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<title>jQuery Mobile Docs - Content Grids</title>
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<h1>Layout grids</h1>
<a href="../../" data-icon="home" data-iconpos="notext" data-direction="reverse" class="ui-btn-right jqm-home">Home</a>
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<p>Using multiple column layouts isn't generally recommended on a mobile device because of the narrow screen width, but there are times where you may need to place small elements side-by-side (like buttons or navigation tabs, for example). </p>
<p>The jQuery Mobile framework provides a simple way to build CSS-based columns through a block style class convention called <code>ui-grid</code>. </p>
<p>There are two preset configurations layouts &mdash; two-column (using the <code>class</code> of <code>ui-grid-a</code>), and three-column (using the <code>class</code> of <code>ui-grid-b</code>) &mdash; that can be used in any situation that requires columns. Grids are 100% width, completely invisible (no borders or backgrounds) and don't have padding or margins, so they shouldn't interfere with the styles of elements placed inside them.</p>
<h2>Two column grids</h2>
<p>To build a two-column (50/50%) layout, start with a container with a <code>class</code> of <code>ui-grid-a</code>, and add two child containers inside it classed with <code>ui-block-a</code> for the first column and <code>ui-block-b</code> for the second:</p>
<pre><code>
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-grid-a&quot;&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-a&quot;&gt;&lt;strong&gt;I'm Block A&lt;/strong&gt; and text inside will wrap&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-b&quot;&gt;&lt;strong&gt;I'm Block B&lt;/strong&gt; and text inside will wrap&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- /grid-a --&gt;
</code></pre>
<p>The above markup produces the following content layout:</p>
<div class="ui-grid-a">
<div class="ui-block-a"><strong>I'm Block A</strong> and text inside will wrap.</div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><strong>I'm Block B</strong> and text inside will wrap.</div>
</div><!-- /grid-a -->
<p>As you see above, by default grid blocks have no visual styling; they simply present content side-by-side.</p>
<p>Grid classes can be applied to any container. In this next example, we add <code>ui-grid-a</code> to a <code>fieldset</code>, and apply the <code>ui-block</code> classes to the two buttons inside to stretch them each to 50% of the screen width:</p>
<pre><code>
&lt;fieldset class=&quot;ui-grid-a&quot;&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-a&quot;&gt;&lt;button type=&quot;submit&quot; data-theme=&quot;c&quot;&gt;Cancel&lt;/button&gt;&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-b&quot;&gt;&lt;button type=&quot;submit&quot; data-theme=&quot;b&quot;&gt;Submit&lt;/button&gt;&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;/fieldset&gt;
</code></pre>
<fieldset class="ui-grid-a">
<div class="ui-block-a"><button type="submit" data-theme="c">Cancel</button></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><button type="submit" data-theme="b">Submit</button></div>
</fieldset>
<p>Theme classes (not data-theme attributes) from the <a href="../themes/index.html">theming system</a> can be added to an element, including grids. On the blocks below, we're adding two classes: <code>ui-bar</code> to add the default bar padding and <code>ui-bar-e</code> to apply the background gradient and font styling for the "e" toolbar theme swatch. For illustration purposes, an inline <code>style="height:120px"</code> attribute is also added to each grid to set each to a standard height. </p>
<div class="ui-grid-a">
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">Block A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">Block B</div></div>
</div><!-- /grid-a -->
<h2>Three-column grids</h2>
<p>The other grid layout configuration uses <code>class=ui-grid-b</code> on the parent, and 3 child container elements, each with its respective <code>ui-block-a/b/c</code> class, to create a three-column layout (33/33/33%). Note: These blocks are also styled with theme classes so the grid layout is clearly visible.</p>
<pre><code>
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-grid-b&quot;&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-a&quot;&gt;Block A&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-b&quot;&gt;Block B&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;div class=&quot;ui-block-c&quot;&gt;Block C&lt;/div&gt;
&lt;/div&gt;&lt;!-- /grid-a --&gt;
</code></pre>
<p>This will produce a 33/33/33% grid for our content.</p>
<div class="ui-grid-b">
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">Block A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">Block B</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-c"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">Block C</div></div>
</div><!-- /grid-b -->
<p>And an example of a 3 column grid with buttons inside:</p>
<fieldset class="ui-grid-b">
<div class="ui-block-a"><button type="submit" data-theme="c">Hmm</button></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><button type="submit" data-theme="a">No</button></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><button type="submit" data-theme="b">Yes</button></div>
</fieldset>
<h2>Four-column grids</h2>
<p>A four-column, 25/25/25/25% grid is created by specifying <code>class=ui-grid-c</code> on the parent and adding a fourth block. Note: These blocks are also styled with theme classes so the grid layout is clearly visible.</p>
<div class="ui-grid-c">
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">B</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-c"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">C</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-d"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">D</div></div>
</div><!-- /grid-c -->
<h2>Five-column grids</h2>
<p>A five-column, 20/20/20/20/20% grid is created by specifying <code>class=ui-grid-d</code> on the parent and adding a fourth block. Note: These blocks are also styled with theme classes so the grid layout is clearly visible.</p>
<div class="ui-grid-d">
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">B</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-c"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">C</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-d"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">D</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-e"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">E</div></div>
</div><!-- /grid-c -->
<h2>Multiple row grids</h2>
<p>Grids are designed to wrap to multiple rows of items. For example, if you specify a 3-column grid (ui-grid-b) on a container that has nine child blocks, it will wrap to 3 rows of 3 items each. There is a CSS rule to clear the floats and start a new line when the <code>class=ui-block-a</code> is seen so make sure to assign block classes in a repeating sequence (a, b, c, a, b, c, etc.) that maps to the grid type:</p>
<div class="ui-grid-b">
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">B</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-c"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">C</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">B</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-c"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">C</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-a"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">A</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-b"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">B</div></div>
<div class="ui-block-c"><div class="ui-bar ui-bar-e" style="height:120px">C</div></div>
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<h3>More in this section</h3>
<ul data-role="listview" data-theme="c" data-dividertheme="d">
<li data-role="list-divider">Content Formatting</li>
<li><a href="content-html.html">Basic HTML styles</a></li>
<li data-theme="a"><a href="content-grids.html">Layout grids (columns)</a></li>
<li><a href="content-collapsible.html">Collapsible content blocks</a></li>
<li><a href="content-collapsible-set.html">Collapsible sets (accordions)</a></li>
<li><a href="content-themes.html">Theming content</a></li>
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