Web Push Topic demo code
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#Minimal WebPush Topic Demo

This is a suite of things to help show how sites can use WebPush topics.

Topics are a special class of WebPush messages that will automatically replace themselves if the user hasn't gotten them yet. Think of messages like "You have 4 pending notifications". Instead of getting a bunch of messages showing your increasing popularity, you'll just get the one "topic".

Getting Started

This demo was written on a Linux box. This means that macs may work too, but older installs of Windows might have a harder time of things.

In addition, you'll need to either serve the ./page directory from your local web server or run bin/topic_server with enough privileges to be able to start a web server at port 80 (default port is: 8200). This is because of a restriction enforced by ServiceWorkers. ServiceWorker scripts must either be served from a secure server (one that can run https:// or from localhost)


Twisted currently requires Python 2.7


git clone https://github.com/jrconlin/topics.git
cd topics
virtualenv . 
source bin/activate
python setup.py develop

Now start your browser and go to the topic page being served. (Again, either this is under a server running on your local machine, or by running bin/topic_server -p 80)

The page is fairly self explanatory, but basically, click on the Subscribe button, and say "Allow" when prompted.

Sending Messages

Once you've successfully sent the browser credentials to the server, you can use them to send WebPush notifications to yourself.

Feel free to run bin/topic_pusher --msg "Hello, I'm a message!" and you should see a notification pop up. That's a normal WebPush Message.

If you've successfully sent a message, things are working. To get the full topic experience, close the browser.

Once it's closed, send a few normal messages, and then send a few messages with a topic like

  bin/topic_pusher --msg "I'm message #1" --topic MyTopic
  bin/topic_pusher --msg "I'm message #2" --topic MyTopic

When you re-open your browser, you should see all of the pending messages, but you should only see the latest message for MyTopic. NOTE: Currently the topic name is not sent as part of the data. The msg can be any content, so it's trivial to turn it into a JSON object that includes the topic name if you wanted that info passed along.

Installation Errors

Could not find required distribution pyasn1

If you get the following error:

error: Could not find required distribution pyasn1

Then re-run:

python setup.py develop

OSX Users - SSL error

Apple has deprecated OpenSSL in favor of its own TLS and crypto libraries. If you get an SSL error on OSX (El Capitan), install OpenSSL with brew, then link brew libraries and install cryptography.
NOTE: /usr/local/opt/openssl is symlinked to brew Cellar:

brew install openssl
ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64" LDFLAGS="-L/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib" \
  CFLAGS="-I/usr/local/opt/openssl/include" pip install cryptography

Then re-run:

python setup.py develop