
nr_reqs++;
}
}
reqs = qemu_malloc(nr_reqs * sizeof(*reqs));
buf = qemu_malloc(nr_reqs * sizeof(*buf));
qiovs = qemu_malloc(nr_reqs * sizeof(*qiovs));
for (i = 0; i < nr_reqs; i++) {
int j;
/* Read the offset of the request */
offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric offset argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
optind++;
if (offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %lld is not sector aligned\n",
(long long)offset);
return 0;
}
if (i == 0) {
first_offset = offset;
}
/* Read lengths for qiov entries */
for (j = optind; j < argc; j++) {
if (!strcmp(argv[j], ";")) {
break;
}
}
nr_iov = j - optind;
/* Build request */
reqs[i].qiov = &qiovs[i];
buf[i] = create_iovec(reqs[i].qiov, &argv[optind], nr_iov, pattern);
reqs[i].sector = offset >> 9;
reqs[i].nb_sectors = reqs[i].qiov->size >> 9;
optind = j + 1;
offset += reqs[i].qiov->size;
pattern++;
}
gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
cnt = do_aio_multiwrite(reqs, nr_reqs, &total);
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (cnt < 0) {
printf("aio_multiwrite failed: %s\n", strerror(-cnt));
goto out;
}
if (qflag)
goto out;
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, t1);
print_report("wrote", &t2, first_offset, total, total, cnt, Cflag);
out:
for (i = 0; i < nr_reqs; i++) {
qemu_io_free(buf[i]);
qemu_iovec_destroy(&qiovs[i]);
}
qemu_free(buf);
qemu_free(reqs);
qemu_free(qiovs);
return 0;
}
struct aio_ctx {
QEMUIOVector qiov;
int64_t offset;
char *buf;
int qflag;
int vflag;
int Cflag;
int Pflag;
int pattern;
struct timeval t1;
};
static void
aio_write_done(void *opaque, int ret)
{
struct aio_ctx *ctx = opaque;
struct timeval t2;
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
printf("aio_write failed: %s\n", strerror(-ret));
goto out;
}
if (ctx->qflag) {
goto out;
}
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, ctx->t1);
print_report("wrote", &t2, ctx->offset, ctx->qiov.size,
ctx->qiov.size, 1, ctx->Cflag);
out:
qemu_io_free(ctx->buf);
free(ctx);
}
static void
aio_read_done(void *opaque, int ret)
{
struct aio_ctx *ctx = opaque;
struct timeval t2;
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
printf("readv failed: %s\n", strerror(-ret));
goto out;
}
if (ctx->Pflag) {
void *cmp_buf = malloc(ctx->qiov.size);
memset(cmp_buf, ctx->pattern, ctx->qiov.size);
if (memcmp(ctx->buf, cmp_buf, ctx->qiov.size)) {
printf("Pattern verification failed at offset %"
PRId64 ", %zd bytes\n",
ctx->offset, ctx->qiov.size);
}
free(cmp_buf);
}
if (ctx->qflag) {
goto out;
}
if (ctx->vflag) {
dump_buffer(ctx->buf, ctx->offset, ctx->qiov.size);
}
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
t2 = tsub(t2, ctx->t1);
print_report("read", &t2, ctx->offset, ctx->qiov.size,
ctx->qiov.size, 1, ctx->Cflag);
out:
qemu_io_free(ctx->buf);
free(ctx);
}
static void
aio_read_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" asynchronously reads a range of bytes from the given offset\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'aio_read -v 512 1k 1k ' - dumps 2 kilobytes read from 512 bytes into the file\n"
"\n"
" Reads a segment of the currently open file, optionally dumping it to the\n"
" standard output stream (with -v option) for subsequent inspection.\n"
" The read is performed asynchronously and the aio_flush command must be\n"
" used to ensure all outstanding aio requests have been completed\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -P, -- use a pattern to verify read data\n"
" -v, -- dump buffer to standard output\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int aio_read_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t aio_read_cmd = {
.name = "aio_read",
.cfunc = aio_read_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-Cqv] [-P pattern ] off len [len..]",
.oneline = "asynchronously reads a number of bytes",
.help = aio_read_help,
};
static int
aio_read_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int nr_iov, c;
struct aio_ctx *ctx = calloc(1, sizeof(struct aio_ctx));
BlockDriverAIOCB *acb;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "CP:qv")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'C':
ctx->Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
ctx->Pflag = 1;
ctx->pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (ctx->pattern < 0) {
free(ctx);
return 0;
}
break;
case 'q':
ctx->qflag = 1;
break;
case 'v':
ctx->vflag = 1;
break;
default:
free(ctx);
return command_usage(&aio_read_cmd);
}
}
if (optind > argc - 2) {
free(ctx);
return command_usage(&aio_read_cmd);
}
ctx->offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (ctx->offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
free(ctx);
return 0;
}
optind++;
if (ctx->offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
ctx->offset);
free(ctx);
return 0;
}
nr_iov = argc - optind;
ctx->buf = create_iovec(&ctx->qiov, &argv[optind], nr_iov, 0xab);
gettimeofday(&ctx->t1, NULL);
acb = bdrv_aio_readv(bs, ctx->offset >> 9, &ctx->qiov,
ctx->qiov.size >> 9, aio_read_done, ctx);
if (!acb) {
free(ctx->buf);
free(ctx);
return -EIO;
}
return 0;
}
static void
aio_write_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" asynchronously writes a range of bytes from the given offset source \n"
" from multiple buffers\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'aio_write 512 1k 1k' - writes 2 kilobytes at 512 bytes into the open file\n"
"\n"
" Writes into a segment of the currently open file, using a buffer\n"
" filled with a set pattern (0xcdcdcdcd).\n"
" The write is performed asynchronously and the aio_flush command must be\n"
" used to ensure all outstanding aio requests have been completed\n"
" -P, -- use different pattern to fill file\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int aio_write_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t aio_write_cmd = {
.name = "aio_write",
.cfunc = aio_write_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-Cq] [-P pattern ] off len [len..]",
.oneline = "asynchronously writes a number of bytes",
.help = aio_write_help,
};
static int
aio_write_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int nr_iov, c;
int pattern = 0xcd;
struct aio_ctx *ctx = calloc(1, sizeof(struct aio_ctx));
BlockDriverAIOCB *acb;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "CqP:")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'C':
ctx->Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'q':
ctx->qflag = 1;
break;
case 'P':
pattern = parse_pattern(optarg);
if (pattern < 0)
return 0;
break;
default:
free(ctx);
return command_usage(&aio_write_cmd);
}
}
if (optind > argc - 2) {
free(ctx);
return command_usage(&aio_write_cmd);
}
ctx->offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (ctx->offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
free(ctx);
return 0;
}
optind++;
if (ctx->offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
ctx->offset);
free(ctx);
return 0;
}
nr_iov = argc - optind;
ctx->buf = create_iovec(&ctx->qiov, &argv[optind], nr_iov, pattern);
gettimeofday(&ctx->t1, NULL);
acb = bdrv_aio_writev(bs, ctx->offset >> 9, &ctx->qiov,
ctx->qiov.size >> 9, aio_write_done, ctx);
if (!acb) {
free(ctx->buf);
free(ctx);
return -EIO;
}
return 0;
}
static int
aio_flush_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
qemu_aio_flush();
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t aio_flush_cmd = {
.name = "aio_flush",
.cfunc = aio_flush_f,
.oneline = "completes all outstanding aio requests"
};
static int
flush_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
bdrv_flush(bs);
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t flush_cmd = {
.name = "flush",
.altname = "f",
.cfunc = flush_f,
.oneline = "flush all in-core file state to disk",
};
static int
truncate_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int64_t offset;
int ret;
offset = cvtnum(argv[1]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric truncate argument -- %s\n", argv[1]);
return 0;
}
ret = bdrv_truncate(bs, offset);
if (ret < 0) {
printf("truncate: %s\n", strerror(-ret));
return 0;
}
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t truncate_cmd = {
.name = "truncate",
.altname = "t",
.cfunc = truncate_f,
.argmin = 1,
.argmax = 1,
.args = "off",
.oneline = "truncates the current file at the given offset",
};
static int
length_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int64_t size;
char s1[64];
size = bdrv_getlength(bs);
if (size < 0) {
printf("getlength: %s\n", strerror(-size));
return 0;
}
cvtstr(size, s1, sizeof(s1));
printf("%s\n", s1);
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t length_cmd = {
.name = "length",
.altname = "l",
.cfunc = length_f,
.oneline = "gets the length of the current file",
};
static int
info_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
BlockDriverInfo bdi;
char s1[64], s2[64];
int ret;
if (bs->drv && bs->drv->format_name)
printf("format name: %s\n", bs->drv->format_name);
if (bs->drv && bs->drv->protocol_name)
printf("format name: %s\n", bs->drv->protocol_name);
ret = bdrv_get_info(bs, &bdi);
if (ret)
return 0;
cvtstr(bdi.cluster_size, s1, sizeof(s1));
cvtstr(bdi.vm_state_offset, s2, sizeof(s2));
printf("cluster size: %s\n", s1);
printf("vm state offset: %s\n", s2);
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t info_cmd = {
.name = "info",
.altname = "i",
.cfunc = info_f,
.oneline = "prints information about the current file",
};
static void
discard_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" discards a range of bytes from the given offset\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'discard 512 1k' - discards 1 kilobyte from 512 bytes into the file\n"
"\n"
" Discards a segment of the currently open file.\n"
" -C, -- report statistics in a machine parsable format\n"
" -q, -- quiet mode, do not show I/O statistics\n"
"\n");
}
static int discard_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t discard_cmd = {
.name = "discard",
.altname = "d",
.cfunc = discard_f,
.argmin = 2,
.argmax = -1,
.args = "[-Cq] off len",
.oneline = "discards a number of bytes at a specified offset",
.help = discard_help,
};
static int
discard_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct timeval t1, t2;
int Cflag = 0, qflag = 0;
int c, ret;
int64_t offset;
int count;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "Cq")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 'C':
Cflag = 1;
break;
case 'q':
qflag = 1;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&discard_cmd);
}
}
if (optind != argc - 2) {
return command_usage(&discard_cmd);
}
offset = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (offset < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
optind++;
count = cvtnum(argv[optind]);
if (count < 0) {
printf("non-numeric length argument -- %s\n", argv[optind]);
return 0;
}
gettimeofday(&t1, NULL);
ret = bdrv_discard(bs, offset >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS, count >> BDRV_SECTOR_BITS);
gettimeofday(&t2, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
printf("discard failed: %s\n", strerror(-ret));
goto out;
}
/* Finally, report back -- -C gives a parsable format */
if (!qflag) {
t2 = tsub(t2, t1);
print_report("discard", &t2, offset, count, count, 1, Cflag);
}
out:
return 0;
}
static int
alloc_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int64_t offset;
int nb_sectors, remaining;
char s1[64];
int num, sum_alloc;
int ret;
offset = cvtnum(argv[1]);
if (offset & 0x1ff) {
printf("offset %" PRId64 " is not sector aligned\n",
offset);
return 0;
}
if (argc == 3)
nb_sectors = cvtnum(argv[2]);
else
nb_sectors = 1;
remaining = nb_sectors;
sum_alloc = 0;
while (remaining) {
ret = bdrv_is_allocated(bs, offset >> 9, nb_sectors, &num);
remaining -= num;
if (ret) {
sum_alloc += num;
}
}
cvtstr(offset, s1, sizeof(s1));
printf("%d/%d sectors allocated at offset %s\n",
sum_alloc, nb_sectors, s1);
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t alloc_cmd = {
.name = "alloc",
.altname = "a",
.argmin = 1,
.argmax = 2,
.cfunc = alloc_f,
.args = "off [sectors]",
.oneline = "checks if a sector is present in the file",
};
static int
map_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int64_t offset;
int64_t nb_sectors;
char s1[64];
int num, num_checked;
int ret;
const char *retstr;
offset = 0;
nb_sectors = bs->total_sectors;
do {
num_checked = MIN(nb_sectors, INT_MAX);
ret = bdrv_is_allocated(bs, offset, num_checked, &num);
retstr = ret ? " allocated" : "not allocated";
cvtstr(offset << 9ULL, s1, sizeof(s1));
printf("[% 24" PRId64 "] % 8d/% 8d sectors %s at offset %s (%d)\n",
offset << 9ULL, num, num_checked, retstr, s1, ret);
offset += num;
nb_sectors -= num;
} while(offset < bs->total_sectors);
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t map_cmd = {
.name = "map",
.argmin = 0,
.argmax = 0,
.cfunc = map_f,
.args = "",
.oneline = "prints the allocated areas of a file",
};
static int
close_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
bdrv_close(bs);
bs = NULL;
return 0;
}
static const cmdinfo_t close_cmd = {
.name = "close",
.altname = "c",
.cfunc = close_f,
.oneline = "close the current open file",
};
static int openfile(char *name, int flags, int growable)
{
if (bs) {
fprintf(stderr, "file open already, try 'help close'\n");
return 1;
}
if (growable) {
if (bdrv_file_open(&bs, name, flags)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't open device %s\n", progname, name);
return 1;
}
} else {
bs = bdrv_new("hda");
if (bdrv_open(bs, name, flags, NULL) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't open device %s\n", progname, name);
bs = NULL;
return 1;
}
}
return 0;
}
static void
open_help(void)
{
printf(
"\n"
" opens a new file in the requested mode\n"
"\n"
" Example:\n"
" 'open -Cn /tmp/data' - creates/opens data file read-write and uncached\n"
"\n"
" Opens a file for subsequent use by all of the other qemu-io commands.\n"
" -r, -- open file read-only\n"
" -s, -- use snapshot file\n"
" -n, -- disable host cache\n"
" -g, -- allow file to grow (only applies to protocols)"
"\n");
}
static int open_f(int argc, char **argv);
static const cmdinfo_t open_cmd = {
.name = "open",
.altname = "o",
.cfunc = open_f,
.argmin = 1,
.argmax = -1,
.flags = CMD_NOFILE_OK,
.args = "[-Crsn] [path]",
.oneline = "open the file specified by path",
.help = open_help,
};
static int
open_f(int argc, char **argv)
{
int flags = 0;
int readonly = 0;
int growable = 0;
int c;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "snrg")) != EOF) {
switch (c) {
case 's':
flags |= BDRV_O_SNAPSHOT;
break;
case 'n':
flags |= BDRV_O_NOCACHE;
break;
case 'r':
readonly = 1;
break;
case 'g':
growable = 1;
break;
default:
return command_usage(&open_cmd);
}
}
if (!readonly) {
flags |= BDRV_O_RDWR;
}
if (optind != argc - 1)
return command_usage(&open_cmd);
return openfile(argv[optind], flags, growable);
}
static int
init_args_command(
int index)
{
/* only one device allowed so far */
if (index >= 1)
return 0;
return ++index;
}
static int
init_check_command(
const cmdinfo_t *ct)
{
if (ct->flags & CMD_FLAG_GLOBAL)
return 1;
if (!(ct->flags & CMD_NOFILE_OK) && !bs) {
fprintf(stderr, "no file open, try 'help open'\n");
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
static void usage(const char *name)
{
printf(
"Usage: %s [-h] [-V] [-rsnm] [-c cmd] ... [file]\n"
"QEMU Disk exerciser\n"
"\n"
" -c, --cmd command to execute\n"
" -r, --read-only export read-only\n"
" -s, --snapshot use snapshot file\n"
" -n, --nocache disable host cache\n"
" -g, --growable allow file to grow (only applies to protocols)\n"
" -m, --misalign misalign allocations for O_DIRECT\n"
" -k, --native-aio use kernel AIO implementation (on Linux only)\n"
" -h, --help display this help and exit\n"
" -V, --version output version information and exit\n"
"\n",
name);
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int readonly = 0;
int growable = 0;
const char *sopt = "hVc:rsnmgk";
const struct option lopt[] = {
{ "help", 0, NULL, 'h' },
{ "version", 0, NULL, 'V' },
{ "offset", 1, NULL, 'o' },
{ "cmd", 1, NULL, 'c' },
{ "read-only", 0, NULL, 'r' },
{ "snapshot", 0, NULL, 's' },
{ "nocache", 0, NULL, 'n' },
{ "misalign", 0, NULL, 'm' },
{ "growable", 0, NULL, 'g' },
{ "native-aio", 0, NULL, 'k' },
{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }
};
int c;
int opt_index = 0;
int flags = 0;
progname = basename(argv[0]);
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, sopt, lopt, &opt_index)) != -1) {
switch (c) {
case 's':
flags |= BDRV_O_SNAPSHOT;
break;
case 'n':
flags |= BDRV_O_NOCACHE;
break;
case 'c':
add_user_command(optarg);
break;
case 'r':
readonly = 1;
break;
case 'm':
misalign = 1;
break;
case 'g':
growable = 1;
break;
case 'k':
flags |= BDRV_O_NATIVE_AIO;
break;
case 'V':
printf("%s version %s\n", progname, VERSION);
exit(0);
case 'h':
usage(progname);
exit(0);
default:
usage(progname);
exit(1);
}
}
if ((argc - optind) > 1) {
usage(progname);
exit(1);
}
bdrv_init();
/* initialize commands */
quit_init();
help_init();
add_command(&open_cmd);
add_command(&close_cmd);
add_command(&read_cmd);
add_command(&readv_cmd);
add_command(&write_cmd);
add_command(&writev_cmd);
add_command(&multiwrite_cmd);
add_command(&aio_read_cmd);
add_command(&aio_write_cmd);
add_command(&aio_flush_cmd);
add_command(&flush_cmd);
add_command(&truncate_cmd);
add_command(&length_cmd);
add_command(&info_cmd);
add_command(&discard_cmd);
add_command(&alloc_cmd);
add_command(&map_cmd);
add_args_command(init_args_command);
add_check_command(init_check_command);
/* open the device */
if (!readonly) {
flags |= BDRV_O_RDWR;
}
if ((argc - optind) == 1)
openfile(argv[optind], flags, growable);
command_loop();
/*
* Make sure all outstanding requests get flushed the program exits.
*/
qemu_aio_flush();
if (bs)
bdrv_close(bs);
return 0;
}
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.