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Scaling the Ethereum Network

Ethereum community proposals to scale, background on scaling in the tech industry, scaling in theory.

Scaling in General

Why I love databases by Jeeyoung Kim

How sharding works by Jeeyoung Kim

Making Sense of Ethereum’s Layer 2 Scaling Solutions: State Channels, Plasma, and Truebit

Scaling Ethereum in 2018 (video), a presentation by Lane Rettig

Scaling Blockchains

Naive to tackle distributed systems and incentive mechanism design separately tweet by Vlad Zamfir

SoK: Consensus in the Age of Blockchains (PDF)

Scalability of Blockchains Summary of Knowledge - Mechanism Labs paper under development

General Strategies for Scaling the Ethereum Network

  1. Network Bifurcation — separate blockchains (strategies 1–5 directly involve the Ethereum blockchain)

  2. Vertical partitioning — endpoints for txn queues, relays,“JSON-RPC APIs”

  3. Software optimization — bigger block sizes

  4. Network topology optimization

  5. Horizontal partitioning via algorithmic sharding — plasmas, state channels, “Layer 2”

  6. Horizontal partitioning via dynamic sharding — “Ethereum Sharding”

From 5 Strategies to Scale Ethereum by Jamie Pitts

Solutions Available Now

Spreadsheet summary of scaling solutions - organized by the Web3 Foundation / ScalingNOW initiative

Lets shard the blockchain using sidechains by Syed Jafar Naqvi

Raiden Network

POA Network

Loom Network

Connext Network

Infura web API

Under Development / Testnets

Not ready for use in mainnet dapps, but getting closer.

Matic Network


Cosmos Hub



Still in R&D

Still being researched, some proof of concept work.

Plasma Project

Ethereum Sharding Project

Research Work

"snaps" - dapps with SNARKS

Virtual Payment Channels

What's Happening?


G-Bridge / ScalingNOW