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Fix #3388 Support listening on file descriptors

This implements server.listen({ fd: <filedescriptor> }).  The fd should
refer to an underlying resource that is already bound and listening, and
causes the new server to also accept connections on it.

Not supported on Windows.  Raises ENOTSUP.
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commit e733dc3bc3bcc876a29f2b78c5a29bae9dedb0c3 1 parent 0187b65
@isaacs isaacs authored
View
46 doc/api/cluster.markdown
@@ -41,6 +41,52 @@ Running node will now share port 8000 between the workers:
This feature was introduced recently, and may change in future versions.
Please try it out and provide feedback.
+## How It Works
+
+<!--type=misc-->
+
+The worker processes are spawned using the `child_process.fork` method,
+so that they can communicate with the parent via IPC and pass server
+handles back and forth.
+
+When you call `server.listen(...)` in a worker, it serializes the
+arguments and passes the request to the master process. If the master
+process already has a listening server matching the worker's
+requirements, then it passes the handle to the worker. If it does not
+already have a listening server matching that requirement, then it will
+create one, and pass the handle to the child.
+
+This causes potentially surprising behavior in three edge cases:
+
+1. `server.listen({fd: 7})` Because the message is passed to the worker,
@koichik Owner
koichik added a note

s/worker/master/ ?

@isaacs Owner
isaacs added a note

Yes, that is correct. Good catch.

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+ file descriptor 7 **in the parent** will be listened on, and the
+ handle passed to the worker, rather than listening to the worker's
+ idea of what the number 7 file descriptor references.
+2. `server.listen(handle)` Listening on handles explicitly will cause
+ the worker to use the supplied handle, rather than talk to the master
+ process. If the worker already has the handle, then it's presumed
+ that you know what you are doing.
+3. `server.listen(0)` Normally, this will case servers to listen on a
+ random port. However, in a cluster, each worker will receive the
+ same "random" port each time they do `listen(0)`. In essence, the
+ port is random the first time, but predictable thereafter. If you
+ want to listen on a unique port, generate a port number based on the
+ cluster worker ID.
+
+When multiple processes are all `accept()`ing on the same underlying
+resource, the operating system load-balances across them very
+efficiently. There is no routing logic in Node.js, or in your program,
+and no shared state between the workers. Therefore, it is important to
+design your program such that it does not rely too heavily on in-memory
+data objects for things like sessions and login.
+
+Because workers are all separate processes, they can be killed or
+re-spawned depending on your program's needs, without affecting other
+workers. As long as there are some workers still alive, the server will
+continue to accept connections. Node does not automatically manage the
+number of workers for you, however. It is your responsibility to manage
+the worker pool for your application's needs.
+
## cluster.settings
* {Object}
View
18 doc/api/http.markdown
@@ -158,6 +158,24 @@ a listener for the ['listening'](net.html#event_listening_) event.
See also [net.Server.listen()](net.html#server.listen).
+### server.listen(handle, [listeningListener])
+
+* `handle` {Object}
+* `listeningListener` {Function}
+
+The `handle` object can be set to either a server or socket (anything
+with an underlying `_handle` member), or a `{fd: <n>}` object.
+
+This will cause the server to accept connections on the specified
+handle, but it is presumed that the file descriptor or handle has
+already been bound to a port or domain socket.
+
+Listening on a file descriptor is not supported on Windows.
+
+This function is asynchronous. The last parameter `callback` will be added as
+a listener for the ['listening'](net.html#event_listening_) event.
+See also [net.Server.listen()](net.html#server.listen).
+
### server.close([cb])
Stops the server from accepting new connections.
View
19 doc/api/net.markdown
@@ -163,6 +163,25 @@ This function is asynchronous. When the server has been bound,
the last parameter `listeningListener` will be added as an listener for the
['listening'](#event_listening_) event.
+### server.listen(handle, [listeningListener])
+
+* `handle` {Object}
+* `listeningListener` {Function}
+
+The `handle` object can be set to either a server or socket (anything
+with an underlying `_handle` member), or a `{fd: <n>}` object.
+
+This will cause the server to accept connections on the specified
+handle, but it is presumed that the file descriptor or handle has
+already been bound to a port or domain socket.
+
+Listening on a file descriptor is not supported on Windows.
+
+This function is asynchronous. When the server has been bound,
+['listening'](#event_listening_) event will be emitted.
+the last parameter `listeningListener` will be added as an listener for the
+['listening'](#event_listening_) event.
+
### server.close([cb])
Stops the server from accepting new connections and keeps existing
View
21 lib/cluster.js
@@ -193,7 +193,10 @@ if (cluster.isMaster) {
// This sequence of information is unique to the connection
// but not to the worker
- var args = [message.address, message.port, message.addressType];
+ var args = [message.address,
+ message.port,
+ message.addressType,
+ message.fd];
var key = args.join(':');
var handler;
@@ -216,12 +219,14 @@ if (cluster.isMaster) {
worker.emit('listening', {
address: message.address,
port: message.port,
- addressType: message.addressType
+ addressType: message.addressType,
+ fd: message.fd
});
cluster.emit('listening', worker, {
address: message.address,
port: message.port,
- addressType: message.addressType
+ addressType: message.addressType,
+ fd: message.fd
});
};
@@ -508,12 +513,12 @@ cluster._setupWorker = function() {
};
// Internal function. Called by lib/net.js when attempting to bind a server.
-cluster._getServer = function(tcpSelf, address, port, addressType, cb) {
+cluster._getServer = function(tcpSelf, address, port, addressType, fd, cb) {
// This can only be called from a worker.
assert(cluster.isWorker);
// Store tcp instance for later use
- var key = [address, port, addressType].join(':');
+ var key = [address, port, addressType, fd].join(':');
serverListeners[key] = tcpSelf;
// Send a listening message to the master
@@ -523,7 +528,8 @@ cluster._getServer = function(tcpSelf, address, port, addressType, cb) {
cmd: 'listening',
address: address,
port: port,
- addressType: addressType
+ addressType: addressType,
+ fd: fd
});
});
@@ -532,7 +538,8 @@ cluster._getServer = function(tcpSelf, address, port, addressType, cb) {
cmd: 'queryServer',
address: address,
port: port,
- addressType: addressType
+ addressType: addressType,
+ fd: fd
};
// The callback will be stored until the master has responded
View
60 lib/net.js
@@ -359,7 +359,9 @@ Socket.prototype._destroy = function(exception, cb) {
if (this.server) {
this.server._connections--;
- this.server._emitCloseIfDrained();
+ if (this.server._emitCloseIfDrained) {
+ this.server._emitCloseIfDrained();
+ }
}
};
@@ -820,12 +822,33 @@ function toNumber(x) { return (x = Number(x)) >= 0 ? x : false; }
var createServerHandle = exports._createServerHandle =
- function(address, port, addressType) {
+ function(address, port, addressType, fd) {
var r = 0;
// assign handle in listen, and clean up if bind or listen fails
var handle;
- if (port == -1 && addressType == -1) {
+ if (typeof fd === 'number' && fd >= 0) {
+ var tty_wrap = process.binding('tty_wrap');
+ var type = tty_wrap.guessHandleType(fd);
+ switch (type) {
+ case 'PIPE':
+ debug('listen pipe fd=' + fd);
+ // create a PipeWrap
+ handle = createPipe();
+ handle.open(fd);
+ handle.readable = true;
+ handle.writable = true;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ // Not a fd we can listen on. This will trigger an error.
+ debug('listen invalid fd=' + fd + ' type=' + type);
+ handle = null;
+ break;
+ }
+ return handle;
+
+ } else if (port == -1 && addressType == -1) {
handle = createPipe();
if (process.platform === 'win32') {
var instances = parseInt(process.env.NODE_PENDING_PIPE_INSTANCES);
@@ -855,14 +878,14 @@ var createServerHandle = exports._createServerHandle =
};
-Server.prototype._listen2 = function(address, port, addressType, backlog) {
+Server.prototype._listen2 = function(address, port, addressType, backlog, fd) {
var self = this;
var r = 0;
// If there is not yet a handle, we need to create one and bind.
// In the case of a server sent via IPC, we don't need to do this.
if (!self._handle) {
- self._handle = createServerHandle(address, port, addressType);
+ self._handle = createServerHandle(address, port, addressType, fd);
if (!self._handle) {
process.nextTick(function() {
self.emit('error', errnoException(errno, 'listen'));
@@ -897,16 +920,16 @@ Server.prototype._listen2 = function(address, port, addressType, backlog) {
};
-function listen(self, address, port, addressType, backlog) {
+function listen(self, address, port, addressType, backlog, fd) {
if (!cluster) cluster = require('cluster');
if (cluster.isWorker) {
- cluster._getServer(self, address, port, addressType, function(handle) {
+ cluster._getServer(self, address, port, addressType, fd, function(handle) {
self._handle = handle;
- self._listen2(address, port, addressType, backlog);
+ self._listen2(address, port, addressType, backlog, fd);
});
} else {
- self._listen2(address, port, addressType, backlog);
+ self._listen2(address, port, addressType, backlog, fd);
}
}
@@ -932,10 +955,21 @@ Server.prototype.listen = function() {
// The port can be found with server.address()
listen(self, null, null, backlog);
- } else if (arguments[0] instanceof TCP) {
- self._handle = arguments[0];
- listen(self, null, -1, -1, backlog);
-
+ } else if (arguments[0] && typeof arguments[0] === 'object') {
+ var h = arguments[0];
+ if (h._handle) {
+ h = h._handle;
+ } else if (h.handle) {
+ h = h.handle;
+ }
+ if (h instanceof TCP) {
+ self._handle = h;
+ listen(self, null, -1, -1, backlog);
+ } else if (h.fd && typeof h.fd === 'number' && h.fd >= 0) {
+ listen(self, null, null, null, backlog, h.fd);
+ } else {
+ throw new Error('Invalid listen argument: ' + h);
+ }
} else if (isPipeName(arguments[0])) {
// UNIX socket or Windows pipe.
var pipeName = self._pipeName = arguments[0];
View
3  test/simple/test-cluster-basic.js
@@ -135,7 +135,8 @@ else if (cluster.isMaster) {
assert.equal(arguments.length, 1);
var expect = { address: '127.0.0.1',
port: common.PORT,
- addressType: 4 };
+ addressType: 4,
+ fd: undefined };
assert.deepEqual(arguments[0], expect);
break;
View
136 test/simple/test-listen-fd-cluster.js
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+// Copyright Joyent, Inc. and other Node contributors.
+//
+// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
+// copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
+// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
+// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
+// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit
+// persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the
+// following conditions:
+//
+// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
+// in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+//
+// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
+// OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
+// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN
+// NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,
+// DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR
+// OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE
+// USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+
+var common = require('../common');
+var assert = require('assert');
+var http = require('http');
+var net = require('net');
+var PORT = common.PORT;
+var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+var cluster = require('cluster');
+
+console.error('Cluster listen fd test', process.argv.slice(2));
+
+if (process.platform === 'win32') {
+ console.error('This test is disabled on windows.');
+ return;
+}
+
+switch (process.argv[2]) {
+ case 'master': return master();
+ case 'worker': return worker();
+ case 'parent': return parent();
+ default: return test();
+}
+
+// spawn the parent, and listen for it to tell us the pid of the cluster.
+// WARNING: This is an example of listening on some arbitrary FD number
+// that has already been bound elsewhere in advance. However, binding
+// server handles to stdio fd's is NOT a good or reliable way to do
+// concurrency in HTTP servers! Use the cluster module, or if you want
+// a more low-level approach, use child process IPC manually.
+function test() {
+ var parent = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'parent'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 'pipe', 2 ]
+ });
+ var json = '';
+ parent.stdout.on('data', function(c) {
+ json += c.toString();
+ if (json.indexOf('\n') !== -1) next();
+ });
+ function next() {
+ console.error('output from parent = %s', json);
+ var cluster = JSON.parse(json);
+ // now make sure that we can request to the worker, then kill it.
+ http.get({
+ server: 'localhost',
+ port: PORT,
+ path: '/',
+ }).on('response', function (res) {
+ var s = '';
+ res.on('data', function(c) {
+ s += c.toString();
+ });
+ res.on('end', function() {
+ // kill the worker before we start doing asserts.
+ // it's really annoying when tests leave orphans!
+ parent.kill();
+ process.kill(cluster.master, 'SIGKILL');
+
+ assert.equal(s, 'hello from worker\n');
+ assert.equal(res.statusCode, 200);
+ console.log('ok');
+ });
+ })
+ }
+}
+
+function parent() {
+ console.error('about to listen in parent');
+ var server = net.createServer(function(conn) {
+ console.error('connection on parent');
+ conn.end('hello from parent\n');
+ }).listen(PORT, function() {
+ console.error('server listening on %d', PORT);
+
+ var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+ var master = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'master'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 1, 2, server._handle ],
+ detached: true
+ });
+
+ // Now close the parent, so that the master is the only thing
+ // referencing that handle. Note that connections will still
+ // be accepted, because the master has the fd open.
+ server.close();
+
+ master.on('exit', function(code) {
+ console.error('master exited', code);
+ });
+
+ master.on('close', function() {
+ console.error('master closed');
+ });
+ console.error('master spawned');
+ });
+}
+
+function master() {
+ console.error('in master, spawning worker');
+ cluster.setupMaster({
+ args: [ 'worker' ]
+ });
+ var worker = cluster.fork();
+ console.log('%j\n', { master: process.pid, worker: worker.pid });
+}
+
+
+function worker() {
+ console.error('worker, about to create server and listen on fd=3');
+ // start a server on fd=3
+ http.createServer(function(req, res) {
+ console.error('request on worker');
+ console.error('%s %s', req.method, req.url, req.headers);
+ res.end('hello from worker\n');
+ }).listen({ fd: 3 }, function() {
+ console.error('worker listening on fd=3');
+ });
+}
View
119 test/simple/test-listen-fd-detached-inherit.js
@@ -0,0 +1,119 @@
+// Copyright Joyent, Inc. and other Node contributors.
+//
+// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
+// copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
+// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
+// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
+// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit
+// persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the
+// following conditions:
+//
+// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
+// in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+//
+// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
+// OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
+// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN
+// NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,
+// DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR
+// OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE
+// USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+
+var common = require('../common');
+var assert = require('assert');
+var http = require('http');
+var net = require('net');
+var PORT = common.PORT;
+var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+
+if (process.platform === 'win32') {
+ console.error('This test is disabled on windows.');
+ return;
+}
+
+switch (process.argv[2]) {
+ case 'child': return child();
+ case 'parent': return parent();
+ default: return test();
+}
+
+// spawn the parent, and listen for it to tell us the pid of the child.
+// WARNING: This is an example of listening on some arbitrary FD number
+// that has already been bound elsewhere in advance. However, binding
+// server handles to stdio fd's is NOT a good or reliable way to do
+// concurrency in HTTP servers! Use the cluster module, or if you want
+// a more low-level approach, use child process IPC manually.
+function test() {
+ var parent = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'parent'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 'pipe', 2 ]
+ });
+ var json = '';
+ parent.stdout.on('data', function(c) {
+ json += c.toString();
+ if (json.indexOf('\n') !== -1) next();
+ });
+ function next() {
+ console.error('output from parent = %s', json);
+ var child = JSON.parse(json);
+ // now make sure that we can request to the child, then kill it.
+ http.get({
+ server: 'localhost',
+ port: PORT,
+ path: '/',
+ }).on('response', function (res) {
+ var s = '';
+ res.on('data', function(c) {
+ s += c.toString();
+ });
+ res.on('end', function() {
+ // kill the child before we start doing asserts.
+ // it's really annoying when tests leave orphans!
+ process.kill(child.pid, 'SIGKILL');
+ try {
+ parent.kill();
+ } catch (e) {}
+
+ assert.equal(s, 'hello from child\n');
+ assert.equal(res.statusCode, 200);
+ });
+ })
+ }
+}
+
+// Listen on PORT, and then pass the handle to the detached child.
+// Then output the child's pid, and immediately exit.
+function parent() {
+ var server = net.createServer(function(conn) {
+ throw new Error('Should not see connections on parent');
+ conn.end('HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden\r\n\r\nI got problems.\r\n');
+ }).listen(PORT, function() {
+ console.error('server listening on %d', PORT);
+
+ var child = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'child'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 1, 2, server._handle ],
+ detached: true
+ });
+
+ console.log('%j\n', { pid: child.pid });
+
+ // Now close the parent, so that the child is the only thing
+ // referencing that handle. Note that connections will still
+ // be accepted, because the child has the fd open, but the parent
+ // will exit gracefully.
+ server.close();
+ child.unref();
+ });
+}
+
+// Run as a child of the parent() mode.
+function child() {
+ // start a server on fd=3
+ http.createServer(function(req, res) {
+ console.error('request on child');
+ console.error('%s %s', req.method, req.url, req.headers);
+ res.end('hello from child\n');
+ }).listen({ fd: 3 }, function() {
+ console.error('child listening on fd=3');
+ });
+}
+
View
117 test/simple/test-listen-fd-detached.js
@@ -0,0 +1,117 @@
+// Copyright Joyent, Inc. and other Node contributors.
+//
+// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
+// copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
+// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
+// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
+// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit
+// persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the
+// following conditions:
+//
+// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
+// in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+//
+// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
+// OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
+// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN
+// NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,
+// DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR
+// OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE
+// USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+
+var common = require('../common');
+var assert = require('assert');
+var http = require('http');
+var net = require('net');
+var PORT = common.PORT;
+var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+
+if (process.platform === 'win32') {
+ console.error('This test is disabled on windows.');
+ return;
+}
+
+switch (process.argv[2]) {
+ case 'child': return child();
+ case 'parent': return parent();
+ default: return test();
+}
+
+// spawn the parent, and listen for it to tell us the pid of the child.
+// WARNING: This is an example of listening on some arbitrary FD number
+// that has already been bound elsewhere in advance. However, binding
+// server handles to stdio fd's is NOT a good or reliable way to do
+// concurrency in HTTP servers! Use the cluster module, or if you want
+// a more low-level approach, use child process IPC manually.
+function test() {
+ var parent = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'parent'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 'pipe', 2 ]
+ });
+ var json = '';
+ parent.stdout.on('data', function(c) {
+ json += c.toString();
+ if (json.indexOf('\n') !== -1) next();
+ });
+ function next() {
+ console.error('output from parent = %s', json);
+ var child = JSON.parse(json);
+ // now make sure that we can request to the child, then kill it.
+ http.get({
+ server: 'localhost',
+ port: PORT,
+ path: '/',
+ }).on('response', function (res) {
+ var s = '';
+ res.on('data', function(c) {
+ s += c.toString();
+ });
+ res.on('end', function() {
+ // kill the child before we start doing asserts.
+ // it's really annoying when tests leave orphans!
+ process.kill(child.pid, 'SIGKILL');
+ try {
+ parent.kill();
+ } catch (e) {}
+
+ assert.equal(s, 'hello from child\n');
+ assert.equal(res.statusCode, 200);
+ });
+ })
+ }
+}
+
+function parent() {
+ var server = net.createServer(function(conn) {
+ console.error('connection on parent');
+ conn.end('hello from parent\n');
+ }).listen(PORT, function() {
+ console.error('server listening on %d', PORT);
+
+ var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+ var child = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'child'], {
+ stdio: [ 'ignore', 'ignore', 'ignore', server._handle ],
+ detached: true
+ });
+
+ console.log('%j\n', { pid: child.pid });
+
+ // Now close the parent, so that the child is the only thing
+ // referencing that handle. Note that connections will still
+ // be accepted, because the child has the fd open, but the parent
+ // will exit gracefully.
+ server.close();
+ child.unref();
+ });
+}
+
+function child() {
+ // start a server on fd=3
+ http.createServer(function(req, res) {
+ console.error('request on child');
+ console.error('%s %s', req.method, req.url, req.headers);
+ res.end('hello from child\n');
+ }).listen({ fd: 3 }, function() {
+ console.error('child listening on fd=3');
+ });
+}
+
View
122 test/simple/test-listen-fd-server.js
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+// Copyright Joyent, Inc. and other Node contributors.
+//
+// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
+// copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
+// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
+// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
+// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit
+// persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the
+// following conditions:
+//
+// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
+// in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+//
+// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
+// OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
+// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN
+// NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,
+// DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR
+// OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE
+// USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
+
+var common = require('../common');
+var assert = require('assert');
+var http = require('http');
+var net = require('net');
+var PORT = common.PORT;
+var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+
+if (process.platform === 'win32') {
+ console.error('This test is disabled on windows.');
+ return;
+}
+
+switch (process.argv[2]) {
+ case 'child': return child();
+ case 'parent': return parent();
+ default: return test();
+}
+
+// spawn the parent, and listen for it to tell us the pid of the child.
+// WARNING: This is an example of listening on some arbitrary FD number
+// that has already been bound elsewhere in advance. However, binding
+// server handles to stdio fd's is NOT a good or reliable way to do
+// concurrency in HTTP servers! Use the cluster module, or if you want
+// a more low-level approach, use child process IPC manually.
+function test() {
+ var parent = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'parent'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 'pipe', 2 ]
+ });
+ var json = '';
+ parent.stdout.on('data', function(c) {
+ json += c.toString();
+ if (json.indexOf('\n') !== -1) next();
+ });
+ function next() {
+ console.error('output from parent = %s', json);
+ var child = JSON.parse(json);
+ // now make sure that we can request to the child, then kill it.
+ http.get({
+ server: 'localhost',
+ port: PORT,
+ path: '/',
+ }).on('response', function (res) {
+ var s = '';
+ res.on('data', function(c) {
+ s += c.toString();
+ });
+ res.on('end', function() {
+ // kill the child before we start doing asserts.
+ // it's really annoying when tests leave orphans!
+ process.kill(child.pid, 'SIGKILL');
+ try {
+ parent.kill();
+ } catch (e) {}
+
+ assert.equal(s, 'hello from child\n');
+ assert.equal(res.statusCode, 200);
+ });
+ })
+ }
+}
+
+function child() {
+ // start a server on fd=3
+ http.createServer(function(req, res) {
+ console.error('request on child');
+ console.error('%s %s', req.method, req.url, req.headers);
+ res.end('hello from child\n');
+ }).listen({ fd: 3 }, function() {
+ console.error('child listening on fd=3');
+ });
+}
+
+function parent() {
+ var server = net.createServer(function(conn) {
+ console.error('connection on parent');
+ conn.end('hello from parent\n');
+ }).listen(PORT, function() {
+ console.error('server listening on %d', PORT);
+
+ var spawn = require('child_process').spawn;
+ var child = spawn(process.execPath, [__filename, 'child'], {
+ stdio: [ 0, 1, 2, server._handle ]
+ });
+
+ console.log('%j\n', { pid: child.pid });
+
+ // Now close the parent, so that the child is the only thing
+ // referencing that handle. Note that connections will still
+ // be accepted, because the child has the fd open.
+ server.close();
+
+ child.on('exit', function(code) {
+ console.error('child exited', code);
+ });
+
+ child.on('close', function() {
+ console.error('child closed');
+ });
+ console.error('child spawned');
+ });
+}
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