Nit is an expressive language with a script-like syntax, a friendly type-system and aims at elegance, simplicity and intuitiveness.
Nit has a simple straightforward style and can usually be picked up quickly, particularly by anyone who has programmed before. While object-oriented, it allows procedural styles.
The Nit Compiler (nitc) produces efficient machine language binaries.
Some Nit features:
- Pure Object-Oriented.
- Multiple Inheritance.
- Realist typing policy.
- Light and clear syntax.
- gcc http://gcc.gnu.org/ (or a compatible C compiler)
- pkg-config http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/pkg-config/
- ccache http://ccache.samba.org/ to improve recompilation
- libgc-dev http://www.hpl.hp.com/personal/Hans_Boehm/gc/
- graphviz http://www.graphviz.org/ to enable graphs with the nitdoc tool
- libunwind http://nongnu.org/libunwind
Those are available in most Linux distributions
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential ccache libgc-dev graphviz libunwind-dev pkg-config
and on OS X using brew
$ brew install ccache bdw-gc graphviz libunwind-headers pkgconfig
or with MacPorts
$ sudo port install ccache boehmgc graphviz libunwind-headers pkgconfig
Important files and directories:
- benchmarks/ Script to bench the compilers
- bin/ The Nit tools
- c_src/ C code of nitc (needed to bootstrap)
- clib/ C code needed by nitc to compile programs
- contrib/ Various Nit programs (may or may not be useful)
- doc/ Documentation
- examples/ Program examples written in Nit
- lib/ Nit standard library
- LICENCE License of the software
- Makefile Bootstrap the Nit tools
- misc/ Some additional files for commons text editors and tools
- NOTICE.md List of the authors
- README This file
- share/ Common resources used by tools
- src/ The Nit tool sources (written in Nit)
- tests/ Non-regression test-suite
How to start:
$ make $ bin/nitc examples/hello_world.nit $ ./hello_world
You can source
misc/nit_env.sh to setup your environment like PATH, MANPATH and bash completion.
To have your environment automatically configured at login, just source it with
install as argument.
$ . misc/nit_env.sh install
Information, contacts and help: