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/*
* QEMU 8259 interrupt controller emulation
*
* Copyright (c) 2003-2004 Fabrice Bellard
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include "hw.h"
#include "pc.h"
#include "apic.h"
#include "isa.h"
#include "monitor.h"
#include "qemu-timer.h"
#include "kvm.h"
/* debug PIC */
//#define DEBUG_PIC
#ifdef DEBUG_PIC
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) \
do { printf("pic: " fmt , ## __VA_ARGS__); } while (0)
#else
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...)
#endif
//#define DEBUG_IRQ_LATENCY
//#define DEBUG_IRQ_COUNT
typedef struct PicState {
uint8_t last_irr; /* edge detection */
uint8_t irr; /* interrupt request register */
uint8_t imr; /* interrupt mask register */
uint8_t isr; /* interrupt service register */
uint8_t priority_add; /* highest irq priority */
uint8_t irq_base;
uint8_t read_reg_select;
uint8_t poll;
uint8_t special_mask;
uint8_t init_state;
uint8_t auto_eoi;
uint8_t rotate_on_auto_eoi;
uint8_t special_fully_nested_mode;
uint8_t init4; /* true if 4 byte init */
uint8_t single_mode; /* true if slave pic is not initialized */
uint8_t elcr; /* PIIX edge/trigger selection*/
uint8_t elcr_mask;
PicState2 *pics_state;
} PicState;
struct PicState2 {
/* 0 is master pic, 1 is slave pic */
/* XXX: better separation between the two pics */
PicState pics[2];
qemu_irq parent_irq;
void *irq_request_opaque;
};
#if defined(DEBUG_PIC) || defined (DEBUG_IRQ_COUNT)
static int irq_level[16];
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG_IRQ_COUNT
static uint64_t irq_count[16];
#endif
PicState2 *isa_pic;
/* set irq level. If an edge is detected, then the IRR is set to 1 */
static inline void pic_set_irq1(PicState *s, int irq, int level)
{
int mask;
mask = 1 << irq;
if (s->elcr & mask) {
/* level triggered */
if (level) {
s->irr |= mask;
s->last_irr |= mask;
} else {
s->irr &= ~mask;
s->last_irr &= ~mask;
}
} else {
/* edge triggered */
if (level) {
if ((s->last_irr & mask) == 0)
s->irr |= mask;
s->last_irr |= mask;
} else {
s->last_irr &= ~mask;
}
}
}
/* return the highest priority found in mask (highest = smallest
number). Return 8 if no irq */
static inline int get_priority(PicState *s, int mask)
{
int priority;
if (mask == 0)
return 8;
priority = 0;
while ((mask & (1 << ((priority + s->priority_add) & 7))) == 0)
priority++;
return priority;
}
/* return the pic wanted interrupt. return -1 if none */
static int pic_get_irq(PicState *s)
{
int mask, cur_priority, priority;
mask = s->irr & ~s->imr;
priority = get_priority(s, mask);
if (priority == 8)
return -1;
/* compute current priority. If special fully nested mode on the
master, the IRQ coming from the slave is not taken into account
for the priority computation. */
mask = s->isr;
if (s->special_mask)
mask &= ~s->imr;
if (s->special_fully_nested_mode && s == &s->pics_state->pics[0])
mask &= ~(1 << 2);
cur_priority = get_priority(s, mask);
if (priority < cur_priority) {
/* higher priority found: an irq should be generated */
return (priority + s->priority_add) & 7;
} else {
return -1;
}
}
/* raise irq to CPU if necessary. must be called every time the active
irq may change */
/* XXX: should not export it, but it is needed for an APIC kludge */
void pic_update_irq(PicState2 *s)
{
int irq2, irq;
/* first look at slave pic */
irq2 = pic_get_irq(&s->pics[1]);
if (irq2 >= 0) {
/* if irq request by slave pic, signal master PIC */
pic_set_irq1(&s->pics[0], 2, 1);
pic_set_irq1(&s->pics[0], 2, 0);
}
/* look at requested irq */
irq = pic_get_irq(&s->pics[0]);
if (irq >= 0) {
#if defined(DEBUG_PIC)
{
int i;
for(i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
printf("pic%d: imr=%x irr=%x padd=%d\n",
i, s->pics[i].imr, s->pics[i].irr,
s->pics[i].priority_add);
}
}
printf("pic: cpu_interrupt\n");
#endif
qemu_irq_raise(s->parent_irq);
}
/* all targets should do this rather than acking the IRQ in the cpu */
#if defined(TARGET_MIPS) || defined(TARGET_PPC) || defined(TARGET_ALPHA)
else {
qemu_irq_lower(s->parent_irq);
}
#endif
}
#ifdef DEBUG_IRQ_LATENCY
int64_t irq_time[16];
#endif
static void i8259_set_irq(void *opaque, int irq, int level)
{
PicState2 *s = opaque;
#if defined(DEBUG_PIC) || defined(DEBUG_IRQ_COUNT)
if (level != irq_level[irq]) {
DPRINTF("i8259_set_irq: irq=%d level=%d\n", irq, level);
irq_level[irq] = level;
#ifdef DEBUG_IRQ_COUNT
if (level == 1)
irq_count[irq]++;
#endif
}
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG_IRQ_LATENCY
if (level) {
irq_time[irq] = qemu_get_clock(vm_clock);
}
#endif
pic_set_irq1(&s->pics[irq >> 3], irq & 7, level);
pic_update_irq(s);
}
/* acknowledge interrupt 'irq' */
static inline void pic_intack(PicState *s, int irq)
{
if (s->auto_eoi) {
if (s->rotate_on_auto_eoi)
s->priority_add = (irq + 1) & 7;
} else {
s->isr |= (1 << irq);
}
/* We don't clear a level sensitive interrupt here */
if (!(s->elcr & (1 << irq)))
s->irr &= ~(1 << irq);
}
extern int time_drift_fix;
extern int64_t timer_acks, timer_ints_to_push;
int pic_read_irq(PicState2 *s)
{
int irq, irq2, intno;
irq = pic_get_irq(&s->pics[0]);
if (irq >= 0) {
pic_intack(&s->pics[0], irq);
#ifdef TARGET_I386
if (time_drift_fix && irq == 0) {
timer_acks++;
if (timer_ints_to_push > 0) {
timer_ints_to_push--;
/* simulate an edge irq0, like the one generated by i8254 */
pic_set_irq1(&s->pics[0], 0, 0);
pic_set_irq1(&s->pics[0], 0, 1);
}
}
#endif
if (irq == 2) {
irq2 = pic_get_irq(&s->pics[1]);
if (irq2 >= 0) {
pic_intack(&s->pics[1], irq2);
} else {
/* spurious IRQ on slave controller */
irq2 = 7;
}
intno = s->pics[1].irq_base + irq2;
#if defined(DEBUG_PIC) || defined(DEBUG_IRQ_LATENCY)
irq = irq2 + 8;
#endif
} else {
intno = s->pics[0].irq_base + irq;
}
} else {
/* spurious IRQ on host controller */
irq = 7;
intno = s->pics[0].irq_base + irq;
}
pic_update_irq(s);
#ifdef DEBUG_IRQ_LATENCY
printf("IRQ%d latency=%0.3fus\n",
irq,
(double)(qemu_get_clock(vm_clock) -
irq_time[irq]) * 1000000.0 / get_ticks_per_sec());
#endif
DPRINTF("pic_interrupt: irq=%d\n", irq);
return intno;
}
static void pic_reset(void *opaque)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
s->last_irr = 0;
s->irr = 0;
s->imr = 0;
s->isr = 0;
s->priority_add = 0;
s->irq_base = 0;
s->read_reg_select = 0;
s->poll = 0;
s->special_mask = 0;
s->init_state = 0;
s->auto_eoi = 0;
s->rotate_on_auto_eoi = 0;
s->special_fully_nested_mode = 0;
s->init4 = 0;
s->single_mode = 0;
/* Note: ELCR is not reset */
}
static void pic_ioport_write(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t val)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
int priority, cmd, irq;
DPRINTF("write: addr=0x%02x val=0x%02x\n", addr, val);
addr &= 1;
if (addr == 0) {
if (val & 0x10) {
/* init */
pic_reset(s);
/* deassert a pending interrupt */
qemu_irq_lower(s->pics_state->parent_irq);
s->init_state = 1;
s->init4 = val & 1;
s->single_mode = val & 2;
if (val & 0x08)
hw_error("level sensitive irq not supported");
} else if (val & 0x08) {
if (val & 0x04)
s->poll = 1;
if (val & 0x02)
s->read_reg_select = val & 1;
if (val & 0x40)
s->special_mask = (val >> 5) & 1;
} else {
cmd = val >> 5;
switch(cmd) {
case 0:
case 4:
s->rotate_on_auto_eoi = cmd >> 2;
break;
case 1: /* end of interrupt */
case 5:
priority = get_priority(s, s->isr);
if (priority != 8) {
irq = (priority + s->priority_add) & 7;
s->isr &= ~(1 << irq);
if (cmd == 5)
s->priority_add = (irq + 1) & 7;
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
}
break;
case 3:
irq = val & 7;
s->isr &= ~(1 << irq);
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
break;
case 6:
s->priority_add = (val + 1) & 7;
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
break;
case 7:
irq = val & 7;
s->isr &= ~(1 << irq);
s->priority_add = (irq + 1) & 7;
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
break;
default:
/* no operation */
break;
}
}
} else {
switch(s->init_state) {
case 0:
/* normal mode */
s->imr = val;
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
break;
case 1:
s->irq_base = val & 0xf8;
s->init_state = s->single_mode ? (s->init4 ? 3 : 0) : 2;
break;
case 2:
if (s->init4) {
s->init_state = 3;
} else {
s->init_state = 0;
}
break;
case 3:
s->special_fully_nested_mode = (val >> 4) & 1;
s->auto_eoi = (val >> 1) & 1;
s->init_state = 0;
break;
}
}
}
static uint32_t pic_poll_read (PicState *s, uint32_t addr1)
{
int ret;
ret = pic_get_irq(s);
if (ret >= 0) {
if (addr1 >> 7) {
s->pics_state->pics[0].isr &= ~(1 << 2);
s->pics_state->pics[0].irr &= ~(1 << 2);
}
s->irr &= ~(1 << ret);
s->isr &= ~(1 << ret);
if (addr1 >> 7 || ret != 2)
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
} else {
ret = 0x07;
pic_update_irq(s->pics_state);
}
return ret;
}
static uint32_t pic_ioport_read(void *opaque, uint32_t addr1)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
unsigned int addr;
int ret;
addr = addr1;
addr &= 1;
if (s->poll) {
ret = pic_poll_read(s, addr1);
s->poll = 0;
} else {
if (addr == 0) {
if (s->read_reg_select)
ret = s->isr;
else
ret = s->irr;
} else {
ret = s->imr;
}
}
DPRINTF("read: addr=0x%02x val=0x%02x\n", addr1, ret);
return ret;
}
/* memory mapped interrupt status */
/* XXX: may be the same than pic_read_irq() */
uint32_t pic_intack_read(PicState2 *s)
{
int ret;
ret = pic_poll_read(&s->pics[0], 0x00);
if (ret == 2)
ret = pic_poll_read(&s->pics[1], 0x80) + 8;
/* Prepare for ISR read */
s->pics[0].read_reg_select = 1;
return ret;
}
static void elcr_ioport_write(void *opaque, uint32_t addr, uint32_t val)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
s->elcr = val & s->elcr_mask;
}
static uint32_t elcr_ioport_read(void *opaque, uint32_t addr1)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
return s->elcr;
}
static void kvm_kernel_pic_save_to_user(PicState *s);
static int kvm_kernel_pic_load_from_user(PicState *s);
static void pic_pre_save(void *opaque)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
if (kvm_enabled() && kvm_irqchip_in_kernel()) {
kvm_kernel_pic_save_to_user(s);
}
}
static int pic_post_load(void *opaque, int version_id)
{
PicState *s = opaque;
if (kvm_enabled() && kvm_irqchip_in_kernel()) {
kvm_kernel_pic_load_from_user(s);
}
return 0;
}
static const VMStateDescription vmstate_pic = {
.name = "i8259",
.version_id = 1,
.pre_save = pic_pre_save,
.post_load = pic_post_load,
.minimum_version_id = 1,
.minimum_version_id_old = 1,
.fields = (VMStateField []) {
VMSTATE_UINT8(last_irr, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(irr, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(imr, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(isr, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(priority_add, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(irq_base, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(read_reg_select, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(poll, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(special_mask, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(init_state, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(auto_eoi, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(rotate_on_auto_eoi, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(special_fully_nested_mode, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(init4, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(single_mode, PicState),
VMSTATE_UINT8(elcr, PicState),
VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
}
};
/* XXX: add generic master/slave system */
static void pic_init1(int io_addr, int elcr_addr, PicState *s)
{
register_ioport_write(io_addr, 2, 1, pic_ioport_write, s);
register_ioport_read(io_addr, 2, 1, pic_ioport_read, s);
if (elcr_addr >= 0) {
register_ioport_write(elcr_addr, 1, 1, elcr_ioport_write, s);
register_ioport_read(elcr_addr, 1, 1, elcr_ioport_read, s);
}
vmstate_register(NULL, io_addr, &vmstate_pic, s);
qemu_register_reset(pic_reset, s);
}
void pic_info(Monitor *mon)
{
int i;
PicState *s;
if (!isa_pic)
return;
for(i=0;i<2;i++) {
s = &isa_pic->pics[i];
monitor_printf(mon, "pic%d: irr=%02x imr=%02x isr=%02x hprio=%d "
"irq_base=%02x rr_sel=%d elcr=%02x fnm=%d\n",
i, s->irr, s->imr, s->isr, s->priority_add,
s->irq_base, s->read_reg_select, s->elcr,
s->special_fully_nested_mode);
}
}
void irq_info(Monitor *mon)
{
#ifndef DEBUG_IRQ_COUNT
monitor_printf(mon, "irq statistic code not compiled.\n");
#else
int i;
int64_t count;
monitor_printf(mon, "IRQ statistics:\n");
for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
count = irq_count[i];
if (count > 0)
monitor_printf(mon, "%2d: %" PRId64 "\n", i, count);
}
#endif
}
qemu_irq *i8259_init(qemu_irq parent_irq)
{
PicState2 *s;
s = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(PicState2));
pic_init1(0x20, 0x4d0, &s->pics[0]);
pic_init1(0xa0, 0x4d1, &s->pics[1]);
s->pics[0].elcr_mask = 0xf8;
s->pics[1].elcr_mask = 0xde;
s->parent_irq = parent_irq;
s->pics[0].pics_state = s;
s->pics[1].pics_state = s;
isa_pic = s;
return qemu_allocate_irqs(i8259_set_irq, s, 16);
}
static void kvm_kernel_pic_save_to_user(PicState *s)
{
#ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
struct kvm_irqchip chip;
struct kvm_pic_state *kpic;
chip.chip_id = (&s->pics_state->pics[0] == s) ?
KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_MASTER :
KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_SLAVE;
kvm_get_irqchip(kvm_context, &chip);
kpic = &chip.chip.pic;
s->last_irr = kpic->last_irr;
s->irr = kpic->irr;
s->imr = kpic->imr;
s->isr = kpic->isr;
s->priority_add = kpic->priority_add;
s->irq_base = kpic->irq_base;
s->read_reg_select = kpic->read_reg_select;
s->poll = kpic->poll;
s->special_mask = kpic->special_mask;
s->init_state = kpic->init_state;
s->auto_eoi = kpic->auto_eoi;
s->rotate_on_auto_eoi = kpic->rotate_on_auto_eoi;
s->special_fully_nested_mode = kpic->special_fully_nested_mode;
s->init4 = kpic->init4;
s->elcr = kpic->elcr;
s->elcr_mask = kpic->elcr_mask;
#endif
}
static int kvm_kernel_pic_load_from_user(PicState *s)
{
#ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
struct kvm_irqchip chip;
struct kvm_pic_state *kpic;
chip.chip_id = (&s->pics_state->pics[0] == s) ?
KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_MASTER :
KVM_IRQCHIP_PIC_SLAVE;
kpic = &chip.chip.pic;
kpic->last_irr = s->last_irr;
kpic->irr = s->irr;
kpic->imr = s->imr;
kpic->isr = s->isr;
kpic->priority_add = s->priority_add;
kpic->irq_base = s->irq_base;
kpic->read_reg_select = s->read_reg_select;
kpic->poll = s->poll;
kpic->special_mask = s->special_mask;
kpic->init_state = s->init_state;
kpic->auto_eoi = s->auto_eoi;
kpic->rotate_on_auto_eoi = s->rotate_on_auto_eoi;
kpic->special_fully_nested_mode = s->special_fully_nested_mode;
kpic->init4 = s->init4;
kpic->elcr = s->elcr;
kpic->elcr_mask = s->elcr_mask;
kvm_set_irqchip(kvm_context, &chip);
#endif
return 0;
}
#ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
static void kvm_i8259_set_irq(void *opaque, int irq, int level)
{
int pic_ret;
if (kvm_set_irq(irq, level, &pic_ret)) {
if (pic_ret != 0)
apic_set_irq_delivered();
return;
}
}
static void kvm_pic_init1(int io_addr, PicState *s)
{
vmstate_register(NULL, io_addr, &vmstate_pic, s);
qemu_register_reset(pic_reset, s);
}
qemu_irq *kvm_i8259_init(qemu_irq parent_irq)
{
PicState2 *s;
s = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(PicState2));
kvm_pic_init1(0x20, &s->pics[0]);
kvm_pic_init1(0xa0, &s->pics[1]);
s->parent_irq = parent_irq;
s->pics[0].pics_state = s;
s->pics[1].pics_state = s;
isa_pic = s;
return qemu_allocate_irqs(kvm_i8259_set_irq, s, 24);
}
#endif
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