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        <li><a href="#download">Download</a></li>
        <li><a href="https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki/ChangeLog">ChangeLog</a></li>
        <li><a href="#about">About</a></li>
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/docs/v0.4.12/api">v0.4.12 docs</a></li>
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/docs/v0.6.0/api">v0.6.0 docs</a></li>
        <br/>
        <li><a href="https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki">Wiki</a></li>
        <li><a href="http://blog.nodejs.org/">Blog</a></li>
        <li><a href="https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki/Community">Community</a></li>
        <li><a href="http://chat.nodejs.org/">Demo</a></li>
        <li><a href="/logos/">Logos</a></li>
        <li><a href="http://jobs.nodejs.org/">Jobs</a></li>
        <ol><!-- JOBS --><!-- JOBS --></ol>
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      <!-- <h1><a href="http://nodejs.org/">Node</a></h1> -->
      <br /><br />
      <img id="logo" src="logo.png" alt="node.js"/>

      <p id="introduction">
        Evented I/O for
        <a href="http://code.google.com/p/v8/">V8 JavaScript</a>.
      </p>

      <p>
        An example of a web server written in Node which responds with
        "Hello World" for every request.
      </p>

      <pre>
var http = require('http');
http.createServer(function (req, res) {
  res.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/plain'});
  res.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(1337, "127.0.0.1");
console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:1337/');
</pre>

      <p>
        To run the server, put the code into a file
        <code>example.js</code> and execute it with the <code>node</code>
        program:
      </p>
      <pre class="sh_none">
% node example.js
Server running at http://127.0.0.1:1337/</pre>

      <p>
        Here is an example of a simple TCP server which listens on port 1337
        and echoes whatever you send it:
      </p>

      <pre>
var net = require('net');

var server = net.createServer(function (socket) {
  socket.write("Echo server\r\n");
  socket.pipe(socket);
});

server.listen(1337, "127.0.0.1");
</pre>

      <p>
        See the <a href="/docs/latest/api/">API documentation</a> for more
        examples.
      </p>


      <p>
        Go to <a href="https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki">the Wiki</a> for lots more information.
      </p>

      <h2 id="video">Introduction</h2>

      <iframe title="YouTube video player" width="640" height="390"
        src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/jo_B4LTHi3I" frameborder="0"
        allowfullscreen></iframe>

      <h2 id="download">Download</h2>

      <p>
        <a href="https://github.com/joyent/node/tree/master">git repo</a>
      </p>

      <p>2011.09.15 v0.4.12 (stable)
      <ul class="release">
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/dist/node-v0.4.12.tar.gz"><code>node-v0.4.12.tar.gz</code> Source Code</a>
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/docs/v0.4.12/api/index.html">Documentation</a>
      </ul>

      <p>2011.11.04 v0.6.0 (unstable)
      <ul class="release">
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/dist/v0.6.0/node-v0.6.0.tar.gz"><code>node-v0.6.0.tar.gz</code> Source code</a>
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/dist/v0.6.0/node.exe"><code>node.exe</code> Windows executable</a>
        <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/docs/v0.6.0/api/index.html">Documentation</a>
      </ul>


      <p>Historical: <a href="http://nodejs.org/dist">versions</a>, <a href="http://nodejs.org/docs">docs</a></p>

      <p>
        For build instructions see
        <a href="https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki/Installation">https://github.com/joyent/node/wiki/Installation</a>
      </p>


      <h2 id="about">About</h2>

      <p>
        Node's goal is to provide an easy way to build scalable network
        programs. In the "hello world" web server example above, many
        client connections can be handled concurrently. Node tells the
        operating system (through <code>epoll</code>, <code>kqueue</code>,
        <code class="sh_none">/dev/poll</code>, or <code>select</code>)
        that it should be notified when a new connection is made, and
        then it goes to sleep. If someone new connects, then it executes
        the callback. Each connection is only a small heap allocation.
      </p>

      <p>
        This is in contrast to today's more common concurrency model where
        OS threads are employed. Thread-based networking is relatively
        inefficient and very difficult to use. See:
        <a href="http://www.kegel.com/c10k.html">this</a> and
        <a href="http://bulk.fefe.de/scalable-networking.pdf">this.</a>

        Node will show much better memory efficiency under high-loads
        <!-- TODO benchmark -->
        than systems which allocate 2mb thread stacks for each connection.

        Furthermore, users of Node are free from worries of dead-locking
        the process&mdash;there are no locks. Almost no function in Node
        directly performs I/O, so the process never blocks. Because
        nothing blocks, less-than-expert programmers are able to develop
        fast systems.
      </p>

      <p>
        Node is similar in design to and influenced by systems like Ruby's <a
        href="http://rubyeventmachine.com/">Event Machine</a> or Python's <a
        href="http://twistedmatrix.com/">Twisted</a>. Node takes the event
        model a bit further&mdash;it presents the event loop as a language
        construct instead of as a library. In other systems there is always
        a blocking call to start the event-loop. Typically one defines
        behavior through callbacks at the beginning of a script and at the
        end starts a server through a blocking call like
        <code>EventMachine::run()</code>. In Node there is no such
        start-the-event-loop call. Node simply enters the event loop after
        executing the input script. Node exits the event loop when there are
        no more callbacks to perform. This behavior is like browser
        javascript&mdash;the event loop is hidden from the user.
      </p>

      <p>
        HTTP is a first class protocol in Node. Node's HTTP library has
        grown out of the author's experiences developing and working with
        web servers. For example, streaming data through most web frameworks
        is impossible. Node attempts to correct these problems in its HTTP
        <a href="https://github.com/joyent/http-parser/tree/master">parser</a>
        and API. Coupled with Node's purely evented infrastructure, it makes
        a good foundation for web libraries or frameworks.
      </p>

      <p>
        <i>
        But what about multiple-processor concurrency? Aren't threads
        necessary to scale programs to multi-core computers?
        </i>
        You can start new processes via <code>child_process.fork()</code>
        these other processes will be scheduled in parallel.
      </p>

      <p>
        See also:
        <ul>
          <li><a href="http://s3.amazonaws.com/four.livejournal/20091117/jsconf.pdf">slides</a> from JSConf 2009</li>
          <li><a href="http://nodejs.org/jsconf2010.pdf">slides</a> from JSConf 2010</li>
          <li><a href="http://www.yuiblog.com/blog/2010/05/20/video-dahl/">video</a> from a talk at Yahoo in May 2010</li>
        </ul>
      </p>


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