Backstretch is a simple jQuery plugin that allows you to add a dynamically-resized, slideshow-capable background image to any page or element. The image will stretch to fit the page/element, and will automatically resize as the window/element size changes.
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Latest commit c553ccf Mar 14, 2017 @srobbin srobbin committed on GitHub Update README.md
Updated Bower reference. Closes #467.

README.md

Note: This repo is currently looking for maintainers: https://github.com/jquery-backstretch/jquery-backstretch/issues/464

Backstretch

Backstretch is a simple jQuery plugin that allows you to add a dynamically-resized, slideshow-capable background image to any page or element. The image will stretch to fit the page/element, and will automatically resize as the window/element size changes.

** We're back in business! Merged danielgindi/jquery-backstretch, and all eyes please get back here! **

Demo

There are a couple of examples included with this package, or feel free to check it out live on the project page itself.

Installation

  1. Download/save the JS file from GitHub.
  2. Install via Bower with the following command.
bower install jquery-backstretch

Setup

Include the jQuery library (version 1.7 or newer) and Backstretch plugin files in your webpage (preferably at the bottom of the page, before the closing BODY tag):

<script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="jquery.backstretch.min.js"></script>
<script>
  // To attach Backstrech as the body's background
  $.backstretch("path/to/image.jpg");

  // You may also attach Backstretch to a block-level element
  $(".foo").backstretch("path/to/image.jpg");

  // If your element defines a background image with CSS, you can omit the argement altogether
  $(".foo").backstretch();

  // Or, to start a slideshow, just pass in an array of images
  $(".foo").backstretch([
    "path/to/image.jpg",
    "path/to/image2.jpg",
    "path/to/image3.jpg"    
  ], {duration: 4000});

  // Or, to load from a url that can accept a resolution and provide the best image for that resolution
  $(".foo").backstretch([
    "path/to/image.jpg?width={width}&height={height}"
  ]);

  // Or, to automatically choose from a set of resolutions.
  // The width is the width of the image, and the algorithm chooses the best fit.
  $(".foo").backstretch([
    [
      { width: 1080, url: "path/to/image1_1080.jpg" },
      { width: 720, url: "path/to/image1_720.jpg" },
      { width: 320, url: "path/to/image1_320.jpg" }
    ],
    [
      { width: 1080, url: "path/to/image2_1080.jpg" },
      { width: 720, url: "path/to/image2_720.jpg" },
      { width: 320, url: "path/to/image2_320.jpg" }
    ]
  ]);

  // If we wanted to specify different images for different pixel-ratios:
  $(".foo").backstretch([
    [
      // Will only be chosed for a @2x device
      { width: 1080, url: "path/to/image1_1080@2x.jpg", pixelRatio: 2 },
      
      // Will only be chosed for a @1x device
      { width: 1080, url: "path/to/image1_1080.jpg", pixelRatio: 1 },
      
      { width: 720, url: "path/to/image1_720@2x.jpg", pixelRatio: 2 },
      { width: 720, url: "path/to/image1_720.jpg", pixelRatio: 1 },
      { width: 320, url: "path/to/image1_320@2x.jpg",  pixelRatio: 2 },
      { width: 320, url: "path/to/image1_320.jpg", pixelRatio: 1 }
    ]
  ]);

  // If we wanted the browser to automatically choose from a set of resolutions,
  // While considering the pixel-ratio of the device
  $(".foo").backstretch([
    [
      // Will be chosen for a 2160 device or a 1080*2 device
      { width: 2160, url: "path/to/image1_2160.jpg", pixelRatio: "auto" }, 
      
      // Will be chosen for a 1080 device or a 540*2 device
      { width: 1080, url: "path/to/image1_1080.jpg", pixelRatio: "auto" },
      
      // Will be chosen for a 1440 device or a 720*2 device
      { width: 1440, url: "path/to/image1_1440.jpg", pixelRatio: "auto" },
      { width: 720, url: "path/to/image1_720.jpg", pixelRatio: "auto" },
      { width: 640, url: "path/to/image1_640.jpg", pixelRatio: "auto" },
      { width: 320, url: "path/to/image1_320.jpg", pixelRatio: "auto" }
    ]
  ]);
</script>

Automatic resolution selection

The automatic resolution selection algorithm has multiple options to choose from.
The default behaviour is that it matches the logical width of the element against the specified image sizes. Which means that an element with a 320px width on a @2x device is still considered as 320px.
If you want 320px on a @2x device to be considered as 640px, then you can specify pixelRatio: "auto" on the specific image resolution.
However if you want to limit specific images to only be chosen if the device has a certain pixel ratio - you can specify that pixel ratio i.e pixelRatio: 2.5.

Options

Name Description Type Default
alignX * This parameter controls the horizontal alignment of the image. Can be 'center'/'left'/'right' or any number between 0.0 and 1.0. Integer or String 0.5
alignY * This parameter controls the vertical alignment of the image. Can be 'center'/'top'/'bottom' or any number between 0.0 and 1.0. Integer or String 0.5
transition * Type of transition to use. If multiple are specified, then it will be chosed randomly String or Array 'fade'
transitionDuration * This is the duration at which the image will transition in. Integers in milliseconds are accepted, as well as standard jQuery speed strings (slow, normal, fast). Integer or String 0
transitionEasing * The easing function that will be used for animations. Any supported jQuery easing value jQuery default
animateFirst If true, the first image will transition in like all the others. Boolean true
fade * Sets transition to 'fade' and transitionDuration to whatever value was specified. Integer or String
fadeFirst Synonym for animateFirst Boolean true
duration * The amount of time in between slides, when using Backstretch as a slideshow, expressed as the number of milliseconds. Integer 5000
paused For slideshows: Disables the change between slides Boolean false
start The index of the image in the array you want to start your slideshow with. Integer 0
preload How many images to preload at once? I.e. Lazy-loading can be enabled by specifying 0. Integer 2
preloadSize How many images to preload in parallel? If we are preloading 5 images for the next slides, we might want to still limit it to only preload 2 or 3 at once, according to the expected available bandwidth. Integer 1
bypassCss Avoid adding any CSS to the IMG element. I.e if you want a dynamic IMG tag that is laid out with the content. Boolean false
alwaysTestWindowResolution Always test against window's width instead of the element's width. Boolean false
resolutionRefreshRate Threshold for how long to wait before the image resolution will be switched? Integer 2500
resolutionChangeRatioThreshold Threshold for how much should the different in the resolution be before switch image Number 0.1 (10%)
centeredX Deprecated. Still works but please do not use it. Boolean true
centeredY Deprecated. Still works but please do not use it. Boolean true
  • Options marked with an * can be specified for individual images

Image definition

Each image in the set can be a String specifying the URL for the image, or an object with the following options, or an array of images for different resolutions to choose between. A url can be a url to a video also. Currently the plugin will automatically recognize a youtube url. If you pass urls to raw videos, you have to specify isVideo: true.

Name Description Type Default
url The url of the image or video String
alt The alternative text for this image (If you want to play along with screen readers) String ''
alignX This parameter controls the horizontal alignment of the image. Can be 'center'/'left'/'right' or any number between 0.0 and 1.0. Integer or String 0.5
alignY This parameter controls the vertical alignment of the image. Can be 'center'/'top'/'bottom' or any number between 0.0 and 1.0. Integer or String 0.5
transition Type of transition to use. If multiple are specified, then it will be chosed randomly String or Array 'fade'
transitionDuration This is the duration at which the image will transition in. Integers in milliseconds are accepted, as well as standard jQuery speed strings (slow, normal, fast). Integer or String 0
transitionEasing The easing function that will be used for animations. Any supported jQuery easing value jQuery default
fade Sets transition to 'fade' and transitionDuration to whatever value was specified. Integer or String
duration The amount of time in between slides, when using Backstretch as a slideshow, expressed as the number of milliseconds. Integer 5000
isVideo Tell the plugin the this is a video (if cannot be recognized automatically) Boolean false
loop Should the video be looped? If yes, then the duration will be used to determine when to stop. Boolean false
mute Should the video be muted? Boolean true
poster This is for specifying the poster attribute in standard tags String

Per-resolution-image definition

If you have specified an array of resolutions for a single image, then these are the available options:

Name Description Type Default
url The url of the image String
url for <video> Instead of a single url, an array of sources can be specified. Each source has a src and type attributes. Array of { src, type }
alt The alternative text for this image (If you want to play along with screen readers) String ''
width The width of the image Integer
pixelRatio A strict rule to only choose for the specified device pixel ratio. If set to 'auto', then the element's width will first be multiplied by the device's pixel ratio before evaluating. Number or "auto" undefined
deviceOrientation Restrict image selection to specific device orientation 'landscape' or 'portrait' undefined
windowOrientation Restrict image selection to specific window orientation (based on current window's inner width/height) 'landscape' / 'portrait' / 'square' undefined
orientation Restrict image selection to the element's orientation based on the element's current inner width/height) 'landscape' / 'portrait' / 'square' undefined
alignX This parameter controls the horizontal alignment of the image. Can be 'center'/'left'/'right' or any number between 0.0 and 1.0. Integer or String 0.5
alignY This parameter controls the vertical alignment of the image. Can be 'center'/'top'/'bottom' or any number between 0.0 and 1.0. Integer or String 0.5
fade This is the speed at which the image will fade in. Integers in milliseconds are accepted, as well as standard jQuery speed strings (slow, normal, fast). Integer or String 0
duration The amount of time in between slides, when using Backstretch as a slideshow, expressed as the number of milliseconds. Integer 5000

Transitions

  • 'fade'
  • 'fade_in_out' / 'fadeInOut'
  • 'push_left' / 'pushLeft'
  • 'push_right' / 'pushRight'
  • 'push_up' / 'pushUp'
  • 'push_down' / 'pushDown'
  • 'cover_left' / 'coverLeft'
  • 'cover_right' / 'coverRight'
  • 'cover_up' / 'coverUp'
  • 'cover_down' / 'coverDown'

Notes about video support:

  • If the video is not in loop mode, then it will play until the end. You have to specify a duration for the specific video in order to limit its playing duration.
  • Mobile browsers do not allow playback of videos without the users tapping a play button... So you may want to detect those and supply different media arrays for those browsers.

Slideshow API

Once you've instantiated a Backstretch slideshow, there are many actions that you can perform it:

// Start a slideshow
$('.foo').backstretch([
  'path/to/image.jpg',
  'path/to/image2.jpg',
  'path/to/image3.jpg'
]);

// Slideshow with granular control
$('.foo').backstretch([
  { url: 'path/to/image.jpg', duration: 3000 }
  { url: 'path/to/image2.jpg', fade: 250 },
  { url: 'path/to/image3.jpg', alignY: 0.2 }
]);

// Pause the slideshow
$('.foo').backstretch("pause");

// Advance to the next slide
$('.foo').backstretch("next");
Method Description
.backstretch("show", n) Jump to the slide at a given index, where n is the number of the image that you'd like to display. Slide number starts at 0.
.backstretch("prev") Display the previous image in a slideshow.
.backstretch("next") Advance to the next image in a slideshow.
.backstretch("pause") Pause the slideshow.
.backstretch("resume") Resume a paused slideshow.
.backstretch("destroy", preserveBackground) Destroy the Backstretch instance. Optionally, you can pass in a Boolean parameter, preserveBackground, to determine whether or not you'd like to keep the current image stretched as the background image.
.backstretch("resize") This method is called automatically when the container (window or block-level element) is resized, however you can always call this manually if needed.
.backstretch("current") This function returns the index of the current slide

Public Variables

Sometimes, you'll want to access Backstretch's images after you've instantiated the plugin. For example, perhaps you'd like to be able add more images to a slideshow. Doing so is easy. You can access the images array as follows:

$('.foo').backstretch([
  'path/to/image.jpg',
  'path/to/image2.jpg',
  'path/to/image3.jpg'
]);

// Access the instance
var instance = $('.foo').data('backstretch');

// Then, you can manipulate the images array directly
instance.images.push('path/to/image4.jpg')

Additionally, the current index of a slideshow is available through the instance as well:

$("body").data("backstretch").index;

Events

backstretch.before

Backstretch will fire a "backstretch.before" event before a new image loads, triggering a function that is passed the event, Backstretch instance, and index of the image that will be displayed. If you listen for that event, you can, for example, coordinate other changes to coincide with your slideshow.

$(window).on("backstretch.before", function (e, instance, index) {
  // If we wanted to stop the slideshow after it reached the end
  if (index === instance.images.length - 1) {
    instance.pause();
  };
});

backstretch.after

Backstretch will also fire a "backstretch.after" event after the new images has completed loading.

$(window).on("backstretch.after", function (e, instance, index) {
  // Do something
});

Changelog

Version 2.1.15

  • Improvement: Not modifying background property, but background-image, to allow CSS to play with colors. (@philsbury)

Version 2.1.14

  • New: Added 'deviceOrientation', 'windowOrientation' and 'orientation' options

Version 2.1.13

  • Bugfix: Native video source tags were misspelled
  • Bugfix: Youtube matching regex was not constrained to youtube.com/youtu.be domain

Version 2.1.12

  • New: Added 'fade_in_out' transition

Version 2.1.11

  • Bugfix: Resolution detection routine failed to properly match current url - and cause an additional replace of the image. This affected video urls in a way that caused them to being played from the start.

Version 2.1.10

  • Bugfix: pixelRatio == 'auto' was ignored due to a missing rule.

Version 2.1.9

  • Allow overriding transition options for a single show(...) call
  • Bugfix: Next transition can go wrong because of css leftover of previous transition

Version 2.1.8

  • Improved method calling through .backstretch('method', ...) to pass all arguments, and return value.
  • Added current() function to return current slide index.

Version 2.1.7

  • Minor documentation improvements. Version release for updated docs in NPM etc.

Version 2.1.6

  • Minor fix: background css on the target element was sometimes cleared prematurely. (Issue #18)

Version 2.1.5

  • Minor fix: resolutionChangeRatioTreshold was a typo. Changed to resolutionChangeRatioThreshold, but keeping backwards compatibility.

Version 2.1.4

  • New: Added more transitions beside fade
  • Bugfix: Youtube Iframe API's destroy was not being called
  • Minor documentation updates

Version 2.1.3

  • New: Youtube and <video> support!

Version 2.1.2

  • Bugfix: Executing backstretch methods on already backstretched elements failed

Version 2.1.1

  • Published to bower under "jquery-backstretch-2"

Version 2.1.0

  • New alwaysTestWindowResolution option
  • New resolutionRefreshRate option
  • New resolutionChangeRatioTreshold option
  • Minor bugfix: If there was no fade duration, the new image was still being removed asynchronously. Possibly causing a glitch if custom CSS is used.

Version 2.0.9

  • New alt image property
  • New bypassCss option

Version 2.0.8

  • Changed multi-res feature width's meaning. width now means the actual width of the image to match against.
  • Added pixelRatio option for multires.

Version 2.0.7

  • More granular control over options
    1. Now you can specify alignX/alignY/duration/fade on an image basis
    1. Minor bugfixes
    1. Deprecated centeredX/centeredY

Version 2.0.6

  • Minor bug fixes due to latest PRs

Version 2.0.5

  • New fadeFirst feature
  • New alignX feature
  • New alignY feature
  • New paused feature
  • New start feature
  • New preload feature
  • New preloadSize feature
  • New feature: url templates
  • New feature: automatic resolution selection
  • Minor bug fixes

Version 2.0

  • Now accepts an array of images to create a slideshow
  • Can attach Backstretch to any block-level element, not just the body
  • Deprecated "speed" option in favor of "fade" for fadeIn timing
  • Added "duration" option, and Slideshow API

Version 1.2

  • You can now called backstretch twice, and it will replace the existing image.

Version 1.1

  • Added 'centeredX' and 'centeredY' options.
  • Removed 'hideUntilReady' option. It looks pretty bad if you don't hide the image until it's fully loaded.
  • Fixed IE img onload bug.
  • Now supports iPhone/iPad orientation changes.