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LZ4 compression for Java

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README.md

LZ4 Java

LZ4 compression for Java, based on Yann Collet's work available at http://code.google.com/p/lz4/.

This library provides access to two compression methods that both generate a valid LZ4 stream:

  • fast scan (LZ4):
    • low memory footprint (~ 16 KB),
    • very fast (fast scan with skipping heuristics in case the input looks incompressible),
    • reasonable compression ratio (depending on the redundancy of the input).
  • high compression (LZ4 HC):
    • medium memory footprint (~ 256 KB),
    • rather slow (~ 10 times slower than LZ4),
    • good compression ratio (depending on the size and the redundancy of the input).

The streams produced by those 2 compression algorithms use the same compression format, are very fast to decompress and can be decompressed by the same decompressor instance.

Implementations

For LZ4 compressors, LZ4 HC compressors and decompressors, 3 implementations are available:

  • JNI bindings to the original C implementation by Yann Collet,
  • a pure Java port of the compression and decompression algorithms,
  • a Java port that uses the sun.misc.Unsafe API in order to achieve compression and decompression speeds close to the C implementation.

Have a look at LZ4Factory for more information.

Compatibility notes

  • Compressors and decompressors are interchangeable: it is perfectly correct to compress with the JNI bindings and to decompress with a Java port, or the other way around.

  • Compressors might not generate the same compressed streams on all platforms, especially if CPU endianness differs, but the compressed streams can be safely decompressed by any decompressor implementation on any platform.

Example

LZ4Factory factory = LZ4Factory.fastestInstance();

byte[] data = "12345345234572".getBytes("UTF-8");
final int decompressedLength = data.length;

// compress data
LZ4Compressor compressor = factory.fastCompressor();
int maxCompressedLength = compressor.maxCompressedLength(decompressedLength);
byte[] compressed = new byte[maxCompressedLength];
int compressedLength = compressor.compress(data, 0, decompressedLength, compressed, 0, maxCompressedLength);

// decompress data
// - method 1: when the decompressed length is known
LZ4FastDecompressor decompressor = factory.fastDecompressor();
byte[] restored = new byte[decompressedLength];
int compressedLength2 = decompressor.decompress(compressed, 0, restored, 0, decompressedLength);
// compressedLength == compressedLength2

// - method 2: when the compressed length is known (a little slower)
// the destination buffer needs to be over-sized
LZ4SafeDecompressor decompressor2 = factory.safeDecompressor();
int decompressedLength2 = decompressor2.decompress(compressed, 0, compressedLength, restored, 0);
// decompressedLength == decompressedLength2

xxhash Java

xxhash hashing for Java, based on Yann Collet's work available at http://code.google.com/p/xxhash/. xxhash is a non-cryptographic, extremly fast and high-quality (SMHasher score of 10) hash function.

Implementations

Similarly to LZ4, 3 implementations are available: JNI bindings, pure Java port and pure Java port that uses sun.misc.Unsafe.

Have a look at XXHashFactory for more information.

Compatibility notes

  • All implementation return the same hash for the same input bytes:
    • on any JVM,
    • on any platform (even if the endianness or integer size differs).

Example

XXHashFactory factory = XXHashFactory.fastestInstance();

byte[] data = "12345345234572".getBytes("UTF-8");
ByteArrayInputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(data);

int seed = 0x9747b28c; // used to initialize the hash value, use whatever
                       // value you want, but always the same
StreamingXXHash32 hash32 = factory.newStreamingHash32(seed);
byte[] buf = new byte[8]; // for real-world usage, use a larger buffer, like 8192 bytes
for (;;) {
  int read = in.read(buf);
  if (read == -1) {
    break;
  }
  hash32.update(buf, 0, read);
}
int hash = hash32.getValue();

Download

You can download released artifacts from Maven Central.

Documentation

Performance

Both lz4 and xxhash focus on speed. Although compression, decompression and hashing performance can depend a lot on the input (there are lies, damn lies and benchmarks), here are some benchmarks that try to give a sense of the speed at which they compress/decompress/hash bytes.

Build

Requirements

  • JDK version 6 or newer,
  • ant,
  • ivy.

If ivy is not installed yet, ant can take care of it for you, just run ant ivy-bootstrap. The library will be installed under ${user.home}/.ant/lib.

Instructions

Then run ant. It will compile C and Java code and generate a self-contained JAR file under the dist directory.

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