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/*
* inet and unix socket functions for qemu
*
* (c) 2008 Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; under version 2 of the License.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "qemu_socket.h"
#include "qemu-common.h" /* for qemu_isdigit */
#ifndef AI_ADDRCONFIG
# define AI_ADDRCONFIG 0
#endif
static int sockets_debug = 0;
static const int on=1, off=0;
/* used temporarely until all users are converted to QemuOpts */
static QemuOptsList dummy_opts = {
.name = "dummy",
.head = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(dummy_opts.head),
.desc = {
{
.name = "path",
.type = QEMU_OPT_STRING,
},{
.name = "host",
.type = QEMU_OPT_STRING,
},{
.name = "port",
.type = QEMU_OPT_STRING,
},{
.name = "to",
.type = QEMU_OPT_NUMBER,
},{
.name = "ipv4",
.type = QEMU_OPT_BOOL,
},{
.name = "ipv6",
.type = QEMU_OPT_BOOL,
},
{ /* end if list */ }
},
};
static int inet_getport(struct addrinfo *e)
{
struct sockaddr_in *i4;
struct sockaddr_in6 *i6;
switch (e->ai_family) {
case PF_INET6:
i6 = (void*)e->ai_addr;
return ntohs(i6->sin6_port);
case PF_INET:
i4 = (void*)e->ai_addr;
return ntohs(i4->sin_port);
default:
return 0;
}
}
static void inet_setport(struct addrinfo *e, int port)
{
struct sockaddr_in *i4;
struct sockaddr_in6 *i6;
switch (e->ai_family) {
case PF_INET6:
i6 = (void*)e->ai_addr;
i6->sin6_port = htons(port);
break;
case PF_INET:
i4 = (void*)e->ai_addr;
i4->sin_port = htons(port);
break;
}
}
const char *inet_strfamily(int family)
{
switch (family) {
case PF_INET6: return "ipv6";
case PF_INET: return "ipv4";
case PF_UNIX: return "unix";
}
return "unknown";
}
static void inet_print_addrinfo(const char *tag, struct addrinfo *res)
{
struct addrinfo *e;
char uaddr[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+1];
char uport[33];
for (e = res; e != NULL; e = e->ai_next) {
getnameinfo((struct sockaddr*)e->ai_addr,e->ai_addrlen,
uaddr,INET6_ADDRSTRLEN,uport,32,
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV);
fprintf(stderr,"%s: getaddrinfo: family %s, host %s, port %s\n",
tag, inet_strfamily(e->ai_family), uaddr, uport);
}
}
int inet_listen_opts(QemuOpts *opts, int port_offset)
{
struct addrinfo ai,*res,*e;
const char *addr;
char port[33];
char uaddr[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+1];
char uport[33];
int slisten,rc,to,try_next;
memset(&ai,0, sizeof(ai));
ai.ai_flags = AI_PASSIVE | AI_ADDRCONFIG;
ai.ai_family = PF_UNSPEC;
ai.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM;
if ((qemu_opt_get(opts, "host") == NULL) ||
(qemu_opt_get(opts, "port") == NULL)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: host and/or port not specified\n", __FUNCTION__);
return -1;
}
pstrcpy(port, sizeof(port), qemu_opt_get(opts, "port"));
addr = qemu_opt_get(opts, "host");
to = qemu_opt_get_number(opts, "to", 0);
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv4", 0))
ai.ai_family = PF_INET;
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv6", 0))
ai.ai_family = PF_INET6;
/* lookup */
if (port_offset)
snprintf(port, sizeof(port), "%d", atoi(port) + port_offset);
rc = getaddrinfo(strlen(addr) ? addr : NULL, port, &ai, &res);
if (rc != 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"getaddrinfo(%s,%s): %s\n", addr, port,
gai_strerror(rc));
return -1;
}
if (sockets_debug)
inet_print_addrinfo(__FUNCTION__, res);
/* create socket + bind */
for (e = res; e != NULL; e = e->ai_next) {
getnameinfo((struct sockaddr*)e->ai_addr,e->ai_addrlen,
uaddr,INET6_ADDRSTRLEN,uport,32,
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV);
slisten = qemu_socket(e->ai_family, e->ai_socktype, e->ai_protocol);
if (slisten < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"%s: socket(%s): %s\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(e->ai_family), strerror(errno));
continue;
}
setsockopt(slisten,SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,(void*)&on,sizeof(on));
#ifdef IPV6_V6ONLY
if (e->ai_family == PF_INET6) {
/* listen on both ipv4 and ipv6 */
setsockopt(slisten,IPPROTO_IPV6,IPV6_V6ONLY,(void*)&off,
sizeof(off));
}
#endif
for (;;) {
if (bind(slisten, e->ai_addr, e->ai_addrlen) == 0) {
if (sockets_debug)
fprintf(stderr,"%s: bind(%s,%s,%d): OK\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(e->ai_family), uaddr, inet_getport(e));
goto listen;
}
try_next = to && (inet_getport(e) <= to + port_offset);
if (!try_next || sockets_debug)
fprintf(stderr,"%s: bind(%s,%s,%d): %s\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(e->ai_family), uaddr, inet_getport(e),
strerror(errno));
if (try_next) {
inet_setport(e, inet_getport(e) + 1);
continue;
}
break;
}
closesocket(slisten);
}
fprintf(stderr, "%s: FAILED\n", __FUNCTION__);
freeaddrinfo(res);
return -1;
listen:
if (listen(slisten,1) != 0) {
perror("listen");
closesocket(slisten);
freeaddrinfo(res);
return -1;
}
snprintf(uport, sizeof(uport), "%d", inet_getport(e) - port_offset);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "host", uaddr);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "port", uport);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "ipv6", (e->ai_family == PF_INET6) ? "on" : "off");
qemu_opt_set(opts, "ipv4", (e->ai_family != PF_INET6) ? "on" : "off");
freeaddrinfo(res);
return slisten;
}
int inet_connect_opts(QemuOpts *opts)
{
struct addrinfo ai,*res,*e;
const char *addr;
const char *port;
char uaddr[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+1];
char uport[33];
int sock,rc;
memset(&ai,0, sizeof(ai));
ai.ai_flags = AI_CANONNAME | AI_ADDRCONFIG;
ai.ai_family = PF_UNSPEC;
ai.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM;
addr = qemu_opt_get(opts, "host");
port = qemu_opt_get(opts, "port");
if (addr == NULL || port == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "inet_connect: host and/or port not specified\n");
return -1;
}
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv4", 0))
ai.ai_family = PF_INET;
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv6", 0))
ai.ai_family = PF_INET6;
/* lookup */
if (0 != (rc = getaddrinfo(addr, port, &ai, &res))) {
fprintf(stderr,"getaddrinfo(%s,%s): %s\n", addr, port,
gai_strerror(rc));
return -1;
}
if (sockets_debug)
inet_print_addrinfo(__FUNCTION__, res);
for (e = res; e != NULL; e = e->ai_next) {
if (getnameinfo((struct sockaddr*)e->ai_addr,e->ai_addrlen,
uaddr,INET6_ADDRSTRLEN,uport,32,
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"%s: getnameinfo: oops\n", __FUNCTION__);
continue;
}
sock = qemu_socket(e->ai_family, e->ai_socktype, e->ai_protocol);
if (sock < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"%s: socket(%s): %s\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(e->ai_family), strerror(errno));
continue;
}
setsockopt(sock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,(void*)&on,sizeof(on));
/* connect to peer */
if (connect(sock,e->ai_addr,e->ai_addrlen) < 0) {
if (sockets_debug || NULL == e->ai_next)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: connect(%s,%s,%s,%s): %s\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(e->ai_family),
e->ai_canonname, uaddr, uport, strerror(errno));
closesocket(sock);
continue;
}
if (sockets_debug)
fprintf(stderr, "%s: connect(%s,%s,%s,%s): OK\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(e->ai_family),
e->ai_canonname, uaddr, uport);
freeaddrinfo(res);
return sock;
}
freeaddrinfo(res);
return -1;
}
int inet_dgram_opts(QemuOpts *opts)
{
struct addrinfo ai, *peer = NULL, *local = NULL;
const char *addr;
const char *port;
char uaddr[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+1];
char uport[33];
int sock = -1, rc;
/* lookup peer addr */
memset(&ai,0, sizeof(ai));
ai.ai_flags = AI_CANONNAME | AI_ADDRCONFIG;
ai.ai_family = PF_UNSPEC;
ai.ai_socktype = SOCK_DGRAM;
addr = qemu_opt_get(opts, "host");
port = qemu_opt_get(opts, "port");
if (addr == NULL || strlen(addr) == 0) {
addr = "localhost";
}
if (port == NULL || strlen(port) == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "inet_dgram: port not specified\n");
return -1;
}
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv4", 0))
ai.ai_family = PF_INET;
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv6", 0))
ai.ai_family = PF_INET6;
if (0 != (rc = getaddrinfo(addr, port, &ai, &peer))) {
fprintf(stderr,"getaddrinfo(%s,%s): %s\n", addr, port,
gai_strerror(rc));
return -1;
}
if (sockets_debug) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: peer (%s:%s)\n", __FUNCTION__, addr, port);
inet_print_addrinfo(__FUNCTION__, peer);
}
/* lookup local addr */
memset(&ai,0, sizeof(ai));
ai.ai_flags = AI_PASSIVE;
ai.ai_family = peer->ai_family;
ai.ai_socktype = SOCK_DGRAM;
addr = qemu_opt_get(opts, "localaddr");
port = qemu_opt_get(opts, "localport");
if (addr == NULL || strlen(addr) == 0) {
addr = NULL;
}
if (!port || strlen(port) == 0)
port = "0";
if (0 != (rc = getaddrinfo(addr, port, &ai, &local))) {
fprintf(stderr,"getaddrinfo(%s,%s): %s\n", addr, port,
gai_strerror(rc));
return -1;
}
if (sockets_debug) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: local (%s:%s)\n", __FUNCTION__, addr, port);
inet_print_addrinfo(__FUNCTION__, local);
}
/* create socket */
sock = qemu_socket(peer->ai_family, peer->ai_socktype, peer->ai_protocol);
if (sock < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"%s: socket(%s): %s\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(peer->ai_family), strerror(errno));
goto err;
}
setsockopt(sock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,(void*)&on,sizeof(on));
/* bind socket */
if (getnameinfo((struct sockaddr*)local->ai_addr,local->ai_addrlen,
uaddr,INET6_ADDRSTRLEN,uport,32,
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: getnameinfo: oops\n", __FUNCTION__);
goto err;
}
if (bind(sock, local->ai_addr, local->ai_addrlen) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"%s: bind(%s,%s,%d): OK\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(local->ai_family), uaddr, inet_getport(local));
goto err;
}
/* connect to peer */
if (getnameinfo((struct sockaddr*)peer->ai_addr, peer->ai_addrlen,
uaddr, INET6_ADDRSTRLEN, uport, 32,
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: getnameinfo: oops\n", __FUNCTION__);
goto err;
}
if (connect(sock,peer->ai_addr,peer->ai_addrlen) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: connect(%s,%s,%s,%s): %s\n", __FUNCTION__,
inet_strfamily(peer->ai_family),
peer->ai_canonname, uaddr, uport, strerror(errno));
goto err;
}
freeaddrinfo(local);
freeaddrinfo(peer);
return sock;
err:
if (-1 != sock)
closesocket(sock);
if (local)
freeaddrinfo(local);
if (peer)
freeaddrinfo(peer);
return -1;
}
/* compatibility wrapper */
static int inet_parse(QemuOpts *opts, const char *str)
{
const char *optstr, *h;
char addr[64];
char port[33];
int pos;
/* parse address */
if (str[0] == ':') {
/* no host given */
addr[0] = '\0';
if (1 != sscanf(str,":%32[^,]%n",port,&pos)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: portonly parse error (%s)\n",
__FUNCTION__, str);
return -1;
}
} else if (str[0] == '[') {
/* IPv6 addr */
if (2 != sscanf(str,"[%64[^]]]:%32[^,]%n",addr,port,&pos)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: ipv6 parse error (%s)\n",
__FUNCTION__, str);
return -1;
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "ipv6", "on");
} else if (qemu_isdigit(str[0])) {
/* IPv4 addr */
if (2 != sscanf(str,"%64[0-9.]:%32[^,]%n",addr,port,&pos)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: ipv4 parse error (%s)\n",
__FUNCTION__, str);
return -1;
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "ipv4", "on");
} else {
/* hostname */
if (2 != sscanf(str,"%64[^:]:%32[^,]%n",addr,port,&pos)) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: hostname parse error (%s)\n",
__FUNCTION__, str);
return -1;
}
}
qemu_opt_set(opts, "host", addr);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "port", port);
/* parse options */
optstr = str + pos;
h = strstr(optstr, ",to=");
if (h)
qemu_opt_set(opts, "to", h+4);
if (strstr(optstr, ",ipv4"))
qemu_opt_set(opts, "ipv4", "on");
if (strstr(optstr, ",ipv6"))
qemu_opt_set(opts, "ipv6", "on");
return 0;
}
int inet_listen(const char *str, char *ostr, int olen,
int socktype, int port_offset)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
char *optstr;
int sock = -1;
opts = qemu_opts_create(&dummy_opts, NULL, 0);
if (inet_parse(opts, str) == 0) {
sock = inet_listen_opts(opts, port_offset);
if (sock != -1 && ostr) {
optstr = strchr(str, ',');
if (qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, "ipv6", 0)) {
snprintf(ostr, olen, "[%s]:%s%s",
qemu_opt_get(opts, "host"),
qemu_opt_get(opts, "port"),
optstr ? optstr : "");
} else {
snprintf(ostr, olen, "%s:%s%s",
qemu_opt_get(opts, "host"),
qemu_opt_get(opts, "port"),
optstr ? optstr : "");
}
}
}
qemu_opts_del(opts);
return sock;
}
int inet_connect(const char *str, int socktype)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
int sock = -1;
opts = qemu_opts_create(&dummy_opts, NULL, 0);
if (inet_parse(opts, str) == 0)
sock = inet_connect_opts(opts);
qemu_opts_del(opts);
return sock;
}
#ifndef _WIN32
int unix_listen_opts(QemuOpts *opts)
{
struct sockaddr_un un;
const char *path = qemu_opt_get(opts, "path");
int sock, fd;
sock = qemu_socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
if (sock < 0) {
perror("socket(unix)");
return -1;
}
memset(&un, 0, sizeof(un));
un.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
if (path && strlen(path)) {
snprintf(un.sun_path, sizeof(un.sun_path), "%s", path);
} else {
char *tmpdir = getenv("TMPDIR");
snprintf(un.sun_path, sizeof(un.sun_path), "%s/qemu-socket-XXXXXX",
tmpdir ? tmpdir : "/tmp");
/*
* This dummy fd usage silences the mktemp() unsecure warning.
* Using mkstemp() doesn't make things more secure here
* though. bind() complains about existing files, so we have
* to unlink first and thus re-open the race window. The
* worst case possible is bind() failing, i.e. a DoS attack.
*/
fd = mkstemp(un.sun_path); close(fd);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "path", un.sun_path);
}
unlink(un.sun_path);
if (bind(sock, (struct sockaddr*) &un, sizeof(un)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "bind(unix:%s): %s\n", un.sun_path, strerror(errno));
goto err;
}
if (listen(sock, 1) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "listen(unix:%s): %s\n", un.sun_path, strerror(errno));
goto err;
}
if (sockets_debug)
fprintf(stderr, "bind(unix:%s): OK\n", un.sun_path);
return sock;
err:
closesocket(sock);
return -1;
}
int unix_connect_opts(QemuOpts *opts)
{
struct sockaddr_un un;
const char *path = qemu_opt_get(opts, "path");
int sock;
if (NULL == path) {
fprintf(stderr, "unix connect: no path specified\n");
return -1;
}
sock = qemu_socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
if (sock < 0) {
perror("socket(unix)");
return -1;
}
memset(&un, 0, sizeof(un));
un.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
snprintf(un.sun_path, sizeof(un.sun_path), "%s", path);
if (connect(sock, (struct sockaddr*) &un, sizeof(un)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "connect(unix:%s): %s\n", path, strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
if (sockets_debug)
fprintf(stderr, "connect(unix:%s): OK\n", path);
return sock;
}
/* compatibility wrapper */
int unix_listen(const char *str, char *ostr, int olen)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
char *path, *optstr;
int sock, len;
opts = qemu_opts_create(&dummy_opts, NULL, 0);
optstr = strchr(str, ',');
if (optstr) {
len = optstr - str;
if (len) {
path = qemu_malloc(len+1);
snprintf(path, len+1, "%.*s", len, str);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "path", path);
qemu_free(path);
}
} else {
qemu_opt_set(opts, "path", str);
}
sock = unix_listen_opts(opts);
if (sock != -1 && ostr)
snprintf(ostr, olen, "%s%s", qemu_opt_get(opts, "path"), optstr ? optstr : "");
qemu_opts_del(opts);
return sock;
}
int unix_connect(const char *path)
{
QemuOpts *opts;
int sock;
opts = qemu_opts_create(&dummy_opts, NULL, 0);
qemu_opt_set(opts, "path", path);
sock = unix_connect_opts(opts);
qemu_opts_del(opts);
return sock;
}
#else
int unix_listen_opts(QemuOpts *opts)
{
fprintf(stderr, "unix sockets are not available on windows\n");
return -1;
}
int unix_connect_opts(QemuOpts *opts)
{
fprintf(stderr, "unix sockets are not available on windows\n");
return -1;
}
int unix_listen(const char *path, char *ostr, int olen)
{
fprintf(stderr, "unix sockets are not available on windows\n");
return -1;
}
int unix_connect(const char *path)
{
fprintf(stderr, "unix sockets are not available on windows\n");
return -1;
}
#endif
#ifdef _WIN32
static void socket_cleanup(void)
{
WSACleanup();
}
#endif
int socket_init(void)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
WSADATA Data;
int ret, err;
ret = WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,2), &Data);
if (ret != 0) {
err = WSAGetLastError();
fprintf(stderr, "WSAStartup: %d\n", err);
return -1;
}
atexit(socket_cleanup);
#endif
return 0;
}
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