Quorum is an Ethereum-based distributed ledger protocol with transaction/contract privacy and new consensus mechanisms.
Quorum is a fork of go-ethereum and is updated in line with go-ethereum releases.
Key enhancements over go-ethereum:
- Privacy - Quorum supports private transactions and private contracts through public/private state separation and utilising Constellation, a peer-to-peer encrypted message exchange for directed transfer of private data to network participants
- Alternative Consensus Mechanisms - with no need for POW/POS in a permissioned network, Quorum instead offers multiple consensus mechanisms that are more appropriate for consortium chains:
- Raft-based Consensus - a consensus model for faster blocktimes, transaction finality, and on-demand block creation
- Istanbul BFT - a PBFT-inspired consensus algorithm with transaction finality, by AMIS.
- Peer Permissioning - node/peer permissioning using smart contracts, ensuring only known parties can join the network
- Higher Performance - Quorum offers significantly higher performance than public geth
Note: The QuorumChain consensus algorithm is not yet supported by this release.
The above diagram is a high-level overview of the privacy architecture used by Quorum. For more in-depth discussion of the components, refer to the wiki pages.
git clone https://github.com/jpmorganchase/quorum-examples cd quorum-examples vagrant up # (should take 5 or so minutes) vagrant ssh
Now that you have a fully-functioning Quorum environment set up, let's run the 7-node cluster example. This will spin up several nodes with a mix of voters, block makers, and unprivileged nodes.
# (from within vagrant env, use `vagrant ssh` to enter) ubuntu@ubuntu-xenial:~$ cd quorum-examples/7nodes $ ./raft-init.sh # (output condensed for clarity) [*] Cleaning up temporary data directories [*] Configuring node 1 [*] Configuring node 2 as block maker and voter [*] Configuring node 3 [*] Configuring node 4 as voter [*] Configuring node 5 as voter [*] Configuring node 6 [*] Configuring node 7 $ ./raft-start.sh [*] Starting Constellation nodes [*] Starting bootnode... waiting... done [*] Starting node 1 [*] Starting node 2 [*] Starting node 3 [*] Starting node 4 [*] Starting node 5 [*] Starting node 6 [*] Starting node 7 [*] Unlocking account and sending first transaction Contract transaction send: TransactionHash: 0xbfb7bfb97ba9bacbf768e67ac8ef05e4ac6960fc1eeb6ab38247db91448b8ec6 waiting to be mined... true
We now have a 7-node Quorum cluster with a private smart contract (SimpleStorage) sent from
node 1 "for"
node 7 (denoted by the public key passed via
privateFor: ["ROAZBWtSacxXQrOe3FGAqJDyJjFePR5ce4TSIzmJ0Bc="] in the
Connect to any of the nodes and inspect them using the following commands:
Note in particular the
v field value of "0x25" or "0x26" (37 or 38 in decimal) which marks this transaction as having a private payload (input).
Documentation detailing steps to demonstrate the privacy features of Quorum can be found in quorum-examples/7nodes/README.
- Quorum: this repository
- Constellation: peer-to-peer encrypted message exchange for transaction privacy
- Raft Consensus Documentation
- Istanbul BFT Consensus Documentation: RPC API and technical article
- ZSL wiki page and documentation
- quorum-examples: example quorum clusters
- quorum-tools: local cluster orchestration, and integration testing tool
- Quorum Wiki
Third Party Tools/Libraries
The following Quorum-related libraries/applications have been created by Third Parties and as such are not specifically endorsed by J.P. Morgan. A big thanks to the developers for improving the tooling around Quorum!
- Quorum Blockchain Explorer - a Blockchain Explorer for Quorum which supports viewing private transactions
- Quorum-Genesis - A simple CL utility for Quorum to help populate the genesis file with voters and makers
- Quorum Maker - a utility to create Quorum nodes
- QuorumNetworkManager - makes creating & managing Quorum networks easy
- ERC20 REST service - a Quorum-supported RESTful service for creating and managing ERC-20 tokens
- Nethereum Quorum - a .NET Quorum adapter
- web3j-quorum - an extension to the web3j Java library providing support for the Quorum API
Thank you for your interest in contributing to Quorum!
Quorum is built on open source and we invite you to contribute enhancements. Upon review you will be required to complete a Contributor License Agreement (CLA) before we are able to merge. If you have any questions about the contribution process, please feel free to send an email to email@example.com.
The go-ethereum library (i.e. all code outside of the
cmd directory) is licensed under the
GNU Lesser General Public License v3.0, also
included in our repository in the
The go-ethereum binaries (i.e. all code inside of the
cmd directory) is licensed under the
GNU General Public License v3.0, also included
in our repository in the